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Marsh, Wm. H. Thompson, each
melee, F. D. McNeil, each $1 Winsted-E. Beardsley $20, Wm. L.
Gilbert, Dr. Case, each $2; S. B.
Norton $5, Rev. C. B. McLean,
Johnson 50 cents
James Loomis $3
return to 20th November.)
Humphrey $2, J. S. Wilson $2
Atwater-Hannah Hillyer $10, Josiah 48 00 Mix $5, H. E. Mansfield $5, Mrs.
Bartholomew $1, Mrs. Baldwin,
$1, Elizabeth Baum $5, Z. A.
Richard Fenn $5, James Upson,
$1, D. E. Fenn $i, W. Fenn 50 18 50 cents, P. C. Carothers $1
Rootstown-Lewis Chapman $5, D.
5 50 1 00 5 00
offering for his abundant pros.
113 29 NEW JERSEY. New Jersey Col. Society-Balance to
entitle them to a Delegate in 1861 348 73 By Rev. J. N. Danforth-$56.27Cold Spring-Collection
22 10 Salem -Collection
28 17 Pittsgrove-In addition to $30 return
ed in December No. to constitute Rev. E. P. Shields a lise member
405 00 MAINE.- Wiscassett-Patrick Len-
1 00 By Rev. B. 0. Plimpton-$53—(his · NEW HAMPSHIRE.-By Rev. F. return to 20th November.)
Butler, $11. Francestown— Israel Albion-Sarah Stuntz $5, N. C.
Batchelder, P. H. Bixby, Robert Rogers $2
7 00 Bradford, $1 each to Oct. '60; McKean-Särah Gallusha $5, Elias
P. C. Butterfield $i, to Jan. '61; Breacht $5, Otis Reed $5, S.
Mark Morse $1, Geo. Kingsbury, Satfford $5, Rev. David Vorce $5,
Herbert Vose, $1 each to Nov. James Wheeler $5, Rev. John
'61; George F. Pettee $1, to Jan. Prosser $5, Job Stafford $1
36 00 61.-Portsmouth-Dea. John Erie-Elihu Marvin
Knowlton $1, to June '61, Miss Pennsylvania Col. Society-Balance
J. N. Foster $2, to June 61
11 00 to entitle them to a Delegate for VERMONT.-By Rev. F. Butler, $1, 1861
viz: St.Johnsbury_Jas. K. Colby,
RHODE ISLAND.--Providence-Gil. By Rev. J. N. Danforth-$101.97
bert Congdon, Dr. G. S. Stevens, Wilmington-D. N. Bates, Cash, Cash,
2 00 V. Dupont, each $10; L. B. B.,
MARYLAND- Baltimore-Zebulon $5, Cash $1
5 00 Dover-Individuals $6, M.W. B. $10, VIRGINIA. - Richmond - Cornelius Cash, Cash, each $5
26 00 Crew, in full, $1.87.- HampSmyrna-W. E., and W. C. E., each
stead--Charles" G. Alexander, in 10 00 full, $4
5 87 Milford
3 17 NORTH CAROLINA.-Edenton-Miss Harrington-.
2 60 Frances L. Reuthae, to April 262, 1 00 Delaware City-.
8 68 GEORGIA.-Macon-John L. GreshNew Castle-individuals
am, in full,$4. -Albany-Rev.
6 00 101 97 OHIO.-By Rev. B. 0. Plimpton, $1, MARYLAND.
(return to 20th Nov.) Tallmadge By Rev. J. N. Danforth-$5.19-
-J. B. Sperry, 1 year, $1. Bell Elkton- Collection.
5 19 Brook-Daniel Holmes, to 1 July DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
'61, $2. -Jersey-C. M. PutWashington - From United States, for
nain, in full, $5
8 00 one month's support in Liberia of INDIANA.-Rockville-N. Y. Allen, the Africans landed from the
to Jan. '61
1 00 Slavers Storm King and Erie · 12,358 33 MICHIGAN.— Ypsilanti — Sarah L. By Rev. J. N. Danforth-$19
Whittlesey, to Jan. '62
2 00 Washington-B. F. L. $5, J. J. $5 10 00 Georgetown—M. E. Church-Indi
51 87 viduals
2,011 90 Miscellaneous
The forty-fourth annual meeting of this Society was held in the Hall of the Smithsonian Institution on the evening of the 15th of January, 1861. The Hon. J. H. B. LATROBE, President of the Society, took the Chair. The Divine blessing was invoked by the Rev. PETER PARKER, of Washington.
