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age to have her son sent to the University, – friend than I can procure him ; but though he one of those solicitations which are too frequent, should at last miss the university, he may still be where people, anxious for a particular object, wise, useful, and happy. I am, Madam, your most

Sam. JOHNSON." do not consider propriety, or the opportunity humble servant, which the persons whom they solicit have to assist them, – he wrote to her the following

JOHNSON TO BARETTI, answer; with a copy of which I am favoured by the Rev. Dr. Farmer', Master of Emanuel

At Milan, College, Cambridge.

"London, July 20. 1762. “ Sır, — However justly you may accuse me for

want of punctuality in correspondence, I am not so JOHNSON TO MRS.

far lost in negligence as to omit the opportunity

of writing to you, which Mr. Beauclerk's passage

« June 8. 1762. through Milan affords me. Madam, - I hope you will believe that my " I suppose you received the Idlers, and I in. delay in answering your letter could proceed only tend that you shall soon receive Shakspeare, that from my unwillingness to destroy any hope that you may explain his works to the ladies of Italy, you had formed. Hope is itself a species of happi- and tell them the story of the editor, among the ness, and, perhaps, the chief happiness which this other strange narratives with which your long reworld affords: but, like all other pleasures im- sidence in this unknown region has supplied you. moderately enjoyed, the excesses of hope must be As you have now been long away, suppose expiated by pain ; and expectations improperly your curiosity may pant for some news of your old indulged, must end in disappointment. If it be friends. Miss Williams and I live much as we asked, what is the improper expectation which it did. Miss Cotterel still continues to cling to Mrs. is dangerous to indulge, experience will quickly Porter, and Charlotte is now big of the fourth answer, that it is such expectation as is dictated, child. Mr. Reynolds gets six thousands a year. not by reason, but by desire; expectation raised, Levett is lately married, not without much suspinot by the common occurrences of life, but by the cion that he has been wretchedly cheated in his wants of the expectant; an expectation that re- match.: Mr. Chambers is gone this day, for the quires the common course of things to be changed, first time, the circuit with the Judges.

Mr. and the general rules of action to be broken. Richardson is dead of an apoplexy, and his second

“ When you made your request to me, you daughters has married a merchant. should have considered, Madam, what you were • My vanity, or my kindness, makes me flatter asking. You ask me to solicit a great man, to myself, that you would rather hear of me than of whom I never spoke, for a young person whom I those whom I have mentioned; but of myself I had never seen, upon a supposition which I had no have very little which I care to tell. Last winter means of knowing to be true. There is no reason I went down to my native town, where I found the why, amongst all the great, I should choose to streets much narrower and shorter than I thought supplicate the Archbishop, nor why, among all the I had left them, inhabited by a new race of people, possible objects of his bounty, the Archbishop to whom I was very little known. 6 My playshould choose your son, I know, Madam, how fellows were grown old, and forced me to suspect unwillingly conviction is admitted, when interest that I was no longer young. My only remaining opposes it; but surely, Madam, you must allow, friend' has changed his principles, and was become that there is no reason why that should be done by the tool of the predominant faction. My daughterme, which every other man may do with equal in-law, from whom I expected most, and whom I reason, and which, indeed, no man can do properly, met with sincere benevolence, has lost the beauty without some very particular relation both to the and gaiety of youth, without having gained much Archbishop and to you. If I could help you in of the wisdom of age. I wandered about for five this exigence by any proper means, it would give me days, and took the first convenient opportunity of pleasure ; but this proposal is so very remote from returning to a place, where, if there is not much usual methods, that I cannot comply with it, but happiness, there is, at least, such a diversity of at the risk of such answer and suspicions as I be good and evil, that slight vexations do not fix upon lieve you do not wish me to undergo.

the heart. * I have seen your son this morning ; he seems “ I think in a few weeks to try another excura pretty youth, and will, perhaps, find some better sion; though to what end? Let me know, my

1 Dr. Richard Farmer was born at Leicester, in 1735, and educated at Emanuel College, Cambridge, of which he became Master in 1775. In 1766 he published his celebrated “ Essay on the Learning of Shakspeare: ” a work by which, as Dr. Warton emphatically expresses it, an end is put for ever to the dispute concerning the Learning of Shakspeare." He died Sept. 6 1797.- CROKER.

