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ADDRESSES OF THE REV. ALEXANDER CRUMMELL,
OF LIBERIA. The Rev. John ORCUTT, Travelling Secretary of the Society, has with the approbation of the Executive Committee of the Society, fortunately obtained the consent of the Rev. ALEXANDER CRUMMELL, of Liberia, to spend a portion of the time of his brief visit to the United States in making addresses on the condition and prospects of that Republic and of the African Race. These subjects occupied the thoughts of Mr. Crummell very much while in Liberia, and some discourses upon them received high commendations, while his recent addresses in New York, Boston, and other northern cities, have fully sustained his reputation. “The second meeting (says Mr. Orcutt) in Boston, on Friday, was the fullest and best Colonization Meeting I have ever attended in that city. Yesterday, June 2d, he addressed a large audience of colored people here, making, I am told, a very favorable impression.”
From Concord, N. H., Mr. Orcutt wrote on the 15th ult., “I a here to attend the annual meeting of the New Hampshire Colonization Society, with Mr. Crummell. We had a capital meeting. Mr. Crummell will do the cause good service. I have no doubt that a large number of emigrants will be ready to embark from New York in November. I have already had several additional applications from Connecticut.”
The following extracts from communications from our respected and earnest friend and Agent, the Rev. FRANKLIN BUTLER, who
occupies Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine, show that Africa is remembered by many warm hearts even in these stormy times :
WINDSOR, VT., June 18, 1861, . REV. AND DEAR SIR:
Your very kind favor of the 11th ult. came duly to hand. I have delayed reply for the purpose of looking more carefully to the indications of Providence respecting our cause.
When I last wrote you, the heavens appeared to be filled with darkness for our cause, and the earth resounded with thunder-tones. Since that time the clouds have slightly lifted, and the clear blue sky is now and then distinctly visible. The great outburst of the terrible storm upon our country is passed, and the public mind is becoming comparatively quiet. We are preparing for the war. The benevolent are of course beginning to think also of the great causes of religion and humanity, and are casting about to see what they can do for good objeets.
Thus far, since the commencement of the civil struggle, our friends have held fast their integrity, and have done well towards sustaining our work. The past month even shows an increase. I have kept steadily at my post, preaching every Sabbath and collecting what I could not knowing what a day might bring forth of difficulty for our enterprise. Every body is eager to hear. The times are rapidly converting men to our work, though it is exceedingly difficult to obtain money.
I have therefore as yet found no place for a temporary suspension ; indeed I have been exceedingly reluctant to suspend. Such a course would be very injurious to future success. If the agent and officers falter, who may not falter? Confidence, and resolution, and perseverance, are essential to the greatest influence in our behalf.
Our annual meeting, which took place last week in Concord, N. H., indicates no disposition in the New Hampshire Colonization Society to fall back. The zeal and liberality there manifested are truly encouraging
The annual meeting, also, of the Maine Society, is at hand; and I cannot persuade myself to retire from the field until at least after the annual meetings of 1861. That the contributions will come up to the amount of last year, it is perhaps hardly reasonable to expect; yet there are good friends who will not diminish their gifts; and even if less money is collected, we may, I believe, more easily sow good seed for a future harvest, than at any former period for many years. The Lord by his providence is compelling people to look calmly and earnestly at Liberia, and her promises to Africa and her children; and I should seriously doubt the wisdom of ceasing now to speak in behalf of our enterprise, whatever may be the present returns in money. The public eye is turned toward us, the public ear is open to us, and the benevolent hand is not wholly closed. Patriotism is beginning to make distinct utterance for us; and the time cannot be far distant when she will enforce our claims to charitable aid with a voice that cannot fail to open the hand.
I go, on the last of this week or first of next, to Maine; and shall there consult with some of our friends, and will write you again ere long. Meanwhile, if you have any counsel to impart I shall be thankful to receive it. Portland will be my head-quarters while there, but letters directed to Windsor will always reach me in a short time.
The meeting at Concord was decidedly the best which we have had in my field. Some account of it will appear in the Congregational Journal.
May God bless you and our noble friends at Washington, and prosper the great work to which we are devoted.
Most truly yours,
FRANKLIN BUTLER. Rev. R. R. GURLEY.
In a more recent letter to the Financial Secretary Mr. BUTLER says:
“I never knew such a time as the present for readiness to hear on Colonization. Every body's eyes and ears open—but gets the money just now. The times are making converts to our
“Our late meeting at Concord was an eminent success. New Hampshire is waking up. What Maine will do I can hardly conjecture, yet I doubt not something will be done.
“I hope to have Mr. Crummell down-east, at the annual meeting, or at least to do some service in Portland.” It may
that we should invite all the friends of the American Colonization Society to forget not its interests, but consider them the more,
many from necessity and more through the urgency of other demands
upon their means and the temptations of the day, are tempted to postpone their consideration. Let not the cause perish, for the blessing of ages and races, and countries, is in it! It rises high above the transitory, and is a seed for an unlimited and endless growth. It belongs to Him whose Kingdom is an everlasting Kingdom, and of whose dominion there shall be no end.
