Slike strani

and to exalt and magnify the reign of Elizabeth. To whom APOLLO opens all his store, The Stuarts have found few apologists, for the And every Muse presents her sacred lore; dead cannot pay for praise ; and who will, without Say, powerful Johnson, whence thy verse is reward, oppose the tide of popularity? Yet there fraught remains still among us, not wholly extinguished, a With so much grace, such energy of thought; zeal for truth, a desire of establishing right in oppo- Whether thy Juvenal instructs the age sition to fashion,"

In chaster numbers, and new-points his rage;

Or fair IRENE sees, alas ! too late, In this year I have not discovered a single

Her innocence exchanged for guilty state; private letter written by him to any of his

Whate'er you write, in every golden line friends. It should seem, however, that he had

Sublimity and elegance combine; at this period a floating intention of writing a Thy nervous phrase impresses every soul, history of the recent and wonderful successes While harmony gives rapture to the whole.” of the British arms in all quarters of the globe; Again, towards the conclusion : for among his resolutions or memorandums, September 18., there is, “ Send for books for “ Thou then, my friend, who see'st the dang 'rous Hist. of War." | How much is it to be re

strife gretted that this intention was not fulfilled !

In which some demon bids me plunge my life,

To the Aonian fount direct my feet, His majestic expression would have carried

Say, where the Nine thy lonely musings meet ; down to the latest posterity the glorious achieve

Where warbles to thy ear the sacred throng, ments of his country, with the same fervent

Thy moral sense, thy dignity of song ; glow which they produced on the mind at the

Tell, for you can, by what unerring art time. He would have been under no temp- You wake to finer feelings every heart ; tation to deviate in any degree from truth, In each bright page some truth important give, which he held very sacred, or to take a licence, And bid to future times thy Rambler live." ! which a learned divine told me he once seemed, in a conversation, jocularly to allow to his

I take this opportunity to relate the manner torians. “There are (said he) inexcusable lies, in which an acquaintance first commenced beand consecrated lies. For instance, we are

tween Dr. Johnson and Mr. Murphy. During told that on the arrival of the news of the un

the publication of “ The Gray's Inn Journal, fortunate battle of Fontenoy, every heart beat

a periodical paper which was successfully carand every eye was in tears. Now we know ried on by Mr. Murphy alone, when a very that no man ate his dinner the worse, but there young man, he happened to be in the country should have been all this concern; and to say he was obliged to go to London in order to get

with Mr. Foote; and having mentioned that there was (smiling), may be reckoned a consecrated lie.”

ready for the press one of the numbers of that This year Mr. Murphy, having thought journal

, Foote said to him, “ You need not go himself ill-treated by the Rev. Dr. Francklin,

on that account. Here is a French magazine, who was one of the writers of "The Critical in which you will find a very pretty oriental Review,” published an indignant vindication in tale; translate that and send it to your printer.” “ A Poetical Epistle to Samuel Johnson, A. M.” Mr. Murphy having read the tale, was highly in which he compliments Johnson in a just and pleased with it, and followed Foote's advice.

When he returned to town, this tale was elegant manner :

pointed out to him in “The Rambler," from “ Transcendent Genius! whose prolific vein whence it had been translated into the French Ne'er knew the frigid poet's toil and pain;

magazine. 3 Mr. Murphy then waited upon

! The following memorandum, made on his birthday in this year, may be quoted as an example of the rules and resolutions which he was in the habit of making, for the guidance of his moral conduct and literary studies :

“Sept. 18. Resolved, D (eo) j (uvante),
To combat notions of obligation :
To apply to study :
To reclaim imaginations :
To consult the resolves on Tetty's coffin :
To rise early :
To study religion:
To go to church :
To drink less strong liquors:
To keep a journal:
To oppose laziness, by doing what is to be done to morrow:
Rise as early as I can :
Send for Books for Hist. of War :
Put books in order :
Scheme of life." Pr. and Med.- CROKER.

