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“For my part, Sir, I think all Christians, and such a rational respect for testimony, as whether Papists or Protestants, agree in the to make him submit his understanding to what essential articles, and that their differences are was authentically proved, though he could not trivial, and rather political than religious." comprehend why it was so.' Being thus dis
We talked of belief in ghosts. He said, posed, he was willing to inquire into the truth “Sir, I make a distinction between what a of any relation of supernatural agency, a man may experience by the mere strength of general belief of which has prevailed in all his imagination, and what imagination cannot nations and ages. But so far was he from possibly produce. Thus, suppose I should being the dupe of implicit faith, that he exthink that I saw a form, and heard a voice cry, amined the matter with a jealous attention, * Johnson, you are a very wicked fellow, and and no man was more ready to refute its falseunless you repent you will certainly be hood when he had discovered it. Churchill, punished :' my own unworthiness is so deeply in his poem entitled “ The Ghost,” availed impressed upon my mind, that I might imagine himself of the absurd credulity imputed to I thus saw and heard, and therefore I should Johnson, and drew a caricature of him under not believe that an external communication the name of “ Pomposo,” representing him as had been made to me. But if a form should one of the believers of the story of a ghost in appear, and a voice should tell me that a par- Cock-lane, which, in the year 1762, had gained ticular man had died at a particular place, and very general credit in London. Many of my a particular hour, a fact which I had no ap- readers, I am convinced, are to this hour prehension of, nor any means of knowing, and under an impression that Johnson was thus this fact, with all its circumstances, should foolishly deceived. It will therefore surprise afterwards be unquestionably proved, I should them a good deal when they are informed upon in that case be persuaded that I had super- undoubted authority, that Johnson was one of natural intelligence imparted to me."
those by whom the imposture was detected.? Here it is proper, once for all, to give a The story had become so popular, that he true and fair statement of Johnson's way of thought it should be investigated; and in this thinking upon the question, whether departed research he was assisted by the Rev. Dr. spirits are ever permitted to appear in this Douglas, now Bishop of Salisbury, the great world, or in any way to operate upon human detecter of impostures ; who informs me, that life. He has been ignorantly misrepresented after the gentlemen who went and examined as weakly credulous upon that subject; and into the evidence were satisfied of its falsity, therefore, though I feel an inclination to Johnson wrote in their presence an account of disdain, and treat with silent contempt, so it, which was published in the newspapers and foolish a notion concerning my illustrious Gentleman's Magazine, and undeceived the friend, yet, as I find it has gained ground, it is world.3 necessary to refute it. The real fact then is, Our conversation proceeded. “Sir," said that Johnson had a very philosophical mind, he, “ I am a friend to subordination, as most conducive to the happiness of society. There man of inferior talents to yours may furnish is a reciprocal pleasure in governing and being us with useful observations upon that country.” governed."
1 There needed no apology for this; 'tis the ground of all visit the vault, and that the performance of the promise reasoning: the debateable question is as to the authentic was then claimed. The company at one o'clock went into proof. - CROKER.
