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sustain them, it is well worth while to exam- vent a repetition of the faults that led to such ine somewhat closely into the foundation of a low ebb. It is difficult to conjecture how these predictions. For should they be well long the depression would have continued grounded, it will be ill for the many who are but for the intervention of that arch-enemy, now investing their savings in this alluring the phylloxera, which spread terror and devindustry, with the hope of literally being en- astation among the vineyards of France, abled, hereafter, to sit under their own vine and sent her wine merchants and their forand fig tree.

eign correspondents on a painful search for It behooves, first of all, to consider the new sources of supply to all possibly availacauses of the previous great depression, and ble countries. They began to recollect that to draw lessons therefrom. Why was it that among her many sins in the way of bad the wines of California were a drug in the wines, California had furnished some really market, and barely passed muster under for- good samples. Could it be possible that eign labels? It was, unquestionably, be- these might be duplicated, and the French cause in their hurry to realize the golden wines thus saved from the "foxy" contamiharvest, the great majority of the vintners of nation of the native American wines which that time aimed altogether at quantity to the Eastern States were willing and able to the neglect of quality, and threw upon the furnish in unlimited quantities? market chiefly wines badly made from such It was the turning point of the tide in indifferent material as the Mission grape, Californian viticulture. The attention not and which had barely had time to get fairly only of France but of the Eastern States through their after-fermentation; consequent- was again directed to the product of Califorly lacked character, and frequently spoiled nian vineyards, which in the meantime had on the purchasers' hands. When the stand- brought a respectable area of good European ard varieties of foreign grapes, prudently in- varieties into bearing, and could make a troduced by far-seeing men, came into bear- vastly better showing for quality. And, aling, bad was made worse by giving to wines though some mistakes have been made even made of Mission must, with a slight admix- since then, on the whole the golden opporture of the nobler juice, the name of the lat- tunity has been well utilized by our wine ter: thus conveying to the consumer in the makers. From the lowly function of proEast and to a few daring investigators of the ducing something that France would tolerate new article in Europe, the idea that the no- as an admixture to her wines, they have rapble Riesling, the Chaselas, and the best va- idly risen to that of establishing standard rieties of Burgundy and the Bordelais, were qualities that find favor under their own so deteriorated in the California climate as names and labels. They have become conto yield an irredeemably faulty product, vinced, and are rapidly converting the rest which could at most be used for dilution, to of the world to the belief, that the faults heresome extent, of the wines of France or Ger- tofore observed in California wines were not many, but whose earthy, harsh taste would of Nature's making; and that between the ever render them unacceptable to the know- limits of Oregon and Mexico most, if not all, er of good wine.

the most desirable qualities of European It were bootless to discuss at this time wines may be reproduced under an intelliwhether the growers or the wine merchants gent selection and mutual adaptation of were most to blame for these costly mistakes; grape-varieties, climates and soils, and by or whether, perhaps, they were only an al- the manufacture of wines under the most inevitable phase of an incipient indus- ment of experts, instead of the hap-hazari try under new conditions. It suffices for system before pursued. And not being our present purpose to know that such a trammeled by time-honored habits in th state of things existed at the time of neap premises, they are rapidly and consciousl tide; and that knowledge should forever pre applying American ingenuity and energy t

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Baranoff, Alexander Andreavich...
Wm. Gouverneur Morris...

59
Barbaric Pageants...
Therese Yeiverton...

357
Belleville Claim, The-Part First..
.E. A. Walcott..

.577

Bolivia, Peru, Chile........

Holger Birkedal..

Bolivia, Peruvia, and Chile...
.J. Studdy Leigh..

.527

Book Reviews:

Academy Boys in Camp, The, 559.—Albert. Gallatin (John Austin Stephens), 221. -Ambitious

Woman, An. ( Edgar Fawcett), 219.-Argyle's Unity of Nature, 664 - American Common-

wealths: Oregon, 212; Virginia, 107.-Art and Literature (Topics of the Time). 112.

Balzac, 663.-- Beatrix Randolph (Julian Hawthorne), 555.-- Beyond the Gates (Elizabeth Stuart

Phelps), 109.--Bouquet of California Flowers, A. 111.-Boy Lollard, The, 559.- Boys of Thirty-

five, The, 560.-- Brief Handbook of English Authors, A, 447.--Bunner's A Woman of Honor,

220.

