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A Ď E R s. (83) knight, counsellor of state, knight allowed them for that purpose, in of the royal order of Charles III. order that they may remove, with who, after having exchanged their their effects and property, whether respective full powers, have agreed entrusted to individuals, or to the upon the following articles : fiate. At the same time it is to be

Art. I. It is agreed and con- understood that this favour is not cluded between the most serene and to be extended to those who shall most potent king of Great Britain, at contrary to the established and the most serene and most po- laws. tent, the most Christian king, that Art. III. It is likewise agreed and there shall be a reciprocal and concluded, that the subjects and entirely perfect liberty of naviga- inhabitants of the kingdoms, protion and commerce between the vinces, and dominions of their masubjects of each party, in all and jefties, hall exercise no acts of every the kingdoms, states, pro- hoftility or violence against each vinces, and territories, subject to other, either by sea, or by land, or their majesties in Europe, for all in rivers, streams, ports or havens, and fingular kinds of goods, in those under any colour or prezence whatplaces, upon the conditions, and foever ; fo that the subjects of either in such manner and form as is purty thall receive no patent, comsettled and adjusted, in the follow- mislion, or instruction for arming ing articles :

and acting at sea as privateers, nor Art. II. For the future security of letters of reprisal, as they are callcommerce and friend thip between ed, from any princes or states, enethe subjects of their faid majeities, mies to the other party; nor by and to the end that this good cor- virtue, or under colour of such respondence may be preserved from pritents, commilions, or reprisals, all'interruption and disturbance, Bull they dinurb, infeft, or any it is concluded and agreed, that if, way prejudice or damage the aforeat any time, there should arise any faid fub exis and inhabitants of the inisunderstanding, breach of friend- king of Credit Britain, or of the Thip, or rupture between the crowns moit Chriitiin king; neither shall of their majesties, which God for- they arm ships in such manner as bid! (which rupture shall not be is above laid, or go out to sea deemed to exist until the recalling therewith. To which end, as often or sending home of the rcfpective as it is required by either party, ambassadors and ministers) the sub- striet and express prohibitions shall jects of each of the two parties be renewed and published in all the residing in the dominions of the territories, countries, and dominions other, shall have the privilege of of each party wherefover, that no remaining and continuing their one (hall in any wise ule fuch cointrade therein, without any manner millions or letters of reprisal, under of disturbance, so long as they be the feverest punishment that can be have peaceably, and commit no inflicted on the tranfgreflors, beoffence aga 'nit the laws and ordi- fides being liable to make full resti. nances; and in case their conduct tution and satisfaction to those to Thould render them suspected, and whom they have done any damage; the respective governments should neither hall any letters of reprisal be obliged to order them to remove, be hereafter granted by either of the term of twelve months shall be the faid high contracting parties,

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to the prejudice or detriment of the prohibited by the laws of either subjects of the other, except only kingdom, and to enter into the in such cafe wherein justice is de- countries, dominions, cities, ports, denied or delayed; which denial places, and rivers of either party, or delay of justice shall not be re- situated in Europe, to refort theregarded as verified, unless the pe- to, and to remain and reside there, titions of the perfon, who desires without any limitation of time ; althe faid letters of reprisal, be com- fo to hire houses, or to lodge with municated to the minister refiding other persons, and to buy all lawthere on the part of the prince ful kinds of merchandizes, where against whose subjects they are not they think fit, either from the first to be granted, that within the space maker or the seller, or in any other of four months, or sooner, if it be nanner, whether in the public marpossible, he may manifest the con- ket for the sale of merchandizes, trary, or procure the satisfac. or in fairs, or wherever such mer: tion which may be justly due. chandizes are manufactured or sold.

Art. IV. The subjects and inha- They may likewise deposit and keep bitants of the respective dominions in their magazines and warehouses of the two sovereigns shall have li- the merchandizes brought from oberty, freely and securely, without ther parts, and afterwards expose licence or pafiport, general or spe- the fame to fale, without being in cial, by land or by sea or any other any wise obliged, unless willingly way, to enter into the kingdoms, and of their own accord, to bring dominions, provinces, countries, the faid merchandizes to the marts islands, cities, villages, towns, wall- and fairs. Neither are they to be ed or unwalled, fortified or unfor- burthened with any impofitions or rified, ports, or territories whatso. duties on account of the said free. ever, of either fov

situated dom of trade, or for any other cause in Europe, and to return from whatsoever, except those which are thence, to remain there, or to pass to be paid for their ships and meithrough the fame, and therein to chandizes, conformably to the rebuy and purchase, as they please, gulations of the prefent treaty, or all things neceífary for their sub- those to which the subjects of the fistence and use, and they shall mu- two contracting parties shall themtually be treated with all kindness felves be liable. And they Mall and favour. Provided, however, have free leave to remove themthat in all these matters, they be- felves, as also their wives, children, have and conduct themselves con- and servants, together with their formably to the laws and statutes, merchandizes, property, goods, or and live with each other in a friend. effects, whether bought or importly and peaceable manner, and pro ed, wherever they fall think fit, mote reciprocal concord by main- out of either kingdom, by land and taining a mutual and good under- by sea, on the rivers and fresh wa. standing.