the church, and the gentleman to whom the promise was 2 No rational man doubted that inquiry would lead to made went with another into the vault. The spirit was detection ; men only wondered, and do still wonder, that solemnly required to perform its promise, but nothing more Dr. Johnson should so far give countenance to this flimsy than silence ensued : che person supposed to be accused by imposition as to think a solemn inquiry necessary. - CROKER. the spirit then went down with several others, but no effect
3 The account was as follows:-"On the night of the 1st was perceived. Upon their return they examined the girl, of February, many gentlemen, eminent for their rank and but could draw no confession from her. Between two and character, were, by the invitation of the Rev. Mr. Aldrich, of three she desired and was permitted to go home with her Clerkenwell, assembled at his house, for the examination of father. It is, therefore, the opinion of the whole assembly, the noises supposed to be made by a departed spirit, for the that the child has some art of making or counterfeiting a detection of some enormous crime. - About ten at night the particular noise, and that there is no agency of any higher gentlemen met in the chamber in which the girl, supposed to cause." - BOSWELL. be disturbed by a spirit, had, with proper caution, been put Hawkins tells us that " Mr. Saunders Welch, Johnson's to bed by several ladies. They sat rather more than an hour, intimate friend, would have dissuaded him from his purpose and hearing nothing, went down stairs, when they interro- of visiting the place, urging that it would expose him to gated the father of the girl, who denied, in the strongest ridicule ; all his arguments had no effect. What Mr. terms, any knowledge or belief of fraud. - The supposed Welch foretold was verified; he was censured for his crespirit had before publicly promised, by an affirmative knock, dulity, his wisdom was arraigned, and his religious opinions that it would attend one of the gentlemen into the vault resolved into superstition. Nor was this all: that facetious under the church of St. John, Clerkenwell, where the body gentleman, Foote, who had assumed the name of the modern is deposited, and give a token of her presence there, by a Aristophanes, and at his theatre had long entertained the knock upon her coffin ; it was therefore determined to make town with caricatures of living persons, thought that at this this trial of the existence or veracity of the supposed spirit. time a drama, in which himself should represent Johnson, - While they were inquiring and deliberating, they were and in his mien, his garb, and his speech, should display all summoned into the girl's chamber by some ladies who were his comic powers, would yield him a golden harvest. Johnnear her bed, and who had heard' knocks and scratches. son was apprised of his intention ; and gave Mr. Foote to When the gentlemen entered, the girl declared that she felt understand, that the licence under which he was permitted the spirit like a mouse upon her back, and was required to to entertain the town would not justify the liberties he was hold her hands out of bed. From that time, though the accustomed to take with private characters, and that if he spirit was very solemnly required to manifest its existence by persisted in his design, he would, by a severe ehastisement appearance, by impression on the hand or body of any pre- of his representative on the stage, and in the face of the sent, by scratches, knocks, or any other agency, no evidence whole audience, convince the world, that, whatever were his of any preternatural power was exhibited. — The spirit was infirmities, or even his foibles, they should not be made the then very seriously advertised, that the person to whom the sport of the public, or the means of gain to any one of his promise was made of striking the coffin was then about to profession. Foote, upon this intimation, had discretion enough
His supposing me, at that period of life, “ Dr. Goldsmith is one of the first men we capable of writing an account of my travels now have as an author, and he is a very worthy that would deserve to be read, elated me not man too. He has been loose in his principles, a little. but he is coming right.”
I appeal to every impartial reader whether I mentioned Mallet's tragedy of " Elvira," this faithful detail of his frankness, comwhich had been acted the preceding winter at placency, and kindness to a young man, a Drury-lane, and that the Hon. Andrew Erskine', stranger, and a Scotchman, does not refute Mr. Dempster, and myself, had joined the unjust opinion of the harshness of his in writing a pamphlet, entitled Critical general demeanour. His occasional reproofs Strictures," against its; that the mildness of of folly, impudence, or impiety, and even the Dempster's disposition had, however, relented; sudden sallies of his constitutional irritability and he had candidly said, “We have hardly a of temper, which have been preserved for the right to abuse this tragedy; for, bad as it is, poignancy of their wit, have produced that how vain should either of us be to write one opinion among those who have not considered not near so good!” Johnson. " Why no, Sir; that such instances, though collected by Mrs. this is not just reasoning. You may abuse a Piozzi into a small volume 5, and read over in tragedy, though you cannot write one. You a few hours, were, in fact, scattered through a may scold a carpenter who has made you a bad long series of years : years, in which his time table, though you cannot make a table. It is was chiefly spent in instructing and delighting not your trade to make tables.”
mankind by his writings and conversation, in When I talked to him of the paternal estate acts of piety to God, and good-will to men. to which I was heir, he said, “Sir, let me tell I complained to him that I had not yet you, that to be a Scotch landlord, where you acquired" much knowledge, and asked his have a number of families dependent upon advice as to my studies. He said, “Don't you, and attached to you, is, perhaps, as high talk of study now. I will give you a plan ; à situation as humanity can arrive at. A but it will require some time to consider of merchant upon the 'Change of London, with it.” • It is very good in you," I replied, “to a hundred thousand pounds, is nothing; an allow me to be with you thus. Had it been English Duke, with an immense fortune, is foretold to me some years ago that I should nothing: he has no tenants who consider pass an evening with the author of the themselves as under his patriarchal care, and RAMBLER, how should I have exulted !” What who will follow him to the field upon an emer- I then expressed, was sincerely from the heart. gency.”
