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ple are active, brave, and well armed. as his heir apparent. The resident A handsome palace stands within of Malwa and Rajpootana accordthe fortress, containing numerous ingly recognized the child with the apartments and a spacious hall of usual formalities, about the beginaudience. On one side of the ning of February last. Scarcely town an extensive sheet of water had a month elapsed, when the gives security; while on the oppo- rajah died at Goberdhun. His apsite side, which is the weakest in pointed successor was duly proartificial defences, a jungle extends claimed; but the shouts, which nearly to the counterscarp of the hailed his opening career, were the ditch. The fortress was originally signals for the explosion of private built by an enterprising Jaut, named intrigue. A cousin of the young Churamun, who had enriched him- rajah, named Doorjun Lol, aided self by plundering the baggage of by a numerous gang of partisans, Aurungzebe's army, in his last amongst whom were three regimarch to the Deccan. After various ments of regulars seduced from changes in the state and opulence their allegiance, gained possession of Bhurtpore, it first became inter- of the fort by blowing open one of esting, as connected with British the gates, and usurped the sovereign politics, in 1803, when a treaty of power. The rajah, with 500 solperpetual friendship was concluded diers of unshaken fidelity, retreated by lord Lake with Runjeet Sing, to the private apartments of the the rajah. This treaty the rajah palace; and the rebels were deterred "shortly afterwards violated ; and from attacking this asylum only by he openly supported Holkar. The a threat of the old Ranee, to exconsequence was, that lord Lake plode an extensive magazine of invested Bhurtpore ; but from the powder, if force were resorted to. want of the artillery and ammuni- Doorjun Lol was represented as tion requisite for the siege of so being a few degrees above idiotism, strong a place, he was obliged to re- which rendered him a convenient treat, with a considerable loss both instrument for the aggrandizement of troops and of fame. Runjeet of a younger brother, who was Sing was succeeded by his son Bulder reputed to possess abilities and Sing. That prince finding his health ambition unrestrained by principle. on the decline, requested the Bri- Sir David Ochterlony took mea. tish government to acknowledge sures to repress the disorders which his son, an infant six years of age, this usurpation produced.

CHAP. IX.

FRANCE.- Opening of the Session of the French Chambers--King's

Speech— The Civil List- The Law for giving a Compensation to Emigrants-The Law for the future Regulation of the Sinking Fund, and for the Conversion of the Rentes into Three

per

Cent. Stock, and Four and a Half per Cent Stock-Partial Success of the Minister in the Conversion of the Rentes--The Budget-State of the Sinking Fund-Law of Sacrilege-State of the Clergy-Unsuccessful Prosecutions of Newspapers--Foreign Policy of the French Cabinet-Negotiations with Hayti-Ordinance of Recognition ; acceptance of the Ordinance by Hayti-State of Hayli.

