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3 hrs., second half-year. Tu Th S, 9. Prerequisite: Course 3
and one course in English History, 7. Modern Industrialism. (G.E.)
Professor MILLER. A descriptive and interpretative account of the rise of the modern
industrial system, especially as affected by the Industrial Revolution. The workings of competition in the nineteenth century and the recent tendency toward the formation of industrial
monopolies will receive particular attention. 3 hrs., first half-year. MW F, 9. Prerequisite: Courses 13 and 2. 8. Banking.
Assistant Professor MITCHELL. Intended primarily to give men who expect to engage in business
such general knowledge of banking as will best prepare them
for their profession. 3 hrs., first half-year. MW F, 2. Prerequisite: Courses 1B
and 2. 8B. Money.
Assistant Professor MITCHELL. A study of the economic problems centering around the monetary
system. 3 hrs., second half-year. MWF, 10. Prerequisite : Course 8. 9. Public Finance-Taxation. (G.E.) Associate Professor PLEHN. T'he theory and methods of taxation, illustrated by the experience
of various nations; the expenditure and administration of public funds; public debts. Especial attention will be paid to taxation
in California. 3 hrs., first half-year. MWF, 1. Prerequisite: Course 1B. 10. Statistics. (G.E.)
Associate Professor PLEHN. The history, theory, and methods of statistics. The collection,
analysis, and presentation of statistical data relating to economics and kindred sciences. Practice in the use of mechanical, graphical, and other devices, and apparatus for tabulation,
computation and analysis. 3 hrs., throughout the year, including one laboratory period. Tu
Th, 11, and a laboratory period to be arranged. Prerequisite: Courses 1B; Mathematics 20A must be taken in conjunction with this course. The special consent of the instructor is also
necessary. 11. Insurance. (G.E.)
Mr. WHITNEY. An account of the history, principles and problems of Insurance,
particularly of Life-insurance and of Fire-insurance; a special study of the mathematical principles involved in actuarial
science, with practice in the computation and use of tables. 3 hrs., second half-year. MWF, 2. Prerequisite: Mathe
12. Industrial and Commercial Development of the United States. (G.E.)
Mr. HUTCHINSON. A study of the economic growth of the United States during the
nineteenth century. The object is to give the student an understanding of causes which have brought the country to its present position among the nations of the world, and a basis for discus
sion of the leading commercial problems of to-day. 3 hrs., first half-year. Tu Th 5, 9. Prerequisite: At least
Sophomore standing, Course 3, and one course in American
12A. History of Economic Science. (G.E.)
Associate Professor PLEHN. A critical review of the leading systems of economic thought since
the sixteenth century. 2 hrs., first half-year. Tu Th, 10. Prerequisite: Courses 1B and
2, and at least Junior standing.
13a. Problems of Labor. (G.E.) Assistant Professor MITCHELL. The position of wage-earners in the economic organization of
to-day. 3 hrs., second half-year. M W F, 3. Prerequisite: Courses 1B
and 2, and at least Junior standing.
14. Accounting and Corporation Finance. (G.E.)
Associate Professor PLEHN. The principles of accounting and credit as illustrated by the
methods of large corporations and of the government; a study of negotiable securities, and a critical examination of bank statements, railroad accounts, and available corporation (and
trust”) accounts. 2 hrs., second half-year. Prerequisite: Courses 13 and 2.
15. Financial History of the United States. (G.E.)
Professor MILLER. A detailed study of the legislation and experience of the United
States touching currency, banking, debt, taxation, expenditure, etc. The work will be based, as far as possible, on first-hand examination of sources.
3 hrs., first half-year.
M W F,
10. and 2, and at least Junior standing.
16A. Railway Transportation. (G.E.)
Professor MILLER. An examination of the chief financial and economic questions which
arise in railway organization and management, embracing such topics as capitalization, speculation, and accounting, rate
making, competition, pooling, consolidation, etc. 2 hrs., second half-year. Tu Th, 9. Prerequisite: Courses 1B
and 2, and at least Junior standing.
18. Methods of Modern Charities and Corrections: Theoretical.
Assistant Professor MOORE. Studies in the administration of poor relief, the treatment of
delinquents and defectives. Readings and lectures. 2 hrs., first half-year. Tu Th, 2. Prerequisite: Course 1B and
Philosophy 2. Class to be limited at the discretion of the instructor.
