Slike strani


appearance suitable to its merit in Colonization and slavery. There is other respects.

Some time longer deep and strong feeling at work for must of course elapse before the colo- the benefit of our whole colored popnial subscription list can be expected ulation. We rejoice in all wise and to authorise an increase of expense in judicious measures for the improve. publishing the paper, it is highly de- ment of their condition and the ele. sirable that it should receive a liberal vation of their character. patronage in the United States.

At a meeting of the General AssoSubscriptions to the LIBERIA HER- ciation of Connecticut, on the 19th ALD, will be reeeived at the Office of of June, the following resolutions the American Colonization Society. were introduced by Rev. Leonard Terms two DOLLARS a year in ad- Bacon, and adopted.

1. Resolved, That to buy or sell human

beings, and to kold them and treat thein as [From the National Intelligencer, August 16.] merchandize, or to treat servants, free or LIBERIA.

bond, in any manner inconsistent with the Messrs. Editors: Many of your city readers fact that they are intelligent and voluntary will remember JAMES BROWN, a coloured beings made in the image of God, is a violaman, formerly a resident here, and univer- tion of the promises of the word of God, and sally esteemed as one of ti e most intelligent should be treated by all the church of our and industrious men of colour among us.

Lord Jesus Christ as an immorality inconHe left this city for Liberia in November last, sistent with a profession of the Christian since which time many reports of his death, religion. loss of family, &c. have been circulated

2. Resolved, That this Association reamong the coloured people of this vicinity. gards the laws and usages in respect to slaIt will, doubtless, gratify his friends, and the very, which exist in many of the States of friends of the colonization cause, to hear of this Union, as inconsistent with the charachis well-doing. We have to-day seen a let- ter and responsibilities of a free and Christer from him, in which he expresses his great tian people; and holds it to be the duty of satisfaction with the country and his pros every Christian, and especially of every pects. Indeed, he is already reaping the minister of the gospel, to use all prudent fruits of his industry and perseverance. At and lawful efforts for the peaceful abolition the time of writing (May 14th) he was conva

of slavery: lescent, after a slight illness of 10 days from

3. Resolved, That this Association regards the "seasoning fever,” with which himself with great sympathy and hope, the efforts and family were attacked. If you can find which have recently been commenced by room for the annexed advertisement, taken Christians of various denominations in the from the Liberia Herald of April 29, it will slave-holding states for the thorough instrucprobably do more to satisfy his coloured tion of the colored population in the Chrisbrethren here that he really is in Liberia than tian religion; and looks to the gentle and any thing that can be written.

T. peaceful yet mighty influences of the gospel DRUGS AND MEDICINES. of Christ, as the great and indispensable J.BROWN,Druggist and Apothecary, late means, not only of making the masters wilof Washington City, respectfully informs ling to emancipate and enfranchise their the citizens of Liberia, that he has taken the slaves, but also of preparing the slaves for house formerly occupied by W. L. Weaver, the use and enjoyment of freedom. Esqr. in Broad street, where he is now open- 4. Resolved, That in view of the recent ing an extensive assortment of Drugs and exposition of their principles and plans by Medicines, imported in the brig Argus, from the managers of the American Colonization the United States, which he offers for sale on Society, in their address to the public, and reasonable terms.

in view of the efficiency, fidelity, and wis. Also, Spices of different kinds, &c. dom, of the present Governor of Liberia, as Lamps and Lamp Oil, &c.

manifested in the narrative of his proceedLiberia, April 28, 1834.

ings, contained in his late communication [JAMES BROWN carried with him, from to the Board of Managers, this association this city, the respect of every man, white as entertains an increased confidence in that well as black, who knew him. He spent institution, and does hereby recommend to several years in the store of Messrs. Todd the ministers and churches of Connecticut & Co. of this city, druggists and chemists, in to continue their cooperation in that benevlearning the business which he has commen- olent undertaking, especially by contributced in Liberia.-Editors Nat. Intel.] ing to the funds of the society at some con

venient opportunity on or about the 4th of GENERAL ASSOCIATION OF CONNECTICUT. July. Many of the Ecclesiastical Bodies

