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good instruction and good habits this is cured, ' place or that. A man who gives the natill a man has not even an inclination to seize tural history of the cow, is not to tell how what is another's; has no struggle with himself many cows are milked at Islington. The aniabout it."

mal is the same whether milked in the Park And here I shall record a scene of too much or at Islington.” Percy. “ Pennant does not heat between Dr. Johnson and Dr. Percy, which describe well; a carrier who goes along the I should have suppressed, were it not that it side of Lochlomond would describe it better.” gave occasion to display the truly tender and JOHNSON. “ I think he describes very well.” benevolent heart of Johnson, who, as soon as he PERCY. “I travelled after him." JOHNSON. found a friend was at all hurt by any thing “ And I travelled after him." PERCY. “ But, which he had " said in his wrath," was not only my good friend, you are short-sighted, and do prompt and desirous to be reconciled, but ex- not see so well as I do." I wonder at Dr. erted himself to make ample reparation. Percy's venturing thus. Dr. Johnson said no

Books of travels having been mentioned, thing at the time; but inflammable particles Johnson praised Pennant very highly, as he did were collecting for a cloud to burst. In a little at Dunvegan, in the Isle of Skye. Dr. Percy, while Dr. Percy said something more in disknowing himself to be the heir male of the paragement of Pennant. JOHNSON (pointedly). ancient Percies', and having the warmest and 6. This is the resentment of a narrow mind, most dutiful attachment to the noble house of because he did not find every thing in NorthNorthumberland, could not sit quietly and hear umberland.” PERCY (feeling the stroke). “ Sir, a man praised, who had spoken disrespectfully you may be as rude as you please.” JOHNSON. of Alnwick Castle and the duke's pleasure- - Hold, Sir! Don't talk of rudeness : rememgrounds, especially as he thought meanly of his ber, Sir, you told me," puffing hard with passion travels. He therefore opposed Johnson ea- struggling for a vent, “ I was short-sighted. gerly. JOHNSON. “

Pennant, in what he has We have done with civility. We are to be as said of Alnwick?, has done what he intended; rude as we please.” PERCY. “Upon my hohe has made you very angry.” PERCY. “ He nour, Sir, I did not mean to be uncivil." has said the garden is trim, which is represent- JOHNSON. “ I cannot say so, Sir; for I did ing it like a citizen's parterre, when the truth is, mean to be uncivil, thinking you had been unthere is a very large extent of fine turf and civil.” Dr. Peroy rose, ran up to him, and gravel walks." Johnson. “ According to your taking him by the hand, assured him affectionown account, Sir, Pennant is right. It is trim. ately that his meaning had been misunderstood; Here is grass cut close, and gravel rolled upon which a reconciliation instantly took place. smooth. Is not that trim? The extent is no- JOHNSON. “ My dear Sir, I am willing you thing against that; a mile may be as trim as a shall hang Pennant.” PERCY (resuming the square yard. Your extent puts me in mind of former subject). “ Pennant complains that the citizen's enlarged dinner, two pieces of the helmet is not hung out to invite to the hall roast beef and two puddings. There is no of hospitality. Now I never heard that it was variety, no mind exerted in laying out the a custom to hang out a helmet.' Johnson. ground, no trees.". PERCY. “ He pretends to “ Hang him up, hang him up.” Boswell (hugive the natural history of Northumberland, mouring the joke).“ Haug out his skull inand yet takes no notice of the immense number stead of a helmet, and you may drink ale out of of trees planted there of late." Johnson. 'it in your hall of Odin, as he is your enemy; “ That, Sir, has nothing to do with the natural that will be truly ancient. There will be history; that is civil history. A man who gives Northern Antiquities.*"5 JOHNSON. “ He's a the natural history of the oak, is not to tell whig, Sir; a sad dog," smiling at his own viohow many oaks have been planted in this lent expressions, merely for political difference

