« PrejšnjaNaprej »
over $150,000, from the estate of a former friend of Colonization, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Mr. Avery, for the purpose of education in Africa."
"The progress of agricultural operations has been encouraging. This Society, having in previous years aided Mr. Jesse Sharp and Judge More to obtain small sugar-mills, by advancing the money for a limited time, have been gratified by their attention to meet its just claims. Honorable mention may especially be made of Mr. Sharp, from whom they have received, in three consignments from his little farm, over seventy barrels of syrup, to be sold, and avails applied to pay for his mill.
Samples of cotton have been sent to us from Messurado and Bassa Counties, which are pronounced by brokers equal to New Orleans good middling, and worth, in Liverpool, 14 cents per pound.
“The great demand for cotton, and the higher prices which our national troubles will cause, may develope in Liberia, as well as other portions of Africa, increased attention to its culture, and thus a new source of wealth be developed.”
“ Commerce.—The exports of Liberia have been rapidly increasing for two or three years past. The tendency is to Europe instead of America, as offering a better market and more honorable intercourse. It is repelled from the United States by the refusal of our Government to recognize them as a nation, and by the burden laid by our laws upon their ships."
It is hoped that the time is near by when the cause of such legislation will be removed, and the United States will extend to the colored people, who, at her own invitation, have set up a government on the barbarous shore of Africa, a friendly recognition and commercial treaty."
“ Missions in Africa.—The year has been one of more than usual progress, and revivals of religion have occurred in several churches in Liberia, and conversions more than usually interesting from among the natives have occurred at Corisco, Gaboon, and Port Natal. The mission which went out a year ago to the Makololo from the Cape of Good Hope, met with disastrous loss, and but one or two of a large company survived to return. The African climate at first was charged with this great mortality, but it is now feared, and by many believed, that the missionaries were poisoned, that the chief might secure their property. Dr. Livingstone, who arrived with his Makololo soon after these disasters, will doubtless learn and report the truth in this case. Such trials of our faith and courage are not infrequent in this great work, and will serve only to increased prudence in subsequent efforts.
"Mortality.—Co-laborers, whose time and talents have been zealously devoted to the Colonization work, have finished up their work during the past year, both in Africa and our own country. In Liberia, the deaths of George L. Seymour, Anthony D. Williams, and John Hanson, have been felt as a heavy public loss. Their lives of Christian integrity have reflected honor upon the Republic and on their race; and as they were highly honored in their lives, they were deeply mourned at their death. In the United States, the names of Joseph Gales, sr., of Washington City; Rev. Robert S. Finley, formerly of New Jersey; Rev. Hugh McMillan, of Xenia, Ohio, are on the list of departed friends, from whom a life-long support had been received by this Society. All of these died bearing testimony to their confidence in the value of their enterprise.
“Admonished by their departure, we continue their labors with renewed diligence, till the same voice shall bid us rest.”
MASSACHUSETTS COLONIZATION SOCIETY.
This meeting was held on the 30th ult., in the Winter Street Church, Boston; Wu, Ropes, Esq., President, (in the chair,) made a brief and encouraging address. The Rev. JOSEPH TRACY, D. D., read a brief abstract of the Annual Report. The Rev. ALEXANDER CRUMMELL, who has been an Episcopal minister in Liberia, made an eloquent address. He said, among other things:
“Millions of that race were waiting for enlightenment here and in Africa. For 1800 years the Christian religion had been spreading everywhere, but Africa had remained under the mysterious spell of paganism. The efforts for her recovery, for raising her unto the full light of civilization, were strengthening now, however. Among the agencies to this end none were more effective than the colony of Liberia.
"In the colony of Liberia, as in any other colony, the foundations of empire were laid in doubt. Slavers would come into Monrovia and overawe the few and simple people; emigrants were decimated by fever; wars by the neighboring governments were incited by slavers—and all was doubt. Now that has passed, men are investing their means in agriculture, in manufactures, in commerce. Ten years has made a great change, and there are important staples which then were unknown. There are half a million coffee trees in the colony, and the coffee trade of Bassa will become very important. In 1853 no sugar was manufactured, and now for 18 miles on one river are plantations of sugar cane, and some farmers have their own coopers to make sugar barrels. One farmer made last year 55,000 pounds.
"Cotton is cultivated extensively in the interior, and manufactured by the natives into pieces of three feet wide by six long. Probably from 50,000 to 100.000 of these are exported every year, equal to half a million pounds of cotton, much of which is exported to Brazil.
The English are rapidly opening up a trade in raw cotton, by making these cloths themselves and exchanging them for cotton at Monrovia. Many farmers will this year increase the land they have under cultivation.
The avidity with which the native Africans enter upon trade and barter is singular. Liberian citizens go back into the interior, and by barter get gold, ivory, palm oil, &c. The exports of Liberia were something like $400,000 last year—far more than the imports. The trading qualities of the people may be seen in the fact, that although there are but 15,000 emigrants there, some 20 or 30 vessels are owned by them.