COLONIZATION MEETINGS. of the country are beginning to ex

Pursuant to previous notice, a public meetpress their opinions on the subject of ing of the Fayette County Colonization

Society was held at the Methodist Episcopal | our citizens have lately formed a Coloniza. church, at Lexington, Ky, on Friday eve- tion Society in this place. It is in contemning, the 8th of August. A very large au. plation to hold a meeting in a few days for dience assembled, both white and colored. organizing the society. The subject of Co

Gen. J. M. McCALLA was called to the lonization has very slightly engaged the atchair; and the meeting was opened with tention of the citizens of this place for some prayer, by the Rev. Mr. Kavanaugh, of the years past. The cause of this apathy may Methodist church.

probably be traced to the unfavourable imMr. R. S. Finley occupied a few minutes pressions which some have entertained of in making some interesting statements res- the colony of Monrovia. Many of the unpecting the character, views, and future plans favourable accounts which circulated conof the American Colonization Society, cerning the colony have been shewn to be which he concluded by stating, that Joseph either totally false or exaggerations. It is Jones, the coloured man present, had been true, the friends of the colony have formed sent out to Liberia by the Kentucky Colo- anticipations which have not been realized, nization Society, to collect information reg. but still, we are not aware of any real ground pecting the country, with the view of retur- for discouragement. The only reasonable ning to render a report of his mission. He objection which we hear brought against had peforned this duty well; and he took that the colony of Monrovia, is, that it is unhealopportunity of testifying to his intelligence thy. But this objection will cease when a and moral worth.

system of agriculture suitable to the climate After Mr. Finley had concluded his re- is introduced, for much of the inortality of marks, Jos. Jones was introduced to the au- that place was occasioned by the use of the dience, and a committee of three gentlemen tropical fruits. It may probably be some (Rev. N. II. Hall, Mr. W. A. Leavy and years yet before the disadvantages attendant Mr. R. S. Finley,) was appointed by the upon emigrating to a different climate will be Chairman, to propose questions to him on the overcome. Experience will have to point subject of his mission to Africa. The exam- out what course is to be avoided and what ination occupied a considerable length of pursued. At the time of the first settlement time, and was so conducted as to give the of our western states, many of the settlers audience an opportunity of hearing the ques- suffered for want of an acquaintance with tions and responces. We have seldom atten- the climate, soil, plants, &c. Even at the ded a meeting at which more deep interest present day whole villages, and fertile farms was generally manifested. The statements have been deserted on our western frontier, of Jones, in reply to the interrogatories pro- on account of a sickness, supposed to be inposed, evinced a sound and discriminating un- directly produced by some yet undiscover. derstanding, and showed conclusively, that ed poisonous plant; and all are aware of the the State Society had made a happy selection distress of the first American colonists, in their choice of agent to explore the Libe- which was incident upon their settling in a rian Colony. A number of questions in writ- land with which they were unacquainted. ing. were sent in by coloured persons; all of In an address of the Colonization Society which were promptly answered.

now before us, dated 1827, it is said that, On motion of Rev. B.O. Peers, a subscrip- 'for the last five years not one person in tion paper was circulated and some collections forty, from the middle and southern states inade for the benefit of the American Coloni-has died from change of climate.' But the zation Society; and on motion of Rt. Rev. new colony which has been formed by the Bishop Smith, it was Res ed, That the Maryland Legislature at Cape Palmas is on thanks of this society and meeting be tender a high and healthy situation. Even Euroed to Mr. Jones for the gratitication afforded peans are said to have resided there for in the interesting details of his mission to months without experiencing an hour of which we have this evening listened. And, sickness. This Colony we believe lies on motion, it was Resolved, That the pub- about 70 miles south of Monrovia; the terrilishers of newspapers of this city, be request. tory has recently been purchased by the. ed to insert the proceedings of this meeting Maryland.Colonization Society from four in each of their several papers. The meeting African Kings. then adjourned.

