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ADVERTISEMENT TO THIS EDITION.
In my first edition of this work, in 5 vols. 8vo., 1831, besides endeavouring to elucidate the many obscurities which Mr. Boswell had designedly left or which the lapse of time had created, I hazarded the experiment of inlaying upon the text such passages from the other biographers of Johnson as seemed necessary to fill up the long and frequent chasms, which exist in Boswell's narrative. This plan afforded a more complete view of Johnson's life, though it gave, I must own, a less perfect one of Boswell's work. It had, also, as I originally feared, "a confused and heterogeneous appearance"—with the further disadvantage of not completely fulfilling its object, for the materials turned out to be too copious to admit of a thorough incorporation. On the whole, then, the publisher thought it better in a second edition, 8 vols. 12mo., 1835, to omit from the text all extracts from other works; which were either distributed into the notes, or collected into two supplemental volumes (the 9th and 10th) under the title of JOHNSONIANA - Boswell's Tour to the Hebrides, Johnson's own Letters, his Notes of a Tour in Wales, and extracts from his correspondence with Mrs. Thrale, being only excepted. That edition included some corrections and many additions of my own; but it was carried through the press by the late Mr. Wright, (editor of the Parliamentary History, the Cavendish Debates, &c.) who selected the Johnsoniana, broke the narrative into chapters, and added some notes, which I have now marked with his name.
The present edition is formed on the same principle, for, in addition to every other motive, its shape and size required as much compression as possible. Boswell's text is, therefore, uninterrupted; but I have retained the most important biographical extracts from the Thrale correspondence, and have even found room for a few more original letters. I have also added several new notes, and have abridged, altered, and I hope improved, many of the old ones. I do not flatter myself that I have corrected all former errors, but I have at least diligently endeavoured to do so. As I think I may venture to say that my original edition revived, and in some respects extended, the public interest in Boswell's delightful work, I can desire no more than that my present revision may tend to maintain it.
J. W. CROKER.
Introduction. Johnson's Birth and Parentage.
from his Father "a vile melancholy."
the Members of his Family. Traditional Stories of his
Precocity. Taken to London to be touched by Queen
Johnson at Lichfield School. Boyish Days. Removed to
Stourbridge. Specimens of his School Exercises and early
Verses. He leaves Stourbridge, and passes two Years
PREFACE TO MR. CROKER'S EDITION
ORIGINAL DEDICATION TO SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS
Enters Pembroke College, Oxford. His College Life. The
Morbid Melancholy" increases. Translates Pope's Mes-
Death of his Father. Gilbert Walmesley. Captain Garrick.
"Molly Aston." Johnson becomes
Usher of Market-Bosworth School. Removes to Birming-
ham. Translates Lobo's Voyage to Abyssinia. Returns
to Lichfield. Proposes to print the Latin Poems of Poli-
Offers to write for the Gentleman's Magazine.
Academy at Edial. David Garrick his Pupil. Commences
Johnson goes to London with Garrick. Lodges in Exeter
Street. Retires to Greenwich, and proceeds with "Irene."
Projects a Translation of the History of the Council of
Trent. Returns to Lichfield, and finishes "Irene." Re-
moves to London with his Wife. List of Residences.
Progress of the Dictionary. Conclusion of the Rambler.
Death of Mrs. Johnson. Prayer on that Occasion. In-
Sir Joshua Reynolds. Bennet Langton. Topham Beau-
**London, a Poem." Letters to Cave. Endeavours to ob-
tain the Degree of M. A. Recommended by Pope to Lord
Gower. His Lordship's Letter on his behalf. Begins a
Translation of Father Paul's History. Publishes "A Vin-
dication of the Licensers of the Stage," and "Marmor
Norfolciense." Pope's Note to Richardson_concerning
Johnson's "Life of Cave." The Dictionary. Lord Chester-
Recollections. Sir Robert Chambers. Letters to Warton.
