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parated from their officers, to such I was charged with this distowns as he may think proper. cussion with you, because Mon
We do not pretend to treat sieur le vicomte d'Itabayana inthem as prisoners; and I confess formed lord Aberdeen that it was that I am astonished that two the marquis de Palmella who paid years should have effaced from these troops. That gentleman your recollection the discussions has no political character in this and transactions with Spain, of country. I undertook this diswhich you were informed, re- agreeable office, in order to avoid specting a similar body of Por- giving this discussion any official tuguese troops, not prisoners. If form. But the case is the same, my memory does not fail me, his whatever be the form given to majesty's government then in- the discussion, and I earnestly sisted, that the king of Spain entreat you to put an end to it, should not only separate officers by removing the troops immefrom soldiers, placing a certain diately from Plymouth, according number of the latter only in the to my suggestion of 19th Novem same town, but that the whole ber, if you do not think proper lo should be removed far into the send them to the Brazils. interior of the country, and that In making this entreaty, I do a detachment of his majesty's so in the true spirit of a friend; and troops was sent to Portugal, be- I must add, that you render but cause the king of Spain had not little, if any, service to the cause performed the duties of neutrality, of the queen Donna Maria da as was required from his Catholic Gloria, in obliging the king to remajesty, and had suffered the Por- sort to the measures which have tuguese troops, in Spain, to com- been ordered, in case of any mit the very act which I have re- breach of his majesty's neutrality, peatedly assured you that the king and that you impose upon me perof England will not permit those sonally, à most painful duty in in England to commit.
obliging me to inform you, that But you forget, likewise, that you will be responsible for all the these are undeniably a body of consequences which will follow foreign troops in England, re- your omission to obey his majesspecting whom we are corre- ty's commands, as conveyed to sponding, and instead of treating you by me. them as prisoners, I should say, I confess that I am astonished that his majesty's servants have that you, who have so long served done very little in requiring that your country in a diplomatic they should quit Plymouth, and situation in this, should not see be separated from their officers; that it is impossible that this guthe latter to go to Exeter, or where vernment should not insist upon they pleased, as individuals, the the adoption of the measure which former to different towns named, I required should be adopled, on not in specified numbers, as you the 19th November, or its substistate, but in numbers not exceed- tute, as proposed by yourself. ing certain specified numbers, in I have the honour, &c. each town. This was proposed (Signed) WELLINGTON, for their convenience as well as
Duque de Victoria for that of the towns named.
The Marquis de Palmella,
(Fourteenth Enclosure in No. 37. on my part, can enable them to Translation.)
surmount. THE MARQUIS DE PALMELLA to
The change of weather which TIIE DUKE OF WELLINGTON.
has taken place since yesterday,
induces me to believe that it will London, January 2, 1829.
be too late to send them fresh Monsieur le Duc, I had the orders; besides, M. le Duc, I am honour to receive, the day before firmly convinced that these indiyesterday, in the evening, your viduals, in directing their course letter of the 30th of last month, to the island of Terceira, do no and I will confess to your excel- more than avail themselves of the lency that the determination which right which it is impossible to it announces gives me great pain. deny them without injustice, and
Your excellency again insists that, far from violating the neuupon the necessity of removing trality of his Britannic majesty, 2: immediately to a distance from they respect it as they ought, in
Plymouth, the Portuguese troops quitting, without arms, and on which are there assembled. I board merchant vessels, the terriflatter myself that at the moment tory of his Britannic majesty, in at which I write, four transports, order to proceed to an island, of with persons on board, which for which her majesty, the queen of the last fortnight have been ready Portugal, is sovereign de facto as to take their departure with the well as de jure. first fair wind, will have set sail. The last intelligence which I
I am engaged in preparing, with have received from Terceira is of all the haste possible, those which the 18th December, and at that are to follow; and I can assure time there was no civil war in that your excellency, that, from the island, as your excellency supmoment when I declared to you poses, and it was entirely under that these individuals should go the dominion of the government away, sooner than accept the con- which governs it in the name of ditions which the British govern- her majesty the queen, Maria 2nd. ment required for the continuance The British government may of their residence in England, - certainly object to the subjects of that is to say, to be dispersed on a sovereign, the friend and ally of different points, indicated by your his Britannic majesty, going to excellency, and the officers to be any territory belonging de jure to separated from the soldiers,- from that sovereign, but which may de that moment, I say, the prepara- facto be under the dominion of a tions for their departure have been government which I consider carried on without intermission. as an usurping government; but