EY

IVER since the apparently few to join in their tirades either

prosperous issue of the inva- in the assembly, or in the country sion of Spain in 1823-an invasion, at large. The only obstacles that the final consequences of which could stand in the way of minismay yet be the subject of as much terial projects, were looked for, not regret to France as to Spain—the so much in the force, argument, or government of the Bourbons had influence of the coté gauche, as in acquired more confidence. The the dissentions of the cabinet or people were gratified by the sight the imprudences of the Ultra-royof a neighbouring country occupied alists. by their armies; the shame of defeat The commencement of the sesseemed to be in some measure sion of the Chambers was expected wiped away; and the administra- with considerable interest ; for it tion became more popular on ac- was known that M. de Villèle had count of that very measure, which some important schemes in agicould not but have excited uni- tation, and the world was naturally versal execration, if any accurate curious to see in what tone the ideas of liberty had been incorpo- new sovereign would address the rated with the public opinion, or two legislative bodies. The ses if a love of liberty had formed any sion began on the 22nd of Decempart of the national sentimeni. ber, 1824. “Gentlemen," said the The success of the ministers, in ex- king to the two Chambers on that cluding their adversaries at the occasion, “the first impulse of my election of the deputies in the pre- heart is to speak to you of my ceding year, had reduced the formal grief and of your own: we have and apparent strength of the op- lost a king wise and good, tenderly position almost to nothing; and beloved by his family, venerated by though violent declamations against his people, honoured and respected their plans were still heard from by all foreign governments. The the few anti-ministerial orators who glory of his reign will never be efhad a seat in the popular cham- faced. Not only did he re-estabber, the self-called patriots found lish the throne of my ancestors, but he consolidated it by institutions prosperity. I will second this saluwhich, bringing together and unit- tary movement, gentlemen, by causing the past with the present, have ing to be successively proposed to you restored to France repose and hap- the melioration required by the sapiness. The touching affliction cred interests of religion, and by the which the whole nation felt at the most important parts of our legislalast moments of the king, my bro- tion. The king, my brother, founda ther, was to me the sweetest of all great consolation in preparing the consolations; and I can say with means of closing the last wounds of truth, it was to this cause that I the Revolution. The moment has owe the power of fully enjoying arrived to execute the wise designs the confidence with which my ac- which he had conceived. The situcession to the throne has been re- ation of our finances will permit ceived. This confidence shall not the accomplishment of this great be disappointed. Gentlemen, I know act of justice and of policy without all the duties which royalty imposes augmenting the imposts, without on me; but strong in my love for the injuring public credit, without repeople, I hope, with the aid of trenching any part of the funds God, to have the courage and destined to the different branches firmness necessary for their due of the public service. These refulfilment."

sults, perhaps beyond expecta"I announce to you with pleasure tion, gentlemen, are due to the that the dispositions of foreign order established with your congovernments have experienced no currence in the fortune of the State, change, and leave me no doubt re- and to the peace which we enjoy. specting the maintenance of those I entertain a firm confidence that friendly relations which subsist be- you will enter into my views, and tween them and myself. The spirit that this restorative order will be of conciliation and prudence which completed by a perfect harmony of animates them, gives to the nations will between you and myself. I the strongest guarantee which they have resolved that the ceremony of ever have had, against the return my consecration shall terminate of those troubles by which they were the first session of my reign. You for so long a time desolated. I will assist, gentlemen, at that au, shall neglect nothing to maintain gust solemnity. There, prostrated that happy agreement which is its at the foot of the same altar where fruit. With this object it was, that Clovis received the sacred unction, I consented to prolong still further and in presence of him who judges the stay in Spain of a part of the nations and kings, I will renew the troops which my son had left there oath to maintain and cause to be after a campaign, which, both as a observed the laws of the State, and Frenchman and a father, I may the institutions granted by the call glorious. A recent convention king my father; I will thank divine has regulated the conditions of this Providence for having deigned to temporary measure in such manner make use of me in order to repair as to conciliate the interests of the the last misfortunes of my people ; two monarchies.

and I will beseech the Almighty “The just security, which our fo- to continue to protect that beaureign relations give us, will favour teous France which I am proud of the developement of our internal governing."

ance.

On the 3rd of January, the for the profit of the State, in exminister brought forward three ecution of the laws concerning measures of the greatest import- emigrants.”

The first related to the set. For property sold, the indemnity tlement of the civil list: The se- was to be an amount of three per cond proposed a plan for indemni- cent stock, equal to twenty times fying the emigrants or the royalist the rental ascertained by the procesproprietors who suffered by the verbaux of adjudication: and where excesses of the Revolution : The the rental was not estimated, third was a scheme for the con- equal to the amount of sale, making version of the five per cents into allowance for the depreciation of a lower denomination of stock. assignats.

By the law respecting the civil Where the relatives in the aslist, the property acquired by the cending line bought the property, late king, and undisposed of, as or the former proprietors or their well as some private property of the representatives had repurchased, reigning king, were added to the the indemnity was to be fixed at the endowment of the Crown.

real amount of the prices so paid. The civil list was fixed for the The rentes given as an indemnity, life of Charles 10th, at 25 millions were to be delivered to the former of francs, to be paid annually to proprietors or their representatives, the orders of the minister of the by fifths, in five years, to bear interhousehold: and there were also to be est from the time of the delivery: paid seven millions annually as and for this purpose a credit of 30 milan appanage the princes and lionsof rentes was to be placed at the and princesses of the royal family. disposal of the minister of finance,