Ile was satisfied that it was, and cordially His notion of the dignity of a Scotch land- answered, “Sir, I am glad we have met. I lord had been formed upon what he had heard hope we shall pass many evenings, and mornof the Highland chiefs; for it is long since a ings too, together.” We finished a couple of Lowland landlord has been so curtailed in his bottles of port, and sat till between one and feudal authority, that he has little more in- two in the morning. fluence over his tenants than an English land- He wrote this year in the Critical Review lord ; and of late years most of the Highland the account of “'Telemachus, a Mask,” by the chiefs have destroyed, by means too well Rev. George Graham, of Eton College. The known, the princely power which they once subject of this beautiful poem was particularly enjoyed.*
interesting to Johnson, who had much exHe proceeded : -"Your going abroad, perience of the conflict of opposite prinSir, and breaking off idle habits, may be of ciples," which he describes as “the contention great importance to you. I would go where between pleasure and virtue; a struggle which there are courts and learned men. There is a will always be continued while the present good deal of Spain that has not been peram- system of nature shall subsist; nor can hisbulated. I would have you go thither. A tory or poetry exhibit more than pleasure
to desist from his purpose. Johnson entertainea no resent. epithets, we, the three authors, had a humorous contention inent against him, and they were ever after friends." how each should be appropriated. - Boswell. CROKER.
Boswell alludes, principally at least, to the substitution 1 Third son of the fifth Earl of Kellie, born in 1739, died of sheep farming for the old black-cattle system in the High17:33. lle published in 1763 some letters and poems addressed
lands and islands of Scotland, in consequence of which, fewer to Mr. Boswell. - CROKER.
hands being required on the chiefs' estates, a large portion of
their clansmen were driven into exile in America. We shall 2 George Dempster, of Dunnichen, secretary to the Order of the Thistle, and long M. P. for the Fise district of
hear more of these affairs in the course of the Hebridean boroughs. He was a man of talents and very dyreeable journal, post. - Lockhart. mai: 11-13. Burns mentions him more than once with eulogy.
5 Mr. Boswell here, and elsewhere, hints blame against Mr. Dempster retired from parliament in 1790, and died in
Mrs. Piozzi for repeating Johnson's conversational asperities.
Any one who examines the two works will find that Boswell 181%, in his sfth year. - CROKER.
relates ten times as many as the lady. No one would honestly 3 The Critical Review, in which Mallet himself sometimes
relate Johnson's conversation without giving such sallies. wrote, characterised this pamphlet as "the crude efforts of CROKER. envy, petulance, and self-conceit." There being thus three
6 See post, 18th Feb. 1777. - C.
triumphing over virtue, and virtue subjugating supposed to be written from London by a pleasure.'
Chinese.* No man had the art of displaying As Dr. Oliver Goldsmith will frequently with more advantage, as a writer, whatever appear in this narrative, I shall endeavour to literary acquisitions he made.
“ Nihil quod make my readers in some degree acquainted tetigit non ornavit." 5 His mind resembled a with his singular character. He was a native fertile, but thin soil. There was a quick, but of Ireland, and a contemporary with Mr. not a strong vegetation, of whatever chanced Burke, at Trinity College, Dublin, but did to be thrown upon it. No deep root could be not then give much promise of future cele- struck. The oak of the forest did not grow brity. He, however, observed to Mr. Malone, there; but the elegant shrubbery and the that “ though he made no great figure in ma- fragrant parterre appeared in gay succession. thematics, which was a study in much repute It has been generally circulated and believed there, he could turn an Ode of Horace into that he was a mere fool in conversation •; but, English better than any of them.” He after- in truth, this has been greatly exaggerated. wards studied physic at Edinburgh, and upon He had, no doubt, a more than common share the continent ? ; and, I have been informed, of that hurry of ideas which we often find in was enabled to pursue his travels on foot, his countrymen, and which sometimes produces partly by demanding at Universities to enter a laughable confusion in expressing them. the lists as a disputant, by which, according to He was very much what the French call un the custom of many of them, he was entitled étourdi ; and from vanity and an eager desire to the premium of a crown, when, luckily for of being conspicuous wherever he was, he him, his challenge was not accepted; so that, frequently talked carelessly without knowas I once observed to Dr. Johnson, he disputed ledge of the subject, or even without thought. his passage through Europe. He then came His person was