One thing which will cause the coloniza“That the tendency of this interesting tion of Africa to receive the patronage of meeting was," says the Editor of the Wes- the friends of humanity is, that the slave tern Luminary, “to exert an influence deci- trade cannot be effectually suppressed while dedly favourable to the interests of African the African coast remains unprotected.Colonization, we presume no one who was The present laws which declare the slave present can doubt. We are glad that our trade piracy, are totally inadequate to its fellow citizens in different parts of the State suppression. The slave trade is still carried are to enjoy the satisfaction of attending on even in a worse manner than if no such meetings of a character similar to this." imperfect laws existed. Slavers crowdtheir

decks with their unlawful cargo, knowing AUXILIARY SOCIETIES. that it is as dangerous to run the risk of beo [From the Carlisle (Pa.) Expositor, July 8.] ing captured with a few as with a greatCOLONIZATION.

number of slaves. When civilization exWe understand that a large number of tends along the western coast of Africa the

slave trade will cease. Mr. Leonard, a sur- and the prohibition of the acquisition of tergeon in the British Navy, supposes that out ritory, except by fair purchase from the naof sixty thousand slaves stolen from Africa, tive Princes and proprietors of the soil. only two thousand are recaptured and re- Article IV. An annual subscription of not turned.

less than 25 cents, payable in advance, shall

constitute an individual a member of this SoTHE COLONIZATION SOCIETY OF CUMBER- ciety; the payment at one time of 15 dollars

LAND County, PENNSYLVANIA. a life member; and one hundred dollars a life Agreeably to notice, a large number of director. the citizens of Carlisle, convened in the Me- Article V. Section 1. The regular meetthodist Episcopal Church, on Thursday ings of this Society shall be semi-annually, evening the 17th July, 1834, at 8 o'clock in on the anniversary of the American Indethe evening, for the purpose of forming a pendence and on the first Monday in January. Colonization Society, to aid in colonizing Section II. The officers of this Society the free People of Color, in Africa. The shall be a President, Vice Presidents, Direcfollowing persons were duly elected officers tors, Secretary, and a Treasurer. of the meeting, to wit:

Section III. The President, two Vice Pres. Hon. JOHN REED, President.

idents, two Directors, a Secretary and TreaRey. JoB GUEST,

surer, shall be elected annually at a regular

V. Pres's. Rev. Geo. E. HARE,

meeting on the anniversary of American InJohn F. HEY,


dependence. Geo. FLEMING,

Section IV. The Pastors of Churches who The meeting was opened by an address to make an annual collection in their respective the throne of Grace by the Rev. Mr. Guest. Churches for the funds of this Society, shall

The object of the meeting was then stated be Vice Presidents thereof. by the President.

Article VI. Section 1. The President, Vice When on motion of Dr. Oliver Holmes, Jr. Presidents, Directors, Secretary and Treasur(who enforced the motion with some re- er, shall constitute a Board of Managers. marks,) a committee, was appointed to draft Section II. The Board of Managers, shall a constitution for the consideration of the meet on the first Tuesday of April, July, meeting.

