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The rupture of old friendships.
this view, Christ has done all already that he had to do, or is ever to do for mankind, by making his great satisfaction ; the consequences of which will affect each individual according to the particular conduct of each. I would illustrate this by saying, that Christ's satisfaction resembles a sun placed to shew light to men, so that it depends upon themselves whether they will walk the right way or not, which they could not have done without that sun, the sun of righteousness! There is, however, more in it than merely giving light—a light to lighten the Gentiles?: for we are told, there is healing under his wings 3. Dr. Johnson said to me, 'Richard Baxter commends a treatise by Grotius, De Satisfactione Christi. I have never read it: but I intend to read it; and you may read it.' I remarked, upon the principle now laid down, we might explain the difficult and seemingly hard text, 'They that believe shall be saved ; and they that believe not shall be damned*:' They that believe shall have such an impression made upon their minds, as will make them act so that they may be accepted by God.
We talked of one of our friends taking ill, for a length of time, a hasty expression of Dr. Johnson's to him, on his attempting to prosecute a subject that had a reference to religion, beyond the bounds within which the Doctor thought such topicks should be confined in a mixed company. JOHNSON. What is to become of society, if a friendship of twenty years is to be broken off for such a cause?' As Bacon says,
Who then to frail mortality shall trust,
But limns the water, or but writes in dust 6.' I said, he should write expressly in support of Christianity; for that, although a reverence for it shines through his works in several places, that is not enough. You know, (said I,) what Grotius has done, and what Addison has done?-You should do also.' He replied, “I hope I shall.' Malachi, iv. 2.
5 Mr. Langton. See ante, ii. 254,
265. Healing in his wings,' Malachi, Spedding's Bacon, vii. 271. The
poem is also given in The Golden 'He that believeth and is baptised Treasury, p. 37 ; where, however, shall be saved ; but he that believeth 'limns the water' is changed into not shall be damned.' St. Mark, xvi. 'limns on water.' 16.
? "Addison now returned to his
St. Luke, ii. 32.
Johnson a burgess of Aberdeen.
MONDAY, AUGUST 23. Principal Campbell, Sir Alexander Gordon, Professor Gordon, and Professor Ross, visited us in the morning, as did Dr. Gerard, who had come six miles from the country on purpose. We went and saw the Marischal College', and at one o'clock we waited on the magistrates in the town hall, as they had invited us in order to present Dr. Johnson with the freedom of the town, which Provost Jopp did with a very good grace. Dr. Johnson was much pleased with this mark of attention, and received it very politely. There was a pretty numerous company assembled. It was striking to hear all of them drinking 'Dr. Johnson! Dr. Johnson !' in the town hall of Aberdeen, and then to see him with his burgess-ticket, or diploma’, in his hat,
vocation, and began to plan literary (post, Oct. 1, note). Forbes's Beattie, occupations for his future life. He ed. 1824, pp. 151-6, 167. purposed a tragedy on the death of ? Dr. Johnson's burgess-ticket was Socrates. . . He engaged in a nobler in these words :work, a defence of the Christian ‘Aberdoniæ, vigesimo tertio die religion, of which part was published mensis Augusti, anno Domini milafter his death. Johnson's Works, lesimo septingentesimo septuagesimo vii. 441, and Addison's Works, ed. tertio, in presentia honorabilium vi1856, v. 103.
rorum, Jacobi Jopp, armigeri, præDr. Beattie was so kindly enter- positi, Adami Duff, Gulielmi Young, tained in England, that he had not Georgii Marr, et Gulielmi Forbes, yet returned home. BOSWELL. Balivorum, Gulielmi Rainie Decani Beattie was staying in London till guildæ, et Joannis Nicoll Thehis pension got settled. Early in saurarii dicti burgi. July he had been told that he was to Quo die vir generosus et doctrina have a pension of £200 a year (ante, clarus, Samuel Johnson, LL.D. reii. 264, note 2). It was not till Aug. ceptus et admissus fuit in municipes 20 that it was conferred. On July 9, et fratres guildæ præfati burgi de he, in company with Sir Joshua Aberdeen. In deditissimi amoris et Reynolds, received the degree of affectus ac eximiæ observantiæ tesD.C.L. at Oxford,
On Aug. 24,
seram, quibus dicti Magistratus eum he had a long interview with the amplectuntur. Extractum per me, King ; 'who asked,' Beattie records, ALEX. CARNEGIE.' BOSWELL. 'I
whether we had any good preachers was presented with the freedom of the at Aberdeen I said “ Yes," and city, not in a gold box, but in good named Campbell and Gerard, with Latin. Let me pay Scotland one whose names, however, I did not just praise ; there was no officer find that he was acquainted.' It was gaping for a fee ; this could have this same
summer that Reynolds been said of no city on the English painted him in the allegorical side of the Tweed.' Piozsi Letters, picture representing the triumph of i. 117. Baretti, in a MS. note on truth over scepticism and infidelity' this passage, says : -Throughout
Boswell's projected works.