7

I see this accurately stated, and the descent of his family former circumstances." - Pennant's Tour in Scotland. from the Earls of Northumberland clearly deduced, in the WRIGHT. Rev

Dr. Nash's excellent * History of Worcestershire." 3 It is observable that the same illustration of the same vol. ii. p. 31N The doctor has subjnined a note, in which 'subject is to be found in the Heroic Epistle to Sir William he says, " The editor hath sern, ard carefully examined the Chambers :proofs of all the particulars above mentioned. now in the possession of the Rev Thomas Percy.” The same proofs I

" For what is nature ? - ring her changes round, have also myself carefully examined, and have seen more

Her three fat notes are water, plants, and ground; additional proofs which have occurred since the doctor's

Prolong the pral, yet, spite of all your clatter,

The tedious chime is still ground, plants, and water. book was published : and both as a lawyer acrustom. d to the

So when some John his dull invention racks consideration of evidence, and as a genealogist versed in the

To rival Boodle's dinners or Almack's, study of pedigrees, I am fully satistied. I cannot help ob

Three uncouth legs of inutton shock our eyes, serving, as a circumstance of a small moment. that in tracing the Bishop of Droinore's genralogy, essential aid was

Three roasted geese, three butter'd apple pies."

BOSWELL. given by the late Elizabeth Duchess of Northumberland, heiress of that illustrious house (p 443. n.2); a lady not only of The Heroic Epistie had appeared in 1773 ; so that Johnson, high dignity of spirit, such as became her noble blood, but of no doubt, borrowed the idea from that spirited and pungent excellent understanding and livery talents. With a fair pride satire - CKOKER. I can beast of the honour of her grace's correspondence, * It certainly was a custom, as appears from the followspecimens of which arlorn my ar hives. - BOSWELL,

ing passage in “ Perce-forest." vol. iii. p. 108.:-“ Fasoient 2 " At Alnwick no remains of chivalry are perceptible, no mettre au plus hault de leur hostel un heaulme, en signe que respectable train of attendants ; the furniture and gardens tous les gentils hommes et gentilles femmes entråssent har. inconsistent, and nothing, except the nuinbers of unindus- diment en leur hostel comme en leur propre."- KEARNEY. trious poor at the castle gate, excited any one idea of its 5 'The title of a book translated by Dr. Percy. - BosWELL.

of opinion: “but he's the best traveller I ever We had a calm after the storm, staid the read; he observes more things than any one evening and supped, and were pleasant and else does."

gay. But Dr. Percy told me he was very I could not help thinking that this was too uneasy at what had passed, for there was a high praise of a writer who traversed a wide gentleman there who was acquainted with the extent of country in such haste, that he could Northumberland family, to whom he hoped to put together only curt frittered fragments of have appeared more respectable, by showing his own, and afterwards procured supplemental how intimate he was with Dr. Johnson, and intelligence from parochial ministers, and others who might now, on the contrary, go away with not the best qualified or most partial narrators, an opinion to his disadvantage. He begged I whose ungenerous prejudice against the house would mention this to Dr. Johnson, which I of Stuart glares in misrepresentation; a writer, afterwards did. His observation upon it was, who at best treats merely of superficial objects, “This comes of stratagem; had he told me and shows no philosophical investigation of that he wished to appear to advantage before character and manners, such as Johnson has that gentleman, he should have been at the top exhibited in his masterly “ Journey" over part of the house all the time.” He spoke of Dr. of the same ground; and who, it should seem Percy in the handsomest manner. “Then, from a desire of ingratiating himself with the Sir," said I, “ may I be allowed to suggest å Scotch, has flattered the people of North Bri- mode by which you may effectually counteract tain so inordinately and with so little dis- any unfavourable report of what passed ? I crimination, that the judicious and candid will write a letter to you upon the subject of amongst them must be disgusted, while they the unlucky contest of that day, and you will value more the plain, just, yet kindly report of be kind enough to put in writing, as an answer Johnson.

