Religion on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents
ABC-CLIO, 2004 - 329 strani
From colonial times to the present, an insightful examination of how courts have determined the extent to which religion is accommodated in American public life.
This volume chronicles such groundbreaking cases as the 1991 decision ordering blood transfusions for children of Christian Scientists in Norwood Hospital v. Munoz and the infamous case, Engel v. Vitale, that banned prayer in schools and ignited calls for Chief Justice Earl Warren's impeachment. The work addresses such inflammatory contemporary disputes as prayer in schools, allegiance to the flag, and the display of religious symbols on public property, and the impact they have had on American society.
Zadetki 1–5 od 84
The first half of this amendment is called the Establishment Clause, and guarantees that the government will not create an “established” church. The second half, called the Free Exercise Clause, prohibits the government from enacting ...
Taken literally, the first clause may appear only to limit the establishment of an “official” church. However, the courts have held that any favoritism on the part of the government can be a violation of the Establishment Clause.
Some argue that any support of a religious holiday is a violation of the strict separation of church and state required by the Establishment Clause. Others argue that public support is a harmless traditional accommodation of religion.
Although this concept is familiar to the modern mind, it ran against established thinking at the time. ... Augustine's duality—the separation of spiritual and political power—remains an underlying tenet in church-state relations to this ...
Constantine had founded a new imperial capital, Constantinople, on the Bosporus. ... The Christian Church too had split, with the Bishop of Rome recognized as the unofficial head of Christendom in Europe while the patriarchs presided ...