The fourth item refers probably to some resolutions he had committed to writing after contemplating his wife's coffin, and which, perhaps, he had not lately looked at. This is confirmed by one of his prayers on her death, (25th April 1752). "Enable me to persevere in the purposes which I recorded in thy sight, when she lay dead before me." MARKLAND, 1840.

2 It seems strange and uncandid that Mr. Murphy did

not acknowledge that this poetical epistle was an imitation of
Boileau's Epitre à Molicre. I subjoin a few couplets from both
Boileau and Murphy, which will show how little the epistle
of the latter is entitled to the character of originality - in fact,
such an unacknowledged use of an author is almost plagiarism.

Rare et fameux espril, dont la fertile veine
Ignore, en écrivant, le travail et la peine.
Transcendent genius ! whose prolific vein
Ne'er knew the frigid poet's toil and pain.
Souvent j'ai beau révor du matin.jusqu'au soir;
Quand je veux dire blanc, la quinteuse dit noir.
In feverish toil I pass the weary night,
And when I would say black, rhyme answers white.
Ou puisque, enfin, tes soins y seroient superflus,
Molière, enseigne moi l'art de ne rimer plus.
And since I ne'er can learn thy classic lore,
Instruct me, Johnson, how to write no more !

3 When Mr. Murphy first became acquainted with Dr.
Johnson he was about thirty-one years old. He died at
Knightsbridge, June 18. 1805, in his eighty-second year. The
extraordinary paper mentioned in the text (The History of
Abouzaid, the Son of Morad) is No. 38. of the second series
(of the Gray's Inn Jourual), published on June 15. 1754 ;
which is a re-translation from the French version of the Ram.
bler, No. 190.- MALONE.

Johnson, to explain this curious incident. His of assuming either that dignity or elegance which talents, literature, and gentleman-like man- some men, who have little of either in common life, ners were soon perceived by Johnson, and a can exhibit on the stage. His voice when strained friendship was formed which was never broken. is unpleasing, and when low is not always heard.

He seems to think too much on the audience, and

turns his face too often to the galleries. JOHNSON TO LANGTON,

“ However, I wish him well; and among other At Langton.

reasons, because I like his wife.5 Make haste to " October 18. 1760.

write to, dear Sir, your most affectionate servant, « Dear Sir, — You that travel about the world,

“ SAM. Johnson."6 have more materials for letters, than I who stay at home ; and should, therefore, write with frequency

In 1761 Johnson appears to have done little. equal to your opportunities. I should be glad to He was still, no doubt, proceeding in his have all England surveyed by you, if you would edition of Shakspeare ; but what advances he impart your observations in narratives as agreeable made in it cannot be ascertained. He ceras your last. Knowledge is always to be wished tainly was at this time not active; for in his to those who can communicate it well. While you scrupulous examination of himself on Easter have been riding and running, and seeing the eve, he laments, in his too rigorous mode of tombs of the learned, and the camps of the valiant, censuring his own conduct, that his life, since I have only staid at home, and intended to do great the communion of the preceding Easter, had things, which I have not done. Beau' went away been “ dissipated and useless." (Pr. and Med.) to Cheshire, and has not yet found his way back. p. 44.) He, however, contributed this year the Chambers passed the vacation at Oxford. “ I am very sincerely solicitous for the preserva, Commerce,” in which he displays such a clear

Preface* to “Rolt's Dictionary of Trade and tion or curing of Mr. Langton's sight, and am glad and comprehensive knowledge of the subject, that the chirurgeon at Coventry gives him so much hope. Mr. Sharp is of opinion that the tedious

as might lead the reader to think that its maturation of the cataract is a vulgar error', and author had devoted all his life to it. I asked that it may be removed as soon as it is formed. him whether he knew much of Rolt, and of This notion deserves to be considered; I doubt his work. “Sir, (said he) I never saw the man, whether it be universally true; but if it be true in and never read the book. The booksellers some cases, and those cases can be distinguished, it wanted a Preface to a Dictionary of Trade and may save a long and uncomfortable delay.