ters, after discharging the usual duArt. V. The subjects of each of their ties; any law, privilege, grant, imfaid majetties may have leave and munities or culloms, to the contra. licence to come with their ships, as ry thereof in any wise notwithstandalso with the merchandizes and ing. In matters of religion, the goods board the fame, the trade subjects of the two crowns Thall en. and importation whereof are not joy perfect liberty. They thall not


be compelled to attend divine fer- pence, and fixteen twentieths of a vice, whether in the churches or penny fterling, per ton. elsewhere ; but, on the contrary, 3d. The brandies of France, inthey shall be permitted, without stead of nine Phillings and fix perce, any molestation, to perform the ex. and twelve twentieths of a penny crcises of their religion privately in sterling, shall, for the future, pay, their own houses, and in their own in Great Britain, only seven Millings way. Liberty shall not be refused sterling per gallon, making four to bury the subjects of either king- quarts, English measure. dom who die in the territories of 4th, Oil of olives, coming directthe other, in convenient places to ly from France, fail, for the fube appointed for that purpofe ; nor ture, pay no higher duties than are shall the funerals or fepulchres of now paid for the same from the the deceafed be in any wise disturb- most favoured nations. ed. The laws and statutes of each 5th, Bcer shall pay reciprocally kingdom Mall remain in full force a duty of thirty per cent. ad vaand vigour, and thall be duly put lorem. in execution, whether they relate 6th. The duties on hardware, to commerce and navigation, or to cutlery, cabinet ware and turnery, any other right, those cases only and also all works, both heavy, and excepted, concerning which it is light, of iron, steel, copper, and otherwise de crinined in the articles brass, shall be clasled; and the of this present treaty.

higheit duty shall not exceed ten Art. VI. The two high contracring per cent. ad valorem. parties have thought proper to set- 7th. All sorts of cottons manuile the duties on certain goods and factured in the dominions of the merchandizes, in order to fix inva. two sovereigns in Europe, and also riably the footing on which the woollens, whether knit or wové, trade therein shall be established be- including hosiery, Mall pay, in both tween the two nations. In confe- countries, an import-duty of twelve quence of which they have agreed per cent, ad valorem ; all manufacupon the following tariff, viz. tuies of cotton or wool, mixed with

ist, The wines of France, iin- lilk excepted, which shall remain ported directly from France into prohibited on both fides. Great Britain, mall, in no case, 8th. Canbricks and lawns shall pay any higher duties than those pay, in both countries, an import which the wines of Portugal now duty of five shillings, or fix livres pay.

Tournois, per demi piece of seven The wines of France, imported yards and three quarters, English dire&tly from France into Ireland, meature; and linens, made of fax Mall pay no higher duties than or hemp, manufactured in the dothose which they now pay.

minions of the two sovereigns in 2d. The vinegars of France, in- Europe, thall pay no higher duties, stead of fixty-seven pounds, five fhil- either in Great Britain or France, lings, and three pence, and twelve than linens manufactured in Hold twentieths of a penny sterling, per land or Flanders, imported into ton, which they now pay, shall not Great Britain, now pay. for the future pay in Great Britain, And linen made of flax or hemp, any higher duties than thirty-two manufactured in Ireland or France, pounds, eighteen Hillings, and ten thall reciprocally pay no higher du

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tits whatever

ties than linens manufa&tured in respect to the real value of the said Holland, imported into Ireland, goods and merchandizes. now pay.

but if it shall hereafter appear, gth. Sadlery fhall reciprocally that any mistakes have in adı ertentpay an import duty of fiiteen per ently been made in the above tacent, ad valorem.

riit, contrary to the principles on ioth. Gauzes of all sorts shall which it is founded, the two love. reciprocally pay ten per cent. ad reigns will concert with good faith valorem.

upon the means of rectifying them. 11th. Millinery made up of muslin, Art.VII.The duties above ipecified lawn, cambrick, or gauze of eve- are not to be altered but by mutual ry kind, or of any other article ad- consent; and the merchandizes not mitted under the present cariff, above specified fhall pay, in the dofall pay reciprocally a duty of minions of the two lovereigns, the twelve per cent. ad valorem ; and import and export duties payable if any articles shall be used therein, in cach of the faid dominions by which are not specified in the tariff, the most favoured European nathey fall pay no higher duties than tions, at the time the present treaty those paid for the same articles by bears date; and the ships belonging the most favoured nations.

