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Every where,” says Mr. SEYS, “in this far-off land, our hearts bleed to think of the dangers to which our fair and beautiful structure, --that model of all human improvement, the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, -is exposed. I send up my feeble prayers, in public and at home, by night and day, that a kind Providence may avert the impending ruin.”
From the Liberia Herald of March 20, 1861. This number contains a long vindication of President Benson, in his military movement against the Poes, and other tribes in Maryland County. Although President BENSON, more than a year ago, met the Poes, Padaes and Garroways, at Harper, and spent a whole day in hearing their statements, examining witnesses and colonial records, and ascertaining from the unanimous opinion of the leading men of the several principal tribes present, that the Poes were the aggressors and deserved punishment, and that the Padaes had suffered injustice since, and in consequence of their deed of session of lands to the Colony of Maryland, by which it was agreed that they should have peaceable occupation of the territory until it should be required for actual settlement by the colonists. The Poes, who had got possession, obstinately refused to move, and threatened the safety of the first civilized person that should attempt to land from the Lark, whether on a mission of peace or otherwise. Under an act of the Liberian Legislature of January 9, 1861, President BENSON, who had learned that these three tribes had been fighting, killing and kidnapping scores of each other annually, proceeded with a military expedition to bring these cruelties, contentions and commotions to a close, by establishing each tribes
on such an assignment of the public domain as was necessary for their comfort and happiness, and best accordant with justice, and by imposing such fine on the aggressor as was necessary to make the proper impression upon their minds,” he soon restored peace.
“The rumor that we heard some days ago, that five of the recaptives at Sinou had been shot, on account of insurrection, is incorrect. The recaptives did defy the authorities of that place, and it was necessary to call out a part of the militia to suppress the mob. None were killed. Two were slightly wounded, but these have since been healed. The recaptives are now obedient to law and authority. On the arrival of the President at Sinou, on his way to Palmas last month, they were definitely informed of the course that would be pursued with them, and they all expressed entire satisfaction.”
“The President left this city in the Quail, on the evening of the 18th inst, for Bassa, where the remains of Mrs. Benson were reinterred on the 20th, they having been conveyed thither in the Quail.”
“ Military.—The President has been pleased to appoint Lieutenant Colonel S. J. Crayton, Colonel of the Third Regiment, in place of Beverly A. Payne."
Hurricane at Robertsport, Grand Cape Mount. On Saturday night, March 17th. A correspondent of the Herald writes the next day, “that the lightning was well-nigh incessant and the thunder terrible. The elements were in a fearful commotion for a quarter of an hour.” The house in which the writer slept was blown down just as he was leaving it. He states:
“In the house with me were old Mrs. Carroll and several children, none of whom were injured at all. But on repairing to the spot next morning, I found that the hammock in which I slept was completely covered with the wreck of the house, and had I remained in it I am almost sure I would have been killed. As it was I had a narrow escape, and it was only through the mercy of God that I was not killed, for which mercy and all others I desire to be truly thankful. In this sad catastrophe two lives were lost : Betsey Watson and Lucy Morris's child, and thirty-one houses injured and destroyed. I have never witnessed such a scene in my life, and hope I shall never see such a one again. It seems almost miraculous that so few lives were lost, when so many houses were blown down. I have never heard such wind, nor heard such thunder, nor seen such lightning. It most awfully grand, and displayed the power of God, in some small degree. I send you a list of those who suffered:
E. Carroll, A. Barker, R. E. Jones, E. Gass, and T. Hunter, Houses down and ruined. Betsey Watson, killed, house down. P. McKay, M. Hunt, D. Sheridan, R. Jackson, P. Crawford, and Barr,
-House down and ruined. J. A. Deputie, new house fell off the foundation. Custom House, down. Wier's Church, roof blown off. Old M. E. Church, down. John McKay, W. N. Miles, Jack Paul, John Hough, John Stake, Willis Houston, Joshua Watson, --Houses down and ruined. Wier's dwelling, gable end off. 5 kitchens fell,
5 3 persons
wounded and 2 killed. These are all poor people, and are now completely out of doors; you can therefore form some idea of their feelings. It shook almost every house in the place tremendously.”
We find in this number of the Herald a card from President BENSON, expressing with much sensibility his thanks to those who ministered to his wife during her last illness, in his absence, and attended her remains to her grave, and commending his benefactors to the great Benefactor. It will be seen that the remains of Mrs. Benson have been conveyed to their final resting place at Bassa.
TWENTY-NINTH ANNUAL MEETING
NEW YORK STATE COLONIZATION SOCIETY.
The Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the New York State Colonization Society was held at Irving Hall, in the City of New York, Thursday evening, May 9th, 1861.
In the absence of the President, on motion, Francis Hall, Esq., took the chair. Prayer was offered by Rev. John Orcutt, a Secretary of the American Colonization Society.
The abstracts of the Annual Report and the Treasurer's Report, were read by the Corresponding Secretary, Rev. J. B. Pinney.
We present extracts from this very interesting Report, which is commenced by the following sentences from the Report of 1860:
“The Board, in anticipation of the receipt of some legacies, determined to build a small steamer, to unite in more speedy and frequent intercouse the various settlements along the Liberia coast.
“The original design was to limit its cost to $10,000; and as this sum was expected from the estate of Seth Grosvenor, Esq., formerly of this city, the steamer was to bear his name.
“In the progress of completing the vessel, and sending her across the ocean, the sum originally contemplated was doubled, and as the legacy was paid, to a large extent, in bonds and mortgages, there has been a necessity of going in debt to some extent, and to obtain money on loan. This, we confidently expect, will be met from sources of income entirely reliable, eventually; yet, for the present, the Society is encumbered with debt. It is a great satisfaction to the Board that this attempt has so far progressed, that the little steamer is now on her voyage to Liberia. Let us heartily beseech Him who controls the winds and the waves, to so order in His providence that she may safely cross the Atlantic, and do her beneficent work for the welfare of Africa."
