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what would gratify his physical passions and desires ? I hesitate not to say, that barring all chance of strife, bloodshed and disorganization of gov. ernment, were the whole colored population of the United States set free tomorrow, and still remain in contact with the white population, one cen. tury would not efiect so material a change in the character and being of the slave as has been wrought by a seven years' residence in the Colony of Maryland in Liberia.

The change that has been effected in the native African, although less apparent and difficult of elucidation, is still not the less material or beneficial. Some prominent individuals it is true have entirely changed and stand in stronger relief before their fellows, perhaps, than any of the colonits, as specimens of the material influence exerted upon them by the combination of the Colonization and missionary movement. Many conversions to christianity have occurred, and a very large number is constantly in attendance on the mission schools. Some iwo or three native youths are employed as teachers of separate schools in the country. Sundry christian marriages have been solemnized, and polygamy will doubtless be renounced by all the pupils of the various missions. The main instigator and leader of the attack on the British vessel before noted, is now a reformed and civilized man, reads both the English and his native language well, interprets for one of the missionaries, and frequently officiates at the desk in his absence. Independent of all these important and more obvious reformations, there is apparent to one well acquainted with their habits and customs, a gradual improvement pervading the whole community. Their peculiar associations have less power and influence, their doctors and fetish men are less frequently consulted, the terrible ordeal by which persons suspected of withcraft are tried to prove their innocence by drinking a decoction of a poisonous vegetable, is not insisted upon so firmly as heretofore—the King has appointed justices to sit with those of the Colony in trials affecting the interests of the colonists and natives, and constables to assist in arresting offenders, both in his own and the neighboring towns in fact their every institution and custom is becoming more or less tinctured with and influenced by those of civilized man, and they are rapidly becoming a new, a regenerated people.

That the operations of the Maryland State Colonization Society have been attended with beneficial results desired by its founders, I believe the foregoing brief detail of facts abundantly proves. So far as the effect in. tended to be produced upon the American emigrant and the native tenant of the soil, the success has far exceeded the most sanguine anticipations of its warmest advocates,

That it has not thus far effected any material change in the mass of our colored population, or relieved our apprehensions of the future, I readily acknowledge; nor were such results to be hoped in so short a period. Colonization was never proposed as a decisive and immediate remedy for our great social evil, but as the only palliative which could ultimately afford any relief. A much longer time, toil, perseverance and additional means are requisite. The Colony must be maintained and preserved in a con. dition to receive our colored population when the time of their removal shall arrive. Less than this would be injustice to a long suffering and much injured race; more cannot be done.

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ON READING THE DEFENCE OF HEDDINGTON BY THE

MISSIONARIES.
Oh, list that wild clarion, that new trump of fame,
As it tells to the nations afar,
That Afric' awakes at the sound of her name,
And joins in the tumults of war;
Though she bent to the blast, and, for ages, has been
The dethroned and the sceptreless, desolate Queen.

Now dispell’d, and fore'er, is the depth of her night,
And she girds herself up in her armor of might,
For the mission of mercy is heard in the land,
And the beauties of holiness meet hand to hand.
The vine and the olive tree, flourish and bloom
Where, for years, nought has rested but sorrow and gloom,
0, ne'er may these symbols of happiness cease,
"Till all nations have tasted the blessings of peace !

0! Afric'! o'er thee will the righteous rejoice,
As they hear, 'mid the chorus of angels, thy voice,
Long unnerved by oppression, and weakened by sin,
To chant the salvation of myriads, begin.

Though her mountains have echoed to slavery's moan,
And her streams have been crimsoned with gore,
An era approaches, when misery's groan
Shall resound from her forests no more,
For the Church waves afar o'er that renovate climé,
A banner of love which shall triumph o'er time;
And Liberia rejoices, that never again
Shall her borders be subject to slavery's chain.

For the heathen came down, like Assyria of old,
To spoil and to conquer the “ sheep of the fold,”
In his wrath he approached them, destruction the word,
But his arm was made weak by the strength of the Lord,
Who fought for his people with buckler and bow,
'Till their ranks were all scattered, their chieftain laid low,
And these children of Zion, like others, have found,
" That he who endureth, with joy shall be crowned."