19. Methods of Modern Charities and Corrections: Investigation.
Assistant Professor MOORE. Invesgtigation and field work to be done in part in connection with
the Associated Charities of San Francisco and Oakland.
2 hrs., second half-year.
Tu Th., 2. Prerequisite: Course 18.
23. Industrial Processes.
Dr. LITMAN. The development and present condition of leading modern indus
tries as affected by inventions and other recent economic
changes; emphasis will be laid on the technical processes. 3 hrs., first half-year. M W F, 10. Prerequisite: Course 1B.
24. Technique of Trade.
Dr. LITMAN. The systems of weights, measures and moneys in different countries;
the significance of price quotations and of the terms used in connection with sales in the different markets of the world; the meaning and determination of standards and grades as to quality; the forms and significance of invoices, bills of lading, warehouse receipts, consular certificates and other business documents relating to trade. The organization of trade and the
devices used by governments and individuals to promote trade. 2 hrs., throughout the year. Tu Th, 2. Prerequisite: Course 1B.
30. Economic Position of the Great Powers. (G.E.)
Mr. HUTCHINSON. A comparative study of the commercial and industrial position of
the leading nations, with particular reference to the countries
of Europe. 2 hrs., first half-year. Tu Th, 11. Prerequisite: Course 3, at
least Junior standing, and ability to use French and German statistical publications; consent of instructor must be obtained before enrollment.
31. The Consular Service. (G.E.)
Mr. HUTCHINSON. A brief history of the consular service, followed by a technical study
of the training and duties of consuls and the practice of the
leading commercial nations in regard to appointments, etc. 2 hrs., second half-year. Tu Th, 11. Prerequisite: At least
Junior standing; the consent of the instructor must be obtained before enrollment.
35. Tariff Policies. (G.E.)
Dr. LITMAN. Tariff history of leading countries; existing commercial treaties;
detailed study of the customs-tariff regulations of the United
States and other countries. 3 hrs., first half-year. MWF, 9. Prerequisite: Course 1B.
36. Modern Colonial Economics. (G.E.)
Dr. LITMAN. The principal commercial and industrial problems which arise in
connection with colonial conditions, as illustrated by the expe
rience of the leading colonizing nations. 3 hrs., second half-year. M W F, 9. Prerequisite: Courses 1B
37. Communication and Transportation.
Dr. LITMAN. Modern means of communication in the service of bus ess, such as
the Post, the Telegraph, the Telephone, Trade Journals, etc. The facilities for transportation, other than railroads, studied
from an economic and technical point of view. 3 hrs., second half-year. M W F, 10. Prerequisite : Course 1B.
38. Commercial Resources of the Spanish-American Countries. (G.E.)
Mr. HUTCHINSON. Detailed study of the geography, natural resources, and possibilities
of development of these countries, devoting a year to each. In 1903–04 the Argentine Republic will be studied. Particular attention is given to commercial relations with the United
States. 2 hrs., throughout the year. Hours to be arranged. Open only to
graduate students who satisfy the instructor of their preparation for the work.
40. Economic Origins. (G.E.) Assistant Professor MITCHELL. An investigation of the origin and early development of funda
mental economic customs and institutions. 2 hrs., first half-year. Tu Th, 10. Prerequisite: Courses 1a, 1B
41. Socialism. (G.E.)
Professor MILLER. A review of modern socialistic thought with some consideration of
its bearing on the proper conception of the problem of social
organization. 2 hrs., first half-year. Tu Th, 9. Prerequisite: Courses 1B and
2, and at least Junior standing.
45. Advanced Economics. (G.E.)
Professor MILLER. This course is designed for students who wish to make a more
thorough study of economic theory than can be undertaken in Courses 13 and 2. The aim is to work out a tenable system of economics on the basis of an examination of the theories of
leading writers, past and present. 3 hrs., second half-year. MWF, 10. Prerequisite: Courses le,
and 2, and at least Senior standing.
26. Seminary in Economics.
Professor MILLER. Under this head are included arrangements for the guidance of the
work of individual students, or groups of students, competent to engage in economic research. The results will be presented to the seminary for discussion as occasion may suggest. The
runs throughout the year, and credit will be given according to work done.
Commerce of China and Japan. [See Oriental Languages 1a.]
Professor FRYER. Economic Botany. [See Botany 14.]
Mr. H. M. HALL. Organization of the Irrigation Industry. [See Irrigation 1.]