Commerce. I knew very well what such a « Of dear Mrs. Langton you give me no ac- Dictionary should be, and I wrote a Preface count; which is the less friendly, as you know how accordingly." Rolt, who wrote a great deal highly I think of her, and how much I interest my- for the booksellers, was, as Johnson told me, a self in her health. I suppose you told her of my singular character. Though not in the least opinion, and likewise suppose it was not followed; acquainted with him, he used to say, “I am however I still believe it to be right. * Let me hear from you again, wherever you are sufficient specimen of his vanity and impu

just come from Sam. Johnson." This was a or whatever you are doing; whether you wander or sit still, plant trees or make Rustics", play with dence. But he gave a more eminent proof of your sisters or muse alone;

and in return I will

tell it in our sister kingdom, as Dr. Johnson inyou the success of Sheridan", who at this instant is formed me. When Åkenside's “ Pleasures of playing Cato, and has already played Richard the Imagination" first came out, he did not twice. He had more company the second than the put his name to the poem. Rolt went over to first night, and will make I believe a good figure Dublin, published an edition of it, and put his in the whole, though his faults seem to be very own name to it. Upon the fame of this he many; some of natural deficience, and some of lived for several months, being entertained at laborious affectation. He has, I think, no power the best tables as “the ingenious Mr. Rolt." ? His conversation, indeed, did not discover much of the fire of a poet; but it was recollected,

1 Mr. Beanclerk.-- BOSWELL.

Mr. Sharp seems to have once been of a different opinion on this point. See ante, p. 74. n. 2. - CROKER.

3 Essays with that title, written about this time by Mr. Langton, but not published. - Boswell..

* Thomas Sheridan, son of the friend or Swift, and father of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, was born at Quilca, in Ireland, in 1721, and died in 1788. This was his first appearance at Drury Lane for sixteen years.- CROKER.

5 Mrs. Sheridan (Frances Chamberlaine) was author of * Memoirs of Miss Sydney Biddulph," a novel of great merit, and of some other pieces.- Boswell. Her last work is, perhaps, her best - Nourjahad, an eastern tale: in which a pure morality is inculcated, with a great deal of fancy and considerable force. No wonder that Dr. Johnson should bare liked her! Dr. Parr, in a letter to Mr. Moore, published in his Life of R. B. Sheridan (vol. i. p. 11.), thus mentions her:-" once or twice met his mother, she was quite celestial! both her virtues and her genius were high y esteemed.” This amiable and accomplished woman died at Blois, in September, 1766 ; though the Biographical Dictiotary, and other authorities, place her death in 1767. See posi, sub May 1763. - CROKER.

6 Extract from a letter of Birch to Lord Royston, dated London, October 25. 1760: _" Sam. Johnson is in treaty with certain booksellers to supply three papers a week, in the nature of Essays, like the Rambler, at the unusual rate (if the fact be true), it is said, of three guineas a paper. But I question whether the temptation of even so liberal a reward will awaken him from his natural indolence; for while his Rambler was publishing, which came out but twice a week, the proprietor of it, Cave, told me that copy was seldom sent to the press till late in the night before the day of publication." -MARKLAND.

7 I have had inquiry made in Ireland as to this story, but do not find it recollected there. I give it on the authority of Dr. Johnson, to which may be added, that of the Biogra. phical Dictionary," and " Biographia Dramatica ;” in both of which it has stood many years. Mr. Malone observes, that the truth probably is, not that an edition was published with Rolt's name in the title-page, but that, the poem being then anonymous, Rolt acquiesced in its being attributed to him in conversation. - BosWELL. In the late

edition of Chalmers's Biographical Dictionary, the foregoing story is indeed noticed, but with an observation that it has been refuted. Richard Rolt died in March, 1770.-- CROKER.

(JOHNSON TO MISS PORTER. that both Addison and Thomson were equally dull till excited by wine. Akenside, having

" Inner Temple Lane, Jan. 13. 1761.