The Moor with his cresent, lies trembling and pale,
And the Arab is check'd in his wrath,
For the bright cross of mercy and hope will prevail
Over all, in their blinded path ;
For “ Monrovia” shall give to the kingdoms around
The light of salvation, the pure Gospel's sound!

M. M. W.

THE CAPE COAST, WEST AFRICA. The British Wesleyans have now flourishing missions on this coast, in. cluding the extensive and powerful kingdom of Ashantee. On the 10th of last December, Mr. Freemen, the missionary, sailed with a number of new associates for this field, which is now whitening for the harvest. Since 1838, seven chapels have been built, some of them of stone. To, six of them are attached both societies and schools. In building the chapels, much help has been received from Europeans resident in the Colony. The general aspect of the work of God in this distant part of the earth is of a cheering character. With an increase of members, the schools are also rapidly increasing. For what our eyes have seen, write the missionaries, for what our ears have heard, and our hearts have felt, we desire to be thankful to God; praying that his Divine blessing may still rest on the labors of his servants in Guinea, and in every part of the mission field, till the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters fill the seas.

The native population at the British Colony at Cape Coast is estimated at six thousand. The whole country at this part of the coast, is more or less impregnated with gold dust. It is not uncommon to see the native women sweeping the streets and private yards for the sake of the dust. Besides gold dust the settlement exports ivory, Indian corn and palm oil. Gold is, however, the chief article, and Indian corn is the next.

The present Governor, McLean, assumed his office in 1820, and has, by his sound judgment, and indefatigable zeal, not only placed all the forts in excellent order, but has also succeeded in introducing many very salutary improvements among the native tribes. He has personally superintended the school for native children, by means of which a large number of the young men, who have just grown up, are able to read ; so that the native people of Cape Coast may now be regarded as to some extent a reading community. The jurisdiction of the Governor extends over three thousand square miles. Boston Recorder.

Another BritiSH OUTRAGE.--A Havana correspondent of the New York Express furnishes the following particulars of a piratical outrage perpetrated upon the brig A E, Capt. DRISCOLL, of Baltimore, which sailed from Havana for the coast of Africa, in September last, with a cargo of tobacco, dry goods, and powder. The frequent acts of this kind show conclusively the design of the British to break up the American trade with Africa, that they may monopolize all themselves. To bear such insults longer will degrade the American name in the eyes of the world :

"The brig A E, of Baltimore, Capt. C. F. DRISCOLL, sailed from this place in the month of September for Cabinda, with a cargo of dry goods, tobacco, and powder. Having met with bad weather at sea, he was obliged to put into Charleston to repair, whence he sailed on his voyage. Nothing material occurred until he arrived off Cabinda, when he was boarded by two boat's crews (fifteen in number) commanded by an English officer, but without a flag flying, or any visible sign of nationality, armed to the teeth with cutlasses, pistols, carbines, and daggers, or long knives, who insolently demanded his papers, declaring at the same time that he would take command of the vessel. Capt. D. pointed to the American flag which he had flying, and averred that he was an American vessel engaged in a legal trade, and in proof thereof produced his papers, which the English officer tried to obtain possession of, but not being per

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mitted by Capt. D. he said never mind, I will take you for a scoundrelly Yankee negro stealer, and have you all strung up at the main yard if you offer the least resistence.” They then shaped the course of the vessel for River Congo, and commenced breaking out the cargo to get at the rum, and carried on so outrageously that Capt. D.'s lady, who was on board, together with her daughter, was taken violently ill, and for some time her life was despaired of—the English crew never for a moment ceasing their outrageous conduct. They continued at River Congo twelve days, pillaging the negro canoes that passed, taking from them their beads, looking glasses, paddles, and every little thing, leaving the poor negroes no alternative but to swim on shore and abandon their canoes to the tide.

