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ces of the continued abuse of the flag of our country to the purposes of the slave trade. If our Government then would effectually vindicate the honor of her flag, she should by her own actions first rescue it from the hands of slavers and pirates, and then sternly forbid the aggressions of national hostility. In
my last letter I mentioned the unpleasant fact of a cargo of slave goods having been landed at New Cesters. I have since learned from undoubted authority, that the cargo was landed from an American vessel, the “ General Starke,” Captain Curtis, a brig belonging to Maine. She touched here, but though my suspicions were excited by the movements of her Captain, her papers were all clear, and Capt. Paine could do nothing with her. The laws of the United States making it necessary to the condemnation of a vessel, that she be proved to be actually engaged in slavery.
HEALTH OF THE COLONY.
MONROVIA, JUNE 22, 1841. An expedition arrived on the 16th March in the Rudolph Groning, with forty-one emigrants on board. You will have learned from time to time the circumstances of this immigration. I have deferred reporting until now, because I was unwilling to make any statement prematurely lest deaths might occur afterwards, and I be accused of an attempt to convey salse impressions of the health of persons coming to reside in this country. They have now been here three months, and every one of them has had more or less of fever, so that we may now consider them as acclimated, and subsequent deaths, if they occur, may be honestly reckoned among those that are liable to occur amor.g the colonists here, as well as among the citizens of your own country.
To this date three deaths have occurred, one man and two children, one about two and the other seven years of age. Mr. Wright exposed him. self
a great deal, was first taken ill, and died in a few days.
The health of the Colony at present is good. Deaths occur, to be sure, but I think not a greater number, in proportion to the population, than in perhaps a thousand counties in America having the same number of inhabitants. The absence of roads and horse power, and the want of more rapid means of conveyance by water than the canoe and paddle, are causes of frequent complaints, and sometimes of death, from the necessary exposure to night dews and to the rains. But a reckless disregard for these dangers, amounting almost to infatuation, seems to possess pot a few of the people. In this season when rains may he calculated almost with the certainty of an eclipse, they go out without even the slightest preparation against the threatened torrents. Such acts are suicidal, and when the statistics of the deaths come to be made up, most unfairly do the enemies of the cause of Colonization place the whole number to the account of " coast fever." The people died-it matters little to their purpose what their disease, or what the circumstances.
Notwithstanding all the canses of sickness and death among us, no one who remembers what the Lake country of New York once what Ohio has been, and what Indiana and Missouri now are, and at the same time knows the statistics of Liberia, will for a moment believe the mortality as great in the latter, as in the former. And while our country is not so bad as these have been, some of which are now considered as delightfully healthy as any part of the known world. why may we not calculate on a similar salubrity in this the home of the colored man? When
we shall have made progress in clearing land, cutting drains in some places, making roads, paths and farms, then may we look for health, prosperity, and a spirit of contented enjoyment of free institutions, not surpassed by any of the free States of the Union.
From your most obedient servant,
J. LAWRENCE DAY. To Hon. S. WILKESON, General Agent A. C. S.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.Itaffords us the highest gratification to present our readers with the following extracts from the message of the President of the United States, to Congress. The pleasure we feel in publishing these extracts is not lessened by knowing that it was from Liberia the facts were communicated which called them forth.
The recommendation to pass a law forbidding American citizens to trade with slavers, it is to be hoped will be cheerfully responded to by the Ame: rican Legislature. Such a law (if followed, as it would naturally be, by corresponding legislation on the part of England,) would more effectually embarrass the operation of the slave trade ihan all the efforts of the whole squadron of cruisers on this coast. It is the most glaring inconsistency for nations to declare the slave trade piracy and at the same time permit their flags to cover all the most important branches of that trade, except the mere transport of slaves. The opposition of the American Government having been less active than that of the English, her inconsistency has struck us less forcibly.
But we have often doubted the sincerity of the English Government in this business, when we have seen her cruisers and merchantmen side by side,--the one furnishing the slaver with means to carry on his trade, and the other training a long 32 pounder upon hapless Spaniard or Portuguese, who would fain participate in the profitable traffic.
What solemn mockery it is, to proclaim io the world her abhorrence of the slave trade, and to asfix severest penalties to a particular branch of it, in which her own subjects are not engaged, while she holds legitimate, and affords an armed protection to, all the other operations most essential to the existance of the trade.