to that letter, what you have now said, and as Having impartially censured Mr. Pennant, Lord Percy is to dine with us at General as a traveller in Scotland, let me allow him, Paoli's soon, I will take an opportunity to read from authorities much better than mine, his the correspondence in his lordship's presence." deserved praise as an able zoologist; and let This friendly scheme was accordingly carried me also, from my own understanding and feel into execution without Dr. Percy's knowledge. ings, acknowledge the merit of his " London," Johnson's letter placed Dr. Percy's unques. which, though said to be not quite accurate in tionable merit in the fairest point of view; some particulars, is one of the most pleasing and I contrived that Lord Percy should hear topographical performances that ever appeared the correspondence, by introducing it at Genein any language. Mr. Pennant, like his coun- ral Paoli's as an instance of Dr. Johnson's trymen in general, has the true spirit of a kind disposition towards one in whom his lord. gentleman. As a proof of it, I shall quote ship was interested. Thus every unfavourable from his “ London" the passage in which he impression was obviated that could possibly speaks of my illustrious friend.

have been made on those by whom he wished

most to be regarded. I breakfasted the day “ I must by no means omit Bolt Court, the long after with him, and informed him of my scheme, residence of Dr. Samuel Johnson, a man of the and its happy completion, for which he thanked strongest natural abilities, great learning, a most me in the warmest terms, and was highly deretentive memory, of the deepest and most unaffected lighted with Dr. Johnson's letter in his praise, piety and morality, mingled with those numerous of which I gave him a copy. He said, “I weaknesses and prejudices, which his friends have would rather have this than degrees from all kindly taken care to draw from their dread abode.' the universities in Europe. It will be for me, I brought on myself his transient anger, by observ- and my children, and grandchildren.” Dr. ing that in his tour in Scotland, he once had long Johnson having afterwards asked me if I had in Scotland, as they were of horses in England. It given him a copy of it, and being told I had, was a national reflection unworthy of him, and I

was offended, and insisted that I should get it shot my bolt. In turn he gave me a tender hug' back, which I did. As, however, he did not Con amore he also said of me, · The dog is a Whiy.'s

desire me to destroy either the original or the I admired the virtues of Lord Russell, and pitied copy, or forbid me to let it be seen, I think his fall. I should have been a Whig at the Revo myself at liberty to apply to it his general lution. There have been periods since in which I declaration to me concerning his own letters, should have been, what I now am, a moderate . That he did not choose they should be pubTory, a supporter, as far as my little influence es- lished in his life-time; but had no objection to tends, of a well-poised balance between the crown their appearing after his death.” I shall thereand the people ; but should the scale preponderate fore insert this kindly correspondence, having against the salus populi, that moment may it be faithfully narrated the circumstances accomsaid, • The dog's a Whig!'"

panying it. ! This is the common cant against faithful biography. 9 Sce Dr. Johnsons's " Journey to the Western Islands," Does the worthy gentleman mean that I, who was taught p. 296. ; see his Dictionary, article Oats; and my“ Voyage discrimination of character by Johnson, should have omitted his frailties, and, in short, have brdaubend him, as the worthy 3 See Mr. Boswell's Journal (antè, p. 314.). - PENNAST. gentleman has bedaubed Scotland ? - BOSWELL.

to the Hebrider," first edition. - PENNANT.

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BOSWELL TO JOHNSON.

parison. Lord Hailes is somewhat like him: but “ My dear Sir, — I beg leave to address you in Lord Hailes does not, perhaps, go beyond him in behalf of our friend Dr. Percy, who was much hurt research; and I do not know that he equals him by what you said to him that day we dined at his in elegance. Percy's attention to poetry has given house (Sunday, April 12.); when, in the course of grace and splendour to his studies of antiquity. the dispute as 10 Pennant's merit as a traveller, you

A mere antiquarian is a rugged being. told Percy that he had the resentment of a narrow