"Irene." Review of the "Conduct of the Duchess of Marl-
borough." Lives of Burman and Sydenham.
for Bibliotheca Harleiana." Projects a History of Parlia-
ment. Dispute between Crousaz and Warburton.
dication to James's Dictionary:
Extreme Indigence. Richard Savage. Anecdotes. "The
and the Authorities of the University. Publication of the
Dictionary. Remarkable Definitions. Abridgment of the
Dictionary. The Universal Visiter. The Literary Ma-
gazine. Defence of Tea. Pulpit Discourses. Proposals
for an Edition of Shakspeare. Jonas Hanway. Soame
"The Idler." Letters to Warton and Langton. Johnson's
Mother. Letters to her, and to Miss Porter. Her Death.
"Rasselas." Miscellanies. Excursion to Oxford. Francis
- Observations on Macbeth," and "Proposals for a new Edi-
"Prologue, on the opening of Drury
Lane Theatre." Prospectus of the Dictionary. Progress
as the Work. Ivy Lane Club. Tunbridge Wells.
"Preface to Dodsley's Preceptor."
Vision of Theodore." "The Vanity of Human Wishes."
Miscellaneous Essays. Acquaintance with Murphy. Aken-
side and Rolt. Mackenzie and Eccles. Letters to Baretti.
Painting and Music. Sir George Staunton. Letter to a
Lady soliciting Church Preferment for her Son. John-
son's Pension. Letters to Lord Bute. Visit to Devon-
Burlesque “Ode on St. Cecilia's
Day." The Connoisseur. The World. Miss Williams's
Tea Parties. London. Miss Porter's Legacy.
Arbuthnot. The noblest Prospect in Scotland. Rhyme.
Journal. The King of Prussia's Poetry.
Library. "Not at Home." Pity. Style of Hume. In-
equality of Mankind. Constitutional Goodness. Miracles.
Acquaintance of Young People. Hard Reading.
Sir James Macdonald. Projected Tour to the Hebrides.
Boswell becomes acquainted with Johnson.
Thomas Sheridan. Mrs. Sheridan. Mr. Thomas Davies.
Chambers in Temple Lane. Dr. Blair. Dr. James Fordyce.
Clifton's Eating House. The Mitre. Colley Cibber's Odes.
Gray. Belief in Apparitions. Cock-Lane Ghost. Churchill.
Goldsmith. Mallet's "Elvira." Scotch Landlords. Plan
Table-Talk. Influence of the Weather. Swift. Thomson.
Burke. Sheridan. Evidences of Christianity. Derrick.
Day at Greenwich. The Methodists. Johnson's " Walk."
The Rambler." His Prayer on commencing it. Obliga-
to Harwich. The Journey. "Good Eating.
and Temperance." Johnson's favourite Dishes. Bishop
Rambler. Collected into Volumes.
Berkeley" refuted." Burke. Boswell sails for Holland
Rambler. Prologue for the Benefit of Milton's Grand-
Boswell at Utrecht. Letter from Johnson. The Frisick
Language. Johnson's Visit to Langton. Institution of
"The Club." Reynolds. Garrick. Dr. Nugent. Granger's
"Sugar Cane." Hypochondriac Attack. Days of Ab-
straction. Odd Habits. Visit to Dr. Percy. Letter to
Reynolds. Visit to Cambridge. Self-examination. Letter
to, and from, Garrick. Johnson created LL. D. by Dublin
University. Letter to Dr. Leland. "Engaging in
Acquaintance with the Thrales. Publication of his Shaks-
peare. Kenrick. Dedications. Boswell returns to England.
Voltaire on Pope and Dryden. Goldsmith's Traveller,"
and "Deserted Village. Suppers at the Mitre resumed.
Equal Happiness." "Courting great Men." Convents.
Second Sight. Corsica. Rousseau. Subordination.
"Making Verses." Letters to Langton
Boswell's Thesis. Study of the Law. Rash Vows. Strea-
tham. Oxford. London Improvements. Dedications
Mrs. Williams's Miscellanies. Mr. William Drummond.
Translation of the Bible into the Gaelic. Case of Heeley.
Dr. Robertson. Cuthbert Shaw. "Tom Hervey." John-
son's Interview with George III. Visit to Lichfield.
Death of Catherine Chambers. Lexiphanes.
State of Johnson's Mind. Visit to Town-Malling. Prologue
to Goldsmith's Good-natured Man." Boswell's "Ac-
count of Corsica." Practice of the Law. Novels and
Comedies. The Douglas Cause. Reading MSS. St.
