Jews, Medicine, and Medieval Society

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University of California Press, 11. dec. 1994 - 241 strani
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Jews were excluded from most professions in medieval, predominantly Christian Europe. Bigotry was widespread, yet Jews were accepted as doctors and surgeons, administering not only to other Jews but to Christians as well. Why did medieval Christians suspend their fear and suspicion of the Jews, allowing them to inspect their bodies, and even, at times, to determine their survival? What was the nature of the doctor-patient relationship? Did the law protect Jewish doctors in disputes over care and treatment? Joseph Shatzmiller explores these and other intriguing questions in the first full social history of the medieval Jewish doctor. Based on extensive archival research in Provence, Spain, and Italy, and a deep reading of the widely scattered literature, Shatzmiller examines the social and economic forces that allowed Jewish medical professionals to survive and thrive in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Europe. His insights will prove fascinating to scholars and students of Judaica, medieval history, and the history of medicine.
  

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Vsebina

Jews and the Medicalization of Society in the Middle Ages
1
The Growing Need for Doctors
2
Church Opposition to the Clerical Practice of Medicine
8
The Entry of Jews into the Profession
10
The Making of the Jewish Doctor
14
The Masters and the Students
22
Jewish Students in the Faculties of Medicine
27
The Hebrew Medical Library
36
Ecclesiastical and Secular Legislation against Jewish Doctors
90
The Ineffectiveness of Legislation
93
Jewish Doctors in the Medieval City Numbers and Status
100
The Number of Jewish and NonJewish Doctors
104
Women in the Medical Profession
108
Doctors Hired by Municipalities
112
Private Practice Doctors and Patients in Daily Encounters
119
Was There a Mystique about Jewish Doctors?
120

The Language of Medical Instruction
38
The Economics of Translation
42
Strategy and Timing
48
Reputation Brilliant Medical Careers
56
Doctors in Princely Courts
57
The Abenardut
60
Jewish Doctors of International Repute
64
Royal Favors Bestowed on Doctors
70
Rejection Apprehensions about Jewish Doctors
78
Suspicions
85
Jewish Patients and Christian Doctors
121
Patients Doctors and the Rule of the Law
124
Surgeon in Manosque before 1348
131
Other Economic Activities
135
Conclusion
140
Notes
143
Select Bibliography
211
Index
235
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O avtorju (1994)

Joseph Shatzmiller is Professor of History at the University of Toronto and author of "Shylock Reconsidered: Jews, Moneylending and Medieval Society" (California, 1990).

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