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again rejected. A suspension of the smallness of which made its arms was then solicited, and grant- miseries still more sensibly felt ed. Next day, a hurricane occurred than in the larger states, the cam. which so swelled the river and paign of the present year gave the lakes, as to destroy the redoubts victory to the party who, taking and intrenchments of the Mexicans, their names from the city of St. and to place the men in consider- Salvador, had long been strug. able danger. The Spaniards, suf- gling to drive their adversaries fering equally from its violence, from the capital. On the 31st abandoned the fort at the bar, and of January, the San Salvadorians, betook themselves to the woods to with an army of about 3000 men, escape from the fury of the storm. commanded by general Morazan, Santa Ana immediately marched to formed the siege of Guatemala, take possession of the fort; but, occupying three different stations the storm having ceased, the a mile distant from the wall. The Spaniards had re-entered it. The siege continued for more than two fort was then attacked, and, in a months, in the course of which short time, the first line of entrench- time numerous small engagements ments was carried. Night coming took place, and sallies were made. on, further operations were sus- Success was generally on the side pended; but the Mexicans retained of the assailants, who thus gra. the position they had gained. At dually brought their works nearer sunrise, on the following day, the and nearer to the town. On the 11th of September, when the 9th of April they attacked and Mexicans were preparing to renew
carried the suburbs. From thence the assault, the Spaniards capitu- they opened batteries upon the lated. By the terms granted to town, and after a bombardment of them, they were to deliver up their three days, it surrendered by capiarms, ammunition, and standards, tulation, on the 13th of April
. with.the exception that the officers Morazan assumed the administrawere to be allowed to retain their tion of the government, till Conswords. The officers and men were gress should be convoked. His to march to the city of Victoria, - first act was to commit to prison the and there to remain, till transports president, and vice-president, the should be provided to convey them minister of state of the confederto Cuba ; and they, as well as ation, and about eighty other per- their commander, were to give their sons, the most distinguished memsolemn promise, never to return, or
bers of the defeated party. Conto take up arms against the Mexican gress assembled in the month of republic. Tampico and its forts June ; it elected Don Joze Franwere given up on the two follow- cisco Barundia to be provisional ing days, and Santa Ana returned president, and compelled him to in triumph to Vera Cruz having accept of the office, though he had achieved a victory which confirmed the good sense repeatedly to dethe irregularly and newly-ac- cline it. The case of the imprisonquired power of his party.
ed members of the late government
being next taken into consideraIn GUATEMALA, or the republic tion, Congress passed an act deof Central America, where civil war claring that they had been guilty continued torage within a territory, of high treason. Most of them,
however, were allowed to avoid a even when despotic master of the trial by voluntary expatriation, and capital as a conqueror, requested the sacrifice of a third part of their re-inforcements from Salvador to fortunes to the new rulers. In no enforce measures of local adminisquarter even of South America, tration, called for by “the state of where every state seemed to have demoralization to which Guatemala been sown with the dragon's teeth, had been reduced by civil war.”could they expect to find less tran- Amid such scenes national credit quillity, or to enjoy in a lower could have no existence. Guatedegree the comforts which spring mala had been able to negociate a from a stable government, and a loan in the English market; it well ordered frame of society. In amounted only to 160,000l. ; the this small territory, the devasta- interest even of this small debt tions of war, and the siege of the had already fallen into arrear, and capital, had reduced many opulent the interest of the present year, families to beggary, had put to too, was allowed to lie over unpaid. fight all manufacturing industry The financial transactions of goand commercial intercourse, had vernments, since borrowing first annihilated all the restraints of law, began, present no instance of a and had fostered habitual excesses national bankruptcy on so small a of crime and oppression. Morazan, scale.