Kilda. Oxford. Guthrie. Hume. Robertson. Future
Life of Brutes. Natural History. Bell's Travels.
Chastity. Choice of a Wife. Baretti's Italy. Liberty.
Kenrick. Thomson. Monsey. Swift. Lord Eglintoune.
Letter on the Formation of a Library. Boswell at the
Stratford Jubilee. Johnson's Opinion of his "Corsica"
Boswell at the Jubilee. His Account of Corsica. General
Paoli. Observance of Sunday. Rousseau and Monboddo.
Love of Singularity. London Life. Artemisias. Second
Marriages. Scotch Gardening. Vails. Prior. Garrick's
Poetry. History. Whitfield. The Corsicans. Good
Breeding. Fate and Free-will. Goldsmith's Tailor. The
Dunciad. Dryden. Congreve. Sheridan. Mrs. Monta-
gu's Essay. Lord Kames. Burke. Ballad of Hardyk-
nute. Fear of Death. Sympathy with Distress. Foote.
Buchanan. Baretti's Trial. Mandeville
"Foote." Trade. Mrs. Williams's Tea-table. James Fer-
guson. Medicated Baths. Population of Russia. Large
Attachment to Soil. Roman Catholic Religion.
Conversion to Popery. Fear of Death. Steevens.
Tyers." Blackmore's "Creation." The Marriage Service.
"The False Alarm." Percival Stockdale. Self-examina-
tion. Visit to Lichfield - and Ashbourne. Baretti's
Travels. Letters to Mrs. Thrale, Warton, &c.
Dr. Maxwell's Collectanea. Johnson's Politics, and general
Mode of Life. Opulent Tradesmen. London. Black-
letter Books. "Anatomy of Melancholy." Government
of Ireland. Love. Jacob Behmen. Established Clergy.
Dr. Priestley. Blank Verse. French Novels. Père Bos-
covich. Lord Lyttelton's Dialogues. Ossian. The Poet-
ical Cobbler. Boetius. National Debt. Mallet. Marriage.
Foppery. Gilbert Cooper. Homer. Gregory Sharpe.
Poor of England. Corn Laws. Dr. Browne. Mr. Burke.
"Pamphlet on Falkland's Islands." George Grenville.
Junius. Design of bringing Johnson into Parliament.
Mr. Strahan. Lord North. Mr. Flood. Boswell's Mar-
riage. Visit to Lichfield and Ashbourne. Dr. Beattie.
Lord Monboddo. St Kilda. Scots Church. Second
Sight. The Thirty-nine Articles. Thirtieth of January.
Royal Marriage Act. Old Families. Mimickry. Foote.
Mr. Peyton. Origin of Languages. Irish and Gaelic.
Flogging at Schools. Lord Mansfield. Sir Gilbert Elliot
George Steevens. Goldsmith and Evans. Dalrymple's His-
tory. Action in Speaking. Chesterfield and Tyrawley.
The Spectator. Sir Andrew Freeport. Burnet's Own
Times. Good Friday. Easter Day. A Dinner at Johnson's.
Wages to Women Servants. Keeping a Journal. Luxury.
Equality. The Stuarts. Law Reports. "The Gentle
Shepherd." Whigs and Tories. Sterne. Charles Towns-
hend. Happy Revolution." "She Stoops to Conquer."
Short-Hand. Dedications. James Harris. The Fiddle.
Duelling. Lord Chatham's Verses to Garrick. Savage
Life. Suicide. Budgell. The Douglas Cause 246
Dinner at Beauclerk's. Boswell elected of the Club. Gold-
smith in Company, and in his Study. His Roman History.
"Talking for Victory." Pilgrim's Progress. Monuments
in St. Paul's. Pope. Milton. "The Whole Duty of
Man." Puns. Lay Patronage. The Bread Tree. Savage
Life. Reasoning of Brutes. Toleration. Martyrdom.
Doctrine of the Trinity. Government of Ireland. Invoca-
tion of Saints. "Goldy." Literary Property. State of
Nature. Male Succession. Influence of the Seasons on
the Mind. Projected Visit to the Hebrides
Johnson sets out on his visit to the Hebrides. Sketch of his
Character, Figure, and Manner. He arrives in Scotland.