“ The native tribes for two centuries have made war on each other, and now many tribes have come under the government and received its protection, and consented to be taxed therefor. . Those who become civilized are admitted to the franchise. Domestic slavery is extensively carried on in Africa, and numbers of the slaves escape to Liberia, and President Benson has given the foreign tribes to know that wherever the Liberian flag floats every man is free. For one hundred and fifty miles from the coast, American civilized habits are coming more and more into use.
“ The English language is the language there. Thousands and thousands of native Africans are becoming assimilated to American habits. English and American literature prevails, Shakspeare and Milton, and the Review, and the illustrated papers are read there. In all these results, religion and missionaries have had their share. And now, crowning the heights near Mesurado, is springing up a college, whither the African chiefs will learn to send their children for education, instead of to Scotland or America, where the cold kills many of them. This college is indeed the crowning benefaction of American philanthropy.”
The Boston Traveller considers Mr. Crummell's address one of the best delivered at the late anniversary meetings in that city.
From the New York Colonization Journal.
We present some resolutions passed by the Conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church of New York, at their recent meetings.
It is most encouraging to have this evidence that this powerful Church cherishes for the Colonization cause increasing regard.
The retirement of Rev. V. Buck from the agency of our Society in the Methodist Churches, to assume a pastoral charge, will not, we trust, deprive the Society of an active support from many of their pastors and churches. While, as patriots and philanthropists, all have an interest in the success of Colonization, owing to its large colored membership, the Methodist Church, as a denominational in
terest, find a special benefit in the permanent planting of their churches on the coast of Africa in self-sustaining communities. This great advantage they derive from former efforts to preach the Gospel, to the poor colored man, bond and free; and while it is justly theirs, it at the same time imposes on them very weighty motives to give the cause and Society a hearty and liberal support.
Resolutions of the New York East Conference. Rev. VALENTINE BUCK.—The New York East Conference, at its late session, passed unanimously the following resolution, in view of the transfer of Rev. Mr. Buck:
“Whereas it is understood that the Rev. V. Buck, one of the older members of the New York East Conference, is about to be transferred to the New York Conference, therefore,
Resolved, That we deem it proper to express our confidence in the Christian and ministerial character of Brother Buck, and to assure him that in parting from us he carries with him our warm friendship and brotherly love."
The Committee on Colonization offered the following resolutions, which were adopted :
“Resolved, 1. That the Colonization Societies, through whose efforts the Republic of Liberia is fostered, and the intercourse kept open between the people of color of this country and the western coast of Africa, are worthy of the continued favor and support of our charges.
"2. That while the troubles abroad in the country are cutting off, in certain directions, the supplies of the Societies, it behooves the friends and patrons of the Colonization enterprise to redouble their efforts and liberality in its behalf."
After the above was in type, we received the following action of the New York Conference, and gladly acknowledge their kindness in giving us an Agent so highly recommended as Mr. Hoyt.
Report of Committee on Colonization Cause. Your Committee regard the scheme of colonizing our free people of color in Liberia as destined to secure the most important results, both for civilizing and evangelizing Africa.
We present the following resolutions for adoption:
“1. Resolved, That we hear with pleasure that the Liberia Government has been eminently successful in suppressing the African slave trade, and that it has so often furnished an asylum for the captives rescued from our slave ships.
“ 2. Resolved, That we are dependent upon the Colonization Society for our missionary territory in Africa, as well as for the men employed as missionaries by the Liberia Annual Conference.
"3. Resolved, That we sympathize with its benevolent operations, and pledge our co-operation as far as practicable in its support, and that we recommend the Bishop to appoint the Rev. P. L. Hoyt as agent of the New York State Colonization Society, in compliance with the request of the Executive Board.
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., May 15, 1861. This is to certify that the bearer, Rev. P. L. Hoyt, a member of the New York Conference, is appointed by request of this Conference an agent for the Colonization Society of the State of New York, by
OSMON C. BAKER, President of N. Y. Conference.
ADDRESS, At the Anniversary Meeting of the Royal Geographical Society,
May 28, 1860, by the Earl De Gray and Ripon, President. This interesting paper contains obituary notices of several eminent friends of the Society :-Col. George Baker, Genʼl Sir T. Makdougall Brisbane, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Esq., one of the most distinguished engineers of the day; the Hon. Mount-Stuart Elphinstone; of Wm. Richard Hamilton, Col. Wm. Martin Leake, Lord Londesborough, Baron Melvill Van Carnbee, the venerable Archdeacon Wm. Forbes Raymond; Prof. Karl Ritter, author of a great work on Comparative Geography; Dr. John Simpson, Robert Stephenson, Rear Admiral Henry Dundas Trotter, of the Niger Expedition; Commander James Wood, and others.
Very high praise is given to the explorations of Messrs. Burton and Speke in Eastern Africa. Capt. Speke has again set sail for Africa. He is accompanied by Capt. Grant, and bound for the discovery of the sources of the White Nile. Liberal aid has been given to his enterprise by Her Majesty's Government.
Consul Petherick's daring overland expedition to the south of the Bahr el Ghazal, is a successful feat, and has taken all African geographers by surprise.
“The weapons and utensils that he has brought back from the interior are exceedingly curious; among them we find iron boomerangs, with sharp cutting edges, a most fearful instrument in savage warfare. The Bari people, who use them, are the only others in the world be