“ Upon the whole, you see that what I might mind against Pennant, because he did not find say in sport or petulance to him, is very consisevery thing in Northumberland.' Percy is sensible tent with full conviction of his merit. I'am, dear

Sax. Johnson." that you did not mean to injure him; but he is Sir, your most, &c., vexed to think that your behaviour to him on that occasion may be interpreted as a proof that he is

BOSWELL TO DR. PERCY. despised by you, which I know is not the case. I

“South Audley Street, April 25. have told him, that the charge of being narrow- DEAR SIR, - I wrote to Dr. Johnson on the subminded was only as to the particular point in ques- ject of the Pennantian controversy ; and have retion; and that he had the merit of being a martyrceived from him an answer which will delight you. to his noble family.

I read it yesterday to Dr. Robertson, at the Ex. “ Earl Percy is to dine with General Paoli next hibition; and at dinner to Lord Percy, General Friday; and I should be sincerely glad to have it Oglethorpe, &c., who dined with us at General in my power to satisfy his lordship how well you Paoli's ; who was also a witness to the high testithink of Dr. Percy, who, I find, apprehends that mony to your honour. your good opinion of him may be of very essential “ General Paoli desires the favour of your comconsequence; and who assures me that he has the pany next Tuesday to dinner, to meet Dr. Johnson. highest respect and the warmest affection for you.

If I can, I will call on you to-day. I am, with “ I have only to add, that my suggesting this oc- sincere regard, your most obedient humble servant, casion for the exercise of your candour and gene

“ James BoSWELL." I
rosity is altogether unknown to Dr. Percy, and
proceeds from my good-will towards him, and my
persuasion that you will be happy to do him an
essential kindness. I am, more and more, my dear
Sir, your most faithful and affectionate humble
scrvant,
James BoSWELL."

CHAPTER LXIV.
JOHNSON TO BOSWELL.

1778.
“ April 23. 1778.
" SIR, — The debate between Dr. Percy and me “ Chapter concerning Snakes." - Styles in Painting
is one of those foolish controversies which begin and Writing.

George Steevens. - Luxury. upon a question of which neither party cares how Different Governments. Maccaronic Verses. it is decided, and which is, nevertheless, continued

Cookery Books. Inequality of the Sexes. Deto acrimony, by the vanity with which every man grees of Happiness. Soume Jenyns's Internal resists confutation. Dr. Percy's warmth proceeded Evidence."

Courage. — Friendship. Free Will. from a cause which, perhaps, does him more honour Mandeville. —“ Private Vices, public Benethan he could have derived from juster criticism. fits." Hannah More. Mason's Prosecution of His abhorrence of Pennant proceeded from his Mr. Murray the Bookseller. Fear of Death. opinion that Pennant had wantonly and indecently Annihilation. Future State of Existence. censured his patron. His anger made him resolve, Wesley's Ghost Story. - Jane Harry. - Change that, for having been once wrong, he never should of Religion. — Mrs. Knowles. be right. Pennant has much in his notions that I do not like; but still I think him a very intelli. On Monday, April 13., I dined with Johnson gent traveller. If Percy is really offended, I am

at Mr. Langton's, where were Dr. Porteus, sorry; for he is a man whom I never knew to of- then Bishop of Chester, afterwards of London, fend any one.

He is a man very willing to learn, and Dr. Stinton. ? He was at first in a very and very able to teach; a man, out of whose com

silent mood. Before dinner he said nothing pany I never go without having learned something but “ Pretty baby," to one of the children. afraid it is by making me feel my own ignorance. Langton saíd very well to me afterwards, that So much extension of mind, and so much minute he could repeat Dr. Johnson's conversation accuracy of inquiry, if you survey your whole cir- before dinner, as Johnson had said that he cle of acquaintance, you will find so scarce, if you could repeat a complete chapter of “The find it at all, that you will value Percy by com- Natural History of Iceland," from the Danish