It was not until recently that the humiliating fact of American participation in the slave trade, became known to the President; and his prompt and decisive efforts to prevent it are in the highest degree creditable to him as the Executive of the nation. Could our feeble voice be made to reach the Halls of Congress, we would call upon the assembled wisdom of the country by every consideration of national honor, and the dearest interests of humanity, to second those efforts, as they may most effectually do, by carrying out the suggestions of the Message.—Liberia Herald.
[Here follow the extracts from President Van Burer's Message, hereto fore published in the Repository.]
Thither, thither, let us go.-GOETHE, For several days past, the atmosphere of Monrovia has been the most delightfully fragrant, that we ever experienced in this or any other country. The sweei and agreeable gales of aroma which were wafted from the newly opered coffee flowers, and swrpt across the village upon every rising breeze, or gently gliding zephyr, was to us the sweetest breath that had ever visited our olfactories. Morning, noon and night, the milliferous perfume, filled every chamber and accessible aperture with such a sweet scent, as nature only can prepare, which art may not imitate, nor prose describe. This had scarcely passed away, before a new source, another full gushing lountain was opened; and the ambrosial breezes came again more sweetly than before. The latter are from the fresh blown blossoms of the orange, lemon, (or citron,) lime, and several kinds of aromatic gums. The fragrant odors are such as to make us more than realize all that we have read of " India's spicy groves," or the “ scented bowers in undis. covered seas."
In truth, while we are penning this article, the atmosphere is so sur. charged with odoriferous particles, as almost to overcome us; and we have heard several persons complaining of the same etherial distilment, at the same time evincing considerable “ aromatic pain.” Surely, at present,
""Poisonous tongue lurks in each breeze."
HORRORS OF THE SLAVE TRADE. CAPTURE OF A SLAVER with 375 NegroES ON BOARD.
1.-Latest accounts from Berbic, in the West Indies, state that great sensation had been experienced at the port, by the arrival of a slaver, a Portuguese built brig, called the Ocuas Fevereira, captured off the Brazilian coast, on the 16th February last, by her Majesty's brig Fawn, after a chase of eight hours.
The details from the log hook of the Fawn, as published in the Berbic Gazette, present a picture of horrible suffering almost without a parallel.
On the 19th of February, 1841, lat. 22 30, long. 40, west, Cacupos, on the coast of Brazil about 18 miles, observed a large brig standing in for the land, altered our course so as to cut her off if possible. On approach. ing she appeared not to have the least idea of our being a man-of-warallowed her to close within range of our 32 pounder-fired a gun over her, and another as quick as possible ahead-she then up with her helm, attempted to run, but appeared in great confusion.
We continued to throw the shot over, ahead, and astern of her, without intention of striking, as we were positive of slaves being on board ; after a short time she was increasing her distance; Lieut. - Foote then determined to put a shot into the hull, but with great regret on account of the unfortunate beings, on board. Shots were then thrown close under her stern twice-a third was about to be fired, when we observed her round to. In about twenty minutes we came up and boarded her. The slaves were all below with the hatches on; on turning them up a scene presented itself, enough to sicken the heart even of a Portuguese.
The living, the dying, and the dead, huddled together in one mass, Some unfortunates in the most disgusting state of small pox, in the confluent state, covered from head to foot, distressingly ill with ophthalmia, a few perfectly blind, others living skeletons, with difficulty crawled from below, unable to bear the weight of their miserable hodies. Mothers with young infants hanging at their breasts unable to give them a drop of nourishment. How they had brought them thus far appeared astonishing : all were perfectly naked. Their limhs were excoriated from lying on the hard plank for so long a period. On going below the stench was insupportable. How beings could breathe such an atmosphere, and live, appeared incredihle. Several were under the plank, which was called the deck, dying one dead.
We proceeded to Rio Janeiro with the prize. On the passage we lost 13, in the harbor 12, from small pox and debility-a number also died on board the recovery ship Crescent." After clearing the hold, and fumigating the brig, it was det»rmined by Mr. OUSLEY, the British Minister, 10 send the brig with a part of her cargo, for adjunction, to the nearest Colony under the command of Mr. G.JOHNSTEINE, mate of the Fawn. We sailed on the 19th of March with 180, well provided with medicines and direct. ions in what manner to use them. "Tapioca and linge juice were also provided.