The property restored to the to be inscribed, six millions of it, house of Orleans, in execution of on the 22nd of June, 1825; six the royal ordinances of May 18 millions on the 22nd of June, 1826; and 20, and Sept. 17, and Oct. 7, six millions on the 22nd of June, 1824, and arising from the appa- 1827; six millions on the 22nd of nage created in 1661, 1672, and June, 1828 ; six millions on the 1692, in favour of the brother of 22nd of June, 1829; with the diviLouis 14th, and his descendants in dends from the respective days apthe male line, was to continue to pointed for the inscription. Claims be possessed on the same title and were to be preferred within a year, condition, by the head of the branch by persons resident in France ; of Orleans, till the extinction of the within eighteen months by persons male line, and was then to return to in other parts of Europe ; and the State.

within two years, by persons not A sum of six millions was ap- in Europe. propriated for the expenses of the The third scheme proposed was, obsequies of the late king, and the by the modification of the sinkcoronation of the reigning king. ing fund, to provide means for

The second projét was present- supplying this compensation to the ed by M. la Martignac, and was emigrants, without adding to the entitled “ Draught of law on the public burdens, and at the same indemnity to be granted to the time to lower the annual charge of former proprietors of real property the national debt, so as to enable (biens-fondés) confiscated and sold the minister to diminish some of

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the taxes. It began with declar- of opinion. Some dissented from ing that—The rentes acquired by the principle of the measure as too the sinking fund from its establish- anti-revolutionary; others conceiva ment up to the 22nd of June, ed that it did not go far enough ; 1825, should not be annihilated the ultra royalists thought, that nor diverted from their application the emigrants were only half comto the purchase of the public debt pensated, if what they received before the 22nd of June, 1830: but was not taken from those who had the rentes, which should be acquir- been gainers by their spoils; and ed by the sinking fund from the all who disliked the financial al22nd of June, 1825, to the 22nd of teration with which it was coupled, June, 1830, were to be cancelled wished for its failure. The debates, for the benefit of the State, as they though protracted, were of little were purchased, and also the cou- interest; and M. de Villèle carried pons of interest attached to them; his scheme triumphantly through and after the 22nd March, 1825, both chambers. The most strenuthe sums accruing from the sinking ous opposition which was made to fund were not to be applied to the it, was upon an amendment propurchase of public stock, when the posed by M. Roy, the late minister price was above par. This was of Finance. He moved to subthe first part of the law. The other stitute the sum of 37,000,000 of partofit provided thatthe proprietors francs arising from a five per cent of 5 per cent rentes should have, till stock, as the amount of the inthe 22nd of June, 1825, the faculty demnity, instead of the 30,000,000 of demanding from the Ministry of from a three per cent stock. This Finance their conversion into 3 per amendment was lost, after a long cent rentes, at the price of 75, and discussion, by a majority of 27 till the 22nd of September, 1825, against 100. the faculty of requiring their con- After the law was passed, the version into 41 per cent stock at king appointed a commission, who par, with a guarantee in both cases were to investigate the demands of against being paid off till the 22nd those who claimed compensation, of September, 1835.

and to determine what sum ought The rentes so converted were to to be allotted to each. The comcontinue to bear interest at 5 permission was sub-divided into five cent, till the 22nd of December, sections; each consisting of five 1825.

members, and charged with the The sums arising from the dimi- liquidation of the claims in a cernution in the annual charge of the tain number of departments. The debt were to be applied to the Marshal Duke of Tarentum was reduction, from the year 1826 of President. Count Mollien, presithe land-tax, poll-tax, and taxes on dent of the commission of superinmoveables, doors, and windows tendence of the Caisse d' Amor(contributions fonciere, personelle, tissement, Messrs. Olivier and Lemobiliaire, et des portes et fene- roy, of the chamber of Deputies, tres).

and Baron Guilhermi, president of The settlement of the civil list one of the chambers of the Court did not produce much discussion: of Accompts, were among the the law of indemnification, on the members. contrary, gave rise to great variety M, de Villèle was equally suc

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