“ DEAREST MADAM, — I ought to have begun been informed of this imposition, vindicated his right by publishing the poem with its real the new year with repairing the omissions of the

last, and to have told you sooner, what I can always author's name.

Several instances of such lite tell you with truth, that I wish you long life and rary fraud have been detected. The Rev. Dr. happiness, always increasing till it shall end at last Campbell

, of St. Andrew's, wrote “An Enquiry in the happiness of heaven. into the original of Moral Virtue,” the manu- “ I hope, my dear, you are well ; I am at prescript of which he sent to Mr. Innes, a clergy; sent pretty much disordered by a cold and cough ; man in England, who was his countryman and I have just been blooded, and hope I shall be better. acquaintance. Innes published it with his Pray give my love to Kitty. I should be glad own name to it; and before the imposition was to hear that she goes on well. I am, my dearest discovered, obtained considerable promotion, dear, your most affectionate servant, as a reward of his merit.' The celebrated Pearson MSS.

“ Sam. Johnson."] Dr. Hugh Blair, and his cousin Mr. George Bannatine, when students in divinity, wrote

He this year lent his friendly assistance to a poem, entitled “The Resurrection,” copies

correct and improve a pamphlet written by Mr. of which were handed about in manuscriptthe Coronation of George III."

Gwyn, the architect, entitled “ Thoughts on They were, at length, very much surprised to

Johnson had now for some years admitted see a pompous edition of it in folio, dedicated to the Princess Dowager of Wales, by a Dr. Mr. Baretti to his intimacy; "nor did their Douglas, as his own. Some years ago a little friendship cease upon their being separated by novel, entitled “The Man of Feeling," was

Baretti's revisiting his native country, as apassumed by Mr. Eccles, a young Irish clergy- pears from Johnson's letters to him. man, who was afterwards drowned near Bath.2 He had been at the pains to transcribe the JOHNSON TO JOSEPH BARETTI, whole book, with blottings, interlineations, and

At Milan. corrections, that it might be shown to several

" London, June 10. 1761. people as an original. It was, in truth, the “You reproach me very often with parsimony of production of Mr. Henry Mackenzie, an attor- writing ; but you may discover, by the extent of ney in the exchequer at Edinburgh, who is the my paper, that I design to recompense rarity by author of several other ingenious_pieces ; length. A short letter to a distant friend is, in my but the belief with regard to Mr. Eccles be- opinion, an insult like that of a slight bow or curcame so general, that it was thought necessary

sory salutation ;-a proof of unwillingness to do for Messieurs Strahan and Cadell to publish much, even where there is a necessity of doing an advertisement in the newspapers, contra- something. Yet it must be remembered, that he dicting the report, and mentioning that they who continues the same course of life in the same

One week and one purchased the copyright of Mr. Mackenzie. place, will have little to tell. I can conceive this kind of fraud to be very made by bim are not always perceived ; and if they

year are very like one another. The silent changes easily practised with successful effrontery. The

are not perceived, cannot be recounted. I have filiation of a literary performance is difficult of risen and

lain down, talked and mused, while you proof; seldom is there any witness present at have roved over a considerable part of Europe; yet its birth. A man, either in confidence or by I have not envied my Baretti any of his pleasures, improper means, obtains possession of a copy though, perhaps, I have envied others his company: of it in manuscript, and boldly publishes it as and I am glad to have other nations made ac

The true author, in many cases, may quainted with the character of the English, by a not be able to make his title clear. Johnson, traveller who has so nicely inspected our manners, indeed, from the peculiar features of his lite- and so successfully studied our literature.

I rerary offspring, might bid defiance to any at- ceived your kind letter from Falmouth, in which tempt to appropriate them to others :

you gave me notice of your departure for Lisbon ; and another from Lisbon, in which you told me

his own.

that you were to leave Portugal in a few days. “ But Shakspeare's magic could not copied be ; To either of these how could any answer be reWithin that circle none durst walk but he !"

turned ? I have had a third from Turin, complaining that I have not answered the former.

