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THE HASKELL ORIENTAL MUSEUM
JAMES HENRY BREASTED, Director
EDGAR JOHNSON GOODSPEED, Assistant Director
The Haskell Oriental Museum is a fireproof stone structure of three stories and basement, erected through the generosity of Mrs. Caroline E. Haskell by a gift of $100,000 as a memorial to her husband, Mr. Frederick Haskell. Besides the museum rooms on the first floor temporarily occupied as offices and auditoriums, and large library rooms on the top floor, it contains a series of spacious and well-lighted rooms for the installation and exhibition of museum materials on the second floor. All classes in the study of the hither Orient, as well as those of the Divinity School, meet in this building.
The collections occupy chiefly the second floor. They embrace the following:
THE BIBLICAL COLLECTION
includes relief maps, wall maps, and the materials furnished by the Palestine Exploration Fund; casts of the accessible monuments, like the Moabite stone, the Siloam inscription, the Greek tablet from the temple mount, etc.; a series of over nine hundred oriental photographs of Palestine and countries of the eastern Mediterranean basin. As rapidly as possible, original matter illustrative of oriental life, ancient and modern, is being collected and installed.
THE COMPARATIVE-RELIGION COLLECTION
The Department of Comparative Religion has a large loan collection of cultus-implements illustrative of Japanese Shinto and Buddhism, and of Hinduism, made, during a long residence in the East, by Dr. Edmund Buckley. The chief characteristic of the collection is its inclusion of the smaller cultusimplements, which are usually neglected in favor of more artistically effective idols. This Shinto collection is both complete and unique. The Musée Guimet at Paris, and the Pitt-Rivers Museum at Oxford, each contains only a few Shinto articles, while no other, except possibly the Leiden Museum, contains any at all. The entire collection numbers about four hundred articles. Six antique Indian paintings from Calcutta were given by Mr. Martin A. Ryerson.
THE ASSYRIAN COLLECTION
is made up of a series of casts, including the better known monuments of Assyria, chiefly from originals in the British Museum. The material is comprehensive enough for the student to learn the reading of texts from the monuments and tablets themselves, as well as to illustrate the principles of Assyrian art. The Museum has also a collection of tablets and original documents numbering about one thousand.
THE EGYPTIAN COLLECTION
This is the largest collection in the Museum, embracing nearly nine thou sand original monuments, either written or material documents, from all the great epochs of Egyptian history and archæology. They have come chiefly from the excavations of Petrie, Quibell, and Naville, besides a collection made in the Nile valley for the University by the Director in 1894-5. Most notable
is the entire series of ancient oriental weights collected by the Egypt Exploration Fund, embracing about two thousand specimens of great beauty in basalt, syenite, limestone, bronze, etc. They are mostly Egyptian, but a large percentage is also Assyrian, Phoenician, and Greek. They come chiefly from Naukratis and Defenneh.
The Museum is in constant connection with the field, and receives accessions from the excavations of each winter in Egypt.
A large series of casts, especially bas-reliefs from the Old Empire, well represent the monumental materials in the foreign museums. Beside these, the Museum possesses a collection of photographs, nearly twelve hundred in number, illustrating Egypt and its remains still in situ, as well as the chief antiquities of the museums of Gizeh, Berlin, London, Paris, Florence, and the Bibliothèque Nationale.
THE ORIENTAL EXPLORATION FUND
ROBERT FRANCIS HARPER, General Director and Director for Assyro-Babylonia. JAMES HENRY BREASTED, Director for Egypt.
JAMES RICHARD JEWETT, Director for Syria and Palestine.
IRA MAURICE PRICE, Secretary.
CHARLES L. HUTCHINSON, Treasurer.
This enterprise was organized by the University of Chicago in 1903, and a substantial gift of money by one of the University's friends in July, of that year, rendered certain the continuance of the work for at least ten years. The Fund dispatched an expedition which conducted excavations in Babylonia at Bismya (ancient Adab) for two seasons (1903-5). In 1905 the work was transferred to Egypt, where in two seasons (1905-7) an epigraphic survey of Nubia, about 1,000 miles of Nile Valley, was carried out.