short, his countenance coarse to England, and was employed successively in and vulgar, his deportment that of a scholar the capacities of an usher to an academy, a awkwardly affecting the easy gentleman. corrector of the press, a reviewer, and a Those who were in any way distinguished, writer for a newspaper. He had sagacity excited envy in him to so ridiculous an excess, enough to cultivate assiduously the acquaint- that the instances of it are hardly credible. ance of Johnson, and his faculties were When accompanying two beautiful young gradually enlarged by the contemplation of ladies? with their mother on a tour in France, such a model. To me and many others it ap- he was seriously angry that more attention peared that he studiously copied the manner of was paid to them than to him ; and once, at Johnson, though, indeed, upon a smaller scale. the exhibition of the Fantoccini in London,
At this time I think he had published no- when those who sat next him observed with thing with his name, though it was pretty gene- what dexterity a puppet was made to toss a rally known that one Dr. Goldsmith was the pike, he could not bear that it should have author of “ An Inquiry into the present State such praise, and exclaimed with some warmth, of Polite Learning in Europe," and of “The “ Pshaw! I can do it better myself.” 8 Citizen of the World," a series of letters He, I am afraid, had no settled system of any sort, so that his conduct must not be Mrs. Piozzi ? and Sir John Hawkins 3 have strictly scrutinised; but his affections were strangely mis-stated the history of Goldsmith's social and generous, and when he had money situation and Johnson's friendly interference, he gave it away very liberally.. His desire of when this novel was sold. I shall give it imaginary consequence predominated over his authentically from Johnson's own exact narattention to truth. When he began to rise ration: into notice he said he had a brother who was "I received one morning a message from Dean of Durham'; a fiction so easily detected, poor Goldsmith that he was in great distress, that it is wonderful how he should have been and, as it was not in his power to come to me, so inconsiderate as to hazard it. He boasted begging that I would come to him as soon as to me at this time of the power of his pen in possible. I sent him a guinea, and promised commanding money, which I believe was true to come to him directly. I accordingly went in a certain degree, though in the instance he as soon as I was dressed, and found that his me that he had sold a novel for four hundred which he was in a violent passion. I perceived gave he was by no means correct. He told landlady had arrested him for his rent, at pounds. This was his “Vicar of Wakefield.” that he had already changed my guinea, and But Johnson informed me, that he had made had got a bottle of Madeira and a glass before the bargain for Goldsmith, and the price was him. I put the cork into the bottle, desired he sixty pounds. “And, Sir," said he," a suffi- would be calm, and began to talk to him of cient price too, when it was sold; for then the the means by which he might be extricated. fame of Goldsmith had not been elevated, as He then told me that he had a novel ready for it afterwards was, by his ‘Traveller;' and the the press, which he produced to me. I looked bookseller had such faint hopes of profit by into it, and saw its merit ; told the landlady I his bargain, that he kept the manuscript by should soon return; and, having gone to a him a long time, and did not publish it till bookseller, sold it for sixty pounds. I brought after the Traveller' had appeared. Then, to Goldsmith the money, and he discharged his be sure, it was accidentally worth more rent, not without rating his landlady in a high money."
1 Goldsmith got a premium at a Christmas examination in in company, he was often very successful. But, with due Trinity College, Dublin, which I have seen. - KEARNEY. deference to Sir Joshua's ingenuity, I think the conjecture The Christmas premium is the most honourable, being the too refined. - BOSWELL. first of the academic year: at the other three exaininations, 7 Miss Hornecks, one of whom is now married to Henry the one who has already had a premium can only have a Bunbury, Esq., and the other to Colonel Gwyn. — BosWELL. certificate that he had been the best answerer. – MALONE. Mrs. Gwyn survived to favour my first edition with some Dr. Kearney must have been under some misconception; as communications, and died in 1840, within a few days of it seems certain that Oliver Goldsmith never obtained any having completed her 88th year. Mr. Prior, with his usual premium. - CROKER.
good-natured anxiety to whitewash Goldsmith, tells us that 2 With no great success, it seems, from his being in 1758 he has the authority of one of the ladies (no doubt Mrs. rejected by the College of Surgeons, as not qualified for an Gwyn) for saying that Goldsmith's alleged jealousy of Hospital Mate. Prior's Life, ii. 282. — CROKER.