1 I have both the books. Innes was the clergyman who brought Psalmanazar to England, and was an accomplice in his extraordinary fiction. - BOSWELL.

2 “Died, the key. Mr. Eccles, at Bath. In attempting to save a boy, whom he saw sinking in the Avon, he, together with the youth, were both drowned." – Gent. Mag. Aug. 15. 1777. And in the magazine for the next month are some verses on this event, with an epitaph, of which the first line is, " Beneath this stone the “ Man of Feeling" lies. - CROKER.

3 Henry Mackenzie, Esq. died at Edinburgh, Jan. 14. 1831, in his eighty-sixth year. He was an intimate friend of Sir Walter Scott's, who has written his life, and at whose house I had the pleasure of meeting that amiable old man.CROKBR, 1846

4 The originals of Dr. Johnson's three letters to Mr. Baretti, which are among the very best he ever wrote, were communicated to the proprietors of that instructive and elegant monthly miscellany, “ The European Magazine,” in which they first appeared.' – Boswell.

Your English style still continues in its purity and English will contentedly endure. But, perhaps, he vigour. With vigour your genius will supply it; scarcely knows whom he has distinguished, or but its purity must be continued by close attention. whom he has disgusted. To use two languages familiarly, and without con- “ The artists have instituted a yearly Exhibition taminating one by the other, is very difficult : of pictures and statues, in imitation, as I am told, and to use more than two, is hardly to be hoped. of foreign academies. This year was the second

The praises which some have received for their Exhibition. They please themselves much with multiplicity of languages, may be sufficient to ex- the multitude of spectators, and imagine that the cite industry, but can hardly generate confidence. English school will rise in reputation. Reynolds

“ I know not whether I can heartily rejoice at is without a rival, and continues to add thousands the kind reception which you have found, or at the to thousands, which he deserves, among other expopularity to which you are exalted. I am willing cellencies, by retaining his kindness for Baretti. that your merit should be distinguished; but This Exhibition has filled the heads of the artists cannot wish that your affections may be gained. I and lovers of art. Surely life, if it be not long, is would have you happy wherever you are : yet I tedious, since we are forced to call in the assistance would have you wish to return to England. If of so many trifles to rid us of our time, – of that ever you visit us again, you will find the kindness time which never can return. ? of your friends undiminished. To tell you how “I know my Baretti will not be satisfied with a many inquiries are made after you, would be letter in which I give him no account of myself: yet tedious, or if not tedious, would be vain; because what account shall I give him ? I have not, since you may be told in a very few words, that all who the day of our separation, suffered or done any knew you wish you well; and that all that you thing considerable. The only change in my way embraced at your departure, will caress you at your of life is, that I have frequented the theatre more return : therefore do not let Italian academicians than in former seasons. But I have gone thither por Italian ladies drive us from your thoughts. only to escape from myself. We have had many You may find among us what you will leave be- new farces, and the comedy called • The Jealous hind, soft smiles and easy sonnets. Yet I shall not Wife,'3 which, though not written with much wonder if all our invitations should be rejected : genius, was yet so well adapted to the stage, and so for there is a pleasure in being considerable at well exhibited by the actors, that it was crowded home, which is not easily resisted.

for near twenty nights. I am digressing from “ By conducting Mr. Southwell' to Venice, you myself to the playhouse; but a barren plan must fulfilled, I know, the original contract: yet I would be filled with episodes. Of myself I have nothing wish you not wholly to lose him from your notice, to say, but that I have hitherto lived without the but to recommend him to such acquaintance as may concurrence of my own judgment; yet I continue best secure him from suffering by his own follies, to flatter myself, that, when you return, you will and to take such general care both of his safety find me mended. I do not wonder that, where the and his interest as may come within your power. monastic life is permitted, every order finds votaries, His relations will thank you for any such gratuitous and every monastery inhabitants. Men will submit attention at least, they will not blame you for any to any rule, by which they may be exempted from evil that may bappen, whether they thank you or the tyranny of caprice and of chance. They are not for any good.