VALSE IMPRISONMENT. to have more time for getting in
-GuildHALL, Jan. 8.—Bas- the monies than was usually alham v. Sir William Lumley.—Sir lowed by the select vestry. That James Scarlett stated the plaintiff's body held a meeting on the 1st of
The plaintiff was a resident June, 1821, at which they came to in the island of St. George, one of a resolution directing that the the Bermudas. The defendant, sir whole of the monies in arrear William Lumley, the brother of should be collected; but, it appearthe late earl of Scarborough, was ing that those of the inhabitants an officer in the army, and, at the who had not paid were persons of time of committing the act of responsibility, it was determined to which the plaintiff complained, was extend the time to sixty days, and governor of the Bermudas. It had the vestry then passed a resolution been usual for the church wardens in these words:-“1st of June, 1821. (who were appointed annually) to – Pursuant to an adjournment of collect the rates made by the select the 30th ult., the vestry met this vestry of the parish, and they were day. Mr. James Till, one of the to account to the vestry for the late church wardens, presented to monies they received. The time the vestry a statement of their acusually allowed for them to render counts with the parish, and observtheir accounts and pay over the ed, that several persons had not balance to their successors was yet paid their assessments, for which thirty days after the time of their reason he requested to be allowed going out of office had expired. the term of sixty days from this In consequence of an epidemic dis- date for the collection of those order which was prevalent in the sums, and the completion of the year 1819, no assessment was made church wardens' accounts. The for that year, and consequently the same was agreed to, and they were church wardens who came into of directed to give public notice in the fice for the ensuing year had a Bermuda Gazette, that all persons double duty to perform. The who did not pay the assessments plaintiff and a Mr. James Till were within ten days from that date, chosen church wardens for the year would be proceeded against as the 1820. They had to make collec. law directs for the recovery there, tionis not only for the current year, of. They were also ordered to pay but for that of the former year, in the following sums, so soon as they which no rate had been made, had as much funds in their hands; They found it necessary, therefore, -To Mr. John Nowlen, for maina VOL. LXXI.
tenance of Thomas Flynn, 71.; is my decided opinion, that, if the Mr. A. Holmes, for printing, 201.; vestry of St. George's persevere in the committee for managing me- their decision of the 1st of June, morial to the throne, 301. ; Mr. J. they will commit a most illegal Roxburgh, as voted the 17th of act. I shall cite them before me June, 1820, 201." This was the as ordinary, or in the Court of resolution passed at the vestry Chancery, and if they persist in the meeting of the 1st of June. With order to the late church wardens, respect to the item of 301. which and the latter should obey it, I the vestry had ordered the church- shall direct a prosecution against wardens to pay to the committee for all parties in the Ecclesiastical managing a memorial to the throne, Court; and the parishioners are the fact was, that sir W. Lumley hereby authorized to refuse the had, by some conduct of his, in- rate. The late church wardens duced the inhabitants of St. George's will be guilty of a fraud if they Island to prepare a memorial to pay any monies for any purpose, to his majesty containing a complaint any persons whatever, except to against him, which had reference their successors; and the actual principally to his having caused church wardens will be equally the soldiers to attend at the church, guilty of a fraud, if they dispose instead of having divine service of any monies except for church performed at the barracks, as had purposes; and I am determined to been the custom before sir William punish the parties if such frauds came to the island. The prepara
are committed. tion of this memorial had made
“Wu. LUMLEY, some noise in the island; and, sir “ Lt.-Gen. Governor and ComW. Lumley having determined to mander-in-chief, and Ordinary. oppose the proceedings of the select vestry, attended at a meeting held
“ Government House, on the 11th of June, and placed
June 6, 1821. himself in the chair, though he
“ To the Rev. J. Lough, Rector of was not a select vestryman, and
St. George's.” had no right to interfere in their The minutes of the vestry meeting, proceedings. The minutes which in which this letter of the goverwere made of this meeting were in nor's was recorded, proceeded thus: these words :“ Parish of St. _“Immediately after the above George, Monday, 11th June, 1821. was read, his excellency sir WilThe minutes of the vestry on the 1st liam Lumley entered the vestryinstant were perused by the rector, room, and addressed himself to the who declared that he protested vestry in language to the purport against the said proceedingsordering of the above note. Mr. James l'ill, the late churchwardens to pay cer- one of the churchwardens, having tain sums in their hands; he then declared that the sums of money produced a written document which ordered by the vestry, as above alhe desired should be read, and was luded to, had really been paid by accordingly read by the clerk.” By him, his excellency observed, that this it appeared that the rector had he had acted illegally, and desired taken part with the governor, whose him, as one of the late churchown langnage, as recorded at the wardens, to produce their accounts meeting, was in these words :-“It with the parish to him the go