The President of the Society then addressed the meeting in the following words:
We have met here to-night to commemorate the organization of our Society in December, 1816. Our country had then just emerged from war. Less than two years had elapsed since the treaty of peace with Great Britain. Victories at sea, victories upon land, had signalized the martial character of our people. The sectional disaffection that had existed at the commencement of the war had been drowned in the triumphs of the “ United States" and the “ Constitution,” Lake Erie and Lake Champlain, and Lundy's Lane, and Chippewa, and New Orleans. A common danger had united all men. Commercial activity was the order of the day. The national energy, ceasing to manifest itself in battle, had turned to the subjugation of the wilderness. Mr. Monroe had just been elected President, and was tranquilly awaiting inauguration. Business of every description prospered; and in the quiet of peace, the better appreciated because of the late hot strife, we found ourselves a proud, and brave, and contented nation.
It was at such a time, when a future, bright with promise, was opening to our people, that the distresses of another people in our midst, but not of us, and who had no future, attracted the sympathies of statesmen and philanthropists. Clay, whose clarion voice cheered the hearts of his countrymen when saddened by defeat; Randolrh, whose eloquence and sarcasm,
whose quick retort and biting jest have become traditional; MADISON, the commentator of the Constitution, the President of the Republic it had created, by whom the war, just ended, had been brought to a triumphant close; CALDWELL, the philanthropist; MERCER, whose heart embraced every human interest under every sky; and Key, the accomplished lawyer, the Christian gentleman, the patriot poet, who, amid the din of war, " the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,” conceived and gave to his country the noblest ode that ever yet adorned a nation's song—these were the men who, with others like them, perfected the plan of a home for the free people of color of the United States, where, on another continent, they too might have a future, in the long vista of which war might hang up its banners, peace display its trophies, religion erect its altars, until prophecy should be fulfilled.
Of all that was done in the years following the peace of 1815, whether in commercial enterprise, clearing the forest, exploring the mine, building the manufactory, constructing the highway, nothing was more worthy of praise than this turning aside, as it were, from the grand march of events, that the weak and the dependent might have such a future as we have suggested. And so will History yet speak of the American Colonization Society. She may pass by without comment men prominent in the politics of the hour; the countless heroes of small occasions; the orators of party, rising, rocket-like and noisily, only to explode and disappear-all these History at pleasure may ignore, but Liberia, a nation now among the nations, will not permit its founders to be forgotten.
It is well known to all who have been in the habit of attending the meetings of our Society how carefully all tendency to political discussion has been avoided. Occupying, as we have done, a common ground between the North and the South, we have confined ourselves to topics germane to the exclusive object of the association-the removal of the free people of color, with their own consent, to Africa. Nor is it intended now to depart from this Constitutional observance, when reference is thus made to what may be termed the hallowed memories of our cause. On occasion, however, when we are forced to regard it as a possibility, at the least, that this meeting of our Society, with its present constituency, may be our last, we may be permitted to look back, though through tears, to the day when there were no such words as dissolution and disunion; when the Republic-E pluribus Unum-swept forward in beauty on the highway of what then seemed a glorious destiny, and illustrated its bounteous capability of good in such creations as our own. may be permitted, we repeat, to recall these reminiscences of the past, if only to express the hope that, as they are common to the whole people, the heart of the whole people may yet swell with them, until, as between brothers who have stood opposed, the fame of a common mother, the generous rivalries of a common manhood, may moderate and overcome the angry feelings of a temporary strife, and the harmony of a household, hallowed in the estimation of every lover of liberty and friend of humanity throughout the world, may be again restored.
But whatever result, the importance of Colonization, in connexion with the free people of color, cannot be impaired. The differences of race, the prejudices of caste, are independent of the aggrandizement or the belittleing of nations. The law of labor, the relation of wages to supply and demand, the certainty that in the competition inevitable upon the increase of the aggre
gate of our population, the weaker of the two races must emigrate or be extirpated, not by force, but by want and its attendant sufferings-all these causes will continue to operate, whether we remain or are reconstituted one people, form two or more great confederacies, or are split into thirty-three independent States, with free cities ad libitum in addition.
Should the example of Arkansas, which has expelled the free people of color, be imitated in the slaveholding States, and the example of Indiana and Maryland, which exclude them, be followed in the Free States, and the experience of Canada be realized at the North in regard to them--and this is not merely possible, but probable-what, then, will be the situation of the free people of color? What will Liberia then be to them but a blessed refuge, and upon whom will such blessings be showered as upon those who founded the African Republic, and upon those whose hands afterwards upheld it?
In a word, the mighty fact, testified to by the recent and all the preceding censuses, cannot be overlooked; that, in 1890, the present thirty-one millions of the inhabitants of the United States will have increased to one hundred millions; and in 1930, at the end of but a single lifetime from to-day, to two hundred and forty millions. On this one fact, independent as it must be of every thing but internecine war, or famine, or pestilence—which God, in his infinite mercy, avert—rests the whole theory of colonization.