glad to supply by external authority their own “ You know that we have a new king and a new want of constancy and resolution, and court the parliament. Of the new parliament Fitzherbert is government of others, when long experience has a member. We were so weary of our old king, convinced them of their own inability to govern that we are much pleased with his successor; of themselves. If I were to visit Italy, my curiosity whom we are so much inclined to hope great things, would be more attracted by convents than by that most of us begin already to believe them. The palaces; though I am afraid that I should find exyoung man is hitherto blameless; but it would be pectation in both places equally disappointed, and unreasonable to expect much from the immaturity life in both places supported with impatience and of juvenile years, and the ignorance of princely quitted with reluctance. That it must be so soon education. He has been long in the hands of the quitted, is a powerful remedy against impatience ; Scots, and has already favoured them more than the but what shall free us from reluctance ? Those

i Probably the Hon. Thomas Arthur Southwell, afterwards before me. He said, that was more than his would do, for second Viscount Southwell, who was born in 1742, and suc- that in his whole life he was never capable of discerning the ceeded his father in 1780. - CROKER.

least resemblance of any kind between the picture and the • This classification of the art of painting and the exhibition subject it was intended to represent. To the delights of of its productions among the futile

trißes by which mankind music he was equally insensible: neither voice nor instruendeavour to get rid of time, will excite some surprise, but ment, nor the harmony of concordant sounds, had power over Hawkins tells us that of the beauties of painting, notwith. his affections, or even to engage his attention, Of music in standing the many culogiums on that ari which, after the general, he has been heard to say, “it excites in my mind no commencement of his friendship with Sir Joshua Reynolds, ideas, and hinders me from contemplating my own;" and of he inserted in his writings, Johnson had not the least con. a fine singer, or instrumental performer, that he had the ception : and the notice of this defect led me to mention the merit of a Canary-bird." Not that his hearing was so defollowing fact. One evening, at the club, I came in with a fective as to account for this insensibility, but he laboured small roll of prints, which, in the afternoon, I had picked up: under the misfortune which he has noted in the Life of Bar. I think they were landscapes of Perelle, and laying it down retier, and is common to more persons than in this musical with my hat, Johnson's curiosity, prompted him to take it up age are willing to confess it, of wanting that additional sense and unroll it : be viewed the prints severally with great at. or faculty, which renders music grateful to the human ear." tention, and asked me what sort of pleasure such things could - CROKER. afford me: I replied that, as representations of nature, con- 3 Colman's comedy of the Jealous Wise came out in Feb. taining an assemblage of such particulars as render rural ruary, 1761. The characters of Mr. Oakly and Mrs. Oakly scenes delightful, they presented to my mind the objects were performed by Garrick and Mrs. Pritchard, and Mrs. thernselres, and that my imagination realised the prospect Hve was the Lady Freelore. - WRIGHT.

" June 1. 1762.

who have endeavoured to teach us to die well, have taught few to die willingly: yet I cannot but its intrinsic merit, it would have been unjust

The following letter, which, on account of hope that a good life might end at last in a con

both to Johnson and the public to have withtented death,

" You see to what a train of thought I am drawn held, was obtained for me by the solicitation of by the mention of myself. Let me now turn my my friend Mr. Seward :attention upon you. I hope you take care to keep an exact journal, and to register all occurrences JOHNSON TO DR. STAUNTON.' and observations; for your friends here expect such a book of travels as has not been often seen. You have given us good specimens in your letters

“ DEAR SIR, -I make haste to answer your from Lisbon. I wish you had staid longer in Spain, kind letter, in hope of hearing again from you for no country is less known to the rest of Europe; before you leave us. I cannot but regret that a but the quickness of your discernment must make

man of your qualifications should find it necessary amends for the celerity of your motions. He that

to seek an establishment in Guadaloupe, which if knows which way to direct his view, sees much in

a peace should restore to the French, I shall think a little time.

it some alleviation of the loss, that it must restore “Write to me very often, and I will not neglect likewise Dr. Staunton to the English. to write to you; and I may, perhaps, in time, get