which he wore as he walked along the street, according to the usual custom. It gave me great satisfaction to observe the regard, and indeed fondness too, which every body here had for my father.
While Sir Alexander Gordon conducted Dr. Johnson to old Aberdeen, Professor Gordon and I called on Mr. Riddoch, whom I found to be a grave worthy clergyman. He observed, that, whatever might be said of Dr. Johnson while he was alive, he would, after he was dead, be looked upon by the world with regard and astonishment, on account of his Dictionary.
Professor Gordon and I walked over to the Old College, which Dr. Johnson had seen by this time. I stepped into the chapel, and looked at the tomb of the founder, Archbishop Elphinston', of whom I shall have occasion to write in my History of James IV. of Scotland, the patron of my family? England nothing is done for nothing. Honorary Burgess on Oct. 8, 1781, Stop a moment to look at the rus- being described as vir generosus ; ticks mowing a field, and they will the other had been admitted earlier. presently quit their work to come to The population of Aberdeen and its you, and ask something to drink.' suburbs in 1769 was, according to Aberdeen conferred its freedom so Pennant, 16,000. Pennant's Tour, liberally about this time that it is
p. 117. surprising that Boswell was passed 'King's College in Aberdeen was over. George Colman the younger, an exact model of the University of when a youth of eighteen, was sent
Paris. Its founder, Bishop [not to King's College. He says
in Archbishop] Elphinstone, had been his worthless Random Records, ii. a Professor at Paris and at Orleans.' 99:-—I had scarcely been a week Burton's Scotland, ed. 1873, iii. 404. in Old Aberdeen, when the Lord On p. 20, Dr. Burton describes him as Provost of the New Town invited 'the rich accomplished scholar and me to drink wine with him one French courtier Elphinstone, munievening in the Town Hall; there I ficently endowing a University after found a numerous company assem- the model of the University of Paris.' bled. The object of this meeting ? Boswell projected the following was soon declared to me by the works :Lord Provost, who drank my health, 1. An edition of Johnson's Poemis. and presented me with the freedom Ante, i. 16. of the City' Two of his English 2. A work in which the merit of fellow-students, of a little older Addison's poetry shall be maintained, standing, had, he said, received the
ib. p. 225. same honour. His statement seemed 3. A History of Sweden, ii. 156. to me incredible ; but by the polite- 4. A Life of Thomas Ruddi man, ness of the Town-clerk, W. Gordon, ib. p. 216. Esq., I have found out that in the 5. An edition of Walton's Lives, main it is correct. Colman, with one of the two, was admitted as an 6. A History of the Civil War in
Timidity of the Aberdeen Professors. [August 23.
We dined at Sir Alexander Gordon's. The Provost, Professor Ross, Professor Dunbar, Professor Thomas Gordon, were there. After dinner came in Dr. Gerard, Professor Leslie", Professor Macleod. We had little or no conversation in the morning; now we were but barren. The professors seemed afraid to speak?
Dr. Gerard told us that an eminent printer3 was very intimate with Warburton. JOHNSON. “Why, Sir, he has printed some of his works, and perhaps bought the property of some of them. The intimacy is such as one of the professors here may have with one of the carpenters who is repairing the college.' 'But, (said Gerard,) I saw a letter from him to this printer, in which he says, that the one half of the clergy of the church of Scotland are fanaticks, and the other half infidels.' JOHNSON. "Warburton has accustomed himself to write letters just as he speaks, without thinking any more of what he throws out*.
Great Britain in 1745 and 1746, ib.
