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“I have engaged to accompany me, as a servant and interpreter, HusSEIN, a young man, who has been from his childhood with the Missionaries of the Church Missionary Society in Tigre and Cairo, and who was with Mr. KjelMAIER at the time of his death, at Kidelu, in April last. He speaks the Arabic, Dankali, and Amharic languages, and having been accustomed to the Society of Franks, is able to make himself very useful to me.
“The Political Agent at 'Aden has entered into alliance with the Somali and Dankali tribes, and purchased two islands at the entrance of Tajurrah Bay, as also a small one at the upper end, immediately at the entrance to the inner bay. The French have purchased settlements within the Red Sea, at Edd and Amphila, at about 150 and 200 miles distance, respectively, from the entrance of the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, on the western or Abyssinian shore.
Captain Haines has also directed a survey of the coast from Bab-elMandeb to Berbera, and the E. I. C. brig Euphrates is at present employed thereon, having completed as far southward as Zeila', where that vessel now is. . This survey extends as far into the interior as the salt lake Asal ; and I shall do my best to lay down my route correctly from that point to Ankobar. But, owing to the war now carrying on, as I am told, between the Dankali and the people of Argobba, a country in the neighborhood of the river Hawash, and tributary to the King of Shoa, or Sultan of Ifat, as he is here called, the road is now closed, and it is uncertain how long I may be detained here.
• Tajurrah is inhabited by persons of the different Dankali tribes spread over the country between the coast and the Hawash. MOHAMMED 'ALI, for instance, is the son of the Sheikh of a tribe located at Harrar. The Danakil, who continue to lead a nomadic life, carry up salt from the lake to the west of Tajurrah ; in return for which they bring from Ifat nothing but horses, for which that country is celebrated. But the traders of Tajurrah, who import manufactured goods, metals, tobacco, pepper, &c., from the ports of the Arabian coast, bring down from the interior, in exchange for the same, slaves, ivory, coffee, &c. The particulars of this trade, I shall know better hereafter; but thus much seems quite certain, that the principal article of export is man. I am very careful not to give rise to suspicion by any marked inquiries. I shall, please God, be long enough in these countries, and have sufficient intercourse with the natives, to enable me to obtain all the necessary information, and by seeming to employ myself solely with scientific matters, I hope the readier to gain their confidence.
“My daily walks have served to make me tolerably well acquainted with the character of the country in the immediate vicinity of Tajurrah. The village is situate in an alluvial plain, on the north side of the bay, at the foot of a mass of low hills, which range from south to north, and are intersected by valleys, which, in the rainy season, bring down the waters from the interior. From the debris contained in these valleys, and the plain which they have formed, it is manifest that they communicate with a country of primative formation ; but the hills in the immediate vicinity of Tajurrah, as far as I have inspected them, are entirely composed of madrepores, and other marine products, which at a comparatively recent period, have been elevated from the sea. That this neighborhood has been the stage of violent volcanic action is manifest from the trap rocks which overlie and intersect these cretaceous hills, and by which those parts of them in immediate contact have been converted into chalk. This chalk, where exposed, has been washed down by the rain, and uniting with the comminuted argillaceous rocks of the interior, has formed a rich soil, in which the vegetation is luxuriant. I have collected specimens of the various rocks, which I purpose sending to 'Aden by the Euphrates, to be forwarded to London.
• I cannot refrain from relating a curious fact resulting from my discovery of this chalk. The natives were aware of its existence, but made no use of it, beyond employing it in teaching the children to write. I made my servant take a quantity home, and set him to work to polish his sword-sheath, and other metallic articles, to the great admiration (and, I trust, instructiori,) of the natives. I have not omitted to explain to them the value of this chalk, and of the substance of the hills generally, for the purpose of building ; but this seems too great a step to be made by them at present. What they are most anxious to have found for them is iron or copper; but I am sorry to be compelled to tell them that I have hitherto met with no traces of those metals. Mr. ISENBERG mentioned that coal had beeri said to have been found in the neighborhood of Tajurrah ; on speaking to MOHAMMED 'All on the subject, he showed me a quantity of a black substance, which had the appearance of being that most valuable mineral, but on inspecting it more closely, I found it to be nothing but a volcanic product. MOHAMMED 'Ali seemed to have already satisfied himself of its want of value by trying it in the fire, so that my report in no wise surprised or disappointed him.
“ Most of the people are possessors of slaves for domestic purposes. MoHAMMËD ’Alí has four in his house, two men and two girls. The latter two are both from Gourage ; and my servant says were most probably born Christians. One of the men is a Shangalla black from the interior : the other comes from the territories of the Imaun of Muscat, on the eastern boast of Africa.
“As 'Aden is the point at which the productions of this country will be rendered available, I have not omitted to acquaint Captain HAINEs with the existence here of chalk, clay, and garden soil,—the last a desideratum at 'Aden, and I shall not fail to inform him of anything that I may consider it advisable for him to know ; I have also told him of the non-existence of coal."
THE NIGER EXPÉDITIƠN. This long talked of, contemplated Expedition, has not yet sailed from England. Preparations for its complete success, as far as human foresight could judge, have been made on the most liberal plan ; every precaution. has been taken by those having the charge of preparing the steam vessels, to guard against the deadly effects of thémalaria in the Delta of the Niger. The men are enlisted, and the Expedition awaits only the sanction of the British Parliament to sail for its destination.
