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proffered, by both the commandant of the fort, and natives. There are quite a number who have put on, to a considerable degree, civilization, and desire the immediate location of a missionary. There are about twenty who can read well in the Bible, and understand enough of English to receive instruction without the aid of an interpreter. The greater part of this number have attended the fort school at Cape Coast, ani derived their knowledge of the language principally through that channel. They are so urgent in their call for a missionary, that they offer to assist largely in the erection of a mission house and chapel immediately. This point may be considered the most promising, in respect to immediate results, between Cape Palmas and Cape Coast, and ought to be at once occupied.
A school has been in operation for about a year, established by the Govenor of Cape Coast, and taught by a native of that place. If the circumstances of our mission would permit, I should deem it my duty to recommend its occupancy without delay. At Boutry, four miles, and Secondee, twenty miles from Dix Cove, are native settlements, with forts occupied by the Dutch, The population is sparse, having been reduced by repeated
About four years since, a bloody battle took place between the Dutch and natives, in which seven of the former, including the Governor General of their setilements on the Gold Coast, were killed. The distance from Secondee to Elmina is twenty miles. The latter is the capital of H. N. Majesty's possessions in Guinea, and boasts of the largest and best castle and fortifications on the Gold Coast. It is the oldest European settlement in Guinea, was begun by the Portuguese in 1471, and taken from them by the Dutch in 1638, in whose possession it has been from that time.
There have been at different periods several Europeans residing at this point, either connected with the Government or pursuing trade. Many fine buildings have been erected after the European style, by the merchants, who now are principally colored men. Educated at great expense in Europe, and strongly characterized by intelligence, some of the blackshave made considerable advances in external civilization. The houses are built in imitation of the whites, and not unfrequently furnished with mahogany, cut glass and silver. The strand is the finest on the coast, wharves, cranes, &c. for landing merchandise, with a good breakwater, and bridges have been constructed at considerable expense. The masonry, carpentry, and cabinet work of the place are done by the native blacks. Chairs with cane seats, tables, &c., of solid mahogany or other woods are to be seen in the vicinity of all the forts, the manufacture of the native African, uncivilized, and his scanty cloth. Bui long as this part of the Gold Coast has been in the hands of the Europeans, no change has been effected in their religion. The Fetish with all its concomitants seems to have as strong a hold upon the people as any other. The Governor, however, freely gives his consent to missionary effort anywhere within the Dutch territory, and has personally expressed his wishes for our success. Intelligence has been recently received from Holland, that a missionary will be sent out to this point under appointment from the Government; but it is probable nothing more is meant than the appointment of a chaplain, whose efforts will be circumscribed by the walls of the fort.
The Elminas are an integral part of the Fantee tribe, but having been so long under the Government of the Dutch, they necessarily present many points of difference from what are now called the Fantees proper, who are under that of the British.
The population of the native town is estimated at 12,000. Free intercourse is had with the interior tribes as far as the Dinkern and Ashantees, heyond whose limits travellers from the Western Coast are not permitted to penetrate.- Spirit of Missions.
We find the following description of Cape Palmas, and of the original purchase of the territory in the last number of the " Maryland Colonization Journal.” They are worth preserving as matters of history:
The next question that presented itself, was the selection of a site for a new Colony; and, after the most full and careful deliberation, the Board of Managers selected Cape Palmas, or its immediate vicinity. The coast of Africa, after pursuing a south-east direction from the Rio Grande, passing by Sierra Leone, Cape Mount, Monrovia, Grand Bassa and Cestos river, here turns to the east-northeast, towards Cape Three Points, the mouth of the Niger, and Fernando Po, in the Bight of Biafra. The return voyage from Cape Palmas to the United States or Europe, is at all times easy, the trade winds being constant and regular from the north west; but from the leeward or eastward, towards the mouth of the Niger, out of the reach of the trades, the prevalence of calms and currents, renders a return to the windward round Cape Palmas extremely long and tedious. The position of Cape Palmas alone, is therefore sufficient, to make it one day, a most important commercial depot. All the vessels, destined for the Niger, must pass by it on their way from Europe or America ; and the delay and uncertainty of a voyage to the east of it will, no doubt, in many cases, make it the place of deposite or exchange for European or American manufactures, the further transportation of which will either be, by land towards the interior, or by the coasting trade of the Colony to the great river of Central Africa.