the attention paid to them was a mere pleasantry. I can3 The story of George Primrose in the Vicar of Wakefield not, however, think that he makes out his
The contains many circumstances of his own personal history. -- fact of Goldsmith's having made the absurd complaint is ad. CROKER, 1846.
mitted - but, says Mr. Prior's informant, “it was in mere 4. He had also published in 1759, " The Bee; being Essays playfulness, and I was shocked many years afterwards to see on the most interesting Subjects.' MALONE.
it in print, as a proof of his envious disposition.” The 5 See his Epitaph in Westminster Abbey, written by Dr. good-natured construction which the kind old lady was Johnson.-BOSWELL.
willing, after a lapse of above sixty years, to put on Gold6 In allusion to this, Mr. Horace Walpole, who admired smith's behaviour, she did not express in her previous comhis writings, said he was “an inspired idiot; "and Garrick munication with me, though it had afforded so obvious an described him as one
opportunity of correcting the alleged injustice; and after all,
it can be only matter of opinion whether the vexation so se"for shortness call'd Noll,
riously exhibited by Goldsmith was real or assumed : and Who wrote like an angel, and talk'd like poor Poll." the lady went on, according to Mr. Prior, to state an
other circumstance, which proves Goldsmith's absurd vanity Sir Joshua Reynolds mentioned to me, that he frequently almost as strongly as the fact which she extenuates. “ Of heard Goldsmith talk warmly of the pleasure of being liked, Paris," said she," he soon grew tired, the celebrity of his and observe how hard it would be if literary excellence name not ensuring him that attention from its literary circles should preclude a man from that satisfaction, which he per. which the applause he received at home induced him to erceived it often did, from the envy which attended it ; and
Prior's Life, ii. 291. – Crokek, 1846. therefore Sir Joshua was convinced that he was intentionally & He went home with Mr. Burke to supper; and broke his more absurd, in order to lessen himself in social intercourse, shin by attempting to exhibit to the company how much trusting that his character would be sufficiently supported by better he could jump over a stick than the puppets. his works. If it indeed was his intention to appear absurd BosWELL
tone for having used him so ill." +
! I am willing to loope that there may have been some who affects such extreme accuracy, should say that Hawkins mistake as to this anecdote, though I had it from a dignita' y has strangely mis-stated this affair, is very surprising; what of the church. Dr. Isaac Goldsmith, his near relation, was Hawkins says (Life, p. 420.), is merely that, under a pressing Dean of Cloyne in 1747. – Bos WELL.
necessity, he wrote the Vicar of Wakefield, and sold it to 2 st may not be improper to annex here Mrs. Piozzi's
Newberry for 40%. Hawkins's account is not in any respect account of this transaction, in her own words, as a specimen inconsistent with Boswell's; and the difference between the of the extreme inaccuracy with which all her anecdotes of prices stated, even if Hawkins be in error, is surely not sufDr. Johnson are related, or rather discoloured and dis.
ficient to justify the charge of a strange mis-statement. torted :
CROKER * I have forgotten the year, but it could scarcely. I think, 4 Goldsmith was small of stature, and of mean aspect. be later than 1765 or 1766, that he was calle i abruptly from Miss Keynolds says that the greatest triumph of her brother's our house after dinner, and, returning in about three hours, pencil was in giving something of an intellectual air to Gold. said he had been with an enraged author, whose landlady smith, but even this portrait seems mean and vulgar. Hawkins pressed him for payment within doors, while the bailiff's beset and other writers tell a variety of anecdotes of Goldsmith's him without; that he was drinking himself drunk with imprudence and absurdity, which his last biographer, Mr. Maderia, to drown care, and fretting over a novel, which, Prior, is, with an amiable partiality, disposed to question ; when finishet, was to be his whok fortune ; but he could not
but of the substantial truth of which there can be, I think, get it done for distruction, nor could he step out of doors to
no reasonable doubt. offer it for sale. Mr. Johnson, therefore, sent away the Colonel O'Moore, of Cloghan Castle in Ireland, told me bottle, and went to the bookseller, recommending the per- an amusing instance of the mingled vanity and simplicity formance, and desiring some immediate relief; which when of Goldsmith, which (though, perhaps, coloured a little, as he brought back to the writer, he called the woman of the anecdotes too often are) is characteristic at least of the house directly to partake of punch, and pass their time in opinion which his best friends entertained of Goldsmith. merriment." Anecdotes, p. 119. – BOSWELL.
