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THE SLAVE TRADE-COLONIZATION. The following is from “The Friend of Africa,” published in London. It shows how the slave trade is carried on in the vicinity of Sierra Leone. We have often called public attention to this fact, as presenting one of the strongest proofs that the slave trade cannot be suppressed by any naval force, however strong, while the present plans of operations are pursued, An entirely different course must be taken by their men-of-war engaged in this work, and it must be prosecuted with entirely different motives, before any good will result from their presence on the coast of Africa :
“ The Slave Trade. It is a melancholy, and, in some measure, a humiliating consideration, that no where along the coast of Africa does the slave trade flourish in more poisonous vigor than in the neighborhood of Sierra Leone.
“ We have no intention at present to inquire into the causes of what the late Governor of the Colony (Governor Doherty) describes as an insolent defiance' of British authority ; it is enough for our present purpose to call attention to the fact itsell. We may surely learn from it the necessity of some improvement in the means which have hitherto been put in requisition for the suppression of this abominable traffic. In the following extract from a dispatch addressed by Sir John JEREMIE to Lord John Russell, we find an important suggestion thrown out upon this head. The whole subject, indeed, deserves serious consideration,
“ It is with much regret and some surprise that I find the immediate neighborhood of Sierra Leone the scene of a very extensive slave traffic. The general impression is, that owing to the shoals at the Bissagos, nothing but light steamers will satisfactorily drive away the slaver from the coasts between this and Gambia.'
“In another passage Sir John JEREMIE anticipates an objection to which his proposal might be thought liable, and, we think, satisfactorily replies to it.
“* As to the expense of maintaining them, (light steam vessels,) now that I have seen this harbor and anchorage, I am convinced, that by employing them, when not otherwise engaged, to tow merchant vessels in and out, they would nearly, if not fully, repay the charge of their maintenance, and the wages of the crews. At Mauritius a considerable item in the public revenue is collected by the assistance thus afforded to the merchantmen, and doubly acceptable would it be at Sierra Leone. Nor is this my idea only. It was originally mentioned to me by one of our most extensive Sierra Leone merchants settled in London, Mr. West.'
One of the greatest benefits resulting from the planting of our Colony in Africa, is the influence which it exerts to suppress the slave trade, Whereever the territory is owned by the Colony, that trade is entirely prohibited ; and one of the leading points in every treaty made by the Governor with the native chiefs, respects the suppression of that trade. In all cases they are required to abandon and discountenance the slave trade.
A different course has been pursued by the British. The “ Friend of Africa” says, "we have been requested to call attention to the fact, that, notwithstanding the generally pleasing nature of the intelligence from the Gallinas, in one particular the treaty concluded with the chiefs is not satisfactory. It contains no article relative to the final abolition of the slave trade by the natives. This circumstance is more to be regretted, inasmuch as, in the absence of some such stipulation, no direct encouragement to trade with the Gallinas can, we presume, be held forth by the British Government."
It is curious to observe how all the thoughts of the British run in the channel of trade and commerce. The destruction of the slave factory at Gallinas is to be followed up by efforts to open a profitable business with the natives. Capt. Denman says, “the people of the Gallinas have already in a wild state, but of the finest quality, cotton, indigo, pepper, palm nut, sugar cane, and tobacco, which they are able to cure. Salt is procured in considerable quantities, and there is no doubt that coffee would flourish as well as at Sierra Leone and Monrovia. The chiefs unanimously agreed that they could obtain camwood and ivory in large quantities ; gold dust also from the interior ; and that cattle might be raised to
; such an extent as to enable them to export hides in considerable quantities.
“In exchange for these rich productions of their country, the chiefs would gladly receive from our merchants many of the necessaries, and even of the luxuries of civilized life, a fact sufficiently established by the following list of goods hitherto supplied to them in barter for their slaves :Flour, wine, tea, butter, cheese, hats, clothes, shoes, coral, knives and forks, beads, trinkets, glass, crockery, brass pans for making salt, hardware, and cotton and linen clothes of all descriptions.
“We would gladly incite some of our mercantile friends to engage in this honorable speculation. We think they could scarcely be losers by it, when we consider that during but nine months,' as Captain DENMAN assures us, no less than “nine vessels,' whose united burden amounted to 1569 tons, discharged their cargoes, either wholly or in part, at the slave factories on the Gallinas."
