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Constellation. Thus, since the 21st of August, no less than two thousand one hundred and seventy-seven Congoes have been thrown on my care, besides those by your three ships.
I am very much perplexed to find cloth with which to clothe these naked savages,
money to cash my drafts for their support. I have exhausted every thing in the place, and not two-thirds are supplied.
I shall write to you fully by the Mendi, to sail the last of this month.
Very respectfully yours,
U. S. Agent Lib. Africans.
The Boston Daily Advertiser contains the following letter on the subject of this capture :
U. S. Ship Constellation, St. Paul de Loando, Sept. 30. We arrived here this afternoon, after a cruise of twenty-two days' duration off the coast, during which we have visited all the slave ports of importance from this place as far to the northward as Loango. Nothing very remarkable occurred until the evening of the 25th, being about eighty miles from the coast and to the southward of the Congo river, when a sail was discovered about five miles to the windward, steering northwest. We made all sail, and after three and a half hours' chase succeeded in overhauling her, firing four thirty-two pound shot before she hove to. She proved to be the bark Cora, of New York, one day out from the coast, and having on board 705 slaves. Sailing master Eastman, with an armed crew of fifteen men, was immediately sent on board and took charge of her as a prize. Her officers and crew, amounting to twenty-eight persons, were transferred to this ship, and with the exception of her first, second, and third mates, who were sent to the United States in her as prisoners, were brought to this port. During the chase she made every exertion to escape, showing no lights, and throwing overboard her boats, hatches, spare spars, and in fact, clearing her spar deck of everything moveable to lighten the vessel. She had on board a Spanish and an American crew. An individual giving the name of Lorretto Rinz (supposed to be fictitious) was found on board, and stated that he was master of the vessel. His real name is supposed to be Latham, by whom the vessel was cleared at New York. Six of the Spanish crew were sent in her to take charge of the slaves until she arrives at Monrovia, where they with the slaves will be landed, and the latter delivered to the United States agent for liberated Africans, after which the vessel is to proceed to Norfolk. Master T. H. Eastman, Midshipman W. B. Hall, and a crew of fourteen men, were sent to the United States in charge of the prize. No colors or papers were found
She is a fine bark, newly coppered, of about 450 tons and about eight years in service, and was formerly owned by Gov. Morgan, of New York. She is also a very fast sailer, and it is doubtful whether she would have been captured had any other vessel of the
squadron been in pursuit of her. To increase the vigilance of the men stationed at the “ lookouts,” Captain Nicholas offered a reward of $50 to be paid to the person first sighting a vessel with slaves on board; and after the capture of the Cora, paid the above amount to one of our seamen. Since her capture the reward has been raised to $120, the ward-room officers giving fifty and the steerage twenty. Hereafter slavers had better give the Constellation a wide berth.
Corporal James Edwards, United States marines, died on board, of disease of the heart, on the 28th, and was buried on the following day.
The steamer Mystic, Lieutenant Leroy, is in port, while all the other vessels of the squadron are cruising along the coast.
Commander S. W. Godon has been reinstated to the command of the steamer Mohican. The bark Ann and Mary is to sail to-morrow morning for Salem, and will take our mail.
October 1.—The storeship Relief arrived this morning, from Boston, bringing a large mail for the squadron, including files of the Daily Advertiser.
Within the last six weeks 2,221 recaptured Africans have been sent to Monrovia, having been captured on board the following vessels, by our present African squadron, viz: The ship Erie, of New York, captured by the steamer Mohican, Commander S. W. Godon, on the 8th of August, with 897 slaves on board. The brig Storm King, also captured on the 8th of August, by the steamer San Jacinto, Captain T. A. Dornin, and having on board 619 slaves; and the bark Cora, captured by the flag-ship Constellation, Captain Jno. S. Nicholas, in the vicinity of Manque Grande, with 705 slaves. The last named was amply fitted out for a long voyage, and in her cabin was found every luxury suitable for a tropical climate, consisting of the choicest wines, preserved meats, fruits, &c., &c.