* Mrs. Porter, the actress, lived some time with Mrs. Cotterel and her eldest daughter. The younger Miss Cotterel (Charlotte), had married the Rev. John Lewis, who became Dean of Ossory in 1755.-- CROKER.

3* Lerett married, when he was near sixty, a woman of the town, who had persuaded him (notwithstanding their place of congress was a small coal shed in Fetter Lane) that she was nearly related to a man of fortune. but was kept by him out of large possessions. Johnson used to say, that, compared with the marvels of this trans.

action, the Arabian Nights seemed familiar occurrences. Never was hero more completely duped. He had not been married four months before a writ was taken out against him, for debts contracted by his wife. He was secreted, and his friend then procured him a protection from a foreign minister. In a short time afterwards she ran away from him, and was tried for picking pockets at the Old Bailey. She pleaded her own cause, and was acquitted ; a separation took place: and Johnson then took Levett home, where he continued till his death." - Steerens.-CROKER.

4 Samuel Richardson, the author of Clarissa, &c., died July 4. 1761, aged 72. - MALONE.

5 Martha, his chief amanuensis, married Edward Bridgen, April, 1762. - CROKER.

6 All this supports the opinion (antè, p. 113. n. 6), that he had not visited Lichfield between 1737 and 1761.- (ROKER.

7 Supposed by Dr. Harwoud to be Mr. Howard. - CROKER. a year.

Baretti, what has been the result of your return to Lord Loughborough, was the person who first your own country: whether time has made any mentioned this subject to him.

Lord Loughalteration for the better, and whether, when the borough told me, that the pension was granted first raptures of salutation were over, you did not to Johnson solely as the reward of his literary find your thoughts confessed their disappointment.

merit, without any stipulation whatever, or “ Moral sentences appear ostentatious and tumid, eren tacit understanding that he should write when they have no greater occasions than the for administration. His Lordship added, that journey of a wit to his own town : yet such plea: he was confident the political tracts which sures and such pains make up the general mass of life; and as nothing is little to him that feels it Johnson afterwards did write, as they were with great sensibility, a mind able to see common entirely consonant with his own opinions, incidents in their real state is disposed by very would have been written by him, though no common incidents to very serious contemplations. pension had been granted to him.? Let us trust that a time will come, when the pre- Mr. Thomas Sheridan and Mr. Murphy, who sent moment shall be no longer irksome; when we then lived a good deal both with him and Mr. shall not borrow all our happiness from hope, which Wedderburne, told me, that they previously at last is to end in disappointment.

talked with Johnson upon this matter, and “ I beg that you will shew Mr. Beauclerk all the that it was perfectly understood by all parties civilities which you have in your power ; for he has that the pension was merely honorary. Sir always been kind to me.

Joshua Reynolds told me, that Johnson called “ I have lately seen Mr. Stratico, Professor of on him after his Majesty's intention had been Padua, who has told me of your quarrel with an notified to him, and said he wished to consult Abbot of the Celestine order; but had not the par. his friends as to the propriety of his accepting ticulars very ready in his memory. When you this mark of the royal favour, after the definiwrite to Mr. Marsili, let him know that I remember him with kindness.

tions which he had given in his Dictionary of “ May you, my Baretti, be very happy at Milan, pension and pensioners. He said he should not or some other place nearer to, Sir, your most

have Sir Joshua's answer till next day, when affectionate humble servant,

Sam. JOHNSON." he would call again, and desired he might think

of it. Sir Joshua answered that he was clear The accession of George the Third to the to give his opinion then, that there could be no throne of these kingdoms opened a new and objection to his receiving from the King a rebrighter prospect to men of literary merit, who ward for literary merit; and that certainly the had been honoured with no mark of royal definitions in his Dictionary were not applicable favour in the preceding reign. His present

to him. Johnson, it should seem, was satisfied, Majesty's education in this country, as well as for he did not call again till he had accepted his taste and beneficence, prompted him to be the pension, and had waited on Lord Bute to the patron of science and the arts; and early thank him. He then told Sir Joshua that this year, Johnson having been represented to Lord Bute said to him expressly, “ It is not him as a very learned and good man, without given you for any thing you are to do, but for any certain provision, his Majesty was pleased what you have done.” ? His Lordship, he said, to grant him a pension of three hundred pounds behaved in the handsomest manner.