There seems, as we should think from the tenor of late advices from England, to be obstacles in the way of the final sailing of the Expedition, interposed by the mercantile interest. There are now engaged in the trade of the Niger and the interior of Africa, several strong mercantile houses, who fear the effect of the competition of the trading and other Societies proposed by Mr. Buxton. It is alledged that they will have the same blighting effect on that country and its commerce, that the East India
and the Hudson's Bay Companies have had on the commerce and people of India and the northern part of North America. It is even suggested by some, that old England has now under her control as much territory as she can well govern ; and that it would be the height of imprudence to take to herself the additional burthen of controlling and governing another continent. The valley of the Niger teems with people; it is estimated that not less than seventy millions inhabit that great basin. These people are turbulent and warlike. England will find that they are not so easily controlled as the enervated and imbecile Hindoos, myriads of whom are fettered, figuratively speaking, with“ ropes of sand.”
Τ Η Σ
ADVOCATE AND JO V ĦNAL.
A CALL FROM LIBERIA. INFORMATION recently received from our mission at Liberia has deter, mined the Board of Managers to recommend the appointment of two additional missionaries to that field of labor. And being well persuaded of the necessity of the measure, this notice is given for the purpose of obtaining suitable persons for the important work.
We wish to employ two married preachers, of at least six years' standing in the ministry; and if of longer standing they are to be preferred. It must be explicitly understood by those who may offer themselves for this service, that they are expected to continue in the mission, at least, ten years, unless released by the bishop who may have charge of the foreign missions for the time being, or by the Board of Managers. Those who, may make communications to me, offering as missionaries, will please to state their age-place of birth—how long they have been subjects of Christian experience -how long in the work of the ministry and whether in deacon's or elder's orders. It is also expected that such communications will be accompanied with testimonials of character, and ministerial qualifications, from respectable authorities; and, wherever it is practicable, from one of the general superintendents, or one of the missionary secretaries, og the presiding elder of the district in which the candidate may reside or la bor. As appointments will be made in view of qualifications for this important field of missionary labor, without regard to color, an offer for the work, either by our white or colored preachers, will be duly considered.
As experiment is supposed to have indicated that those accustomed to the more southern latitudes of the United States are more likely to endure the climate of Liberia, than those who have been raised in the northern sections of the Union, prudence, in the opinion of many American Chris tians, seems to suggest that missionaries for Africa, other qualifications being equal, should be sent from a latitude as nearly approaching that of their destination as circumstances will admit. But as it is to be hoped that neither latitudes, climates, diseases, inountains, nor seas will enter into the calculations of the Christian missionary, as obstacles in the way of spreading the Gospel of the Lord Jesus to the ends of the earth, so none of these considerations will stand in bar of an appointment to the work.
Brethren who are disposed to offer themselves for the mission, in agree. ment with the before-named requisitions, will address their communications to me, care of Rev. G. LANE, 200 Mulberry-street, New York, till the 20th of May. After that time they will address Bishop HeDDING, with the same direction.
JOSHUA SOULE. Lebanon, O., March 27, 1841. The other conference papers will copy the above by request of Bishop Soule.-Ed. Jour.
в пом TII NEWARK SEXTIXEL.
THE OLD VIRGINIAN SLAVE.
CONTRIBUTIONS to the Pennsylvania Siale Colonization Society,
from 15th March, to 20th April, 1841, inclusive. . Collections by the Rev. J. B. Pinner, at York, 20th April, of, C. A. Morris, $5; J. Evans, $5; P. A. Small, $5; S. Small, $5; J. Emmett,
$5; J. Hay, $5; Mrs. J.McDonald, $5; Thos. Mayer, $5; Riley & McAlister, $3 ; 8. C. Hambly, $3; G. S. Morris, $3 ; E. M. Donaldson, $2; E. Chapin, $2; J. W. Grier, $2 ;J. Gussner, $2; R. Lennert, $2; Miss Coleman, $20 ; Miss J. Coleman, $5; C. Baulman, $6; J. G. Campbell, $1; J. Voglesong, $1; C. Weizer, $1; C. Holm, $1; R. P. Lewis, $1; Jacob Barbeitz, $1; P. Robinson, $1; C. Mason, $1; J. Spangler, $1; Cash, $1; Wm. Jones, $1; Miss S. Montgomery, $1; Miss J. Davidson, $1; Miss S. Jones, $1; J. K. Kane, $1; W. Ilgenfrity, $1; John Hartman, $1; Dr. J. McIlvain, $1; Wm. Schall, $1; Cash, $1; H. Buchen, $1; Cash, $1; Cash, $1 25; Mrs. Johnson, $1 50; H. Resinger, 50c;
Cash, 50c; A. Connelle, 50c; S. Zeigler, 50c; G. A. Barnitz, 50c $117 26 Gettysburg, J. B. McPherson, $5; G. S. Myser, $5; Rev. S. Gutelin,
$3; H. Z. Bangher, $3 ; Cash, $2; Wm. McClelland, $2; Rev. J. C.
CONTRIBUTIONS to the American Colonization Society, from the
25th March, to the 25th April, 1841.
MASSACHUSETTS. Remitted by Mr. James Brewer, for collections in Donations.| Repository1 Totala Spring field, for fifteen subscribers for 1841
$22 50 Collections by Rev. C. J. Tenney, in Danvers, to con
stitute Rev. Thomas P. Field a Life Member-of E.
34 00 North Danvers, of Rev. Milton P. Brannan, $3; Mary
P.Brannan, $1; Fidelia R. Tapley, $1 ; Daniel Put
$1; Susannah Putnam, 1; Eliza Lawrence,
21 25 Georgetown, Dea. Solomon Nelson, $2; John Platt,
50c; Benj. Little, $1; Joseph Little, $1; Moses
$92 25 CONNECTICUT. Norwich, Rev. S. B. Braddock, executor, being amount
of a Legacy left by Mrs. Dorothy Powers, late of
20 00 NEW JERSEY. Princeton, Remitted by Rev. A. Alexander, for himself 10 00 500 15 00
PENNSYLVANIA. Easton, per D. D. Wagener, Esq.
15 00 15 00