October, and January to transact business of The following committee was appointed, the Society and any three of them shall conto wit: Dr. Oliver Homes, Jr. Geo. A. Lyon, stitute a quorum. George Metzgar, James H. Devor, Esquires, Article VII. Section I. The Secretary shall and Mr. Gad Day.

keep a regular journal of the transactions of The committee retired for a short time.- the Board of Managers, which he shall reDuring its absense James Hamilton Esq. port to the regular meetings of the Society. offered the following resolution:

He shall sign all orders upon the Treasurer, Resolved, That every inducement yet and all notices of the Society. He shall keep exists to encourage the friends of Coloniza- a fair and impartial account with every mem. tion to persevere in their grand and noble ber, and upon the collection of any monies undertaking of planting a colony of free for the use of the society, he shall transmit it men on the coast of Africa. Which he sup- to the Treasurer, taking his receipt for the ported in a number of forcible remarks per- same in a book kept for the purpose, and tinent to the subject.

shall perform all such other duties as the naThe resolution was seconded by Dr. J. ture of his office requires. Paxton and sustained in a short speech. He Article VIII. The duty of the Treasurer was followed by George Metzgar, Esq. the shall be to take charge of the funds of the same side, and by A. G. Ege, and Jas. H. Society, and keep a regular account of its Deror. The resolution was adopted. receipts and expenditures, and at the regular

The committee appointed for that purpose meetings of the Society to report the state of reported a draft of a constitution, which, its funds. after one or two slight amendments, was Article IX. The President shall have powadopted, and is as follows, to wit:

er to call extra meetings of the Society; in Article I. This society shall be called case of absence or sickness of the President, THE COLONIZATION SOCIETY OF CUMBER- one of the Directors may do so. LAND COUNTY, and be auxiliary to the Article X. This Constitution shall not be American Colonization Society.

altered or amended except at the anniversary Article II. The objects to which its la- meeting of the Society, by a vote of twobors shall be devoted, are--First, To pro-thirds of the members present. vide for Colonizing and civilizing Africa The following committee was then, on mothrough the direct instrumentality of Colour- tion appointed to procure signers of the Con. ed Emigrants from the United States----and stitution, to wit: Dr. Oliver Homes, Jr. Second, To promote, by all legal and consti. Thomas B. Jacobs, Elisha White, J. H. Detutional means, the intellectual and moral vor, and Wm. D. Ramsey, Esquires. improvement of the African race.

Resolved, That the Secretaries furnish Article III. The principles upon which each member of the committee with a printthis Society bases its operations, are, peace ed copy of the Constitution. and temperance in aid of religion, dissuasion Resolved, That the proceedings of the from warfare on the part of the Colonists, I meeting be published, and that this meeting



221 do now adjourn, to meet in the same place Colonization Society of Lane Seminary; and on Friday evening the 25th inst. at half past shall be auxiliary to the American Coloniza7 o'clock. Adjourned.

tion Society. Hon. JOHN REED, President.

Art. 2. Its object shall be to collect and Rev. JOB GUEST,

V. Presidents.

diffuse information upon the subject of AfriRev. Geo. E. HARE,

can Colonization; to devise means of elevatJohn F. Hey,


ing that long neglected class of our fellowGeorge Fleming,

men, the free coloured population of our

country; by contributing to the funds of the An adjourned meeting of the Cumberland parent institution, to aid those who may inCounty Colonization Society, Auxiliary to telligently decide that it is for their interest the American Colonization Society, was held and happiness to colonize in Africa, or elsein the Methodist E. Church of this place on where; by calm and dispassionate reasoning, Friday the 25th July, The Revd. G. E. to excite public attention to that odious sin Hare, v. P. in the chair. The following in the sight of God, and foul stain upon our order of business was attended to:

national character, negro slavery; and to en1. The Committee to whom had been as- deavour, by kind exhibitions of truth, and signed the duty of soliciting the co-operation appeals to the conscience and the interest of the citizens reported, that they had pro- of the slave-holder, to effect its speedy tercured the signatures of about seventy indi. mination. viduals as the result, in some instances, of Art. 3. The officers of this society shall a partial and hasty etfort.

be a President, Vice President, Secretary 2. On motion, Resolved, That an oppor. and Treasurer, who shall perform the duties tunity be offered to any present to sign the usually connected with their respective offi. Constitution.