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I Though the Bishop of Dromore kindly answered the objected to the revival and promulgation of this disagreeable letters which I wrote to him, relative to Dr. Johnson's early affair, and therefore Boswell never consulted him. Several history ; yet, in justice to him, I think it proper to add, that anecdotes, related by Mr. Cradock, show that the amicable the account of the foregoing conversation, and the subse. relations which had subsisted between Johnson and Percy quent transaction, as well as of some other conversations in were more seriously changed than Boswell is willing to which he is mentioned, has been given to the public without cousess. --Cradock's Memoirs, p. 241. - CROKER. previous communication with his lordship. - BosWELL Boswell manages with more art than candour to give his

2 Dr. Stinton had been Dr. Porteus's fellow chaplain to reserve towards Percy the turn of a compliment: he knew

Archbishop Secker, and was his colleague in the publication very well that the Bishop would have naturally and justly

of their patron's works. - CROKER,

of Horrebow, the whole of which was exactly with others: but a man must write a great thus :

deal to make his style obviously discernible.

As logicians say, this appropriation of style is “ Chap. LXXII. — Concerning Snakes. infinite in potestate, limited in actu.". “ There are no snakes to be met with throughout Mr. Topham Beauclerk came in the evening, the whole island."

and he and Dr. Johnson and I staid to supper. At dinner we talked of another mode in the It was mentioned that Dr. Dodds had once newspapers of giving modern characters in wished to be a member of the LITERARY CLUB. sentences from the classics, and of the passage - Club were hanged. I will not say but some of

JOHNSON. " I should be sorry if any of our “ Parcus deorum cultor et infrequens, them deserve it." BEAUCLERK (supposing this Insanientis dum sapientiæ

to be aimed at persons for whom he had at Consultus erro, nunc retrorsùm

that time a wonderful fancy, which, however, Vela dare, atque iterare cursus did not last long) was irritated, and eagerly Cogor relictos,"!

said, “You, Sir, have a friends (naming him) being well applied to Soame Jenyns; who, who deserves to be hanged; for he speaks after having wandered in the wildsof infidelity, behind their backs against those with whom he had returned to the Christian faith. Mr. lives on the best terms, and attacks them in the Langton asked Johnson as to the propriety of newspapers. He certainly ought to be kicked." sapientiæ consultus. Johnson. " Though con

JOHNSON. “Sir, we all do this in some degree: sultus was primarily an adjective, like amicus Veniam petimusque damusque vicissim.' To it, came to be used as a substantive. So we be sure it may be done so much, that a man have juris consultus, a consult in law."

may deserve to be kicked." BEAUCLERK. " He We talked of the styles of different painters, is very malignant.” JOHNSON. “No, Sir, he and how certainly a connoisseur could distin- is not malignant. He is mischievous, if you guish them. I asked if there was as clear a

will. He would do no man an essential injury; difference of styles in language as in painting, he may, indeed, love to make sport of people or even as in handwriting, so that the compo- by vexing their vanity. I, however, once sition of every individual may be distinguished ? knew an old gentleman who was absolutely Johnson. “ Yes. Those who have a style of malignant. He really wished evil to others, eminent excellence, such as Dryden and Mil- and rejoiced at it." BOSWELL. “The gentleton, can always be distinguished." I had no man, Mr. Beauclerk, against whom you are so doubt of this; but what I wanted to know violent, is, I know, a man of good principles.” was, whether there was really a peculiar style

BEAUCLERK. 61 Then he does not wear them to every man whatever, as there is certainly a out in practice." peculiar handwriting, a peculiar countenance, Dr. Johnson, who, as I have observed before, not widely different in many, yet always enough delighted in discrimination of character, and to be distinctive:

having a masterly knowledge of human nature, facies non omnibus una,

was willing to take men as they are, imperfect, Nec diversa tamen.

