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rice and mildness of your majesty's ed assailant, are recent proofs of government.

that magnaniinity and benevolence, May the Almighty God, by whom which have ever characteri ed your kings reiçn, long prelerve your ina. mjelly, and endeared you to the jesty, amidił the enjoyment of eve hearts of a brave and generous jy desirable b'effing, to be an ex- penple. amp'e, from your roval virtues, Whilit all ranks and orders of to the rulers of the earth, ant to men are zealously proteifing these be, from the unrivalled fucceis of sentiments, it may not misbecome your government, the comfort and us, Sir, to bear testimony to your the happiness of your people. more private and personal excellen

We are, may it please your ma- cie. Courts and palaces have rarejesty, with the most inviolable at ly been the scenes of abitemioustachment and submissive gratitude, ness and temperance. That your your majetty's moit loyal, moft du- majesty, amidit all the incitements tiful, and moft obedient lubjeets, to gratification and indulgence, the Superiors of the Roman Catho. Mhould leadily perfevere in an unlic Clergy of the province of Mune exampled forbearance, is at once fer.

an upbraiding remonftrance againft the unhappily prevailing luxury,

and the strongest security for the The Addrefs of the President and preservation of your health, for the Felloses of the Royal College of able life, and consequently of the

long continuance of your ineitimPhyfcians in London.

national happinels. My it please your Majesty, May the merciful hand of Pro. WE, your majesty's molt faith- vidence be ever extended over you, ful and loyal subjects, the prefident for protecting your facred person and fellows of the Royal College of from outrage and violence! We rePhyticians in London, beg Icave to lv with perfect confidence on your approach your majesty, with all majetty's habitual and determined humility, to express our duty and viriue, as the surell human means unfeigued joy for your majesty's of averting from you the ordinary happy deliverance froin the danger calaınities which are incident to our of a moft desperate attempt on your facred person ; an attempt, which only intanity of mind could have fuggested, and which only the di- Contention bertern bis Britannic Navine interpotition could have fruf- jcky and the King of Spain, fgned trated.

at London, the 14th of July, Glory, Sir, results from danger. 1786. It is in situations of surprize and a- THE kings of England and of larm, that the genuine and noble Spain, animated with the same dequalities of exalted minds are emi- fire of consolidating, by every sently displayed and distinguished. means in their power, the friend. The collected firmness and compe. Thip so happily tublisting between sce with which your majelly met them and their' kingdoms, and withthe horrid artack, and the tender- ing, with one accord. to prevent nefs and compassion exerted in the even the shadow of misunderttand. laine critical moinent for the wretch. ing which might be occafioned by 8

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doubrs, inisconceptions, or other Art. II. The Catholic kings to
causes of disputes between the tub- prove, on his side, to the king of
jects on the frontiers of the two Great Britain, the fincerity of his
monarchies, especially in distant sentiments of friendflip towards his
countries, as are those in America, faid majesty, and the British na-
have thought proper to settle, with tion, will grant to the English
all possible good faith, by a new more extenlive limits than thote
convention, the points which night specified in the last treaty of peace:
one day or other be productive of and the faid limits of the lands
fuch inconveniencies, as the ex added by the present convention
perience of former times has very shall for the future be understood
often shewn. To this end, the in the manner following.
king of Great Britain has named The English line, beginning
the moit noble and most excellent from the sea, shall take the centie
lord Francis, baron Osborne of of the river Sibun or Jabon, and
Kiveton, Marquis of Carmarthen, continue up to the fource of the
his Britannic majesty's privy coun. laid river; from thence it Mall
fellor, and principal fecretary of cross in a strait line the interie-
late for the department of foreign diate land, till it interfects the river
aftairs, &c. &c. &c. and the catho. Wallis ; and by the centre of the
lic king has likewise authorized fame river, the said line thall de-
Don Bernardo del Campo, knight scend to the point where it will meet
of the noble order of Charles ihe the line already settled and marked
Third, secretary of the same order, out by the commissaries of the two
secretary of the supreme council of crowns in 1783: which limits,
ft:te, and his minifter plenipoten- following the continuation of the
tiary to the king of Great Britain ; faid line, Mall be observed as for-
who having communicated to each merly Itipulated by the definitive
other their refpective full power's, treaty.
prepared in due form, have agreed Art. III. Although no other ad.
upon the following articles.. vantages have hitherto been in