Your excellency must have been it appears to me evident that informed of these preparations, as
the government of his Britanwell as of the impossibility of the nic majesty cannot, without vessels quitting Plymouth, on ac- deviating from the neutrality count of the continuance of con- which it professes, prevent them trary winds,--an obstacle which from returning to the country neither the orders of the British which remains theirs, after having government, nor all the goodwill refused them permission to remain
in England, without being dis- cite such a precedent, in order to persed. And certainly the ac- apply it to the actual case, where knowledgment of the title and there has been, on the part of the rights of her most faithful majes- Portuguese, no abuse of the asyty is of very little value, if the lum which has been granted to same power which acknowledges them in England, nor
any act them prevents her from sending which can be imputed to them as her subjects to a country which a violation of the neutrality of the remains under her dominion, but country? And how can the Briwhich
stand in need of them tish government believe itself for its defence.
obliged to prevent her most FaithYour excellency recalls to me ful majesty from sending some of what took place two years ago, her own troops, which happen to with respect to the Portuguese be in a neutral country, to a part rebels, whom his Catholic majes- of her dominions where she is acty, at the demand of the govern- tually acknowledged, and obeyed ments of Portugal and England, as legitimate sovereign? dispersed on points at a distance In addressing these observafrom the frontier of Portugal. tions to your excellency, I only
I cannot conceive that the two acquit myself, with regret, of a last cases can appear to you parallel. and painful duty, so much the The individuals in question had more necessary, as your excellency made inroads, at different times, attributes to me a responsibility by force of arms, into Portugal: which I think ought not to fall they had been protected, armed, upon me. and organized in Spain. The I will conclude, by announcing Spanish government itself (and if I to your excellency, that I will am not mistaken, your excellency transmit a copy of this letter to his made mention of this circumstance excellency the marquis de Barbain parliament) had disposed these cena, who, in his capacity of pletroops in a way to menace Por- nipotentiary and delegate of the tugal with an attack; and there- august father and guardian of her fore the assistance of British majesty the queen of Portugal, troops, which I was ordered by my finds it, I believe, to be his duty government to solicit, was con- to correspond officially with the formable to the treaties upon government of his Britannic mawhich I founded my claim; and jesty, on the interests of her most the Spanish government had not Faithful majesty. I have, &c. only been guilty of a breach of
(Signed) neutrality, but had menaced Por- LE MARQUIS DE PALMELLA. tugal with an attack, and had His Excellency the given just cause of war.
Duke of Wellington, &c. Therefore the demand which
. was subsequently addressed to the No. XXXVIII.
Instructions to Court of Madrid was justified by
CAPTAIN WALPOLE, Dec. 12, the acts already committed, and
1828.— By the Commissioners, became necessarily a guarantee
&c. against their repetition.
Whereas, a considerable numHow, then, can it be possible to ber of Portuguese soldiers and
other foreigners are about to sail under your orders at the western in transports from Plymouth or islands, to act again, with regard Falmouth, and it is supposed they to the said foreigners, as before intend making an attack on Ter- directed, in the event of their ceira, or other of the western parting from you at sea, and reislands; and his majesty having turning, or in the event of other
been pleased to command that detachments of a similar descrip: a naval force should be immediate- tion, from England, afterwards
ly despatched to interrupt any making their appearance amongst such attempt, you are hereby re- the said islands. quired and directed to take the In the event of the foreigners in ship and sloop named in the mar- question proceeding towards. Magin under your command, and to deira (after your turning them proceed, with all practicable ex: from the western islands), you are pedition, to Terceira ; and, having to pursue the same conduct toascertained that you have stic- wards them, in first warning them ceeded in reaching that island be- against making any hostile effort fore the transports above alluded there, and afterwards, if necesto, you will remain yourself at sary, in using force to prevent it, Angra, or Praya, or cruising close as before directed with regard to to the island, in the most ad- the western islands. visable position for intercepting In case of your proceeding, as any vessels arriving off it; and you above directed, to follow the force will detach the other ships as you in question, or any part of it, until shall deem best for preventing the you are satisfied that they do not aforesaid force from reaching any intend to return to the western of the other islands.