The Cora, here reported as having been seized with a fresh cargo of slaves on board, was recorded as follows in the list of slavers published in the Evening Post of July 28 :
“No. 19. Bark Cora, 431 tons, Latham, from New York. Cleared by master. Owned at Havana. Vessel detained and discharged. Allowed to sail under bonds. Fitted out by a mongrel Spaniard.”
The Cora was detained under examination at this port from May 19th, 1860, until she was allowed to sail on the 27th of June following. Her second clearance was granted, as had been the custom in previous cases where vessels were bonded. The collector, however, as in the case of the barks Kate and Weather Guage, has since refused second clearances where vessels are strongly suspected of engaging in the slave trade.
The Cora was bonded in the sum of $22,128 on the 23d of June, 1860. The bondsmen are Charles Newman, of Brooklyn, and Robert Griffiths.- Correspondence of the Boston Daily Advertiser.
On Saturday evening, the 8th ult., the Cora was brought into New York, as a prize, in command of Licut. T. H. Eastman, U. S. Navy. The first, second, and third officers, named Frederick, Wilson, and
Olsen, were brought in irons as prisoners. A letter dated on board the Constellation, September 17th, describes the chase for this swiftsailing barque, which before her capture had thrown over everything which tended to impede her escape. Several shots were fired, but she held on her way, until the Constellation came very near her, and orders were given to fire a shell into her. Says the writer:
“ The gun was trained, the match blown, and two seconds more and she would have had it right into her hull. But her sails came to the mast at last, and of course the firing was countermandel. We were so close that we had barely time to round to on her weather quarter and brace back. We sent two boats on board of her, and she proved the Coru, of which we had a full description, and for which we had been cruising about for some length of time. As she lay under our lee she looked like a picture, and no other sailing craft could have taken her, but the Constellation can beat any thing that is under sail. As soon as our boats reached the Cort, our first lieutenant, from her forecastle, hailed us that we had a fat prize,' and we gave three cheers. The slaver's officers and crew were taken on board and confined, and the Cora was declared a prize to the Cousellation. I believe that she had neither flag nor papers on board when taken. The chase lasted four hours and a half. She had seven hundred and five slaves on board, that were shipped at Mango Grando the night before, and had only been in the vessel twenty-four hours when taken."
In announcing the capture, the Herald justly condemns the abuse thrown
the present administration, and remarks : “ Yet strange to say, no four other administrations that ever held power did more, piractically, to suppress the African slave trade than that of Mr. Buchanan. The activity of our squadrons, both on the African Coast and in the Gulf, for the past four years, forms a most remarkable exampie in the history of that service. Thousands of Africans have been captured by our cruisers off the African Coast and returned to Liberia; within the six weeks preceding the 1st of last October, three slavers, having on board 2,221 Africans, were captured by our squadron off the Coast and returned to Monrovia, and we have news now of the capture of the Cora, with 705 slaves on board. The service off Cuba has been still more active in preventing the landing of slaves. Within a year or so, no less than five slavers were intercepted, and their human cargoes, to the amount of nearly three thousand souls, were rescued and returned to their homes at immense expense to the Government."
On the subject of these Recaptured Africans, the Liberia Christian Advocate of September 12th, thus expresses its views :
OUR NEWLY DEVOLVED RESPONSIBILITY. Within the few days last past, there have been precipitated upon our shores, with the suddenness of an avalanche, 2,600 natives
mostly Congoes. The first intelligence, struck us into mute astonishment. We thought of the number of the same people we already had among us—and of their imperfect civilization—the masses of heathenism immediately about and on all sides of us as well as interwoven into the very texture and frame work of our civil compact, to whom we are bound in good faith by considerations inapplicable to other tribes not so related—we compared the number of uncivilized and semi-civilized inhabitants, with the number of Americo-Liberians, and found a great disproportion against us;--and were led to ask ourselves, what shall we, what can we do with such an appalling amount of heathenism, superstition, and barbarity all at once ? We were at times almost frightening ourselves in reverie upon
the subject, that then even Providence had meted out to us a heritage and duty fully equal to all our resources, if not more than a match for them. But when between two and three thousands more came, without notice on the one hand, or time for preparation on the other, we were speechless. Nor yet are we ready to say much on the subject. We are of opinion, however, that it will be safer to form new settlements of these people, under the supervision of kind competent men, in suificient numbers to carry forward every course of amelioration designed by those originating and bearing the expenses of the whole operation. There is land enough on the sea-board or in the interior for it. There are many reasons which we need not name, that bring us to the conclusion that the American Colonization Society, and every other one who would be a friend to us, ought to be careful how they cast in upon us such masses of ignorant, ferocious barbarism, with blind and degrading superstition.