Art. I. His Britannic majesty's question, except that of cutting fubjccts, and the other coloniits wood for dying, yet his catholic who have hitherto enjoyed the pro- majetty as a greater proof of his tection of England, Mall evacuate disposition to oblige the king of the country of the Mofquitos, as Great Britain, will grant to the well as the continent in general, English the liberty of cutting all and the islands adjacent, without other wood, without even excepting exceprion, fituated beyond the line mahogany, as well as gathering herein after defcribed, as what all the fruits, or produce of the ought to be the frontier of the ex- earth, purely natural and unculti. rent of territory granted by his vated, which may, besides being Catholic majesty to the English, carried away in their natural state, for the uses specified in the third become an object of utility or of arti le of the present conveộtion, commerce, whether for food or for and in addition to the country al. manufactures : but it is expressly ready granied to them in virtue of agreed, that this Itipulation is neven the itipulations agreed upon by the to be used as a xt for citacommiffar.cs of the two crowns in blishing in that country any plan1783.

tation of sugar, coffee, cacao, ob

other

other like articles, or any fabric or the knowledge of the British gomanufacture, by means of mills or vernment) a Spanish officer or comother machines whatsoever (this missary, accompanied by an English restriction however do-s not regard commissary or officer, duly authothe use of faw mills for cutting or rized, shall be admitted, twice a otherwise preparing the wood), year, to examine into the real fitufince all the lands in question being ation of things. indifputably acknowledged to be- Art. V. The English nation shall long of right to the crown of Spain, enjoy the liberty of refitting their no settlements of that kind, or the merchant ships in the southernpopulation which would follow, triangle included between the could be allowed.

Point of Cayo Casina, and the The English shall be permitted cluster of finall islands which are to transport and convey all such fituated opposite that part of the wood, and other produce of the coast occupied by the cutters, at the place, in its natural and unculci. diftance of eight leagues from the vated state, down the rivers to the river Wallis, seven from Cayo sea, but without ever going be- Cafina, and three from the river yond the limits which are prescrib- Sibun, a place which has always ed to them by the stipulations above been found well adapted to that granted, and without thereby tak- purpose. For which end, the edi. ing an opportunity of ascending the fices and store houses absolutely netaid rivers beyond their bounds, cessary for that service shall be into the countries belonging to allowed to be built ; but in this Spain.

concession is also included the ex. Art. IV. The English shall be press condition of not erecting forpermitted to occupy the small island tifications there at any time, or i nown by the names of Cafina, St. ftationing troops, or constructing George's Key, or Cayo Calina, in any military works; and in like consideration of the circumstance manner it shall not be permitted to of that part of the coasts oppolite station any fhips of war there, or to to the laid island being looked upon contruct an arsenal, or other buildas subject to dangerous disorders; ing, the object of which might be but this permission is only to be the formation of a naval establishmade use of for purposes of real mnent. utility : and as great abuses, no Art. VI. It is also ftipulated, less contrary to the intentions of that the English may freely and the British government than the peaceably catch fish on the coast of effential interests of Spain, might the country alligned to them by arise from this permission, it is here the last treaty of peace, as alio of stipulated, as an indispensable con- that which is added to them by the dition, that no fortification, or present convention, but without work of defence whatever, shall at going beyond their boundaries, and any time be erected there, nor any confining themselves within the body of troops posted, nor any distance specified in the preceding piece of artillery kept there ; and article. in order to verify with good faith Art. VII. All the restrictions the accomplishment of this condi- fpecified in the last treaty of 1783, tion fine qua non (which might be for the entire preservation of the infringed' by individuals, without right of the Spanish sovereignty

over the country, in which is grant. joyment of the se eral advantages
ed to the English only the privilege inserted in th: ir favour in the last
of making use of the wood of the treaty, or ftipulated by the present
different kinds, the fruits and other convention.
produce, in their natural state, are Art. X. The Spanish guvernors
here contirmed; and the fame re- fall he ori'ered to give to the aid
firictions shall also be observed with English dispersed, all possible faci-
respect to the new grant. In con- cilities for their remo al to the iet-
fequence, the inhabitants of those tlements agreed upon by the pre-
countries fliall emply themselves fent convention, according to the
fimply in the cutting and transport- ftipulations of the 6th article of the
ing of the said wood, and in the definitive

treaty of 1783, with gathering and transporting of the respect to the country allotted for fruits, without meditating any more their use by the said article. extensive settlements, or the for