“ It is a melancholy consideration, that so much something to write: at least, you will know by my of our time is necessarily to be spent upon the care letters, whatever else they may have or want, that of living, and that we can seldom obtain ease in I continue to be, your most affectionate friend,

one respect but by resigning it in another; yet I “ Sam. Johnson." suppose we are by this dispensation not less happy

in the whole, than if the spontaneous bounty of In 1762 he wrote for the Rev. Dr. Kennedy, Nature poured all that we want into our hands. A rector of Bradley in Derbyshire, in a strain few, if they were left thus to themselves, would, of very courtly elegance, a Dedication to the perhaps, spend their time in laudable pursuits ; but King * of that gentleman's work, entitled the greater part would prey upon the quiet of each “A complete System of Astronomical Chro- other, or, in the want of other objects, would prey nology, unfolding the Scriptures." He had upon themselves. certainly looked at this work before it was

“ This, however, is our condition, which we doubtedly of his composition, of which let my we may in every place find rational amusements, printed; for the concluding paragraph is un- must improve and solace as we can : and though readers judge:

and possess in every place the comforts of piety and “ Thus have I endeavoured to free religion and a pure conscience, history from the darkness of a disputed and uncer. " In America there is little to be observed except tain chronology; from difficulties which have natural curiosities. The new world must have hitherto appeared insuperable, and darkness which many vegetables and animals with which philosono luminary of learning has hitherto been able to phers are but little acquainted. I hope you will dissipate. I have established the truth of the furnish yourself with some books of natural history, Mosaical account, by evidence which no transcrip- and some glasses and other instruments of obtion can corrupt, no negligence can lose, and no servation. Trust as little as you can to report; interest can pervert. I have shewn that the uni- examine all you can by your own senses. I do verse bears witness to the inspiration of its historian, not doubt but you will be able to add much to by the revolution of its orbs and the succession of knowledge, and, perhaps, to medicine. Wild its seasons; that the stars in their courses fight nations trust to simples ; and, perhaps, the Peruvian against incredulity, that the works of God give bark is not the only specific which those extensive hourly confirmation to the law, the prophets, and regions may afford us. the gospel, of which one day telleth another, and one “Wherever you are, and whatever be your fornight certifieth another; and that the validity of the tune, be certain, dear Sir, that you carry with you sacred writings never can be denied, while the moon my kind wishes; and that whether you return shall increase and wane, and the sun shall know his hither, or stay in the other hemisphere, to hear going down."

that you are happy will give pleasure to, Sir, your

most affectionate humble servant, He this year wrote also the Dedication † to

“ SAM. JOHNSON.” the Earl of Middlesex of Mrs. Lenox's “Female Quixote," and the Preface to the “Cata- A lady having at this time solicited him to logue of the Artists' Exhibition."†

obtain the Archbishop of Canterbury's patron

i George Leonard Staunton was born in Galway, in Ire- lost his government, and Staunton his property. He returned land, 1737, and having adopted the profession of medicine, to England with, it is supposed, little of the wreck of his which he studied in France, he came to London in 1760, fortune. He, however, had acquired Lord Macartney's where he wrote for the periodical publications of the day, and friendship, and he accompanied his lordship, to Madras in formed an acquaintance with Dr. Johnson. In 1762 he went 1781 ; and for his distinguished services during his official to the West Indies, where he practised as a physician for a residence there had a pension of 5001. per annum settled on short time, and by that and some civil offices, accumulated a him, in 1784, by the East India Company, and was created a competent fortune, which he invested in estates in the island baronet. When Lord Macartney was selected for the celeof Granada. He returned to England in 1770; but, in 1772, brated embassy to China, Sir George was named to accompany again went to Granada, where he was appointed attorney- him as secretary and minister plenipotentiary. His splendid general, and made the valuable acquaintance of Lord Mac- account of that embassy is well known. He died in London, artney, who became governor of that island in 1774. By the January 14. 1801, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.capture of Granada by the French, in 1779, Lord Macartney CROKER.

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