and with a mixture of good and bad qualities, I

suppose thought he had said enough in deThe bishop thought not; and said, he supposed fence of his friend, of whose merits, notwiththat many pieces in Dodsley's collection of standing his exceptionable points, he had a poems, though all very pretty, had nothing just value: and added no more on the subject. appropriated in their style, and in that par- On Tuesday, April 14., I dined with him at ticular could not be at all distinguished. General Oglethorpe's, with General Paoli and JOHNSON. Why, Sir, I think every man Mr. Langton. General Oglethorpe declaimed whatever has a peculiar style, which may be against luxury. Johnson. “Depend upon it, discovered by nice examination and comparison Sir, every state of society is as luxurious as it

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" A fugitive from heaven and prayer, I mock'd at all religious fear,

violent convulsion in his head, and his eyes are distorted. He speaks roughly and loud, listens to no man's opinions, thoroughly pertinacious of his own. Good sense fows frons him in all he utters, and he seems possessed of a prodigious fund of knowledge, which he is not at all reserved in communicating, but in a manner so obstinate, ungenteel, and boorish, as renders it disagreeable and dissatisfactory. In short, it is impossible for words to describe him.

Deep scienc'd in the mazy lore
Of mad philosophy, but now
Hoist sail, and back my voyage plow
To that blest harbour which I left before."

Horace, Od. i. 39. _Francis.-C.
Not the same countenance in all,

Yet not unlike. - Ovid, Met. ii. 13.-C.
3 Miss Reynolds and Sir J. Hawkins doubted whether John-
son had ever been iu Doxid's company ; but Johnson told
Boswell (antè, p. 541.) that " he had once been." I have now
before me a letter, dated in 1750, from Dr. Dodd to his friend
the Rev. Mr. Parkhurst, the lexicographer, mentioning this
meeting ; and his account, at that day, of the man with whom
he was afterward to have so painful a correspondence, is
interesting and curious :-

" I spent yesterday afternoon with Johnson, the celebrated author of The Rambler, who is of all others the oddest and most peculiar fellow I ever saw. He is six feet high, has a

He seems often inattentive to what passes in company, and then looks like a person possessed by some superior spirit. I have beea reflecting on him ever since I saw him. He is a man of most universal and surprising genius, but in himself particular beyond expression." - CROKER.

* Mr. Fox, Lord Spencer, Mr. Burke, and some other Whigs, the violence of whose opposition at this time seemed to Johnson little short of abetting rebellion, for whicb ibey " deserved to be hanged." - CROKER.

5 No doubt George Steevens (now Johnson's colleague in editing Shakespeare), to whom such practices were imputed, and particularly as against Garrick and Murphy. - Miss Hawk. Mem. i. 39.- CROKER.

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can be. Men always take the best they can rather should have supposed it to import in its get.” OGLETHORPE. “But the best depends primitive signification, a composition of several much upon ourselves; and if we can be as things ? ; for Maccaronic verses are verses well satisfied with plain things, we are in the made out of a mixture of different languages, wrong to accustom our palates to what is high that is, of one language with the termination seasoned and expensive. What says Addison of another.” I suppose we scarcely know of a in his 'Cato,' speaking of the Numidian ? language in any country, where there is any

learning, in which that motley ludicrous species · Coarse are his meals, the fortune of the chase ;:

of composition may not be found. It is par-
Amid the running stream he slakes his thirst,
Toils all the day, and at the approach of night, middinia” of Drummond of Hawthornden, in

ticularly droll in Low Dutch. The “ Polemo-
On the first friendly bank he throws him down, which there is a jumble of many languages
Or rests his head upon a rock till morn;
And if the following day he chance to find

moulded, as if it were all in Latin, is well A new repast, or an untasted spring,

known. Mr. Langton made us laugh heartily Blesses his stars, and thinks it luxury.'

