Religion on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents

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ABC-CLIO, 2004 - 329 strani

From colonial times to the present, an insightful examination of how courts have determined the extent to which religion is accommodated in American public life.


From the internationally renowned Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925, which pitted a public school teacher arrested for teaching evolution against the state of Tennessee, Religion on Trial chronicles key court cases that have shaped the tumultuous relationship between church and state throughout U.S. history.

This volume chronicles such groundbreaking cases as the 1991 decision ordering blood transfusions for children of Christian Scientists in Norwood Hospital v. Munoz and the infamous case, Engel v. Vitale, that banned prayer in schools and ignited calls for Chief Justice Earl Warren's impeachment. The work addresses such inflammatory contemporary disputes as prayer in schools, allegiance to the flag, and the display of religious symbols on public property, and the impact they have had on American society.


  • A-Z entries cover people, laws, events, and concepts that have shaped the legal debate over religion in the United States
  • A chronology begins in colonial times and extends through the present, with a special focus on important court cases of the 20th century

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Stran 198 - Virginia do enact that no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or burthened in his body or goods, or shall otherwise suffer, on account of his religious opinions or belief ; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.
Stran 198 - That religion or the duty which we owe to our Creator, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence ; and, therefore, all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience ; and that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian forbearance, love and charity towards each other.
Stran 169 - MR. CHIEF JUSTICE BURGER delivered the opinion of the Court. We granted certiorari in this case to...
Stran 86 - By the time of the adoption of the Constitution, our history shows that there was a widespread awareness among many Americans of the dangers of a union of Church and State. These people knew, some of them from bitter personal experience, that one of the greatest dangers to the freedom of the individual to worship in his own way lay in the Government's placing its official stamp of approval upon one particular kind of prayer or one particular form of religious services.
Stran 217 - No sectarian instruction shall be allowed in any school or institution supported in whole or in part by the public funds set apart for educational purposes...
Stran 147 - Neither a state nor the Federal Government can set up a church. Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion over another.
Stran 152 - Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

O avtorju (2004)

James John Jurinski is a law instructor at the University of Portland, Portland, OR. He is the author of ABC-CLIO's Religion in the Schools: A Reference Handbook and Tax Reform: A Reference Handbook.

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