The above extracts throw much light on the present mercantile movements of the British in the neighborhood of our Colony. One or more commercial houses have already shown anxiety to engage in this speculation, and the British Government are ready to throw all manner of aid and facility in prosecuting their plans. The resources of that country are im
The withering, blighting influence of the slave trade has been unable to crush its natural and spontaneous productions. Let that curse be removed, let the natives be kept at home and induced to cultivate the soil, and who can tell what will be the amount of exports they can offer? Hence it is not surprising that the British are anxious to locate trading establishments at the commanding points on the coast.
We too want to see these points occupied. But we want to see them occupied with a farther and higher motive than the mere purposes of gain. We want the slave trade broken up by morally regenerating the natives, so that they would sooner cut off a right hand or pluck out a right eye, than sell one of their fellow beings to the slave ships. We want them elevated and educated. We want them to enjoy in their social happiness and domestic peace and comfort, the advantages to which their country and their commerce entitle them.
For this purpose we wish to purchase their territory, incorporate them into the Commonwealth of Liberia, and extend to them the civilizing and christianizing institutions of education and religion. We are sure that our plan of operations is without a parallel in its competency to benefit the African, by protecting his race from the accursed slave dealer, and by pushing the arts and blessings of civilization and religion into the heart of his country.
To aid us in this noble, but arduous work, we appeal to a benevolent public.
The Native Chapel.--For a long time we have been revolving in our mind, the necessity and expediency of establishing divine worship in some separate place in Monrovia, exclusively for the natives. There are numbers of these poor neglected creatures, who do not attend any place of wor. ship at all on Sunday ;-first, because they are generally noi clothed, and feel ashamed to sit on the same seat with Americans who are well dressed, (a feeling no doubt most heartily reciprocated ;) and secondly, because if they did, they would hardly understand the Word, delivered as it is without an interpreter. To have them then, a separate meeting house, plain preaching, and interprete i too, has seemed to us quite a desideratum ; and believing this, we wreat to work, and have had erected a plain thatch-roofed chapel, earth floor, and mud walls, on those lots belonging to the Missionary Society of the M. E. Church, which were deeded to that Society by Gov. Pinney, in 1835. This little chapel stands not far from the spot where Cox,-the immortal Cox-breathed his last. It was opened for divine service on Sunday, the 7th, and was well aitended. It is our present plan to have divine service performed regularly every Sabbath afternoon at 3}, in this chapel. The appointment will most generally be filled by the superintendent of the mission ; and when he is out of town, by the Rev. Mr. Burton, of the conference seminary. We entreat the citizens, one and all, to send their native boys, and all with whom they have influence.-Africa's Luminary.
CONTRIBUTIONS to the Pennsylvania State Colonization Society,
from the 20th June, to the 20th July, 1841, inclusive. June 22, Received of T. Sinford $5, Cash $5, R. Johnston $5, W. H. Richardson $3, J. H. Martin - 5, George Harvey $5,
$28 00 July 5, Fourth July collection in Eighth Presbyterian church, $10 49; July
6, Do. in Sixth Street Presbyterian church, Rev. T. L. Janeway, pastor, $18 42; July 7, Do. in Spruce Street Presbyterian church, per J. N. Dickson, $40; Do. in Presbyt'n church, Easton, Rev. J. Gray, pastor, $76 23; (of which $19 69 is from members of Lyceum and others in Rev. J. Vandeveer's Seminary, in part to constitute him a Life-member of Pa. Col. Soc.) July 8, Jason Torrey, donation, $20 ; July 11, Rev. T. Creigh, Mercers. burg, Fourth July collection in his church, $11 00; July 12, Rev. J. Peebles, Huntingdon, do. $20 53; July 14, Rev.Dr.Cuyler, Phila., do. $20 49; Eliza Jane Davie, donation, $5, per Rev. J. Davie; July 15, Samuel Davis, Esq., annual subscription for 1841, $100; July 17, Fourth July Collection in the Presbyterian Church, Germantown, per Rev. Dr. Neill, pastor, $9; Children and others of the Infants Retreat, Germantown, Fourth of July contribution, per Rev. Dr. Neill, $6; July 19, Fourth of July collestion in Rev. J. Foster's church, Towanda, $12 50; July 20, Do. in Preshyterian church, Warren Tavern, $14; Presbyterian Church, Newtown, R. D. Cravis, $11 75,
Collections by Rev. J. B. Pinney, Agent, at Trenton :-June 23, J. T. Sherman
$5, J. Wilson $5, Cash 2, Cash 2, Cash $2 ; June 28, Easton, John Coo
per $15, Richard Broadhead, jr. $5, Miss F. M. Torraine $3 50,
Wm. Powell $1, B. Powell $1, A. Slemmer jl, B. F. Hancock $1, Mrs.