at one in the Grecian mould, by Joshua Barnes,

in which are to be found such comical AngloLet us have that kind of luxury, Sir, if you hellenisms as adveboloiv ebavxdev:. they were will." JOHNSON. “But hold, Sir; to be merely banged with clubs. satisfied is not enough. It is in refinement On Wednesday, April 15., I dined with Dr. and elegance that the civilised man differs Johnson at Mr. Dilly's, and was high in spirits, from the savage. A great part of our industry, for I had been a good part of the morning and all our ingenuity, is exercised in procuring with Mr. Orme, the able and eloquent historian pleasure; and, Sir, a hungry man has not of Hindostan, who expressed a great admirathe same pleasure in eating a plain dinner, tion of Johnson. “I do not care,” said he, that a hungry man has in eating a luxurious on what subject Johnson talks; but I love dinner. You see I put the case fairly. A better to hear him talk than any body. He hungry man may have as much, nay, more either gives you new thoughts, or a new colourpleasure in eating a plain dinner, than a man ing. It is a shame to the nation that he has grown fastidious has in eating a luxurious not been more liberally rewarded. Had I dinner. But I suppose the man who decides been George the Third, and thought as he did between the two dinners to be equally a about America, I would have given Johnson hungry man."

three hundred a year for his Taxation no Talking of the different governments, Tyranny,' alone." I repeated this, and JohnJOHNSON. “ The more contracted power is, son was much pleased with such praise from the more easily it is destroyed. A country such a man as Orme. governed by a despot is an inverted cone. At Mr. Dilly's to-day were Mrs. Knowles, Government there cannot be so firm as when the ingenious quaker lady, Miss Seward, the it rests upon a broad basis gradually con- poetess of Lichfield, the Reverend Dr. Mayo, tracted, as the government of Great Britain, and the Rev. Mr. Beresford, tutor to the Dúké which is founded on the parliament, then is in of Bedford. Before dinner Dr. Johnson seized the privy council, then in the king.” Bos- upon Mr. Charles Sheridan's * “ Account of the

* Power, when contracted into the late Revolution in Sweden," and seemed to person of a despot, may be easily destroyed, as read it ravenously, as if he devoured it, which the prince may be cut off. So Caligula wished was to all appearance his method of studying; that the people of Rome had but one neck,

“ He knows how to read better than any one, that he might cut them off at a blow.” OGLE- says Mrs. Knowles ; "he gets at the substance

" It was of the senate he wished that. of a book directly; he tears out the heart of The senate by its usurpation controlled both | it." He kept it wrapt up in the tablecloth in the emperor and the people. And don't you his lap during the time of dinner, from an think that we see too much of that in our own avidity to have one entertainment in readiness, parliament?"

when he should have finished another ; resemDr. Johnson endeavoured to trace the ety- bling (if I may use so coarse a simile) a dog mology of Maccaronic verses, which he thought who holds a bone in his paws in reserve, while were of Italian invention, from Maccaroni; he eats something else which has been thrown but on being informed that this would infer to him. that they were the most common and easy The subject of cookery having been very verses, maccaroni being the most ordinary and naturally introduced at a table where Johnson, simple food, he was at a loss; for he said, “He who boasted of the niceness of his palate,

WELL.

THORPE.

i Boswell was right, and Oglethorpe wrong ; the excla. butyro compaginatum, grossum, rude, et rusticanun. Ideo mation in Suetonius is, “ Utinam populus Romanus unam macaronica nii nisi grossedinem, ruditatem, et vocabulazzos cervicem haberet." Calig. xxx. --CROKER.

debet in se continere.' Warton's Hist of Eng. Poet. ii. 357. 2 Dr. Johnson was right in supposing that this kind of Folengo's assumed name was taken up in consequence of his poetry derived its name from maccherone. “Ars ista poetica having been instructed in his youth by Virago Coccaio. He (says Merlin Coccaie, whos true name was Theophi Fo- died in 1544.- MALONE lengo) nuncupatur ars macaronica, a macaronibus derivata ; * The elder brother of Mr. Richard Brinsley Sheridan. qui macarones sunt quoddam pulmentum, farina, caseo, He died in 1806. - MALONE.

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