Characteristics. 222-Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education, No. 4, 1883, 666.-City.

of Success, The, and other Poems, (Abbey), 557. -Cookery for Beginners, (Marian Harland),

560.

Dolores and Other Poems, (Albert S. Kercheval), 110.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, (Hayne), 666.-English As She is Spoke, 665.- English As She is

Spoke: Her Seconds Part, 224.-Excursions of an Evolutionist (John Fiske), 329.

Fawcett's An Ambitious Wowrn, 219.-Floyd Grandon's Honor (Amında M. Douglas), 5.56. –

Green's, Anna Katherine, Hand and Ring. 220.-Greey's and Saito's The Loyal Ronins, 448.

Gower's, Lord Ronald, Reininiscences, 334.--Guenn (Blanche Willis Howard), 218.-Gunnis

on, Colorado's Bouanza County, 224.

Halévy's L'Abbé Constantin, 223.-Hand and Ring (Anna Katherine Green), 220.-Harland's,

Marian, Cookery for Beginners, 560 ; Judith, 220.--Hawthorne's Beatrix Randolph, 555. —

History of Prussia (Prof. Herbert Tuttle), 666.-History of the United States in Rhyme, 666.-

Hittell's

, John S.,St. Peter's Catechism, 222 - Holiday Books, 111.-Howard's, Miss, Ġuenn, 218.

Jewett's, Sarah Orne, The Mate of the Daylight, and Friends Ashore, 111. ---Johns Hopkins

L'niversity Studies : Methods of Historical Studies ; Past and Present of Political Economy,

63.-Judith; A Chronicle of old Virginia (Marian Harland), 220.

Kercheval's Dolores and Other Poems, 110.-Koestlin's Martin Luther the Reformer, 448.
L'Abbé Constantin, 223.--Life at Puget Sound (Caroline 0. Leighton), 560.-- Local Government

and Free Schools in South Carolina (B. James Ramage), 223.--Loyal Ronins, The (Tamenaga
Shunsui; Translated by Greey and Saito), 448.-Lyrics of the Law, 665.
Man a Creative First Cause, 111.-Martin Luther the Reformer (Koestlin, Translated by Eliza-
beth Weir), 448.-Martin Luther: A Study of Reformation (Edwin D. Mead),418.-Mate of the
Daylight, The, and Friends Ashore (Sarah Orne Jewett), 111.-Methods of Historical Study,
(Herbert B. Adams), 663.
Ned Harwood's Delight, 559.-Newfoundland, 446.
Ouly an Incident, 556.--Oregon (William Barrows), 212.–Our Mabel, 560.
Past and Present of Political Economy. The, (R. T. Ely) 663.-Phelps's, Miss, Beyond the

Gates. 109.-Pen Pictures of Early Victorian Authors, 447.--Poems for Children (Celia Thax-

ter), 111. Prang's Holiday Cards, 112.--Prussia (Tuttle). 666.

Ralph Waldo Emerson ,666.--Recent Fiction, 218, 555. --Reminiscences of Lord Ronald Gower,334.

--Report of the San Francisco Free Public Library. 112. -Revealed Religion Expounded by

its Relations to the Moral Being of God. 560.-Rosary of Rhyme, A (Clarence Urmy), 556. ---

Roundabout Journey, A, (Charles Dudley Warner), 221.

Santa Claus Laud, 111. --Sea-Sickness, its Cause and Remedy, 224.-Stephens's Albert Gallatin,

221. --St. Peter's Catechism (Hittell). 222.--Studies in Longfellow, 224.-Sunday School Books,

368.–Sunday School Library, The, 558.-Sylvan City, A, 111.
Taveau's Poems, 557. -Tennyson's In Memoriam (Genung), 560.- Thaxter's, Mrs., Poems for
Children, 111.-Three Books of Verse, 556.-Times of Charles XII; Times of Frederick I. (Z.
Topelius), 536.--Tinkbam Brothers' Tide-Mill, The (J. T. Trowbridge), 223.-Topics of the
Tine: Art and Literature, 112..Tuttle's History of Prussia, 666.- Twelve Months in an Eng-
lish Prison, 559.