CONTRIBUTIONS to the American Colonization Society, from the
230 June, to the 25th July, 1841.
MAINE. Collections by Capt. George Barker, Agent:- Donat. | Repos. | Total. Brunswick, donations $3, for Repository $1 50;. Gurdi
ner, donations $3, Repos. $1 50; Hallowell, donations $3, Repos. $3; Vassalboro, donation 50c.; Thomaston, donations $18 63; Wiscusset, donations $375; Portland, donation $2,
• $33 88 $6 00 $39 88
Remitted by Rev. Dan. Tenney :--From the Senior Class
of Dartmouth College, to constitute Professor Haddock a Life-member, $30; and on account of a Life-membership for Professor Brown, $10,
Collections by Capt. Geo. Barker, Agt. (in June,) -Concord, donations $15; Lancaster, donations $1 50;
Leominster, donations $13 31, Repos. $3; Fitchburg,
By Rev. Dorus Clarke:-
Individuals $6 20; Nuw Bedford, Chs. W. Morgan $25,
-Total 9231 50:
for Repos. :--Total collected by Mr. Clestie,
VERMONT. Braitieloro, S. Elliott, per Hon. Mr. Allen,
Brookfield, Judge Tomlinson, per Rev. A. Brundage,
Collections per George Barker :--
Rep. $1 50 ; Canterbury, don. $1; Plainfield, don. $20;
Collections by Rev. C. J. Tenney:-
S. Goodrich, $1 each, Deacon J. Goodrich $2, J. Cur- Donat. | Repos. | Total. tiss $1, Mrs. W. Butler 50c., Widow J. Welles 25c., J.
Welles, A.Welles, N.G.Wells, 50c. each, a Friend 25c. 9 50 Simsbury, B. Ely, Esq. and others,
7 70 4 50 Avon, D. Sperry, Dr. A. Kellogg, $1 each, a Friend 76c., 2 76
3 00 Farmington, A Friend $5, E. Gay $1, M. Cowles, Mrs.
M. Rowe, $5 each, S. Woodruff $1, H. Mygatt $2 85,
6 00 Meriden, S. Atkins, H. E. Landford, W. A. Lindsley, $1 each, a Friend 50c., other Friends $4 50,
8 00 10 50 North Coventry, Several Friends,
20 75 6 00 North Haven, Collection,
7 10 1 50 Middletown,. Deacon H. S. Ward $25, Cash $3, G. H.
Sumner $1, a Friend 75c., E.Crowfoot $2, Friends $4 50, 36 25 6 00 Essex, Collection in Baptist Church,
10 13 Pettipaug and Essex, E. Comstock $1, E. Denison 25c.,
G. Post 50c., P. Haskell, N. F. Stephens, $1 each, S.
15 07 4 50 New Haven, Samuel J. Hitchcock $20, R. Hotchkiss $5, 25 00 3 00
DELAWARE. Wilmington, Remitted by Mr. A. Thompson, collection in Hanover street Presbyterian Church, 11th July,
NEW JERSEY. Salem, John Tyler, Esq., per Hon. T. J. Yorke,
5 00 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Washington, Collection in Wesley Chapel on 4th July, per
Rev. Mr. Davis, $15 50; in First Presbyterian Church, per Wm. H. Campbell, $15 26; in Unitarian Church,
$14; in Fourth Presb. Ch., $15; by Mrs. Grammer, $3, 62 76 Alexandria, Collections by Rev. Wm. McLain :- -Fourth
July, in the Methodist E. Church, $26 ;. Robt. Jamie-