Memorabilia. Law of Prescription. Trial by Duel. Mr.
Scott. Sir William Forbes. Practice of the Law. Emi-
gration. Rev. Mr. Carr. Chief Baron Orde. Dr. Beattie
and Mr. Hume. Dr. Robertson. Mr. Burke. Genius.
Edimburgh. Ogden on Prayer. Lord Hailes. Parliament
House. The Advocates' Library. Writing doggedly.
The Union. Queen Mary St. Giles's
The College. Holyrood House. Swift. Witchcraft. Lord
Monboddo and the Ouran-Outang. Actors. Poetry and
Lexicography. Scepticism, Vane and Sedley. Maclaurin.
Literary Property. Boswell's Character of Himself.
Frith of Forth. Inch Keith. Kinghorn. Cupar. Com-
position of Parliament. Influence of Peers. St. Andrews.
Literature and Patronage. Writing and Conversation.
Change of Manuers. Drinking and Smoking. The
Union. St. Rule's Chapel. John Knox. Retirement
from the World. Dinner with the Professors. Subscrip-
tion of Articles. Latin Grace. Sharpe's Monument. St.
Salvador's. Dinner to the Professors. Instructions for
Composition. Supper at Dr. Watson's. Uncertainty of
Memory. Observance of Sunday. Trees in Scotland.
Leuchars. Transubstantiation. Literary Property.
Elion. "The Great Doctor." Goldsmith and Graham.
Slains Castle. Lady Errol. Education of Children.
Buller of Buchan. Entails. House of Peers. Sir Joshua
Reynolds. Earl of Errol. Feudal Times. Strichen.
Life of Country Gentlemen. Cullen. Lord Monboddo.
Use and Improvement of Wealth. Elgin. Scenery of
Macbeth. Fores. Leonidas. Paul Whitehead. Derrick.
Origin of Evil. Nairn. Calder Castle. Calder Manse.
Kenneth M'Aulay. Ecclesiastical Subscription. Family
Fort George. Sir Adolphus Oughton. Lowth and Warbur-
ton. Dinner at Sir Eyre Coote's. The Stage. Mrs. Cib-
ber. Mrs. Clive. Mrs. Pritchard. Inverness. Macbeth's
Castle. Mr. Thrale's Brewery. "Peregrinity." Coinage
of new words. Johnson on Horseback. A Highland Hut.
Fort Augustus. Governor Trapaud. Anoch. Emigration.
Goldsmith. A Ship a Jail. Glensheal.
Glenelg, Isle of Sky. Armidale.
donald. Church of Slate. Ode on Sky. Corrichatachin.
Highland Hospitality. Ode to Mrs. Thrale. Country
Life. Macpherson's Dissertations. Second Sight. Rasay.
Fingal. Homer. Infidelity. Bentley. Mallett. Hooke.
Duchess of Marlborough. Heritable Jurisdictions. Insu-
lar Life. Macleod. Sail to Sky. Discourse on Death.
Voyage to Iona. Death of young Col. M'Kinnon's Cave.
"La Crédulité des Incrédules."
Quotation from Johnson's Tour.
Return to Mull. Pulteney. Pitt. Walpole. Wilkes.
English and Jewish History compared. "Turkish Spy."
Moy. Lochbuy's War-saddle. Sheep's-heads. Sail to
Oban. Goldsmith's "Traveller." Shenstone's Observa-
tions on Pope. Inverary. Letter from Garrick. Hervey's
"Meditation on a Pudding." Country
Neighbours. Castle of Inverary. Duke and Duchess of
Inverary Castle. Bishop Archibald Campbell. Douglas.
Juvenal. Religious Buildings. Rosedow House. Loch-
lomond. Cameron House. Smollett's Monument. Glas-
The Foulises, &c. Loudoun Castle. Treesbank.
Dundonald Castle. Eglintoune Castle. Auchinleck. Bos-
Edinburgn. Lord Elibank. Edinburgh Castle. Fingal.
Credulity. Second Sight. Garrick and Foote as Com-
panions. Moravian Missions and Methodism. History.
Private Life of a Judge. Blair. Boswell's Imitations.
Officers of the Army. Academy for Deaf and Dumb.