islands, or to attempt Madeira, In the event of the aforesaid you are, after quitting such force, foreign force approaching Ter- to return to the western islands, ceira, or any of the other islands, to rejoin the ship you will have you are to cause whoever may be left there, and to assist her in sein command of it to be informed curing the remaining objects bethat you are instructed to prevent fore explained. their landing at any of the western And you are to continue on islands; and, should they persist, this service until you receive furnotwithstanding such warning, in ther orders. — Given, &c. 12th hovering about, or in making any of December, 1828. efforts to effect a landing, you are (Signed)
G. COCKBURN. then to use force to drive them
G. CLERK. away from that neighbourhood; Benjamin Clement, Esq. and you will, in such case, keep Captain of his Majesty's Ship sight of them until you shall be
Shannon. convinced, by the course they may steer, and the distance they (Transferred to the Captain of have proceeded, that they have His Majesty's Ship Ranger,) no intention of returning to the By command of their lordships. western islands, or of proceeding (Signed) J. W. CROKER to Madeira. You will, however, in this event, leave one of the ships
STATEMENT as to the FinanCIAL OPERATIONS of Spaix. The Journal du Commerce published the annexed article respecting the financial situation of the Spanish Government in the money-market at Paris. “ Negotiation of the royal loan, consisting of a nominal capital of
Prancs. 90,180,000 francs, which have yielded to the Spanish government about
42,000,020 “ Negotiation of 136,782,000 francs rente perpetuelle, which, at the rate of 38 per cent., have yielded to the same government 52,000,000
94,000,000 " To deduct 10,000,000 of rentes unsold and in the hands of the go. vernment's banker, or its agents, at the same rate of 38 per
“ This sum has been employed in the following man. “ Five series of the Royal loan have been reimbursed at
4,500,000 francs each 66 Arrears of four years
" Arrears of the produce of the rente perpetuelle, to the
1st of July 1829 " Paid for English claims, in virtne of the treaty
of the 28th of October 1828, 200,0001. “ Paid to the French government on the 1st of last July “ Redemption of the rente perpetuelle to the 1st of
September (see the Moniteur) of the 3rd. “ Salaries paid to all the Spanish embassies by the banker
of his Catholic majesty at Paris since 1824
English claimants received for arrears on the
22,550,000 « Note-Mr. Guebhard has remitted direct to the Spanish government,
on the produce of the negotiation of 61,792,137 francs of the
10,952, 137 66 Remain
11,597,863 which have been remitted to Spain by the banker of the Spanish governinent.
" It is, in fact, notorious to the whole commercial public of Paris, that important remittances of paper on Spain were made for a long time; the rate of exchange of that period has proved the fact. There remains at the disposal of the agents of the Spanish government, to meet the exigencies of the half-year ending in January, the negotiation of 15,000,000 francs of unsold rente perpetuelle, which, at the stated rate would yield to the Spanish government 5,700,000 francs.
“With regard to the profits accruing to the agents of the Spanish government on the negotiation, of 48 per cent. on the royal loan, and 38 per cent on the rentes perpetuelles, altogether amounting to about 15,000,000 on the former, and 12,000,000 on the latter, which the purchasers of these securities have supplied, not including the immense advantages derived from stock-jobbing speculations, which have also been obtained at the expense of the French, it is not difficult to guess their destination,