On the 28th of November, 1833, the brig Ann, Capt. LANGDON, sailed from Baltimore, with a full cargo of goods and provisions, and eighteen emigrants, for Cape Palmas. The expedition was under the charge of Dr. James Hall, a gentleman whose experience in Africa admirably qualified him for his situation. The Rev. Joux Ilersey accompanied him as his assistant, and the Rev. Messrs. Williams and Wynkoop, agents of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, took passage in the Ann, with a view of ascertaining the fitness of Cape Palmas as a place for missionary labors. On the 25th of January, the Ann reached Monrovia, remained there ten days, taking on board thirty old settlers, nineteen of whom were adult males well acclimated. On the 5th of February, the brig reached Bassa, and receiving five more recuits, sailed on the 6th for the point of her ultimate destination. Dr. Hall had sent word to the kings of the vicinity of the purpose that brought him to Africa, and when he reached the Cape, which he did on the 11th of February, he found them prepared to treat with him. On the thirteenth a grand palaver or council was held, at which the only difficulty that presented itself grew out of Dr. Hall's refusal to make rum a part of the consideration of the proposed purchase. “ His master,” so he told the natives, “ did not send him there to give rum for their land. Rum made the black man a fool, and then the white man cheated him. He came as a friend to do them good —not as an enemy to hurt them.” Arguments like these, which he took care to have well explained by the head men of the towns who had been previously made to understand them, joined to the great desire of the natives that the Americans should be as one people with them, overcame the difficulties which at first threatened to break up the palaver, and the land was sold by the kings to the State Society, for a quantity of trade goods fully satisfactory to them, though perhaps small, when the ultimate and probable importance of the settlement was considered. The kings reserved to their people the use of their villages and fields, and stipulated that within a year a free public school should be established in each of the principal towns. The deed of cessionis dated on the 13th February, 1834, and is signed by PARMAH, king of Cape Palmas-WEAH Boleo, king of Grahway—and Baphro, king of Grand Cavally.
We are glad to see the statements made by Mr. King in the following letter. It shows good temper and intention on his part. We hope when he finds that the orders already issued for the government of their squadron on the coast of Africa, fail to prevent their committing disorderly acts, he will adopt some more vigorous and effective measures.
SEIZURES ON THE COAST OF Arrica.—The Salem Register publishes a correspondence between Mr. Isaac CHASE, American Consul at Cape Town, Africa, and R’ar Admiral King, Commander-in-Chief of the British naval forces on that station, relating to the treatment of Capt. Webb, of the Salem brig Cherokee, which was very roughly overhauled some time ago by a boat from the British brig Curlew, on the old suspicion of being engaged in the slave trade.
Mr. Chase forwarded a copy of Capt. WebB's statement to Rear Admiral King on the 20th March. The a'swer, which is all that could be wished or expected, we give below :
Simon's Bay, March 23, 1811.5 Sır : I have had the honor to receive to-day your letter of the 20th inst., with its enclosures, reporting the reprehensible conduct of an officer be. longing to her Majesty's brig Curlew, while boarding and examining the brig “ Cherokee,” under the flag of the United States, and feel extreme regret that any officer under my orders should have acted in the manner complained of by Mr. Webb. A strict investigation of the matter shall be made on the earliest opportunity; and, should I find the complaint established, I shall certainly inflict a severe reproof upon the offender, my instructions to the squadron on assuming this command being that every proper moderation and courtesy should be observed in performing the unpleasant duty of boarding the merchant vessels of friendly nations, and especially those of the United States.
It is gratifying for me to observe the temperate language used by Mr. Wees in his representation, and the friendly consideration you have expressed for Lieut. Ross, while bringing the subject under notice. I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,
E. D. KING,
Roar Admiral and Commander-in-Chief. The Mendian NEGROES.—The committee who have charge of those Africans have made application to the President of the United States for assistance in restoring them to their native country, They were under the impression that the President would deem the case a proper one for the exercise of national liberality if the laws would justify the Executive in such expenditure. The following is the President's reply:
DEPARTMENT OF State, ?
WASHINGTON, 16th October, 1841. Sir:-I am Instructed by the President to inform you, that he knows of no provision in the law to cover the case presented in your letter to the Secretary of State, of the 23d ultimo, and further, that there is no ship of war at present destined for the Coast of Africa.
“ The President regrets this state of things, as it deprives him of the pleasure which he would otherwise have in aiding the unfortunate Africans to return to their native country.
I have the honor to be,
Your obedient servant,
FLETCHER WEBSTER, Acting Secretary. LEWIS TAPPAN, Esq, New York.
The African mission is of, God. He has already stamped it with the sacred seal of his approbation, known and read of all men. Ethiopia is stretching out her hands to God. Two native towns have already embraced the Gospel ; and far into the interior the inquiry is waked up among the sable sons of Africa, yea, in the very depths of her forests, " What is this God-palaver which our brethren near the great water have heard ?" Deputations come and are convinced that the white man's God is the true God. They hear the simple story of the cross, and believe with a heart unto righteousness. Let her once stand “redeemed, regenerated disenthralled by the spirit of universal emancipation ;" let the manacles of spiritual thraldom be broken by the power of the Gospel, and let her Christianized and civilized population ask for her lost and captive tribes, here and elsewhere, and it is not in human nature to turn a deaf ear to the call.