Scotch Highlander and English Sailor. Roslin and Haw-
Departure for London. Letters from Lord Hailes and
Mr. Dempster. Correspondence with Rasay. Conclusion
Emigration. Dunvegan. Female Chastity. Dr. Cadogan.
Burke. Johnson's Hereditary Melancholy.
His "Seraglio." Polygamy. Dunvegan Castle.
Johnson's Birth-day. Languages the Pedigree of Nations.
The Laird of Muek. Choice of a Wife. Boswell's Jour-
nal. Lady Grange, Poetry of Savages. French_Literati.
Prize Fighting. French and English Soldiers. Duelling.
Change of Manners. Landed and trading interests. Loval's
Pyramid. Ulinish. Lord Orrery, &c. &c. -
Recapitulation of the Tour. Letters to Boswell, &c. Davies
publishes his "Fugitive Pieces" without his Knowledge.
Writes his Tour. Religious Festivals and Pilgrimages.
Ship worse than Jail. Peter the Great.
Talisker. Scottish Clergy. French Hunting. Cuchillin's
Well. Young Col. Birch. Percy."Every Island is a
Prison." Corrichatachin. Good Fellowship-and Head-
ache. Kingsburgh's Song. Lady Margaret Macdonald.
Threshing and Thatching. Price of Labour.
Shenstone. Hammond. Sir C. H. Williams. Burke.
Young. Doddridge's Motto. "Adventures of a Guinea."
Armidale. German Courts. Goldsmith's Love of Talk.
Dr. Johnson's Diary of a Tour into Wales. Chatsworth.
stone. Chester. St. Asaph Denbigh. Holywell. Rhud-
lan Castle. Penmaen Mawr. Bangor. Caernarvon. Bod-
Col. Blenheim. Tenants and Landlords. London and
Pekin. Superstitions. Coarse Manners. Bustle not ne-
cessary to Despatch. Oats. Mull. Addison.
Ana. Racine. Corneille. Molière. Fenelon. Voltaire.
Bossuet. Massillon. Bourdaloue. A Printing House.
Erse Poetry. Music. Reception of Travellers. Spence.
Miss Maclean. Account of Mull. Ulva. Second Sight.
Mercheta Mulierum. Inch-Kenneth. Sir Allan Maclean.
Sunday Reading. Dr. Campbell. Drinking. Verses on
Inch-Kenneth. Young Col's good Qualities.
Barke. Johnson's Intrepidity. Singular Customs. French
Mr. Thrale's Political Position.
Death of young Col. Mr. Perkins.
Charlotte Lennox. Baretti's "Easy Lessons." Case of
Dr. Memis. Lord Hailes's "Annals."
Scots. American Politics. Ossian. Letter to Macpher-
son. Personal Courage. Foote. Publishes "Journey to
Windham. Irish and Scotch Impudence compared. Ossian
Boswell revisits London. Peter Garrick.
Tyranny." Dr. Towers's "Answer." Gerard Hamilton.
Sheridan's Gold Medal to Home. Mrs. Abington. Cibber's
"Nonjuror." Boswell's "Surveillance." Garrick's Pro-
logues. The Adams. Garrick's Imitations of Johnson.
Abyssinian Bruce. Colman's " Odes
"9 The Bath-Easton Vase. Fleet Street and
Johnson leaves the Isle of Sky. A Storm. Driven into Col.
His Appearance on a Sheltie. Sea Sickness.
Own Times." Rev. Hector M'Lean.
and Clarke. Survey of Col. Grissipol. Cucumbers. In-
Gentility and Morality. Charles 11. George 1.
sular Life. Song, "Hatyin foam' eri." Breachaca. John-
Trading Judges. Christopher Smart.
son's Power of Ridicule. Happiness in a Cottage. Advice Public Speaking. Statutes against Bribery. Cibber's Come-
Addison's Italy. "Lilliburlero."
to Landlords. Pretended Brother of Johnson.
Mrs. Pritchard. Happiness. General Oglethorpe. Mid-
Life of Ormond. Family of Col. Letters by Montrose
dle-rate Poets. Patronage. Lord Bute. Good Friday.
London. Commerce. Value of Knowledge. Literary Fame.
Infidelity. "Nil admirari." Advantages of Reading -