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the Colony is past. Disasters may indeed occur, but henceforward the general course of the Colony will be ONWARD. Let vigorous exertions be made to sustain and enlarge the Colony for a few years to come, and there will then be no longer need of foreign aid; Liberia will have the resources and the means of maintaining herself independently. Those who have watched over this interesting settlement from the first germ of its existence, cannot but be filled with joy and wonder, at its present advanced and prosperous condition. But now is a critical time for the Colony, as has been shown in a former number of the Repository; especially as it relates to the recent plans of the British, for occupying the whole coast of Western Africa. The aid of the friends of Colonization is now urgently needed. Let them now, by one united and vigorous effort, place the Colony in such a state, that hereafter there n-ay be no danger to the compact and integral existence of all the settlements, under one harmonious system of Govern: ment. Let funds be furnished now, to secure the possession of all the territory interjacent to our settlements, and this being effected, we may consider the last obstacle to Liberia's prosperity overcome.
In this grand enterprise of building up an independent Republic of color: ed men, virtuous, intelligent and free, the CLERGY of various denominations have acted a prominent part. They have not only cheered us in our gloomiest hours, by their individual encouragement and efforts, but in their ecclesiastical bodies have greatly aided the cause by their decided approbation and cordial recommendation. And annually, on or near the Fourth of July, many of them have taken up colleetions in their respectivo congregations, by which the wants of the Society have been, from year to year, greatly relieved. And as this auspicious day is again approaching, the Managers would respectfully, but earnestly, call on the Ministers of all denominations who are friendly to the cause, to exert themselves with more than their usual zeal to replenish the exhausted treasury of the Society. When we consider the number of our friends among the Clergy and among their people, we cannot but think that if all who are in heart favorable to the cause of African Colonization would remember it, and take up subscriptions or collections for the object, the wants of the Board would be, for the present, well supplied. We are persuaded that upon a moder: ate estimate there are more than five thousand congregations in the UniLed States, who are favorable to this cause, and would willingly contribute something to sustain and promote it, if the subject were brought before them, at the proper time. We have therefore taken the liberty to address the Clergy of all denominations, not to vindicate the cause of Colonization-for this they do not need—but to stir up their minds by way of remembrance ; for we are satisfied that in multitudes of instances, the only reason why contributions have not been made is, that the thing was forgotten, until the appropriate season was past. It is to prevent this, the current year, that we have prepared this address, which we shall endeavor to have so widely circulated that all may have the opportunity of seeing it.
Rev. Sirs, you do not know how much good you may effect by merely giving your people the opportunity of contributing to this object but if you will throw the whole weight of your influence into the scale of Colonization, there is a moral certainty that glorious success will attend the combined effort. If five thousand congregations should contribute each only $10, is would amount to $50,000. Or if one thousand would contribute each $50, it would produce the same sum. Perhaps, respected gentlemen, you will never have the opportunity again of doing as much good by so easy an effort. Many little streams combined, swell into a large river; so a small contribution from all who approve the cause, will meet every exi. gency. But we know that there are some and their number is increas. ing-who will not be contented to give a small contribution. As they have the ability, so they have the heart, to give liberally. There is no enjoyment of wealth so sweet and so enduring as that which arises from using it in promoting benevolent objects. This is indeed the luxury of wealth, the only thing in which the rich man has any real superiority over the poor. What unfeigned pleasure must it afford to the early benefactors of the Colonization Society, to contemplate the success of an enterprise, pronounced by so many to be utopian, and reviled by others as wicked and cruel. It is now too late to look back. We have in Liberia a Colony of five or six thousand persons, enjoying all the benefits of civil and religious society, as fully as they are enjoyed by any equal population on the globe. Shall we abandon them? Are we not morally bound to bring to a completion, what we have been enabled so auspiciously to commence!
INTELLIGENCE FROM LIBERIA.
We are kindly permitted to publish the following letter to Dr. LINDSLY, of this city, from Dr. Day, who went to Liberia last year as physician to the Colony. Our readers will be glad to know that at the time it was written the health of the colonists was good, with the exception of bad colds, which usually prevail during the season of the Harmattan winds. 'These winds are cold, dry and absorbing, and may naturally be supposed to effect the system disagreeably.
MONROVIA, FEBRUARY 20, 1841. Dear Doctor,– You are already informed of our having arrived here on the 24th of November, after an extraordinary long passage of fifty-seven days. Notwithstanding the lateness in the month of November of our arrival, the rainy season had then scarcely closed ; we had heavy showers almost every night and sometimes during the day, for weeks. These were followed by several severe thunder showers, when the air became settled for the dry season.