7. A Life of Sir Robert Sibbald, ib. p. 227.
8 An account of his own Travels, ib. p. 300.
9. A Collection, with notes, of old tenures and charters of Scotland, ib. p. 414, note 3.
10. A History of James IV.
11. 'A quarto volume to be embellished with fine plates, on the subject of the controversy (ante, ii. 367) occasioned by the Beggar's Opera.' Murray's Johnsoniana, ed. 1836, p. 502.
Thomas Boswell received from James IV. the estate of Auchinleck. Ante, ii. 413. See post, Nov. 4. Mackintosh
says, in his Life, i. 9:-In October, 1780, I was admitted into the Greek class, then taught by Mr. Leslie, who did not aspire beyond teaching us the first rudiments of the language; more would, I believe, have been useless to his scholars.'
talk.' Piozzi Letters, i. 118. Dr. Robertson and Dr. Blair, whom Boswell, five years earlier, invited to meet Johnson at supper, 'with an excess of prudence hardly opened their lips' (ante, ii. 63). At Glasgow the professors did not dare to talk much (post, Oct. 29). On another occasion when Johnson came in, the company 'were all as quiet as school upon the entrance of the headmaster.' Ante, iii. 332.
3 Dr. Beattie says that this printer was Strahan. He had seen the letter mentioned by Gerard, and many other letters too from the Bishop to Strahan. “They were,' he continues, very particularly acquainted. He adds that "Strahan was eminently skilled in composition, and had corrected (as he told me himself) the phraseology of both Mr. Hume and Dr. Robertson.' Forbes's Beattie, ed. 1824, p. 341.
2 ‘Boswell was very angry that the Aberdeen professors would not
4 An instance of this is given in Johnson's Works, viii. 288 :—Warburton had in the early part of his life pleased himself with the notice of inferior wits, and corresponded
Bishop Warburton's abuse.
When I read Warburton first, and observed his force, and his contempt of mankind, I thought he had driven the world before him; but I soon found that was not the case ; for Warburton, by extending his abuse, rendered it ineffectual'.'
He told me, when we were by ourselves, that he thought it very wrong in the printer to shew Warburton's letter, as it was raising a body of enemies against him. He thought it foolish in Warburton to write so to the printer; and added, 'Sir, the worst way of being intimate, is by scribbling.' He called Warburton's Doctrine of Grace? a poor performance, and so he said was Wesley's Answer? Warburton, he observed, had laid himself very open. In particular, he was weak enough to say, that, in some disorders of the imagination, people had spoken with tongues, had spoken languages which they never knew before ; a thing as absurd as to say, that, in some disorders of the imagination, people had been known to fly.'
I talked of the difference of genius, to try if I could engage Gerard in a disquisition with Dr. Johnson; but I did not succeed. I mentioned, as a curious fact, that Locke had written verses. JOHNSON. “I know of none, Sir, but a kind of exercise prefixed to Dr. Sydenham's Works*, in which he has some conceits about the dropsy, in which water and burning are united ; and how Dr. Sydenham removed fire by drawing off water, contrary to the usual practice, which is to extinguish fire by with the enemies of Pope. A letter 3 A Letter to the Bishop of Glouwas produced, when he had perhaps cester, occasioned by his Tract on the himself forgotten it, in which he tells Office and Operations of the Holy Concanen, “Dryden, I observe, Spirit, by John Wesley, 1762. borrows for want of leisure, and 4 Malone records :-'I could not Pope for want of genius ; Milton find from Mr. Walpole that his father out of pride, and Addison out of (Sir Robert] read any other book but modesty.")
Sydenham in his retirement.' To ''Goldsmith asserted that War- his admiration of Sydenham his burton was a weak writer.
death was attributed ; for it led him burton,” said Johnson, "may be to treat himself wrongly when he absurd, but he will never be weak ; was suffering from the stone. Prior's he founders well.") Stockdale's Malone, p. 387. Johnson wrote a Memoirs, ii. 64. See Appendix A. Life of Sydenham. In it he ridicules
· The Doctrine of Grace; or the the notion that 'a man eminent Office and Operations of the Holy for integrity practised Medicine by Spirit vindicated from the Insults chance, and grow wise only by murof Infidelity and the Abuses of der.' Works, vi. 409. Fanaticism, 1762.