Notwithstanding our doubts on the subject, the people are here; and we are bound by every humane, as well as christian motive, money or no money to help us, to do by these our brethren in misfortune, the best we can. The dilemma is already upon us; we must educate, enlighten, and christianize these masses, or they will in time bury us and our children in a grave as full of darkness and uncertainty of the future as that in which their fathers are fallen. We must elevate them to and with us : identify them with ourselves in such way that they in the mean time may both perceive, and in some sense appreciate, the object of our practice; or our neglect of them, and little influence over them, will manifest itself in fainter and fainter lines of christianity and civilization, till Liberia shall not be. This view of the subject stretches out before us a long, toilsome, anxious road. It is not a work that can be disposed of, or a responsibility which may be shifted, when the money comes no longer, or the clothes wear out. There is one comfort about it at least, we are all in it. No one can be allowed to plead exemption. Whether we would have it so or not, the influence and presence of these people, are a power, that will come to every family, and be felt in every pocket. We must therefore address ourselves to this work, as one devolved upon us in the inscrutable ways of Providence, intending an abundant harvest of good for us, if we do faithfully our part, but to compass our destruction if we neglect it.
CAPTURE OF THE SLAVE BRIG
BONITA.-SEVEN HUNDRED AND
SEVENTEEN NEGROES ON BOARD. As briefly noticed yesterday, another slaver has been seized by our men-of-war on the African station. She is the brig Bonitu, of New-York, and was taken off the Congo River by the U. S. steam frigate San Jacinto, which vessel is now in commission about seventeen months, having sailed from New York on the 26th of July, 1859. The San Jacinto left Kabenda, where she put in for water, on the 6th of October, and on the 10th, at 8 A. M., saw a brigantine, without colors, beating toward the north. Steam was immediately got up, extra sails put on, and a vigorous chase commenced. The stranger kept on her course gallantly, with all canvass loose. А
from the frigate attracted the attention of those on board the Bonita, but was disregarded. A second shot, however, and the increasing speed of the pursuer induced the brig to heave to. Lieut. Foster, U. S. N., and Lieut. Broome, of the Marines, then put out for the brig and boarded her.
[The writer represents the slaves as a fine company, in good health, without clothing, but clean.] *
They had only been out about twenty-four hours, and were fresh from Punta de Lenha, the chief slave depot on the station, where it is said there are no less than seventeen factories,” or exchanges, in which the negroes for sale are concentrated. The captors of the prize were not a little astonished to find on board some of the crew of the Coru, who were put on shore at an isolated part of the coast. The San Jacinto kept along side the Bonita, towing her all night; had the slave galleys set up, and next morning sent her to Monrovia to land the 717 slaves, who are to be taken charge of by the United States government agent. The slaves, notwithstanding their number, were put on board the Bonita in the space of fifteen minutes. Having disposed of the prize, the San Jacinto stood to the south, and met the Constellation, the officers of each ship conveying to one another the intelligence that 66 haul had been inade.”
The parties on board the slaver made a desperate attempt to break the San Jucinto's propellers, by throwing overboard furniture and other materials likely to impede progress; the cabin had been made destitute of fittings” to accomplish this treacherous design. Plenty of rice and all sorts of provisions were on board. The Bonita is a splendid brigantinc of about 212 tons burthen. Her ownership has not transpired. She cleared from New York on the 16th of July, with papers for St. Thomas and a market, and took forty-seven days to go to the coast; and steering direct from the last named port to Punta de Lenha, where she got the blacks.
The captain of the Relief yesterday reported himself to the U. S. Marshal. The officers and crew of the U. S. ships on the station were well, and their location was the same as reported on Tuesday. The Bonita's and Cora's crews volunteered to do duty on
• short commons
on board the Relief, and behaved in the most exemplary