The Earl of Bute, who was then peated the words twice, that he might be sure Prime Minister, had the honour to announce Johnson heard them, and thus set his mind this instance of his Sovereign's bounty, con perfectly at ease. This nobleman, who has been cerning which, many and various stories, all so virulently abused, acted with great honour equally erroneous, have been propagated ; ma- in this instance, and displayed a mind truly liciously representing it as a political bribe to liberal. A minister of a more narrow and Johnson, to desert his avowed principles, and selfish disposition would have availed himself become the tool of a government which he held of such an opportunity to fix an implied oblito be founded in usurpation. I have taken gation on a man of Johnson's powerful talents care to have it in my power to refute them to give him his support.3 from the most authentic information. Lord Mr. Murphy 4 and the late Mr. Sheridan Bute told me, that Mr. Wedderburne, now severally contended for the distinction of hav

He re

There is no doubt that these pamphlets contained John- conduct on this occasion, with his definitions of pension and son's genuine opinions, but Mr. Boswell's statement seems pensioner.- CROKER. hardly consistent with some admitted facts. One, at least, of 4 This is not correct. Mr. Murphy did not "contest this these pamphlets, The Patriot, was " called for.” by his poli. distinction" with Mr. Sheridan. He claimed, we see, not the tical friends (see post, letter to Mr. Boswell, Nov. 26. 1774); first suggestion to Lord Loughborough, but the first notice and two of the others were (see post, letter to Langton, from his lordship to Johnson. His words are: -" Lord March 20. 1771, and March 21. 1775) submitted to the revision Loughborough, who, perhaps, was originally a mover in the and correction of ministers.-CROKER.

business, had authority to mention it. He was well ac. 2 This was said by Lord Bute, as Dr. Burney was in- quainted with Johnson; but, having heard much of his informed by Johnson himself, in answer to a question which he dependent spirit, and of the downfall of Osborne, the bookput, previously to his acceptance of the intended bounty: - seller, he did not know but his benevolence might be rewarded " Pray, my lord, what am I expected to do for this pension ?" with a folio on his head. He desired the author of these -MALONE.

Memoirs to undertake the task. This writer thought the 3 Such favours are never conferred under erpress condi. opportunity of doing so much good the most happy incident tions of future servility, – the phrases used on this occasion in his life. He went, without delay, to the chambers in the have been employed in all similar cases, but they are here Inner Temple Lane, which, in fact, were the abode of insisted on by Mr. Boswell, in order to reconcile Johnson's wretchedness. By slow and studied approaches the message was disclosed. Johnson made a long pause: he asked if it pleasure, reckoned too coarse for our own acceptance. Life was seriously intended ? He fell into a profound meditation, is a pill which none of us can bear to swallow without gilding; and his own definition of a pensioner occurred to him. He yet for the poor we delight in stripping it still barer, and was told, that he, at least, did not come within the defi- are not ashamed to show even visible displeasure, if ever the nition.' He desired to meet next day, and dine at the Mitre bitter taste is taken from their mouths. In pursuance of Tavern. At that meeting he gave up all his scruples. On these principles he nursed whole nests of people in his house, the following day Lord Loughborough conducted him to the where the lame, the blind, the sick, and the sorrowful found Earl of Bute." Murphy, p. 92.- CROKBR.

ing been the first who mentioned to Mr. Wed- the manner in which it is bestowed : your Lordderburne that Johnson ought to have a pension. ship's kindness includes every circumstance that can When I spoke of this to Lord Loughborough, gratify delicacy, or enforce obligation. You have wishing to know if he recollected the prime conferred your favours on a man who has neither mover in the business, he said, “All his friends alliance nor interest, who has not merited them by assisted :" and when I told him that Mr. She services, nor courted them by officiousness; you ridan strenuously asserted his claim to it, his have spared him the shame of solicitation, and the

anxiety of suspense. Lordship said, " He rang the bell.” And it is but just to add, that Mr. Sheridan told me, hope, not be reproachfully enjoyed; I shall endea