One afternoon, as Colonel O'Moore and Mr. Burke were Johnson sometimes repeated the same anecdote with dif. walking to dine with Sir Joshua Reynolds, they observed Gold. ferent circumstances. Here the greatest discrepancy between smith (also on his way to Sir Joshua's) standing near a crowd the two stories is the time of the day at which it happened ; of people, who were staring and shouting at some foreign and, unluckily, the admitted fact of the bottle of Madeira women in the windows of one of the hotels in Leicester. seems to render Mrs. Piozzi's version the more probable of Square. “Observe Goldsmith," said Mr. Burke to O'Moore, the two If, according to Mr. Boswell's account, Goldsmith " and mark what passes between him and me by-and-by at had, in the morning, changed Johnson's charitable guinea Sir Joshua's.” They passed on, and arrived before Goldfor the purpose of getting a bottle of Madeira, we cannot smith, who came soon after, and Mr. Burke affected to Fonder that Mrs. Piozzi represents him as “ drinking himself receive him very coolly. This seemed to vex poor Golddrunk with Madeira;" but there is a more serious objection smith, who begged Mr. Burke would tell him how he had to Mrs. Piozzi's story. She says, Johnson left her table to go had the misfortune to offend him. Burke appeared very and sell the novel ; now the novel was sold in 1761 -- four
reluctant to speak; but, after a good deal of pressing, said, years before Johnson's acquaintance with the Thrales, - " that he was really ashamed to keep up an intimacy with thrigh it was not published till March, 1766. The Traveller one who could be guilty of such monstrous indiscretions as appeared December, 1764. It may be doubtful whether the Goldsmith had just exhibited in the square.” Goldsmith, with sale was not later than 1761, but it certainly was long before great earnestness, protested he was unconscious of what was his arquaintance with the Thrales. Steevens tells a not meant. " Why," said Burke,“ did you not exclaim, as you dissimilar story of Johnson himself, who “confessed to have were looking up at those women, what stupid beasts the be sometimes in the power of bailiffs. Richardson, the crowd must be for staring with such admiration at those author of Clarissa, was his constant friend on such occasions.
painted Jezebels; while a man of your talents passed by I remember writing to him,' said Johnson, 'from a spong- unnoticed ?" Goldsmith was horror-struck, and said, ing house ; and was so sure of my deliverance through his "Surely, surely, my dear friend, I did not say so?". • Nay.” ki dness and liberality, that, before his reply was brought, I replied Burke, “if you had not said so, how should I have knew I could afford to joke with the rascal who had me in known it?" “ That's true," answered Goldsmith, with custody, and did so, over a pint of adulterated wine, for great humility: “ I am very sorry – it was very foolish : I do which, at that instant, I had no money to pay.' London recollect that something of ihe kind passed through my mind, Mag, volls. p. 253. - CROKER.
but I did not think I had uttered it.' -CROXER. 3. Anecdotes, p. 119. Life, 420.--BOSWELL. How Mr.Boswell,
paradox, “ that knowledge was not desirable on its own account, for it often was a source
of unhappiness;"- Johnson. “Why, Sir, that CHAPTER XVI.
knowledge may in some cases produce unhap
piness, I allow But, upon the whole, know1763.
ledge, per se, is certainly an object which every man would wish to attain, although, perhaps,
he may not take the trouble necessary for Suppers at the Mitre. Dr. John Campbell. attaining it." Churchill. - Bonnell Thornton. — Burlesque
“ Ode Dr. John Campbell, the celebrated political on St. Cecilia's Day." — The Connoisseur, — The and biographical writer, being mentioned, World. — Miss Williams's Tea Parties. - London. Johnson said, “ Campbell is a man of much
– Miss Porter's Legacy: -“ The King can do knowledge, and has a good share of imaginano Wrong." -- Historical Composition. Buyle.
tion. His Hermippus Redivivus' is very Arbuthnot. The noblest Prospect in Scotland. — Rhyme. — Adam Smith.-Jacobitism.
entertaining, as an account of the Hermetic Lord Huiles. Keeping a Journal. – The King philosophy, and as furnishing a curious history of Prussia's Poetry. - Johnson's Library. —
-“ Not of the extravagancies of the human mind. If at Home.” - Pity. — Style of Hume. - Inequality it were merely imaginary, it would be nothing of Mankind. Constitutional Goodness. Mira- at all. Campbell is not always rigidly careful cles. — Acquaintance of Young People. · - Hard of truth in his conversation ; but I do not Reading. Melancholy. Mrs. Macaulay. believe there is any thing of this carelessness Warton's Essay on Pope.