ces; and an executive committee of six, 3. On motion, Resolved, That this meeting whose duty it shall be to direct the corresgo into an election of officers for the pres- pondence, and manage the general concerns ent year, agreeably to the Constitution of of the society. this Society. When it appeared the follow- Art. 4. The society shall hold meetings ing gentleinen were elected:

on the first Wednesday evenings of Novem'The Hon. John Reed, President; Mr. ber and March, and an annual meeting on Robert Irwin and James Hamilton, Esq. the first Wednesday evening of July. The Vice Presidents; Messrs. Gad Day & Andrew officers shall be chosen annually at the meetBlair, Directors; E. White, Esq. Treasurer, ing in November. and John F. Hey, Secretary.

Art. 5. Any member of Lane Seminary 4. On motion of G. A. Lyon, Esq. may become a member of this society by Resolved, That the Secretary address a note, subscribing the constitution. to the ministers of the ditierent churches in E. Š. Huntington, President. this place, requesting them in the name of L. BRIDGMAN, Vice President. this Society to take up a collection in their R. L. STANTON, Secretary. respective churches for the purpose of aiding J. H. MATTISON, Treasurer. the Young Men's Colonization Society of

Executive Committee. Pennsylvania, auxiliary to the American Co- Z. Kent HAWLEY, S. C. MASTERS, lonization Society in their noble efforts now J. LAUGHLIN,

J. WEEKS, making, to provide for the emigration, to H. H. SPALDING, L. L. G. WHITNEY. Africa, of the One hundred and ten coloured persons, manumitted by Dr. Hawes of

RICHARD LANDER. Virginia; and that the Secretary be and here- The death of Richard Lander, the discov. by is authorized and instructed to receive erer of the great geographical problem of the all the monies that may be so collected and Niger, has added another to the numerous that may be on hand for subscriptions or do- victims who have perished in the attempt to nations, and transmit the same to the Sec- explore the interior of Africa. Accounts retary of the Young Men's Colonization So- brought by the last English packet state that ciety of Pennsylvania, aux. &c. for the pur- he was murdered by the natives several hun

miles up the river, whither he had gone on a 5. On motion, Resolved, That a committee commercial expedition. be appointed by the chair, to procure subscri- The history of African Discovery is a higbers to the Constitution. The following gen- tory of unexampled mortality. Since the tlemen were appointed, viz: Drs. L. Foulke feeble attempts of the Portuguese and Engand McNally, Messrs. Thos. Hennessy, Jno. lish trading Companies to penetrate into the Phillips, and W. S. Ramsey.

interior, down through the numerous expe6. On motion, Resolved, That the pro- ditions fitted out by the “African Associaceedings of this meeting be published in the tion,” and the British Government, how few Journals of this place.

-two or three at the most-of the travellers 7. On motion, adjourned.

have survived the journey. Not one has JOHN F. HEY, Secretary. survived a second attempt Caille and John

Lander are still living, though it would not Oonstitution of the Colonization Society of be surprising if they should follow the exLane Seminary, (0.)

ample of their predecessors and renew their Art. 1. This society shall be called the efforts—to share a similar fate. With this

pose aforesaid.

fatal prospect before them, there have never The next enterprize was conducted by been wanting persons ready to embark in the Messrs. Ritchie and Lyon. The former died same undertaking. A more remarkable evi- at Fezzan, and the latter returned safe.dence cannot be found in history of the uncon- Major Laing and Captain Gray, had a little querable spirit of enterprize, than the eager- while before made short expeditions into the ness with which the places of the dead are interior, and returned without loss of life. filled up immediately by zealous competitors The important expeditions of Denham and at the risk of martyrdom, in the cause of Clapperton accompanied by Dr. Oudney, knowledge.

and Mr. Toole, were next in point of time. Our own countryman, Ledyard, was the The journal of their first voyage is familiar first adventurer on this field, sent out after to most readers. Mr. Toole and Dr. Oudney the establishinent of the British “African died on that journey. Clapperton's second Association.” He arrived at Cairo, in Au- voyage was accoinpanied by Dr. Morrison, gust, 1733, and died there shortiy after and Captain Pearce. Their servant Richard wards.