“ What has been thus elegantly given, will, I that when he communicated to Dr. Johnson

vour to give your Lordship the only recompence that a pension was to be granted him, he re

which generosity desires, — the gratification of plied in a fervour of gratitude, “ The English finding that your benefits are not improperly belanguage does not afford me terms adequate stowed. I am, my Lord, your Lordship's most to my feelings on this occasion. I must have obliged, most obedient, and most humble servant, recourse to the French. I am pénétré with his

“ Sam. Johnson." Majesty's goodness." When f repeated this

This

year his friend, Sir Joshua Reynolds, to Dr. Johnson, he did not contradict it.

paid a visit of some to his native county, His definitions of pension and pensioner, Devonshire

, in which he was accompanied by partly founded on the satirical verses of Pope Johnson, who was much pleased with this which he quotes, may be generally true; and jaunt, and declared he had derived from it a yet every body must allow, that there may be great accession of new ideas. He was enterand have been, instances of pensions given and lained at the seats of several noblemen and received upon liberal and honourable terms. gentlemen in the west of England ?; but the Thus, then, it is clear, that there was nothing greatest part of this time was passed at Plyinconsistent or humiliating in Johnson's ac

mouth, where the magnificence of the navy, cepting of a pension so unconditionally and so

the ship-building and all its circumstances, honourably offered to him. But I shall not detain my readers longer by The Commissioner of the Dock-yard (Captain

afforded him a grand subject of contemplation. any words of my own, on a subject on which I Francis Rogers) paid him the compliment of am happily enabled, by the favour of the Earl ordering the yacht to convey him and his of Bute, to present them with what Johnson friend to the Eddystone, to which they accordhimself wrote; his Lordship having been pleased to communicate to me a copy of the ingly sailed. But the weather was so tempestu

ous that they could not land. following letter to his late father, which does great honour both to the writer, and to the of Dr. Mudge, the celebrated surgeon, and

Reynolds and he were at this time the guests noble person to whom it is addressed :

now physician, of that place, not more distinJOHNSON TO THE EARL OF BUTE.

guished for quickness of parts and variety of

knowledge, than loved and esteemed for his

“July 20. 1762. 1: MT LORD, — When the bills' were yesterday amiable manners * ; and here Johnson formed delivered to me by Mr. Wedderburne, I was in

an acquaintance with Dr. Mudge's father, that formed by him of the future favours which his very eminent divine, the Rev. Zachariah Mudge, Majesty has, by your Lordship's recommendation, Prebendary of Exeter, who was idolised in the been induced to intend for me.

west, both for his excellence as a preacher and “ Bounty always receives part of its value from the uniform perfect propriety of his private

a sure retreat from all the evils whence his little income 1 It does not appear what bills these were ; evidently could secure them."- Piozzi, “When visiting Lichfield, something distinct from the pension, yet probably the towards the latter part of his life, he was accustomed, on his same nature, as the words " future favours seem to imply arrival, to deposit with Miss Porter as much cash as would that there had been some present favour.- CROKER.

pay his expenses back to London. He could not trust him. 3" The addition of three hundred pounds a year, to what self with his own money, as he felt himself unable to resist Johnson was able to earn by the ordinary exercise of his the importunity of the numerous claimants on his beneLalents, raised him to a state of comparative amuence, and volence." - Harwood.- CROKER. afforded him the means of assisting many whose real or pre- 3 At one of these seats Dr. Amyat, physician in London, tended wants had formerly excited his compassion. He now told me he happened to meet him. In order to amuse him practised a rule which he often recommended to his friends, till dinner should be ready, he was taken out to walk in always to go abroad with some loose money to give to beggars, the garden. The master of the house, thinking it proper imitating therein, though certainly without intending it, that to introduce something scientific into the conversation, good but weak man, old Mr. Whiston, whom I have seen addressed him thus : " Are you a botanist, Dr. Johnson ? distributing, in the streets, money to beggars on each hand “No, Sir, (answered Johnson) I am not a botanist ; and, of bim, till his pocket was nearly exhausted."- Hawkins. (alluding, no doubt, to his near-sightedness.) should I wish ** He loved the poor as I never yet saw any one else do, with to become a botanist, I must first turn myself into a reptile." an earnest desire to make them happy. What signities, says

