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Contributions to the Pennsylvania Colonization Society, from Jan. 20th,
to Feb. 20th, 1841, inclusive.
10 00 Cash
5 00 Cash
5 00 Of W. H. Rind
10 00 Of C. P. Bayard, annual donation
5 00 Of Mr. Hinkle
5 00 O! Levi Dickson, donation
10 00 Of james Bayard
21 00 Total,
20th of Feb., 1841.
ricker, Abel Connor $5, Collections at Mt. Vernon $8 50–
139 96 196 27
stitute the pastor of their church a L. M. $36 25-East Wind-
222 98 322 98
10 00 New Jersey - William Rankin, Esq., of Newark, his 2d annual instalinent
the church, $10-received December 12, by inistake not ac-
20 00 120 00 Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, from the Rev. Calvin Colton, 4,000
copies of “ Colonization and Abolition contrasted,” with the
5 25 Report of donations of money received by F. Knight, during his
late tour collecting emigrants :
the late Thomas Hall, bequest for the expenses of twenty-
Col. J. McDowall Reid $10--Capt. Preston $i-Mr. Com:
Rev. Wm. Hainmersley a L. M. $34
Franklin Minor $5– Mrs. Louisa Meriwether $3, Mrs. Mary
E. P. Goodrich $5-Richard Walke $5-Col. Wm. Garnet $10— Walter H. Taylor $3_W. DeLacy $1–R. Chamberlain, Treasurer of the Norfolk Aux. Col. Soc. $3
Va.-The following donations were made by the citizens in useful
articles for the emigrants. Allyn & Robertson, hardware
$ 167 75
79 00 Collections by Rev. Chas. Cuinmins, agent--Mrs. Pauline Le
Grand, to constitute herself a L. M. $50-Capt. H. A. Wat.
$17 75 by the young Ladies of M. Venables' school, $1 by
125 96 1410 75 Tennessee - Received from the estate of the late Hugh Martin, of
Dandridge, bequest for the expenses often emigrants, through
500 00 North Carolina-Milton, Caswell county, to constitute the Rev. N. H. Harding a L. M., by liis congregation
-Smithfield $3 50—Baptist church in Raleigh $3 75–T.H.
118 81 154 81 Ohio-- Ladies of Springfield, through Hon. Mr. Mason
20 00 Mrs. Abbe B. James, Tr. of Urbana Female Colonization Soc.
255 00 275 00 Kentucky-Paris, H.C Hart, Esq., being his 10th annual instalment
Published semi-monthly, at $i 50 in advance, when sent by mail, or $2 00 if not paid
till after the expiration of six months, or when delivered to subscribers in cities.
DESPATCHES FROM LIBERIA. The Despatch of Governor BUCHANAN to the Chairman of the Executive Committee, which we give below, will be read with interest, and we trust will stimulate our friends to increased efforts, to enable us to carry forward our operations.
GOVERNMENT House, Y
MONROVIA, 13th Dec., 1840.) Dear Sir,—I am happy to inform you of the arrival of the bark Hobart, on the 24th ult., after an unusually long passage of fifty-seven days. For more than three monihs I had been looking daily for the Saluda, and had just heard that she had sailed from Philadelphia on the 28th August for this place. I was under the greatest anxiety, and scarcely dared hope she had not been lost, when the appearance of ber fine substitute, put an end to my apprelensions, and made me grateful and happy.
I give you many thanks for the cheering contents of yoúr various letters of July 3d, 7th, 17th, 30th, and 31st, of August 25th, and Sept. 26th. They were a full compensation for all I had suffered frons the suspense and anxiety of so long a silence, and afforded me renewed encouragement tờ persevere in the arduous duties of my most difficult station., Next to the grateful emotions inspired by the personal kindness exhibited in those communications, I am rejoiced by the intelligence they bring me of the increasing prosperity of the cause of Colonization ; and sincerely trust the day is now near at hand when this stupendous scheme of philanthropy will be fully established in the contidence and affections of the whole American people.
In conformity with your request, I shall endeavor to arrange my observa. tions under distinct heads; but if you find me mixing up different subjects before I get through, you must not be surprised. I have to write in such a hurry, and am exposed to so frequent interruptions, that it is very difficult to be methodical.
THE BARK AND HER CARGO. The arrival of the Bark happened in just my busiest season, when the civil and political year is drawing to a close, and accounts are to be brought úp, reports to be got in from the various settlements, official changes made, and business prepared for the approaching session of our Colonial Legislature. In the midst of these pressing duties, I have been unable to de
vote as much personal attention to the affairs of the Bark as I otherwise should have done. We have a quantity of produce at Little Bassa and the Kroo Country, which I shall use every exertion possible to have brought here before the forty days [the forty lay days of the Bark] shall have expireds but, as our Colonial vessels are busily cngaged, it is quite doubtful whether I succeed. Could the vessel have remained here six weeks longer, I think there would have been little difficulty in her getting a full cargo, by running down as far as Cape Palmas. As it is, the utmost that can be done will fall far short of your expectations. I need not say how much I regret this. It is always my ambition to meet all your wishes, and indeed to accomplish everything, whether expected or not, that lies within the compass of possibility. But, my dear gir, it is not possible to do what you require in this instance, and without intending to find fault, I must say I am surprised, after the repeated explanations I have given you on this point, at the extent of your expectations. For myself, when I consider the amount and kind of goods with which I have been furnished, and what I have accomplished in paying off old debis, fortifying, conducting wars, making improvements, and sustaining the Government, I am astonished, not that I have failed to send home full cargoes, but that I have sent anything at all.
