Slike strani






WASHINGTON, January 15, 1861. The Board of Directors met at 12 o'clock, M., at the office of the American Colonization Society, Hon. J. H. B. LATROBE, President, in the Chair. Prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. WHEELER, of Vermont.

Rev. HOWARD MALCOM, of Philadelphia, was chosen Secretary of the meeting

The following gentlemen were appointed a Committee on Credentials: Dr. Wheeler, of Vermont, D. M. Reese, M. D., of New York, and Rev. John Orcutt, of Connecticut. This committee reported as follows:

The Committee appointed to examine the credentials of delegates from Auxiliary Societies, beg leave to report, that they find the following to be entitled to seats. Those marked were not present: Maine-Freeman Clark, Esq. New Hampshire-Joseph B. Walker, Esq. Vermont-Rev. John Wheeler, D. D., Rev. Franklin Butler. Massachusetts-James Hayward, Esq.* Connecticut-J. A. Rockwell, Esq., S. H. Huntington, Esq., Charles

Parker, Esq.,* Henry Stanley, Esq., * Eli Whitney, Esq., * Rev. E.
L. Cleveland, D. D.*
New York--D. M. Reese, M. D., Hon. D. S. Gregory, Rev. A.

New Jersey-L. A. Smith, M. D.
Pennsylvania-Rev. Howard Malcom, D. D.
Illinois—Solomon Sturges, Esq.

The following Life Directors were also present:
MassachusettsJoseph Tracy, D. D.
Connecticut-Rev. John Orcutt.
New York-J. B. Pinney, LL. D.
PennsylvaniaJ. P. Crozer, Esq.
New Jersey-John Maclean, D. D.*
District of ColumbiaRev. W. McLain, D. D.,

Rev. R. R. Gurley.
Also, the following named members of the Executive Committee:
G. W. Samson, D. D., and Hon. Peter Parker.


On motion,

Resolved, That the reading of the proceedings of the last annual meeting of the Board, and of the late called meeting, be postponed till to-morrow.

The Annual Report was then read by Rev. Mr. GURLEY, Corresponding Secretary.

The Report was accepted, and the Corresponding Secretary requested to select such parts of it, to be read at our public meeting to-night, as he may deem proper.

The Annual Statement of the Executive Committee was read by the Rev. Mr. McLAIN, Financial Secretary.

The Annual Report, also the Statement of the Executive Committee, were accepted, and referred to the several Standing Committees appointed by the President.

The following named gentlemen were appointed on the Standing Committees of the Society:

John P. CROZER, Esq.,
On Foreign Relations,


On Finance, -

D. M. REESE, Esq.,
J. B. WALKER, Esq.

On Auxiliary Societies, Rev. JOHN ORCUTT,


L. A. SMITH, M. D.,
On Agencies,


On Accounts,

Rev. J. B. PINNEY.

On Emigration,

G. W. S. HALL, Esq.,

Rev. HOWARD MALCOM. Letters were read from various gentlemen, who found themselves unable to be present at this meeting.

Adjourned to meet tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock.

JANUARY 16, 1861.

. The Board met at 9 o'clock, A. M. Prayer by Rev. Mr. PINNEY. The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and approved. Other letters, from gentlemen unavoidably absent, were read.




The minutes of the last annual meeting, and of the special meeting of October 25th, having been read, Rev. Mr. PINNEY moved a correction, as follows:

Whereas, by an inadvertence in copying the minutes, one page of the resolutions passed at the special meeting, October 25th, last, was omitted, and should now be supplied; therefore,

Resolved, That the record be corrected so as to include the omitted page, so as to read as if following the words one year,” at the end of the third line from the bottom of page 348 of Record Book,• and on the further condition that the emigrant agent of this Society, " and the agent of the United States for recaptured Africans, shall at “all times have full privilege to examine into the care and disposition “of the recaptured while in pupilage, and their representations of any “ neglect or injustice, properly made to the Liberian Government, “shall be attended to, and due correction applied.

Resolved, That in instances where apprenticed recaptives are "treated with cruelty, or their education, food, or clothing, as pro"vided for in the indentures, are not furnished, on the complaint of “this Society's agent, or the United States agent, examination shall 66 be made and the indentures forfeited.

Resolved, That this Board expresses its earnest desire and trust, “that the recaptured may be so cared for as to become fully incor“porated as a portion of the civilized Christian community of Liberia, “ with all the rights of its native born citizens.”

Which was agreed to.

The Rev. Mr. ORCUTT, Traveling Secretary of the Society, read his Report, the principal parts of which we here publish:

HARTFORD, CONN., January 1, 1861. To the Board of Directors, of the American Colonization Society.

GENTLEMEN: Soon after our last annual meeting, I received, through the Corresponding Secretary, the following resolutions, adopted by our Executive Committee :

Resolved, That the Traveling Secretary of this Society be instructed to proceed to Cincinnati, and such other points as upon inquiry may be found suitable, to examine into the condition of the free negroes lately expelled from the State of Arkansas, to communicate with them touching the advantages which Liberia offers as a home to the black man, to encourage and solicit of them to seek that country, to tender to them assistance for that purpose, including necessary outfit, means of travel to some port to be determined on by the Society, a free passage to Liberia, and reasonable aid in establishing themselves there.

2. Resolved, That he be instructed to pledge the assistance of this Society to individuals and families fit for emigration, to the number of 150 persons, in the manner indicated above.

3. Resolved, That the sum of $10,000 be appropriated for the foregoing purposes to be placed from time to time under the orders of the Committee, in the hands of said Secretary, to be expended as the exigencies of individuals selected by him may require.

4. Resolved further, That the Traveling Secretary be instructed to do all in his power to raise funds for this object and for the general purposes of the Society.