Sir James Macdonald. in his books. Campbell is a good man, a pious Projected Tour to the Hebrides.
I am afraid he has not been in the Happiness.
inside of a church for many years ? ; but he
never passes a church without pulling off his My next meeting with Johnson on hat. This shows that he has good principles. Friday the 1st of July, when he and I and I used to go pretty often to Cambpell's on a Dr. Goldsmith supped at the Mitre. I was Sunday evening 3, till I began to consider that before this time pretty well acquainted with the shoals of Scotchmen who flocked about Goldsmith, who was one of the brightest orna- him might probably say, when any thing of ments of the Johnsonian school. Goldsmith's mine was well done, 'Ay, ay, he has learnt this respectful attachment to Johnson was then at of CawMELL!'" its height; for his own literary reputation had He talked very contemptuously of Churchnot yet distinguished him so much as to excite ill's poetry, observing, that "it had a tema vain desire of competition with his great porary currency, only from its audacity of master. He had increased my admiration of abuse, and being filled with living names, and the goodness of Johnson's heart, by incidental that it would sink into oblivion.” I ventured remarks in the course of conversation ; such to hint that he was not quite a fair judge, as as, when I mentioned Mr. Levett, whom he Churchill had attacked him violently. Johnson. entertained under his roof, “ He is poor and “Nay, Sir, I am a very fair judge. He did honest, which is recommendation enough to not attack me violently till he found I did not Johnson ;” and when I wondered that he was like his poetry; and his attack on me shall not
man of whom I had heard a prevent me from continuing to say what I very bad character, “ He is now become think of him, from an apprehension that it miserable, and that insures the protection of may be ascribed to resentment. No, Sir, I Johnson."
called the fellow a blockhead at first, and I Goldsmith attempting this evening to will call him a blockhead still. However, I maintain, I suppose from an affectation of will acknowledge that I have a better opinion
very kind to
| This 16 so ambiguously worded, that it is necessary to observe, that the bad character was not Levett, -. CROKER.
* I am inclined to think that he was misinformed as to this circumstance. I own I am jealous for my worthy friend Dr. John Campbell. For though Milton could without remorse absent himself from public worship, I cannot On the contrary, I have the same habitual impressions upon my mind, with those of a truly venerable judge, who said to Mr. Langton, “Friend Langtop, if I have not been at church on Sunday, I do not feel myself easy." Dr. Campbell was a sincerely religious man. "Lord Macartney, who is eminent for his variety of knowledge, and attention to men of talents, and knew him well, told me, that when he called on him in a morning, he found him reading a chapter in the Greek New Testament, which he informed his lordship was his constant practice. The quantity of Dr. Campbell's composition is almost incredible, and his labours brought him large profits. Dr. Joseph Warton told me that Johnson said of him, “ He is the richest author that ever grazed the common of literature." Bos WELL.
Mr. Boswell quotes this dictum as if it was evidence only of Dr. Campbell's wcalth ; he probably did not see that it
characterised his celebrated friend, by no very complimentary allusion, as grazing the common of literature. The strange story of Camphell's pulling off his hat whenever he passed a church, though he had not been for many years inside one, must have arisen from some error. Johnson could hardly have seriously told such an absurdity. It is well known, that the members of the kirk of Scotland do not think it necessary to uncover on entering places of Worship, though the lower classes sometimes show a kind of superstitious vene. ration for burial-places: perhaps Dr. Campbell may, in conversation with Johnson, have alluded to those circumstances, and thus given occasion to this misapprehension. His “Lives of the Admirals" is the only one of his almost innumerable publications that is now called for. He was born in 1708, and died in 1775. - CROKER.
3 " Campbell's residence for some years before his death was the large new-built house situate at the north-west corner of Queen Square, Bloomsbury, whither, particularly on a Sunday evening, great numbers of persons of the first emi. nence for science and literature were accustomed to resort for the enjoyment conversation." Hawkins, p. 210.- P. CUN. NINGHAM.