Lander was the only survivor; the others The next was Mr. Lucas, who penetrated died successively from the effects of the clibut a little distance and returned io Tripoli, mate. abandoning the expedition.

Major Laing, the next victim, was assasThe third was Major Houghton, the British sinated in the Desert. Consul at Niorocco, who undertook to The French traveller Caille was the imme. reach the Niger by the rout of the Gambia. diate predecessor of the Landers on their Aiter being robbed by the Moors in the Great first and successful journey. He returned Desert he was abandoned, and perished of in 1329. Their first journey was terminated hunger and fatigue in 1791.

in 1831. The second has added the name The celebrated Mungo Park followed.- of Richard Lander to this long list of morThe story of his first voyage, which he com- tality. On looking over, and marking with menced in 1795, is well known. He return: how few exceptions the attempts of all trave ed safely to England after an absence of three ellers have been fatal to them; one cannot years. His second and fatal voyage com- but wonder at the pertinacious spirit with menced in 1805. The large expedition which the attempts are repeated.---- Balt. which he carried with him, melted away be- American. lore the pestilential influence of African climate. Of thirty-eight Europeans who start- Murder of Lander.—There is reason to ed with him, five only were left, all sick and believe that the savages who murdered one deranged, when he embarked on board Richard Lander, were set on by the more of his canoe, in Nov. 1805, on his voyage savage slave-traders. These miscreants know down the Niger, after which he was no that the extension of civilization along the more heard of with certainty until the coast of Africa, will put a stop to their abovoyage of Clapperton and Denham ascer.. minable traffic, and therefore they evince tained the particulars of his murder. the most deadly opposition to any and every

The Association had in the mean time measure which may open the way to civilidespatched other travellers into Africa;- zation. They are very particularly hostile Horneman, who perished in 1810 by disease to the Colonization Society. Lander was at a town on the Niger, and Mr. Nichols, killed about 100 miles above the mouth of who proposed to start froin the Gulph of the Niger, while on his way, in a long boat, Benin and died there of fever. A German, to join the iron steam-boat, which he had named Roentgen was despatched in 1808, sent up a few weeks before; she was to prounder the same auspices. He reached Mog. ceed about three hundred miles up to a small adore, but was robbed and murdered a few island which he had purchased from the miles from the place where he set out. King, and where he had a factory. "They

The narratives of Riley and Adams, both had proceeded about one hundred miles up, Americans, are next in order. They both the current being strong against them; they survived a slavery in Africa.

were in good spirits, tracking along the shore The expeditions sent out by the British when they were fired on from the bush; three Government were not more fortunate than men were killed, and four wounded, Mr. those of the Association. A grand enter- Lander was one of the latter. They had a prise fitted out in 1816 was divided into two canoe of their own, and at the time they parties, one to descend the Niger, and one were fired on the boat was aground, and, to to ascend the Congo,-the last commanded save themselves, they were obliged to leap by Captain Tuckey, and the former by Major into the canoe, and make the best of their Peddie, with numerous attendants. Most way; they were immediately followed by of the officers of the Congo expedition five or six war canoes, full of men, keeping perished. The captain, the zoologist, the up a continual fire for five hours, until it got botanist, the geologist, who accompanied it dark, when they lost sight of them.”—Jour. fell successively. The other party fared no of Com. better. Major Peddie died early; his successor, in command, Col. Campbell, soon

SOUTHERN AFRICA. followed; the third in command Lieut. Stock- At the Anniversary of the Wesleyan Miss. oe survived them only a few days. The Soc. in London, the Rev. William Shaw, miserable remains of the party returned in late missionary in Southern Africa, gave a the fall of the year, 1817.

most interesting account of the Catfer tribes

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