The universal green that met my eye on first stepping upon this land, the deep verdant richness of the impenetrable forest, gaily hung with festoons and columns of parasites, almost as pumerous as the trees themselves, despite the dry season, still generally prevail, though the grass and her tage in every path and street in Monrovia, which is almost soilless, have
now a lesa lively hue, the grass is becoming farched and dry, the herbage drooping and yellow,
You, in common with every friend to Africa and the cause of African Missions, will be surprised and sorrowful on learning that two of the missionaries of the Baptist Board, who came out in the Hobart with me, have fallen victims already to the African fever. Mrs. FIELDING died on the 3d January, two days after the Hobart sailed, bearing letters from her to her anxious friends at home, telling them the incidents of her sea-faring hitherto, her safe disembarkation, comfortable situation, and pleasing proga pects. She was a quick perceiver of the beautiful in nature, and more than her companions was delighted with the beauty and picturesque scen ery of the country. She was much attracted by the endless variety of flowers, that everywhere grew along the paths, and by the river's side. Hers was a mind
“ To go abroad rejoicing in the joy
Of Gou's deep wisdom in the natural world." But alas ! too soon those eyes are closed; that heart whielt beat so warm with sympathy for the poor African, as lo impel her lo forsake brother and sister, friends and social life, to seek him under the shade of his own palm tree, shall throb no more with warm enotions et syimpathy and Jove. Yet the fatal fever stays not here. Left to mourn the loss of se good a wife, grieving that she should not have been spared to smooth bis pillow in this land of strangers, and aid him lil his Gospel work, and lamenting he would have to tread the toilsome path alone, the husband finds his path a short one, and his solitary labor soon over. It is supposed the sorrow for his wife hastened his death; he died on the 16th of the same month
The destination of this band was the valley of the Niger, but as no op portunity offered of proceeding down the coast at that time, they were obliged to remain at Edina. It was esteemed fortunate by their friends that such was the case, as at Edina they would be among friends who could take care of them in siekness, and was considered to be a more healthy locality than any they proposed stopping at.
The survivors, Mr. and Mrs. CONSTANTIXE, have had the fèver and recovered. Three out of four of the emigrants and sayself, have had slight attacks. I do not know the circumstances: attending the illness, ner the violence of the attacks which carried off Mr. and Mrs.. FIELDING. I may advert to what I considera bad species of economy in any
Missiert ary Society. That of sending their missionary men and women to the mercy of a merciless climate, without the protection of a pirysiqian. The mission establishments at Cape Palmas and here have each a physiciae. A christian physician could be as useful as any one of the family in the schools; and an educated plıysician could greatly and the superior in this arduous task of reducing the native language to writing, in preparing books in the native and English languages for the press, and in every day save the one of preaching, he mighi be equally valuable, and aecomplica au mach as the best of preachers. Therefore in sending a physician they would not only have a protection, so far as earthly means can be a protection, for the other members, but have an additional laborer in the field. Africa is a wide field and open to receive instruction. It is indeed too true, that the habits and associations of the adult native African are such that missionaries can hope to do but little with the old. They will hear the preacher when they can ; they will even weep with him, and seem very much affected when he is affected, but when he is gone all is forgotten. But still they are even anxious that “America men” shall come among them and teach their little ones. When I was at Edina, Bow Gray, whose name is well known to the friends of Colonization, at the request of the Governor, brought two girls and placed them at the Mission school.
I have before expressed to you my very agreeable surprise at finding the Colony such as it is-embracing so many flourishing settlements, and having a people among whom you can recognise scarce a lineament of the American slave. Men here are men as you find them in other communities. Showing as they do a proper respect for themselves and you, you cannot remember your former prejudices, however strong they may have been, but meet them at once, without a reflection, on terms of perfect equality. But when you come to see them actively engaged in commercial enterprises, sending out and receiving ladened vessels of their own building. carrying on trade extensively, and making has:e to get rich”-when you see them marching orderly io their balloi-boxės to elect their own representative Legislature--when you see them parade a fine military, armed and equipped at their own expense, and hear some of their old men tell of the wars in which they fought, and bravely repulsed the savage foe-learn their ardor and the extent to which they are engaging in agricultural pursuitsand then attend their Legislature, see their order, and dignity, hear their reports, their laws and their speeches.--I think, with me, you would be lost in attempting to believe these same men were once oppressed and broken spirited slaves. Who would not, under such circumstances, esclaim, " where is the talisman that has wrought this great and happy change? Give me to wave it over America till I see the shackles fall from her millions of most unfortunate colored population !" You have the talisman---the magic word is Colonization-- Colonization has done it, and Colonization alone shall complete the work.
