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Argentine, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay-Egypt-Siam-Burma-Ceylon
THE UNITED STATES BEFORE 1917
General considerations-The appointment of Police Matrons-
THE UNITED STATES FROM 1917 TO 1922
The Commissions of the War and Navy Departments on Training
THE UNITED STATES SINCE 1922
General Statistics; Boston; Chicago; Cleveland; Detroit........ 118
THE UNITED STATES SINCE 1922 (Continued)
New York City; Portland, Oregon; St. Louis; Washington, D.C.;
THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF POLICEWOMEN.... 191
COMMUNITY PROBLEMS AND THE POLICE
Legitimate police functions-Program of protective and preventive social measures-Public agencies-Private agencies-The Police Department-Women police....
PROGRAM OF WORK
General Considerations-British Opinion Opinion_in_the_United States-Present tendencies in Program of Work: The Information Service-The Patrol Service: general background, supervision of public conduct, "subway mashers," commercialized prostitution, procurers, traffic in women and children, shoplifting, résumé of patrol service-Investigation Service: missing persons-Court Service: attendance in court, relation of court to probation-Detention Service-Paper Work -Résumé.....
FORM OF ORGANIZATION-TYPE OF WOMEN-
Forms of organization already tried-British practice United
TRAINING AND TRAINING SCHOOLS
The United States: University of California, Boston School of Pub-
APPENDIX I-Statistics of Cities in the United States.......... 283
APPENDIX II-Typical Civil Service Examinations for Women
This history is an authentic record of the policewoman's service since its inception in this and foreign countries. It is a book of value to those seeking actual facts on this service, and is uncolored by personalities and their individual opinions. It should help to formulate a uniform program for policewomen in all police departments-uniform so far as technique and principles are concerned; the details of organization must be always in harmony with local needs and with the police departments in which policewomen find themselves.
Many police departments now have Women's Bureaus, or are contemplating their establishment. They employ policewomen singly or in groups varying in number. Where Bureaus exist and function properly they are acting as a socializing agency to the whole police force, resulting in a better and more intelligent attitude on the part of policemen toward men, women and children requiring their attention.
This social influence which penetrates the police service in general also affects the attitudes of judges and prosecutors trained in the individualistic, unsocial theory of a legal system which seldom takes
into account the conservation and protection of social interests. Policewomen by use of the social method and modern clinical facilities for study and treatment of individual cases can suggest to the courts means for guidance and proper care of those who come to their attention. By insisting upon the social protection of women, children and the community, rather than upon the vindication of "rights" which are presumed to inhere in the individual and the state, they are introducing into the administration of criminal justice a social viewpoint which should influence a change of attitude on the part of the courts and the public toward those accused of delinquency and crime.
It has been my privilege to visit most of the large and many of the small cities where women are employed in police departments in this and foreign countries. I have interviewed mayors, police commissioners, police chiefs and hundreds of men in the ranks as to their views on the service of policewomen. Where good qualified women are employed no opposition to the service exists and there is endorsement of and pride in their work as well as enthusiasm in recommending the service to other communities. Opposition is unavoidable where women of easy familiar habits find their way into departments either through political or other influence, and who, unable to do the work required, try to cover up their ignorance by maudlin sentimentality in dealing with persons coming under their control. Vulgar, uneducated, untrained police