“At our last anniversary, this steamer had just left the harbor of New York on her voyage to Liberia. She made a safe and success
“Under the command of Capt. Frederick Reimer, who had previously had experience in taking small steamers to Cuba and the West Indies, the Seth Grosvenor reached Bermuda in six days; thence, after re-coaling, to the Cape Verd Islands she had a passage of twentyfour days; and thence, again re-coaling, to Monrovia, Liberia, in nine days.
The steamer has since then been running as a passenger and freight boat on the coast of Liberia, and though small, has steadily grown in public favor. A contract for carrying the mails, and aiding in enforcing the revenue laws, was made with the Liberian Government for the year 1861, at $3,000 per annum; and the extra services
have been paid for by the Government when she has been employed to watch the coast against slavers, or to take troops to points where they werë needed to settle the strifes of native tribes.
On her first arrival, some difficulty was experienced in securing sufficient fuel; but a little time and effort soon remedied this difficulty, and at the date of our latest advices, she was giving her owners and the public satisfaction.
“The assistant engineer, Horace Hawley, (colored,) at the expiration of his contract for six months' service, returned to the United States in the bark Mendi. He was so much pleased with Africa as to be at this time in negotiation to go to Lagos in the employ of English capitalists.
“The chief engineer, Andrew Ryers, (colored) contracted to remain a year, and was faithfully fulfilling his contract when last heard from. As he may desire to return, the owners of the steamer have taken with them in the bark Edward a highly recommended engineer, George Brown, under a contract for service for one year after his arrival in Liberia. It is gratifying to know that among our free colored population, at this first call for engineers in Liberia, three men so competent and of such sober habits have been found willing to offer their services.”
Emigrants.—At our last anniversary meeting, notice was taken of the then recent departure of the Mendi from this port, with eight emigrants, and the Colonization packet ship M. C. Stevens from southern ports, with two hundred and twenty-eight.
“In the month of August, Mr. Vonbebber, recommended as a Methodist preacher in good standing, was aided to a support after his arrival, he finding employment as a nurse of the recaptured Africans, in one of the vessels chartered by the American Colonization Society, for the purpose of taking them from Key West to Liberia.”
“The firm of Johnson, Turpin & Dunbar, Liberian merchants, having chartered the bark Edwin, to sail from this port April, 1861, the New York State Colonization Society provided for the passage
of seven emigrants, all of them of this city and Williamsburgh.
“Peter W. Downing, one of these, accompanied by his wife, broke away from
many obstacles, and if his life is spared may be the pioneer of others, who like him sigh for a better field for self-elevation than is offered to them in the United States. He will have many desires for his success.
“There has, it thus appears, been a smaller emigration in 1860 than for many previous years. This is due mainly to the peculiar political condition of the nation. It has in a measure, however, resulted from the sickness and death of some prominent emigrants, and from the fear of danger arising from the landing in Liberia of nearly 4,000 barbarous recaptured Africans. So great an element of ignorance and heathen vice excited apprehension of danger, and easily destroyed thoughts of emigration not firmly rooted. Perhaps another hindrance of emigration to Liberia arose from the diversion to Hayti.
President Geffrard has, with liberality and energy, sought to benefit his nation by securing immigration to it of the free colored people of the United States; and during the year several hundred have gone there, at first from New Orleans, and subsequently from the North. On the 1st and 2d of this month, the British brig Madeira, and schr. Usher, sailed from New Haven with one hundred and sixty passengers. While emigration has been small, the disposition to emigrate has been more generally manifested than ever before. Nor can we doubt that one result of our present political convulsions will be a rapid increase of this disposition for the future. The good to Africa, by communities like Liberia, and the mitigation of evils in our own land, so strongly recommend our scheme that eventually it must obtain universal favor, and passing from the feeble condition of a mere voluntary benevolence, become an acknowledged instrument to accomplish great governmental policies.”
We omit what is said of the Recaptured Africans, since the subject is given at large in the Report of the Parent Society.
“ Education.--The Board have continued to support, in a course of education, a number of children in the Liberia schools. They have also aided one of their former Liberia scholars to complete a regular course of law studies in the office of Messrs. Rice & Nelson, at Worcester, Massachusetts, from whom he received a certificate highly eulogistic of thoroughness and competency in his profession. The young man referred to, William M. Davis, has lately returned to Liberia in the bark Edward, and we confidently hope, that, like other beneficiaries of the Bloomfield Education Fund, he will justify the wisdom and goodness which provided such a source of perpetual usefulness to Africa.”
“ The College. It is understood that all hindrances to the progress of the Liberia College building have been removed, and that every effort would be made to complete it during the dry season, ending in April, 1861.
* By the final decision of the Court of Appeals, the liberal bequest of $50,000, intended by our former President, Anson G. Phelps, sr., to aid in the endowment of this Liberia College, has been declared invalid, because no definite time was limited in which the $100,000 was to be secured, and no permanent trustees named to receive the bequest and administer it. It is most gratifying to believe that the noble intentions of the will, thus defeated for lack of technical precision, will be held sacred by his children, and that if the College progresses, and secures the proposed endowment, his liberal intentions will be realized by the institution.
“Let this hope, and the prospect of a speedy commencement of the College classes, animate all who value education to co-operate in completing the endowment.
“As intimately related to this subject, it may be allowed us to refer to the actual receipt by a benevolent association in this city of