Religion on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents
ABC-CLIO, 2004 - 329 strani
From colonial times to the present, an insightful examination of how courts have determined the extent to which religion is accommodated in American public life.
This volume chronicles such groundbreaking cases as the 1991 decision ordering blood transfusions for children of Christian Scientists in Norwood Hospital v. Munoz and the infamous case, Engel v. Vitale, that banned prayer in schools and ignited calls for Chief Justice Earl Warren's impeachment. The work addresses such inflammatory contemporary disputes as prayer in schools, allegiance to the flag, and the display of religious symbols on public property, and the impact they have had on American society.
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Most of the cases in Chapter 3 generated not only majority court opinions but also dissenting opinions showing that judges and Supreme Court justices—like other Americans—do not always agree on how these issues should be re- solved.
This opinion was written in connection with an order granted by a U.S. Court of Appeals judge allowing a hospital to administer blood transfusions to save the life of a patient. The patient and her husband had refused to give permission ...
Although federal judges are appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate, and the funds for the operation of the courts are appropriated by Congress, the independence of the U.S. courts is provided for in ...
The Constitution provides that the compensation of federal judges “shall not be diminished during their Continuance ... (the head of the executive branch) nor Congress (the legislative branch) may reduce the salary of a federal judge.
Generally the defendant has the option of having the case heard by a judge or jury. When there is both a jury and a judge, the jury is called upon to decide the facts and the judge must then apply the law to those facts.