-BOSWELL. some one, giving halfpence to common beggars ? they only

4 Dr. John Mudge died in 1791. He was the father of lay it out in gin or tobacco. *And why (says Johnson) should Colonel William Mudge, distinguished by his trigonomethey be denied such sweeteners of their existence ? it is trical survey of England and Wales, carried on by order of surely very savage to refuse them every possible avenue to the Ordnance.- WRIGHT.

conduct. He preached a sermon purposely JOHNSON TO THE EARL OF BUTE. that Johnson might hear him; and we shall

“ Temple Lane, Nov. 3. 1762. see afterwards that Johnson honoured his

“ My Lord, — That generosity, by which I was memory by drawing his character. While recommended to the favour of his Majesty, will not Johnson was at Plymouth, he saw a great many be offended at a solicitation necessary to make that of its inhabitants, and was not sparing of his favour permanent and effectual. very entertaining conversation. It was here “ The pension appointed to be paid me at that he made that frank and truly original Michaelmas I have not received, and know not confession, that “ignorance, pure ignorance,” where or from whom I am to ask it. I beg, therewas the cause of a wrong definition in his fore, that your Lordship will be pleased to supply Dictionary of the word pastern, to the no small Mr. Wedderburne with such directions as may be surprise of the lady who put the question to necessary, which, I believe, bis friendship will make

him think it no trouble to convey to me. him ; who, having the most profound reverence for his character, so as almost to suppose him with such petty difficulties, is improper and un

“ To interrupt your Lordship, at a time like this, endowed with infallibility, expected to hear seasonable ; but your knowledge of the world has an explanation (of what, to be sure, seemed long since taught you, that every man's affairs, strange to a common reader,) drawn from some

however little, are important to himself. Every deep-learned source with which she was unac- man hopes that lie shall escape neglect; and with quainted.

reason may every man, whose vices do not preclude Sir Joshua Reynolds, to whom I was obliged his claim, expect favour from that beneficence for

my information concerning this excursion, which has been extended to, my Lord, your Lordmentions a very characteristical anecdote of ship's most obliged and most humble servant, Johnson while at Plymouth. Having observed,

“ Sam. Johnson," that in consequence of the Dock-yard a new town had arisen about two miles off as a rival

JOHNSON TO BARETTI, to the old; and knowing from his sagacity, and

At Milan. just observation of human nature, that it is

“London, Dec. 21. 1762. certain, if a man hates at all, he will hate his “ Sır, – You are not to suppose, with all your next neighbour; he concluded that this new conviction of my idleness, that I have passed all and rising town could not but excite the envy this time without writing to my Baretti. I gave a and jealousy of the old, in which conjecture he letter to Mr. Beauclerk, who in my opinion, and in was very soon confirmed; he therefore set him- his own, was hastening to Naples for the recovery of self resolutely on the side of the old town, the his health ; but he has stopped at Paris, and I know established town, in which his lot was cast, con

not when he will proceed. Langton is with him. sidering it as a kind of duty to stand by it. He