In accordance with these instructions, I proceeded to Cincinnati about the middle of February, where after diligent search, I found scattered over the city, either as servants or temporary boarders, half a hundred or more of the Arkansas refugees. Some of the more intelligent and enterprizing of them were evidently pleased with the idea of emigating to Liberia, and cheerfully offered their services to get together as many of their number as practicable to hear on the subject. The result was, some thirty assembled in an upper room, and had the matter spread out before them. Though all seemed to be interested in the statements made, and some of them fully determined to embark for a home in Africa, yet they felt obliged to delay going till they could adjust some matters of business, and confer with kindred and friends whom they hoped would accompany them.

One Wm. Stith, in particular, who appeared to be a person of respectability and influence, felt confident that he could find a large number disposed to go as soon as they could consistently do so, and promised to make the effort and inform me of the result. I put Colonization documents into his hands for distribution, and it is quite possible I may yet hear from him.

The whole number of free blacks in Arkansas, when the law of expulsion was enacted, was said to be about 1,000. The number that left the State last January, according to the best of my knowledge, did not exceed 800. Those went in different directions—some to Kansas, some to Canada, and some to Ohio and other States, as they were permitted and inclined. I was told that nearly 200 came directly to Cincinnati, but remained in the city only a few days. I found several families at Mt. Pleasant, and in other parts of the State, but they had rented tenements and found employment which they were not disposed to exchange for the provision proffered them,

While in Cincinnati, word came to me, one evening, that an interesting family had just arrived in the city from Mobile, being driven away by a law expelling free negroes. I at once went in pursuit of them, and found a very likely appearing negro, freed by his master at his decease, with a wife to whom he had been married four weeks, and seven children by a former wife. That evening they seemed delighted with the opportunity of going to Liberia. The next morning the wife, through adverse influences, no doubt, and to the deep regret of her husband, had decided otherwise. She said she would rather return to her master whom she served till her marriage. Thus it became evident that I should fail to obtain any emigrants from among the refugees for the May expedition. My attention was therefore turned to matters touching the cause, of a general nature. During my stay in Cincinnati, which included four Sabbaths, I presented the subject to eight of the principal congregations, and made a somewhat successful effort for a general Colonization meeting in “ Christ Church,” on a Thursday evening, at which the venerable Bishop Mcllvaine presided, and made an interesting address. He was followed by Rev. Dr. Goddard, the Pastor, Rev. Dr. Wilson, of the First Presbyterian Church, Judge Leavitt and others.

Very unexpectedly, I received a formal invitation to address the colored people of the city on the subject, which I accordingly did, and had one of their Churches well filled with respectful and attentive hearers; but after a vote of thanks for the lecture, a series of resolutions previously prepared for the occasion, were presented and adopted, expressing it as the sense of the meeting that the free blacks of the United States have a duty to perform to

wards their brethren in bondage, and that they ought not to leave the country till the rights of all in this land were fully secured and respected. A minority, however, looked with favor upon the Colonization enterprise, and did not vote for the resolutions.

By special request of one of our most intelligent, sincere, and earnest friends and advocates, the Rev. Hugh McMillan, D. D., now gone to his rest, I spent a Sabbath at Xenia, and presented the cause in two of the Churches of that place. The next day I visited the Institution for the Educa. tion of colored people, called the “Wilberforce University," where I was kindly received, and permitted to address about 100 students for one hour; and in the evening, by previous appointment, I occupied the pulpit of the Rev. Dr. McMillan, at Cedarville. I also passed a Sabbath at Columbus, where I preached on my topic in one of the Churches during the day, and in the evening had the privilege of addressing a large audience embracing, by special invitation of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, most of the members of the Legislature, in the First Presbyterian Church. I spent a Sabbath at Cleveland, occupying the pulpit of the First Presbyterian Church in the evening at a United service; and also one in Indianapolis, Indiana, where I addressed three congregations during the day and evening. A part of my business at Indianapolis, was to confer with the “ State Board of Colonization,” which is composed of the Governor, Auditor, and Secretary of State, in regard to what disposition might be made of the unappropriated funds in their hands. The Board were of the opinion that suid funds could be used only to aid emigrants from that State, allowing our Society $50 for each emigrant. The sooner the money is thus expended the more satisfactory will it be to the people. This is evident from the law of the State prohibiting negro immigration. Not only are free negroes forbidden to come into Indiana by express statute, but it is made a penal offence for a white person to induce such immigration; and a contract made with a negro, in that State, is null and void. When a State Constitution was adopted in Oregon, four-fifths of the electors said by their vote, we will not have slavery; and they also said by about the same majority, we will have no free negroes. Illinois too has a similar prohibitory law against free negroes; and there are at the present time, some twenty-five petitions from nearly as many counties, before the Legislature of Ohio, praying for a law against any further negro immigation into that State. I saw those petitions last spring in the hands of the Committee on Federal Relations, to whom they were referred. The Legislature adjourned to this winter, and the committee have not yet reported on the subject. They will doubtless report adversely, but as a leading member said to me, " let 30,000 more negroes come into the State and such a law cannot be prevented.” It is well known that prominent politicians at the West have boldly taken ground in favor of a separation of the races, and advocate the purchase of a portion of Central America for a colony of blacks-a proposition which will probably prove to be as impracticable as it is undesirable.

No wonder that some of the free colored people at the North should begin to inquire, with solicitude, what they shall do? I saw several at the West who said, “we must go somewhere." Such was the language of one Rev. Aaron Wallace, of Vernon, Indiana, who had a wife and nine children to provide for; and of Hiram Mitchell and wife, of Seymour; and of Rev. Edward Hart, of Chatham, Canada West, with a family of children. When I left them, these persons were fully determined to embark for Liberia last Novem.


« PrejšnjaNaprej »