It is easy to secure return cargoes, and to realize large profits from the African trade, if properly conducted, and suficient capital is employed; but to expect these results without the requisite facilities, time or means to accomplish them, in short, to expect from me, while my time is engrossed by other duties, and the funds supplied me are barely sufficient to ensure the proper discharge of those duties, is expecting too much. I consider trade not only honorable, but a most important agency in the work of civilizing this country; and there can be no reasonable objection to the Society engaging in it for the purpose of increasing her power to do good, provided, that in this pursuit she neglect not the more weighty considerations of duty and obligation. The great end of her existence must not be neglected, or compromised by the effort to obtain means for its accomplishment. The efficient adıninistration of the Government--the improvement of the Colony -the encouragement of agriculture and other branches of industry--the fustering of schools and institutions of religion, and even the judicious assistance of the industrious and deserving poor by timely loans, are the objects that should exercise the first care of your agents here, and to which a greater portion of your funds might be most profitably devoted. These objects, with the acquisition of territory, intercourse with the tribes, and the necessary preparations for the reception and settlement of emigrants, should ever be the peculiar concern of the Governor of the Colony ; and his time and thoughts should not be diverted froin them for any purpose whatever. It is only by a proper attention to these things that the true interests of Liberia can be advanced, and, as a necessary consequence, whatever tends to promote her prosperity, will, in the same ratio, give success and strength to the cause at home. But if, while these great ends receive the chief attention, the operations of trade can also be prosecuted to advantage, they ought not, surely, to be neglected. That they can be, by the employment of sufficient capital, and furnishing the requisite facilities, ihere is no doubt. You have only to send regular and well assorted cargoes of goods, supply us with one or two small vessels for coasters, and some good lighters, and I think you never need be disappointed of full returns of the productions of the country.
I trust you will not regard what I have here said concerning the relative importance of the duties which have been imposed upon me, as indicative
of a disposition to set up my opinion in opposition to the will of the Board. My only aim is to present my views for their benefit, and to vindicate myself in reference to those things in which I have not been able to meet their expectations. Acting without special instructions on many points, I may have applied more of their funds to the general purposes of my Administration, and less to those of trade, than they approve, as indeed seems to be the case from your letters.
While on this subject I will mention some changes I am making, which will better secure the objects you wish, while our expenses will be considerably lessened thereby :
THE STORES. Both here and at Grand Bassa I have stopped the retail business entirely, and have given strict orders to credit nothing. At the latter place I have made the still farther change of dismissing our storekeeper and employing him merely as a Commission Merchant. In future he will have no salary, and will be responsible for all the goods placed in his possession, making immediate returns when sold, and receiving the usual commissions, as other merchants in the Colony. After a careful consideration of the whole matter, I was induced to this measure from the following reasons : While we kept up the retailing business it was next to impossible to avoid crediting many poor persons who either bave, or fancy they have, claims upon the Society for assistance. Again, the profils amount to very little, when all the expenses peculiar to that branch of our business are taken into account. And the very articles most necessary to keep up an assortment, and which were invariably credited or paid out for labor, are the articles of readiest sale to the merchant (by wholesale) and produce the best payment in return. In casting about for an opportunity of retrenchment which would leave more capital available in the way of trade, it occurred to me that I might suspend some of our plans of improvement at Bassa for the present year, and thus dispense entirely with the services of Mr. Sheridan. He entered at once into my views, and agreed to do our business on con
commission, and at the same time to lend me his assistance from time to time as I might require in overseeing any jobs of work I might have on hand in that county during the season. However if the schooner you promise arrives soon, I shall be able . to be down there in person pretty frequently to supervise and push on our operations. I am trying to make some agreement to have the road continued by contract into the Camwood Country. Should there be many emigrants arriving next year, it may be necessary to employ Mr. Sheridan after my departure for America. He will give his attention to the erection of the school-house on the Island, and to the clearing and planting of the land. Should we have many emigrants to provision and take care of, our own articles can be served out under the immediate direction of a steward, subject to the supervision of the physician, without interfering at all with the present plan of trade.
Mr. Roberts will still continue in charge of the establishment at this place, and will superintend the general affairs of the farm, and all our trading here and elsewhere along the coast. He is a valuable man, and I find him of great service to me in our varied and extensive business.
IMPROVEMENTS. There are a great many important things under this head I had intended recommending, but as they are incompatible with the course to which my attention is more especially directed by your letter, of retrenchment and trade, I shall pass over them mostly.