This conduct they continued for some time, often taking in their boats some of the American crew, until at last the negroes becoming exasperas ted, assembled in force, and attacking the boats killed an American seamen belonging to the A E, and wounded several English. "They then returned precipitately on board, and getting the brig under way, set sail for Cabinda. They found H. B. M. brig of war Persian, Lieutenant com. manding Symmes, with the American flag flying. Lieut. Symmes then came on board with an additional boat's crew, and commenced breaking out the cargo, without asking to look at the brig's papers, or paying any attention to Capt. D.'s protestations. After ransaking the cargo four days, bursting open bales and boxes, and knocking open the kegs of powder, finding nothing, they took what they pleased, each man selecting what he most fancied, and then tumbling the cargo into the hold, took to their boats, leaving the brig at liberty.

“For fifteen days,” says Capt. D., “ I had seventeen men on board, eating and drinking the best they could find, and for four days more the commander and nearly all of his men pillaging my stores and drinking my liquors, they being on very short allowance on board their own vessel.'The English brig kept the American flag flying all the time, and went off with it flying at her peak. The English officers declared they would seize every American vessel they came across and break up their trade entirely, and from our late accounts from the Straits, it seems they are determined to put their threats into execution."Boston Morning Post.

THE FOURTH OF JULY, 1841:

We again call the attention of the Clergy of all denominations through. out the country, to the near approach of this anniversary of our Nation's independence. We fear it will be here before many of them will be prepared with a good sermon to preach to their people, on the all important subject of Colonization. We fear that even now, many of the churches will not have time to make such arrangements as they desire for raising money on that day, to aid in planting another Republic after the model of

If there is a failure anywhere, it will not be because the Clergy and the Churches do not mean well, and wish to unite in the general effort to make a contribution with increasad liberality to the American Colonization Society—but it will arise from their not making their arrangements and forming their plans in time. We hope, therefore, that they will at once set about doing the work.

our own.

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THE AFRICAN REPOSITORY,

AND

COLONIAL JOURNAL.

Published semi-monthly, at $1 50 in advance, when sent by mail, or $200 if not paid

till after the expiration of six months, or when delivered to subscribers in cities.

VOL. XVIII.]

WASHINGTON, JULY 1, 1841.

[No. 13.

AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.

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It is but a few weeks, since we noticed the extraordinary fact, that an agent had been sent from Jamaica to Sierra Leone, to make arrangements for the importation of native African laborers to the West Indies, to cultivate the plantations abandoned by the recently emancipated slaves.

The Journal of Commerce, of the 15th ultimo, notices the arrival at Jamaica of the ship Hector, with one hundred and ninety-seven native Africans, and sixty-four Maroons ; ship Elizabeth, with one hundred and eighty-two Africans, is reported as having sailed from Sierra Leone for Trinidad ; and the ship Superior, waiting a cargo of emigrants for Demarara.

Thus the West India plantations are again to be worked by the bone and muscle of Africa. The slave ships, ladened with human beings embarked for Cuba or Brazil, are captured by benevolent, liberty-loving Britain ; but the slaves are not restored to their native villages, to greet their parents, wives and children, from whom they have been torn by violence. They are re-shipped to the West Indies to increase, by their toils, the tropical products of these islands, that the good people of Great Britain may be supplied with sugar and coffee, uncursed by slave hands! Such free labor as will be performed by these men, finds a parallel only in the voluntary service of the British sailor enlisted by the press gang! Shameless, canting hypocrisy, to call this suppression of the slave trade !

The Maroons, natives of the West Indies, a few years since, were hunted by blood hounds, pursued to their dens in the mountains, smoked out of their caves, destroyed as wild beasts. Those taken alive were sent, first to Halifax, then to Sierra Leone, where they have been tamed, and now are humanely sent back to take the place which the freed man refuses to occupy.

And this is done under professions of benevolence, under the pretext of christianizing and civilizing Africa, and that too by the very nation which orders the capture of American merchant-ships in the African seas under the most frivolous prétences. One is captured because an Afri,

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