to the fabjects of the said dominions 12th. Porcelain, earthen-ware, fhall alto reípectively enjoy therein and pottery, shall pay reciprocally all the privileges and advantages twelve per cent, ad valorem.

which are granted to those of the 13th. Plate-glass and glass ware most favoured European nations. in general shall be admitted, on And it being the intention of the each fide, paying a duty of twelve two high contracting parties, that! per cent. ad valorem.

their respective subjects thould be in His Britannic majesty reserves the dominions of cach other upon the right of countervailing, by ad- a footing as advantageous as thete ditional duties on the undermen- of other Europeon nations, they ationed merchandizes, the internal gree, that in case they thall hereduties actually imposed upon the after grant any additional advanmanufactures, or the import-duties tages in navigation or trade to any which are charged on the raw ma- other European nations, they will terials ; namely, on all linens or reciprocally allow their faid subcottons, stained or printed, on beer, jects to participate therein ; without glass ware, plate glass, and iron. prejudice, however, to the advan

And his moft Chriftian majeliy tages which they reserve, viz. also reserves the right of doing the France in favour of Spain, in confame, with regard to the following sequence of the 24th article of the merchandizes ; namely, cottons, Family Compa&t, tigned the ioth iron, and beer,

of May, 1761, and England acAnd for the better securing the cording to what she has practised in due collection of the duties payable conformity to, and in confequerce ad valorem, which are specified in of the convention of

1703, between the above tarift

, the said contract. England and Portugal. ing parties will concert with each And to the end that every perother as well the form of ihe decla- son may know, with certainty, the rations to be made, as also the pro- state of the aforesaid impoits, cuiper means of preventing fraud with toms, import and export duties,

whatever they may be, it is agreed, Art. 'X. Whereas several kinds of that tariffs, indicating the imports, merchandizes, which are usually customs, and eitablished duties, Thall contained in caiks, chests, or other be affixed in public places, as weil cafes, and for which the duties are in Rouën and the other trading ci. paid by weight, will be exported ties of France, as in London and from and imported into France by the other trading cities under the British subjeris; it is agreed, that dominion of the king of Great Bri- in such case, the aforesaid duties tain, that recourse may be had to shall be demanded only according them whenever any difference shall to the real weight of the merchana arise concerning such imposts, cuf- dizes; and the weight of the calks, toms, and duties, which shall not chests, and other cases whatever, be levied otherwise than in con- shall be deducted, in the fame manformity to what is clearly expressed ner as has been, and is now practised in the raid taritfs, and according in England. to their natural contruction. And Art. X. It is further agreed, that if if any officer, or other person in his any mistake or error shall be comname, full, under any pretence, mitted by any mafler of a ship, his publicly or privately, virectly or interpreter or factor, or by any oindirectly, demand or take of a ther einployed by him, in making merchant, or of any other person, the entry or declaration of her care any sum of money, or any thing go, neither the thip nor the cargo else, on account of duries, 'import, ihall be subjeft for such defect, to search, or compensation, although confifcation; but it shall be lawful it be under the name of a free gift, for proprietors to take back again or under any other pretence, more such goods as were omitted in the or otherwise that what is above pre- entry or declaration of the master scribed ; in such case, the said of- of the thip, paying only the accuficer, or his deputy, if he be accu ed stomed duties according to the plaand convicted of the faine before a cart, provided always that there be competent judge, in the place where no manifest appearance of fraud. the crime was committed, shall give Neither shall the merchants or the full fatistaction to the injured party, masters of thips, or the merchanand Mall likewise suffer the penalty dize, be subject to any penalty, by prescribed by the laws.

reason of such 'omission, in case the Art. VIIÍ. No merchandize ex. goods omitted in the declaration ported from the countries respective- shall not have been landed before Îy under the dominion of their ma- the declaration has been made. jefties, thall hereafter be subjet to be Art. XI. In case either of the two inspected or confiscated, under any high contracting parties shall think pretence of fraud or defect in mak- proper to establish prohibitions, or ing or working them, or of any to augment the import duties upon other imperfection whatsoever; but any goods or merehandize of the abfolute freedom shall be allowed growth or manufacture of the other, to the buyer and seller to bargain which are not specified in the tariff, and fix the price for the same, as such prohibitions or augmentations they shall see good ; any law, fta- shall be general, and shall compretute, edict, proclamation, privilege, hend the like goods and merchangrant, or custom to the contrary dizes of the other most favoured Eunotwithstanding

ropean nations, as well as those of

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