“ I will not trouble you with speculations about accordingly entered warmly into its interests, and embassies extends itself to a very small part of

peace and war. The good or ill success of battles and upon every occasion talked of the Dockers, domestic life: we all have good and evil, which we as the inhabitants of the new town were called, feel more sensibly than our petty part of public as upstarts and aliens. Plymouth is very plen- miscarriage or prosperity. I am sorry for your tifully supplied with water by a river brought disappointment, with which you seem more touched into it from a great distance, which is so abun- than I should expect a man of your resolution and dant that it runs to waste in the town. The experience to have been, did I not know that general Dock, or New-town, being totally destitute of truths are seldom applied to particular occasions ; water, petitioned Plymouth that a small por- and that the fallacy of our self-love extends itself as tion of the conduit might be permitted to go wide as our interest or affections. Every man beto them, and this was now under consideration. lieves that mistresses are unfaithful, and patrons Johnson, affecting to entertain the passions of capricious; but he excepts his own mistress, and his the place, was violent in opposition; and half own patron. We have all learned that greatness is laughing at himself for his pretended zeal, negligent and contemptuous, and that in courts life where he had no concern, exclaimed, “No, is often languished away in ungratified expectation; no! I am against the Dockers; I am a Ply-court, imagines that destiny has at last exempted

but he that approaches greatness, or glitters in a mouth-man.Rogues ! let them die of thirst. him from the common lot. They shall not have a drop!”

“ Do not let such evils overwhelm you as thouLord Macartney obligingly favoured me with sands have suffered, and thousands have sura copy of the following letter, in his own hand. mounted; but turn your thoughts with vigour to writing, from the original, which was found, some other plan of life, and keep always in your by the present Earl of Bute, among his father's mind, that, with due submission to Providence, a papers.

man of genius has been seldom ruined but by him

| See post, March, 1781. “I have heard Sir Joshua de. clare, that Mr. Z. Mudge was, in his opinion, the wisest man he ever met with, and that he had intended to have republished his Sermons, and written a sketch of his life and character." - Vorthcote. Thomas Mudge, the celebrated watch-maker in Fleet Strert, who made considerable improvements in time-kerpers, and wrote several pamphlets on that subject, was another son of Mr. Zachariah Mudge. lie died in 1794. -CROKER.

One of Reynolds's best portraits is a head of

Zachariah Mudge, and one of Chantrey's best busts a trans-
lation of it into marble; part of a monument to Murige's
memory, erected in the church of St. Andrew's, Plyinouth.
P. CUNNINGHAM.

? A friend of mine once heard him, during this visit, exclaim with the utmost vehemence, “I HATE a Docker." BLAKEWAY. Dock is now absurdly enough called Devonport. - CROKER.

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“You may

self. Your patron's weakness or insensibility will (JOHNSON TO MISS REYNOLDS." finally do you little hurt, if he is not assisted by

" 21st Dec. 1762. your own passions. Of your love I know pot the propriety, nor can estimate the power ; but in love,

“ Dear Madam, - If Mr. Mudge should make as in every other passion of which hope is the the offer you mention, I shall certainly comply essence, we ought always to remember the uncer

with it, but I cannot offer myself unasked. I am tainty of events. There is, indeed, nothing that so

much pleased to find myself so much esteemed by much seduces reason from vigilance, as the thought a man whom I so much esteem. of passing life with an amiable woman; and if all

- Mr. Tolcher * is here ; full of life, full of talk, would happen that a lover fancies, I know not

and full of enterprise. To see brisk young fellows what other terrestrial happiness would deserve pur begin to suspect themselves of growing old.

of seventy-four, is very surprising to those who suit. But love and marriage are different states. Those who are to suffer the evils together, and to

tell at Torrington that whatever they suffer often for the sake of one another, soon lose may think, I have not forgot Mr. Johnson's widow 5, that tenderness of look, and that benevolence of nor school – Mr. Johnson's salmon - nor Dr. mind, which arose from the participation of un

Morison's Idler. For the widow I shall apply mingled pleasure and successive amusement. A very soon to the Bishop of Bristol, who is now

sick. woman, we are sure, will not be always fair ; we

The salmon I cannot yet learn any hope are not sure she will always be virtuous : and man of making a profitable scheme, for where I have cannot retain through life that respect and assiduity

inquired, which was where I think the information by which he pleases for a day or for a month. Í very faithful, I was told that dried salmon inay be do not, however, pretend to have discovered that bought in London for a penny a pound; but I life has any thing more to be desired than a pru.

shall

not yet drop the search. dent and virtuous marriage; therefore know not

“ For the school, a sister of Miss Carwithen's what counsel to give you.

has offered herself to Miss Williams, who sent her “ If you can quit your imagination of love and to Mr. Reynolds, where the business seems to have greatness, and leave your hopes of preferment and stopped. Miss Williams thinks her well qualified, bridal raptures to try once more the fortune of and I am told she is a woman of elegant manners, literature and industry, the way through France is

and of a lady-like appearance.