Notwithstanding all the care that a small crew could bestow upon them, we unfortunately lost 20, chiefly froni the sçurvy and general debility. This unfortunate brig left Bahia forte on the coast of Bengueala with 510 negroes, and 13 days after, on her capture, she had but 375 !
UNPRECEDENTED CROWDING OF SLAVES.—By information received from the Havana it appears, that on the 29th of December last, the Spanish schooner Jesus Maria, alias Las Tres Hermanas, was captured by her Majesty's brig-of-war Ringdove, KEITH STEWART, Esq., Cominander, behind the point at the northwest of Santa Cruz (in latitude 17° 56' north, longitude 64° 55' west) south by west, at a distance of twelve miles, and having been taken to the Havana was there condemned in the mixed Commission Court on the 13th January following:
Mr. KENNEDY, the British Commissary Judge, certifies that the vessel was 34 tons British admeasurement, being in lengih 54 feet 6 inches, in breadth 16 feet two inches, in depth 6 feet 6 inches, and yet she had alive on board at the time of capture 252 slaves. If we mistake not, by the old law three slaves were allowed to two tons. By this calculation 51 would have been the proper freight for the vessel in question, but we find a surplus of no less than two hundred anil one ! --Frienil of Africa.
IMPORTANT MOVEMENT IN CUBA.—A number of the principal inhabitants of Havana, proprietors of agricultural estates, ħave petitioned the Captain General of the Island, to take prompt and effectual measures for the suppression of the African slave trade. They say also, that the two most respectable corporations in Havana, the illustrious “ Ayuntamento" and the Royal “ Junta de Formento,” coincide with them in opinion, and have addressed the Provisional Regency of the kingdom in accordance therewith. The principal reasons assigned for the suppression of the slave trade, are two. First, the apprehension that its continuance may lead the Ilome Government, through the importunity of England, to emancipate the slaves of Cuba. And secondly, that the recognition of the in dependence of Ilayti, by Great Britain, and the abolition of slavery in the British Colonies, expose Cuba to the appalling danger of a general insurrection of the negroes--danger which is constantly increased by the importation of slaves from Africa.
New YORK COLONIZATION SOCIETY.-From the 12th of May to the 12th of August, the contributions to the New York Colonization Society were three thousand seven hundred and twelve dollars and thirty cenis, (3,712 30.)
Washington City, September 1, 1841.
LATE FROM Liberia.-We have the pleasure of laying before our readers late intelligence from the Colony. We have room in this number only for a few short extracts from the very interesting despatches of Gov. Buchanan. We publish enough, however, to encourage the friends of Colonization, in view of the present prosperity of the young Republic, and to remind them that new zeal and enlarged efforts are demanded by the circumstances of the case.
Postage.—The Repository is chargable only with newspaper postage. It seems several Postinasters have been in the habit of considering it a pamphlet, and requiring postage accordingly. This is an error, and we hope none of our subscribers will be longer subjected to such an additional tax.
PAYMENTS.- We are in great need of money. Our engagements must be met. The demands on us are heavy. Every dollar due the Reposi- . tory and withheld, is so much kept back from the great cause of Colonization. We hope our friends will remember this. The sum which each individual owes is very small; and, therefore, many think it not worth
; while to be at the trouble of getting their Postmaster to send it on to us. But let them remember all these sums brought into one, would make a very large amount. There are now due on subscriptions to the Repository more than eight thousand dollars!!! Only to think of it! Money enough to fit out a whole expedition for
! Liberia! Reader, how much of it do
• Not much ; but some.'' It will not cost you any thing to get your Postmaster to send it on immediately. He will take pleasure in doing it, and you shall receive our sin'cere thanks. If you do not know exactly how much the amount is, be sure and send enough, and we will acknowledge the surplus as a donation to the great cause.
We have received the following from the General Agent of the Penn. sylvania State Colonization Society, which, though private, we take the liberty of publishing. It is one of the many evidences we are continually receiving of the increasing popularity of the cause in which we are engaged.
PhiladeLPHIA, August 23, 1841. Rev. WM. McLAIN:--
Dear Sir,- After leaving you at Washington, I spent the Sabbath in Philadelphia, and on Monday started on a tour to fulfil appointments previously made by me in the Upper Susquehanna Valley, hy our Society's warin friend the Rev. D. M. ILALLIDAY, of Danville. I have now com