Arr. XÍ. Their Britannic and mation of any syitem of govern- Catholic naj stics, in order to reuent, either military or civil, fur- move every kind of doubt with ther than fuch regulations as their regard to the true conftruction of Britannic and catholic majesties the present convention, think it may hereafter judge proper to etta neceffary to declare that t e condi. blith, for maintaining peace and tions of the said convention ought good order amongst their respective to be observed according to their fubjects.

sincere intention to enlure and im. Art. VIII. As it is generally prove the harmony and gooi unallowed that the woods and foreits derstanding, which so happily subfist are preserved, and even muli; ly, at present between their faid maby regular and methodical cuttings, jeities the English thall observe this max- In this view, his Britannic maim, as far as possible ; but it, not. jelly enga es to give the mo? powithst nding all their precautions, titive orders for the evacuation of it should happerrin course of time the countries above mentioned, by that they were in want of dying- all his subjects of whatever denomiwood, or mahogany, with which nation ; but if, contrary to fuck the Spanish poffeffions might be declaration, there should still reprovided, the Spanish government main any persons fo daring as to İhall make no difficulty to furnith a presume, by retiring into the intesupply to the English, at a fair and ror country, to endeavour to obreasonable price.

struct the entire evacuation already Art. IX. Every possible precau- agreed upon, his Britannic majetty, tion Mall be observed to prevent so far from affording them the least smuggling; and the English shall succour, ur even protection, will take care to conform to the regu- disavow them in the most falemn gulations which the Spanish go- manner, as he will equally do those vernment shall think proper to cita- who may hereafter atteinpt to settle blish amongst their own subjects, upon the terr tury belonging to the in all communications which they Spanish dominion. may have with 'he latter ; on con- Art. XII. The evacuation agreed dition nevertheless that the English upon fhall be completely effected fhall be left in the peaceable en- within the space of lix months, 1786.

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after the exchange of the ratifira- tholic majesties, in virtue of our tions of this convention, or fooner, refpective full powers, have signed if it can be done.

the pielent convention, and have Art. XIII. It is agreed that the affixed thereto the feals of our new grants described in the preceding articles, in favour of the English nation, are to take place as soon as the aforesaid evacuation

Treaty of Commerce and Navigation, shall be entirely accomplished.

betavien bis Britannic Majefly and Art. XIV. His Catholic majeliy,

the Most Christ an King, ligned at prompted solely by motives of hu

Versailles, the 26th of September, manity, promiles to the king of

1786. England, that he will not exercise

HIS Britannic majesty, and his any act of severity against the Mof. Moit Christian majesty, being equitos, inhabiting in part the coun- qually animated with the desire not tries which are to be evacuated, by

only of consolidating the good harvirtue of the present convention,

mony which actually subliits beon account of the connections which tween them, but also of extending may have subsisted between the the happy effects thereof to their faid Indians and the English: and respective subjects, have thought his Britannic majelly, on his part, that the moít efficacious means for will trictly prohibit all his sub- attaining those objects, conformjects from furnishing arms, or war- ably to the 18th article of the like stores, to the Indians in gene- treaty of peace, figned the tth of ral, situated upon the frontiers of September, 1783, would be to adopt the Spanish potlessions.

a lyítem of commerce on the batis Art. XV. The two courts hall of reciprocity and mutual convemutually tranfinit to each other nience, which, by discon inuing duplicates of the orders, which they the prohibitions and prohibitory are to dispatch to their respective duties which have existed for almoit governors and commanders in Ame

a century between the two nations, rica, for the accomplithment of the might procure the most folid adpresent convention ; and a frigate, vantages, on both sides, to the or proper Mip of war, shall be po national productions and industry, pointed, on each side, to obferve and put an end to contraband trade, in conjunction that all things are no le's injurious to the public reperformed in the best order polible, venue, than to that lawful come and with that cordiality and good merce which is alone intitled to faith of which the two sovereigns protection ; for this end, their faid have been pleased to set the ex- majeities have named for their comample.

millaries and plenipotentiaries, to Art. XVI. The present conven- wit, the king of Great Britain, tion shall be ratified by their Bri- William Eden, efq; privy countannic and Catholic majestics, and fellor in Great Britain and Ireland, the ratifications exchanged, within member of the British parliament, the space of fix weeks, or fooner, and his envoy extraordinary and if it can be done.

minister plenipotentiary to his Most In witness whereof, We, the Christian majetty; and the Moit underligned ministers plenipoten- Christian king, the Sicur Jofeph tiary of their Britannic and Ca- Mathias Gerrard de Rayneval, 5

knight,

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