From the Congregational Journal.
The Annual Meeting of the New Hampshire Colonization Society was held in the South Congregational Church, Concord, on the evening of the 13th inst.
Rev. Dr. Burroughs, of Portsmouth, the President of the Society, in the chair.
The meeting was opened by singing the hymn, "Watchman, tell us of the night,” &c., succeeded by prayer by Rev. H. E. Parker;
after which the President remarked, to the effect, that the character of the Society was most noble, and though not strictly religious, it did give play to some of the highest sensibilities and best feelings of the christian. And that it offered a grand stage upon which all the friends of the African race might act a part. It gave every facility to their northern friends to ameliorate their condition—and it received the favor of the South.
The first object of the Society was to relieve those in America who are free or shall become free, from the load of public opinion which weighs them down, and from the invidious distinctions which they have been obliged to endure. They have not a happy home here, and this Society proposes to give them one, to place them in their own—their God given home—to establish them in Africa—their dear, their “Father Land,” and which is indeed a beautiful country; and that the ulterior object of the Society was the complete regeneration of Africa.
The President closed by introducing Joseph B. Walker, Esq., of Concord, who was appointed delegate to represent this Society at Washington in January last.
Mr. W. said:-My experience at the convention at Washington, gave me a new view of the reality and magnitude of the Society. I had long known that it had a name and a kind of existence, and had felt favorably towards it, but had never so realized its importance before. He closed by saying that this Society was the parent of Liberia.
Rev. Alexander Crummell, a colored gentleman from Liberia, was then introduced, and while delivering a very interesting address, in substance said: The eyes of the whole civilized world appear at length to be turned toward Africa. Those who have travelled over the continent have endeavored to find out the great secret which has seemed to shut her out, as it were, from the civilized world.
There is need for interest in Africa, for she stands almost alone in darkness, and divorced from all enlightened nations. But that pre
ye into all the world,” embraced Africa. How can she be brought up and out where the light of civilization and truth can shine in upon her and chase away the
darkness? Trade alone cannot do it; the graves of the noble white men sent as missionaries, scattered here and there along her borders, show that for them a mission of mercy is a mission of death; and yet Africa must be evangelized, christianized, as much so as this country.
The first experience of those who labored to establish the colony was discouraging. They had to struggle against sickness occasioned by change and exposure; against troubles brought upon them by the slave trade; and they were disheartened and oppressed; but all that is no reason for believing the enterprise to be impracticable. Such is the history of all new countries. It was so with California and Australia, with their healthy climate, and especially so with our own country, and you cannot plant a colony without anticipating these disadvantages.
Our people have recently taken courage and show more activity. They now cultivate about 500,000 coffee trees. The demand for coffee has increased, and they have increased their efforts, and coffee has become quite an export, and I think will be more so, as the coffee tree grows spontaneously. In 1853 there was not a pound of sugar produced in the Republic. Our attention was called to the subject in 1855, and now we are exporting sugar and molasses to England and America, and export it too in our own vessels, of which we have about thirty. We export ivory and palm oil also, the latter of which is destined to become a staple of great importance; and as the demand and the means for trade and manufacture extend, just so fast new desires and new motives are awakened, and industry and order
And Africans will work. I have known them to come from the back country a distance of twenty-five days' travel, bringing loads of ivory and palm oil on their backs. Our exports at a single
year amounted to about $190,000, our imports to about $140,000. Politically considered, we have a republican government, choose our President once in two years; have a Legislature of two branches, and an organized militia; but no division into States, and consequently no disputes about State rights. We extend protection over a country 500 miles on the coast and 200 into the interior, and to all are secured the right of trial by jury. Those returned from this country are about 15,000; whole number of inhabitants about — and we carried and use your language with us, which is being spread somewhat among the tribes of the continent, for they urge us to take and educate their children.
Before I stop I suppose you will want to know if I believe we are to become a great, civilized, prosperous nation. There are many things that may hinder, but I shall answer, yes! An epidemic may
, sweep away our population; wars and other calamities may overcome
But these are possibilities, not probabilities. I believe God has gracious designs for Africa. His precept is being obeyed, and the Gospel is being preached in nearly all the world successfully; the islands of the sea are being christianized to a great extent, and nations are almost literally “born in a day.” And Africa, so long borne down in darkness, in slavery, and in unjust judgment of men, I believe is about to receive the compassionate blessings of Heaven, and to have her rights among the nations, by which she has been wronged, vindicated at length by a just and merciful God; and I believe Liberia is one instrument by which He has blessed and will bless Africa to this end. I cannot believe he has led us on thus far in this noble enterprise, until we have begun to see and feel the genial influences of light and truth softening and scattering the thick darkness, and that he will now forsake us for God takes no step backwards. And I see other reasons for believing that we shall become christianized and as honorable as we have been oppressed and despised.
The African is very susceptible to religious impressions; is devotional, and the Gospel, which is the chief corner-stone of all national greatness, is readily received. Her inhabitants are of the highest order of men, physically, also, however contrary that may be to the