Mr. Reynolds now open. We fatter ourselves that we shall

must be written to, for, as she knows more of him cultivate, with great diligence, the arts of peace ;

than of me, she will probably choose rather to and every man will be welcome among us who can

treat with him. teach us any thing we do not know. For your

“ Dr. Morison's Books shall be sent to him with part. you will find all your old friends willing to

my sincere acknowledgements of all his civilities. receive you.

“ I am going for a few days or weeks to Oxford, “ Reynolds still continues to increase in reputa- that I may free myself from a coughi, which is tion and in riches. Miss Williams, who very much sometimes very violent; however, if you design loves you, goes on in the old way. Miss Cotterel me the favour of any more letters, do not let the is still with Mrs. Porter. Miss Charlotte is mar

uncertainty of my abode hinder you, for they will ried to Dean Lewis, and has three children. Mr. be sent after me, and be very gladly received by, Levett has married a street-walker. But the Madam, your most obliged humble servant,

“ Sam, Johnson. gazette of my narration must now arrive to tell you, that Bathurst went physician to the army, and died at the Havannah.

JOHNSON TO GEORGE STRAHAN, “ I know not whether I have not sent you word

At School. that Huggins' and Richardson are both dead.

“ 19th Feb. (1763.) When we see our enemies and friends gliding away “ Dear George, -I am glad that you have before us, let us not forget that we are subject to

found the benefit of confidence, and hope you will the general law of mortality, and shall soon be never want a friend to whom you may safely diswhere our doom will be fixed for ever. I pray close any painful secret. The state of your mind God to bless you, and am, Sir, your most affec- you had not so concealed but that it was suspected tionate humble servant,

Sam. Johnson. at home; which I mention, that if any hint should “ Write soon."

be given you, it may not be iinputed to me, who

1 Huggins, the translator of Ariosto. His enmity to author of several works, and amongst others of a translation Baretti and Johnson will be explained by the following ex: of Ariosto's Orlando, published in 1755, and of his Satires, in tract from a MS. letter of Dr. Warton to his brother, dated 1759. - CROKER. Wioslade. April 28. 1755 :

2 Sir Joshua's sister, for whom Johnson had a particular * He (Huggins) abuses Baretti infernally, and says that he affection, and to whom he wrote many letters which I have one day lent Baretti a gold watch, and could never get it seen, and which I am sorry her too nice delicacy will not afterwards; that after many excuses Baretti skulked, and permit to be published - BoswELL. One was added by tben got Johnson to write to Mr. Huggins a suppliant letter; Mr. Malone, post, July, 21. 1781, and several others – of that this letter stopped Huggins awhile, while Baretti got a which this is the first-have been communicated to me, and protection from the Sardinian ambassador ; and that, at last, will appear in the course of the work of Miss Reynolds, with great difficulty. the watch was got from a pawnbroker's, Johnson thought so highly, that he once said to Mrs. Piozzi, to hom Baretti had sold it. What a strange story, and how “I never knew but one mind which would bear a microdifficult to be believed! Huggins wanted to get an appro. scopical examination, and that is dear Miss Reynolds's, and bation of bis translation from Johnson; but Johnson would hers is very near to purity itself." - CROKER. pot; though Huggins says 'twas only to get money from him. 3 To be a godfather. – Miss REYNOLDS. To crown all be says that Baretti wanted to poison Croker. 4 An alderman of Plymouth, he to whom Johnson had By some means or other, Johnson must know this story of exclaimed, in his mock enthusiasm, “I hate a Docker." Huggins."

CROKER. Baretti had been employed by Huggins to revise his trans- 5 A clergyman's widow - to procure a pension for her. lation. The person wbom Huggins accused Baretti of an

Miss REYNOLDS attempt to poison, was the Rev. Temple Henry Croker, the

K

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