Come, then, what may, Colonizationists have but one alternative-they must remain true to this cause and firm in the support of it. The best interests of the free people of color are in their keeping. Africa still stretches forth its hands for the boon of civilization and the Gospel, which the descendants of the children of the soil are alone competent to confer. The march of events halts not, nations and individuals fall in the ranks, but others fill their places, and the onward movement still continues. Colonization has its position in it; and if Colonizationists neither grow weary nor faint by the way, their goal will be
success, and should the worst come to the worst, and our country sink from beneath us, we will cherish, all the more reverently, these memories, which will recall the righty and united people from whom Colonization sprung; still hoping, however, for better things unto the end; like the lad, who, on the deck of the sinking Arctic, continued to fire the signal as the whelming wave rolled over the cannon, which it was his duty to discharge.
Extracts from the Annual Report were read by the Rev. R. R. GURLEY, Corresponding Secretary of the Society. The audience was then addressed by the Rev. BYRON SUNDERLAND, D.D., follows:
MR. PRESIDENT: I almost wish to be excused from saying anything. Irdeed, I feel that I am standing here very much like a crooked stick, which the committee have hastily caught up by the wayside, to help the Society over this soft spot in the path its present anniversary. Disappointed in the expectation of being borne this evening on the splendid chariots of eloquence which had been looked for from abroad, I was apprized at a late moment of the honor extended to by the invitation to take a part in the exercises of this meeting. Without time for any adequate preparation for so distinguished a service, I have come to respond briefly to the call, as best I may, under these unfavorable circumstances.
Of course I am not your orator. I only rise to bear my testimony and make a little exhortation, after the very full and instructive presentation of your esteemed Secretary in the report to which we have just listened.
With your indulgence, therefore, sir, and that of the assembly, I will submit a few fragmentary and desultory remarks, by way at least, of observing the forms, if not enhancing the interest, of this occasion.
Yet indeed it would be idle in me to attempt at any time or under any circumstances to inform you, sir, or your associates in this Society, or even the auditory usually convened on the occasions of your anniversaries, in regard to the ancient or modern condition of Africa, or in regard to the affairs of colonization along the coasts of that great continent, or in regard to the Republie of Liberia, or in regard to the fostering care which the American Colonization Society has extended to that infant State-or, in short, in regard to any of the great facts, principles, or results, involved in that sublime and beneficent undertaking. Some of you have been prominent participators for many years in this series of deeply interesting events. And your names are already written on that scroll which the muse of history will bear down to posterity, as among thie illustrious benefactors of mankind.
I see before me presiding here a gentleman whose energies have long been devoted with, 1 had almost said a paternal solicitude, to this noble cause, and from whom I heard, but two years ago, on this very spot, one of the most elegant and thrilling recitals of the entire Liberian enterprise, to which I have ever listened. I see before me the two Secretaries of the Society, one of them having long and efficiently controled its financial operations, and who has just now crowned all the labors of former years, by one of the most energetic and praise-worthy labore, in fitting out the three vessels that have so recently borne back to their native land so many hundreds of unfortunate and suffering Africans, while the other has literally grown gray in the service of a people whose distant shores he has visited in his mission of philanthropy, and in whose behalf he has often pleaded so earnestly and so eloquentiy.
I see before me another gentleman now, from the Commercial Metropolis, who also has devoted his life to the same great cause, and whom neither the perils of the deep nor the discomforts of a protracted residence in that distant land, separated from home and kindred, and all that men hold dear in life, could restrain from acting forth his self-sacrificing spirit in behalf of the despised and down-trodden tribes of that benighted but much-injured quarter of the globe.
I see before me other gentlemen, who have been actuated by a similar impulse, and have each, in their place and measure, borne up the cause of this noble philanthropy by their mutual efforts, counsel, and prayers.
And in this connection I am reminded, also, that you have been associated in your work, sir, with some of the greatest and noblest men that have adorned either this or any other age or country-men who have been renowned, both in the church and in the State-clergymen, scholars, jurists, statesmen, and orators, a catalogue which bears the names of HOPKINS, and Finley, and ALEXANDER, and RANDOLPH, and Clay, and WEBSTER, and a host of others scarcely less distinguished-names that will stand unobscured for all time by the side of Clarkson, and WILBERFORCE, and Bux'ron, and the proud array of England's truest noblemen.
I feel, then, that I am standing, even now, in the presence of the very makers of history; and therefore it would be presumptuous, as well as idle, in one so