Cnity of Nature, The (Argyle), 664.--Urmy's A Rosary of Rhyme, 556.

Virginia (John Esten Cooke), 107.

Warner's Roundabout Journey, 221.--What stall we Do with our Daughters ? (Mary A. Liver-

more), 335.-Woman of Honor, A (H. C. Bunner), 220.-Wonders of Plant Life under the

Microscope, 223-Workers and Idlers, 223.

Brahmo Somaj, The, or Protestantism in India.. ... Horatio Stebbins...
Browning, A Study of...

Caroline Le Conte..

.186
..645

California Detective, An Incident in the Life of a.
Central Mexico, Through....

.O. M. Wozencraft.
Chile, Peruvia, and Bolivia.

.J. Studdy Leigh...
Chile, Peru, Bolivia....

Holger Birkedal.
Chinese Slavery..

H. Latham, M. D..
Chinese in Early Days, The..

..James O'Meara....
Christmas in India, A...

. Beamish Hamilton..
Clothier of Civilization, The....

. Stephen Powers..
Colossal Fortunes of America, The..

..John H, Durst.

Committee or Cabinet Government ?.

Woodrow Wilson..

Consideration of the Labor Problein, A.

Wm. C. Blackwood..

Cruise of the Ocean Spray...

.I. M. Baltimore...

.166

.178
.527

.627

.175

.477

73

.438

.509

17

..449
.151

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Justice Shallow, The Literature of Mr. ............J. G. Kelly ....

..570

Kindergartens of Oakland, Free.....

Mary E. Bamford...

55

Labor Problem, A Consideration of the..
Wm. C. Blackwood.

449
Lake Tahoe, Physical Studies of-III...
.John Le Conte....

41
Late War in South America, The--I. II. III... Holger Birkedal..

.77, 188, 225

Illustrations by the Author: Guano Deposits, 78; Valparaiso, 79; Mine in the Neighborhood of

Caracoles, 83; Punta Arenas, 189; Map, 196, 227; Dolores Rodriguez, 233.

Lazy Letters from Low Latitudes..

. Charles Warren Stoddard....

.307

Literature of Mr. Justice Shallow, The.
.J. G. Kelly......

..570

Lodge, Thomas, and his Friends...

. Charles Howard Shinn..

431

Lower California, Notes on...

..541

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Ocean Spray, Cruise of the...

Oregon

.151

.212

.409

Pedagogue Primeval, A.....

C. T. H. Palmer..

Peru, Bolivia, Chile....

.Holger Birkedal.

Peruvia, Bolivia and Chile..

.J. Studdy Leigh.

Physical Studies of Lake Tahoe.-III. Concluded. John Le Conte..

Pioneer Sketches.-IV. To California by Sea.. ..James O'Meara...

Pot-Boiler in Art, The....

...Henry S. Brooks.

Protestantism in India: The Brahmo Somaj. . Horatio Stebbins..

Pueblo Fête Day,.......

..Edvards Roberts..

627

.527

41

.375

.621

186

.337

......

Race with Winter, A......

Renaissance, Moslem Influence on the...

Romance of History, A..

Rotation in Office....

G. B. Wright.....

Walter B. Scaife.

..Emelie Tracy Swett..

.F. I. Vassault.

.493

365

430

.521

Shepherd at Court, A......

.6, 113, 263, 344, 461, 598

Some Southern Mesas.....

W. A. Spalding.

.587

South America, The Late War in...

Holger Birkedal.

.77, 188, 225

Illustrations by the Author: Guano Deposits, 78; Valparaiso, 79; Mine in the Neighborhood of

Caracoles, 83; Punta Arenas, 189; Map, 196, 227; Dolores Rodriguez, 233.

Study of Browning, A..........

Caroline Le Conte

.645

Thomas Lodge and his Friends.....

Through Central Mexico.....

To Alaska......

To California by Sea..

Tourgueneff.....

Charles Howard Shinn..

0. M. Wozencraft...

Agnes M. Manning.

.James O'Meara....

Wilbur Larremore...

131

..178

.241

375

. 301

Yoka Legends......

.A. G. Fassin.

.651

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