We assure our friends that the African mission was never more promising than at this time; and but for the embarrassment of our treasury, the missionary Board would feel authorized greatly to enlarge it. Never since the apostolic days was there a fairer field opened to missionary labor. It often happens that our efforts have to be made where men and means seem to be useless for a time: but here the amount of good to be done can be estimated with almost arithmetical certainty, from the means we have at command. To say nothing of the readiness with which the adult population receive the glad tidings of salvation - the rising generation is given to us ; and if we can supply Christian schoolmasters we may teach the principles of Christianity to the youth without limitation, as far as we have yet ascertained the temper and disposition of the people. Meantime we have no want of men. The men are ready; the money only is wanting. They ask only food and raiment; yet to supply these the means are not at our command. 0, who can hear the cry from the depths of African desolation and not deny himself, that he may contribute something to wipe away the tears the bitter tears—of helpless Africa!- Advocate & Journal.
ACCIDENT AND DROWNING.-At Millsburg on the afternoon of Friday last, (4th inst.) as Mr. Harry Jones was crossing the St. Paul's river, in a canoe with two natives, the canoe capsized, but in water that was not over their heads. After collecting the things that were in the canoe, the native boys requested Mr. Jones to stand where he was until they caught the canoe, and returned to take him. Instead of doing so he undertook to swim to the shore with the things, and when within a few yards of the bank he went down to rise no more.
It is presumed that he must have been carried below the surface by an under current, which, now that the river is considerably swollen by the rains, would be likely to exist at the point where he disappeared. The body was found on Saturday afternoon. This man was the only surviving one of the three messengers who were sent to the blood thirsty Gay-TOOMBA, before the war. The others were horribly slain and eaten, we believe. Mr. J. while confined in the barricade was frequently led out, and the murderous axe held over his head. He at length escaped, wandered about in the woods in search of his path home; and at last arrived at Millsburg just in time to save him from death by starvation. Mr. J. was a consistent member of the M. E. Church at Millsburg.-- Liberia Herald.
Negroes in Canada.—An attempt has been made to induce the colored population of Canada to emigrate to Jamaica. The Montreal Courier computes that the number of negroes in Canada, who have escaped from slavery in the Southern States, is about twenty thousand.
THE AFRICAN REPOSITORY,
Published semi-monthly, at $i 50 in advance, when sent by mail
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Vol. XVIII.] WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 1, 1841. [No. 23.
SL A VERY.
House of Lords, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 1841. Lord Brougham said that he rose to call the attention of their Lordships to a subject of very great importance, and upon which, as there liappily existed no difference of opinion in that House or the other House of Parliament, and as there was, indeed, a singular unanimity in every part of the country on the subject, it would be the less necessary for him to trouble their Lordships at any very great length upon the present occasion. The subject was the slave trade and slavery. He believed that there did not exist any description of persons, either in Parliament or in the country, who did not entertain the strongest desire to see this most detestable traffic universally and immediately extinguished, and also to see the state of slavery itself as universally, and with all practicable expedition, extin. guished also. (Hear, hear.) The ground upon which he felt it necessary to trouble their Lordships upon the present occasion, was, that very great misapprehension had gone forth as to the state of the law respecting both slavery and the slave trade, as it at present stood upon the statue book. He presented a petition to their Lordships some ten or twelve days ago, which contained a variety of allegations in detail, and he distinctly stated at the time that the truth and accuracy of those allegations must rest with the respectable petitioners who requested him to bring the matter before the House. But, that if the facts they stated turned out to be true, it appeared that to a large amount the capital of this country was employed, not only in continuing slavery in foreign countries, but actually in main taining and upholding the slave trade in our own settlements. He deemed it expedient in going over the different statements to specify those facts which he understood from the best attention he could give the subject, to be contrary to the laws as at present existing—those which he considered of doubtful character, and those which were clearly not prohibited.
He would begin with those alleged to be done by British subjects. The law with regard to them was, that any British subject, in any part of the world, whether in a part where the slave trade was lawful or illegal, or in a part where the slave trade was not only allowed, but was encouraged by the laws of that country, engaging in or carrying on the slave-trade was guilty of felony—that the slave-trade if partaken in by that British subject was felony--that he was liable to transportation for life if that act of slave-trading was committed on the high seas or within the jurisdiction