THE HULL BIOLOGICAL LABORATORIES
CHARLES OTIS WHITMAN, Director of the Zoological Laboratory.
Director of the Anatomical Laboratory.
JOHN MERLE COULTER, Director of the Botanical Laboratory.
On December 14, 1895, Miss Helen Culver, of the city of Chicago, presented the University of Chicago with property valued at one million dollars. The purpose of the gift is indicated by the donor as follows: "The whole gift shall be devoted to the increase and spread of knowledge within the field of the biological sciences. By this I mean to provide: (1) That the gift shall develop the work now represented in the several biological departments of the University of Chicago, by the expansion of their present resources. (2) That it shall be applied in part to an inland experimental station, and to a marine biological laboratory. (3) That a portion of the instruction supported by this gift shall take the form of University extension lectures to be delivered by recognized authorities at suitable points on the west side of Chicago. These
lectures shall communicate, in form as free from technicalities as possible, the results of biological research. One purpose of these lectures shall be to make public the advances of science in sanitation and hygiene.
"To secure the above ends a portion not to exceed one-half the capital sum thus given may be used for the purchase of land, for equipment, and for the erection of buildings. The remainder, or not less than one-half the capital sum, shall be invested, and the income therefrom shall constitute a fund for the support of research, instruction, and publication."
From this fund there have been erected, at the north end of the University grounds, four buildings to serve as laboratories for the Anatomical, Botanical, Physiological, and Zoological Sciences. Medical instruction is given in the Anatomical, Physiological, and Zoological Laboratories.
THE ZOOLOGICAL LABORATORY
The Zoological Laboratory is 120 by 50 feet, and four stories high, exclusive of the basement. On the first floor are located the library of the biological departments, a synoptical museum, a large laboratory for elementary Zoology, and a laboratory for research work in Pathology. The second floor contains one large laboratory for beginners in research, and a number of smaller laboratories for more advanced work. The third floor contains three large laboratories for comparative Anatomy and Embryology, and a number of rooms for research. The fourth floor is devoted to the laboratories of Bacteriology, which are supplied with sterilizers, incubators, special microscopes, and other bacteriological apparatus, and are furnished with tables for microscopical work and for the usual laboratory manipulations. The basement contains one large room with glass-covered extension on the south side, designed for an aquarium; two rooms for use as aviaries, vivaria, etc.; one room for paleontological material; and one for taxidermy and museum purposes. The best optical and other apparatus demanded by zoological work are provided. There are series of models and charts illustrating embryological and morphological subjects, and ample facilities for keeping land and aquatic animals under favorable conditions for study. A greenhouse for experimental work in breeding of insects and other invertebrates has recently been erected.
THE ANATOMICAL LABORATORY
The Anatomical Laboratory is 120 by 50 feet, and four stories high, exclusive of the basement and attic, and was constructed to provide for Anatomy, both gross and microscopic, including Neurology. In the basement are an aquarium room, a workshop, a storage room for anatomical material, and a crematory. The first floor is occupied by three large laboratories for microscopic work (Histology, Microscopic Anatomy, Neurology, and Pathology), a large photographic room containing a stone pier and connected with a darkroom, and two laboratories for Experimental Pathology. On the second floor there are an additional room for general class work in microscopic branches, a lecture-room, and a chemical laboratory. Here, too, are located the laboratories of the staff in Neurology and a laboratory for advanced work and original research in Neurology. On the third and fourth floors are situated the dissecting-rooms for Human Anatomy, the private laboratories for instructors, a study-room, and two laboratories for research. In the attic there is a well
lighted operating room adjoining a large animal room; in addition, several storerooms are situated here. The laboratories are well equipped for work in gross and microscopic Anatomy and in Pathology, and especial facilities are afforded for advanced work and original research.