If I may be allowed a word respecting Abolitionists, let me express all due respect for the talents of their most gifted, and the good intentions of tho mass.
Yet in the ardent pursuit of their alied ged favorite object, "the welfare of the African,” they forget that any body, beside themselves, may have the same object as dearly at heart, and when they would frustrate the means adopted by every other person for the accomplishment of the same most desirable end, they display a zeal that is “ a zeal without knowledge." And in their opposition to Colonization, and their attempts
” to baffle the plans and doings of the Society, they show a monomaniacal spirit, and viewing them as absolute maniacs upon this subject, I would kindly direct their attention to an “ Asylum," a very short visit to vhich will abate their madness, and return them healthy and sane to be a comfort to their friends as long as they may live. That “ Asylum," sir, is Liberia--send as many Abolitionists as you are able-let them see and know for themselves.
You will probably have learned before this time the destruction of the baracoons at Gallinas river, and the abandonment of the slave traffic by the actor at New Cesters. By the suppression of the trade at these two points, we were too happy to inform you that from Sherbro to Whydah,
a distance of not less than 1500 miles, the coast was freed from that most accursed of all cursed trades. Since that time it is reported one of the slavers from Gallinas, has established himself at a place called Mauna Rock, a short distance this side and a little inland, and is “making trade” in slaves. We are assured, however, he can remain there but a very short time, for some one of the English cruisers will cause his factory to be razed to the ground. No branch of the balesul Gallinas' Bohan Upas cap ever again take fast root in this part of Africa's soil.
The Legislature at their sitting in January, appointed commissioners to survey a route of communication between Monrovia and Marshall, and between the latter place and Bassa Cove. The object desired is a water carriage for canoes. This, if nothing be accomplished more than the survey, shows an anxiety on the part of the people for more easy means of intercommunication, and a desire to develope in their vicinity, the resources of this immense unknown continent.
I have alluded to agriculture : on this subject there is an increasing interest. This impulse has, in a measure, been given by the premiums offered by the Governor the last and the present years. It is not, however, all attributable to these. The people are beginning to see that the few only can grow rich by trade; the many must find their wealth in the soil, and they are tired, by one day's labor in a week. of drawing thence a bare subsistance. In December, near forty thousand coffee trees were living, the planting and growth of the year 1840. The number next year will proba ably exceed this. These all in a few years will become a source of profit to the owners, much larger in proportion than in any other coffee country. To show you what calculations may be made, a colonist last year picked from one tree three bushels of berries, which it was found yielded four pounds dried coffee to the bushel. You may think this an extreme ease; I grant it. But there arz now bearing, numbers of trees, which will every one yield one bushel, and many of the:n two bushels of berries to the tree. Taking the smallest estimate of one bushel to each tree, what a happy con trast in Liberia's favor is this fruitful product compared with the West India plantations, where a thousand pounds from a thousand trans is esteemed a good crop. In addition to the growth of coffee, sugar cane will soon be cultivated to a considerable extent. From the cine grown lasç year, about two thousand pounds of very good: sugar was mad", and as much more in the form of syrup. Could we met cattle that would live here of sufficient strength for the plough, agriculoure would advance rapidly, and every article that may become an expori fair tried.
As an irieresting and by no means trilling proct of some of the statements I have made of the enterprise of tre colonists, pornit ine in conclua sion to stite, that I forvir] this leter as far as Liverpool, hy one of the citizen merchants, wİM 9923 there to parehase more ods. 70 T et an arrangement with some mercantile house by which he shall be regularly supplied.
Most sincerely yours..
J. LAWRENCE DAY To H. L:NDSLY, M. D., Washington, D. Cu
Note:-D:. Die furni:'123 us with a table of tre state of the weather during the month of January and part of Ferrary. Durin; that time, the mem temperature bem t.veen 9 o'clock A, M., ani 9 o'clock P. N., W.13.97 de moes Fahrenheit. The thermo eter never fell helow 63 dezrzes, nor rose abore 84 derrens in the hall of the Government House, which is open at each end, at ono dorr receiving the land, and at the other the sea breeze. The lowest the barometer was. in the same months was 29 degrees 82 min utes; the highest 30 degrees. The mean range for January was 29 degrees 88 minutes