THE PHYSIOLOGICAL LABORATORY
The Physiological Laboratory is 102 by 52 feet and four stories high, exclusive of the basement and attic. The basement contains an aquarium room, an animal room, dark-room, and storerooms. It is connected with the greenhouse of the laboratory. The first floor contains general laboratories for beginners, a shop, a storeroom, a lecture-room, and a photographic room. The second floor contains a large lecture-room with preparation room and storeroom, an optical room, two dark-rooms, and private laboratories. The third floor contains three laboratories for advanced workers in Physiology, a laboratory for research in Physiological Chemistry and Pharmacology, a balance-room, a smaller room for work in Physiological Chemistry and Pharmacology, and one room for work in Experimental Therapeutics. The fourth floor contains two rooms with cages for animals and two operating rooms and, in addition, two laboratories for work in Physiological Chemistry and Pharmacology. The laboratories are well equipped both for general instruction in Physiology, Physiological Chemistry, and Pharmacology, and for advanced and research work in these sciences.
THE BOTANICAL LABORATORY
The Botanical Laboratory is a building 102 by 52 feet, four stories high, with basement, and roof greenhouse. The basement contains rooms for the preparation of material, and for general storage. The first floor contains the general lecture-hall, one general laboratory for elementary work, offices, and the general storerooms of the Biological Departments. The second floor contains two laboratories for work in the morphology of seed plants, seven private research-rooms, two offices, and a clubroom. The third floor is arranged for work in the morphology of cryptogams, and in ecology, containing three laboratories, two offices, and seven private research-rooms. The fourth floor is used for plant physiology, with two general laboratories, accommodating thirty-two students, photographic and physiological darkrooms, workshop, two research-rooms, and a storeroom. The roof greenhouse is intended for experimental work in connection with the physiological laboratories. It also serves to furnish material for the morphological laboratories. A limited amount of ground for experimental work has been secured, and two green-houses (3,200 square feet) have been erected.
THE UNIVERSITY PRESS1
ORGANIZATION AND SCOPE
The University Press constitutes one of the five Divisions of the University. It is organized primarily to print and publish scientific and educational books, monographs, and journals, the scope of its activities being defined by a constitution adopted by the Board of Trustees. In general, the lines of its
work are as follows: manufacturing and publishing books and journals; retailing textbooks and supplies; and purchasing books for the libraries and supplies for the departments of the University. The management of the Press is in the hands of a Director appointed by the Board of Trustees, while the general administration is in charge of a Board appointed by the Trustees from members of the Faculties.
The manufacturing plant is equipped to do all kinds of printing and bookmaking. In the composing-room, apart from the common fonts of book and job type for hand composition, Lanston monotype and Mergenthaler linotype machines are employed. Assortments of accents, mathematical and astronomical signs, and fonts of Greek, Syriac, Arabic, Hebrew, and Ethiopic type are a part of the mechanical equipment. A completely equipped stereotyping foundry is also maintained. The press-rooms contain job and cylinder presses, and the bindery is equipped with the necessary machinery for the production of first-class book work.
The scope of the Publication Department includes the business management of the various departmental journals, the publication of books and pamphlets, and the distribution of all official documents of the University. A catalogue gives detailed information regarding all publications. The list of book titles now numbers about 350, and fourteen journals are regularly issued. Many important publications have been issued as departmental series. Among these may be mentioned: Contributions to Education; Historical and Linguistic Studies in Literature Related to the New Testament; Economic Studies; Bulletins of Anthropology; Contributions from Walker Museum; Bulletins of the Yerkes Observatory; the Decennial Publications; and Constructive Bible Studies, a series of biblical textbooks for Sunday schools, academies, and colleges.
The journals published by the University Press are as follows:
The Biblical World, monthly.
The School Review, monthly except July and August.
The Elementary School Teacher, monthly except July and August.
The Astrophysical Journal, monthly except February and August.
1 For the Board of the University Press, see p. 84.