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THE HE ninth annual report of the president and the treasurer of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, for the year ending September 30, 1914, shows a total endowment of 2,850,000l., a surplus of 249,000l., an annual income of 149,200l., and an annual expenditure of 143,200l. Of this 6400l. was spent in administration, 9400l. in educational inquiry, and 126,8ool. in retiring allowances and pensions. During the year twenty-nine retiring allowances and fifteen widows' pensions were granted, the average grant being 3291. 10s. The total number of allowances now in force is 332, the total number of widows' pensions 100, the general average grant being 319l. The total number of allowances granted since the beginning of the foundation is 595, the total expenditure for this purpose being 710,200l.

A comprehensive study of engineering education has been undertaken at the request of a joint committee representing the six national engineering societies. In co-operation with these societies a study of the history of important engineering schools and land-grant colleges has been made. Numerous engineering schools have been visited, special studies are being made of the situation of the student upon entering and upon leaving his engineering studies, and several thousand engineers are co-operating in formulating the views of the profession concerning the present methods and results of the engineering schools.

Because engineering is relatively a new profession, its professional consciousness is not as well developed as that in medicine and law, as is evidenced by the fact that engineering societies are of comparatively recent date. Thus the American Society of Civil Engineers, organised in 1852, held its first convention in 1869. The similar organisations of the mechanical and the electrical engineers were formed in 1880 and 1884 respectively.

Because of this newness of the demand for engineers, the engineering schools of the United States have had to do much pioneer work in education. Founded, as most of them were, since 1860, in response to the needs of growing industries for men trained in applied science, they have had to blaze their own trail through the forests of educational tradition; and, particularly in the early years of their existence, have had to defend their practices against existing habits of educational procedure. This fact makes the study of engineering education one of particular interest and importance, since it inevitably led to modifications in school practices both in the engineering colleges themselves and in the colleges for liberal humanistic training.

Although engineering was much simpler when the colleges were established than it is now, the founders of these institutions recognised clearly the novelty of the demands they were trying to meet, and organised their schools with a definite purpose of meeting those demands as fully as possible. The curricula of the early schools were devised only after a careful study of the conditions which the young engineer would have to meet on emerging from his course. That these curricula and the methods of training used were well adapted to the purposes for which they were devised is shown by the admirable results obtained. The wonderful development of the country in industrial and technical lines is in no small measure the work of the graduates of the engineering colleges, and stands as a monument to the far-sightedness, the sound instincts, and the high ideals of the men who guided the work. But this rapid expansion in industrial and technical lines, aided at every turn by the equally rapid development of science, has resulted in making the field of

engineering very broad and extremely complicated. Engineers have been forced to specialise in limited fields, and each year has witnessed a higher degree of specialisation and an increase in the amount of subjectmatter which must be included in the curricula of the schools. To meet this situation, the engineering schools have gradually patched the original curriculum by adding new subjects here and there and subdividing their instruction into an ever-increasing number of more highly specialised courses. The demands on the student's time have become severe, and the ingenuity of faculties to frame time-schedules which shall satisfy the requirements of all the various departments is being taxed to the utmost.

That there is a pressing need for a full and thorough study of engineering education is clearly recognised by the engineering profession. This recognition has manifested itself in the organisation, in 1893, of the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education, and in the increasing attention which the engineering societies and the engineering Press have given to this subject. It has recently been clearly expressed by the appointment of a joint committee on engineering education, whose membership is made up of fifteen representatives of the leading national engineering societies, and whose function is "to examine into all branches of engineering and to formulate a report on the appropriate scope of engineering education."

The Carnegie Foundation is undertaking this study of engineering education in close conference and hearty co-operation with this committee. An important part of this inquiry will consist in a study of the conditions into which a young engineer enters immediately on graduation, and of the estimates which the engineering profession has formed of his needs and his equipment. Another part of the inquiry will consist of a study of the aims, the purposes, the curricula, the methods of teaching, and the educational experiments and investigations of the engineering schools. Such material, arranged in compact form, should be of value to schools and teachers, no less than to engineers and students.

The steps being taken to found an American Association of University Professors are of interest to all workers in higher education.

The movement has been inaugurated by a meeting held in Baltimore for the formation of a national association of university professors. For some years university teachers have realised that specialisation in teaching tended more and more to bring them together as specialists, not as unversity teachers. The physiologists, chemists, and philologists meet in groups, but nowhere has there been provided a body under which all university teachers shall come together, not as specialists but as university teachers, to consider the problems and the organisation of higher education. Such a body ought to be able to promote in a helpful way the discussion of questions relating to higher education and to the organisation and conduct of our universities; such, for example, as the organisation of universities into departments, the relations of research to teaching, the awarding of degrees, the methods of appointment and promotion, the relations of faculties and trustees, and numerous other questions directly affecting the ideals and the needs of university teachers and affecting no less the progress and development of the universities themselves.

Such a body bringing together university teachers in all subjects, who meet not as specialists but as men engaged in teaching, ought to exercise an admirable influence in arousing in the minds of a large number of university teachers now absorbed in their own specialities an interest in university questions and a greater readiness to study such questions together. Too many university teachers are content to be ab

sorbed in their own fields of study or research, and give little time or thought to the larger problems of university life and university progress. Such a body as this ought to furnish the opportunity and the incentive towards such thinking.

Such an organisation of university teachers ought to accomplish much in the creation of what one might call professional consciousness. It will help towards a more definite appreciation on the part of teachers themselves, and on the part of the public, of what it means to be a university teacher. The association may well hope in time to grow into an influence comparable in the case of university teachers to that exercised by the American Bar Association for lawyers or by the American Medical Association for physicians. Hitherto there has been little of professional solidarity amongst university teachers. The term professor has had with us a very indefinite meaning. It has been applied unthinkingly to secondary-school teachers, college teachers, university teachers, and to many whose connection with teaching is most remote. In this uncertainty lie certain difficulties which the association will meet, for in the public mind there is as yet no very clear differentiation between the university professor and the secondary-school teacher, just as many of our universities are such in name only.

The plans of the Association of University Professors have not yet been worked out to the point of detailed organisation. Doubtless those who have the matter in charge have in mind a somewhat loose organisation like that of the lawyers rather than a highly detailed organisation like that of the physicians. So far as the plan has as yet developed, it contemplates nothing further than the formation of a body representative of university teachers, a body in which questions affecting the work of the university and the interests of teachers, the relations of schools and colleges, and similar questions, may be discussed from the point of view of university teachers, and which may present to university bodies and to the public a statement of such questions from the point of view of the profession itself. Those who have to do with universities and colleges, whether as trustees, presidents, or teachers, will welcome this movement heartily.

The foundation's earlier studies of medical education are continued in this report in recommendations for changes in the classification of medical schools; a study of medicine and politics in Ohio; and a survey of medical education on the Pacific coast, which shows that the State of Washington, which has no medical school, has a plentiful supply of physicians trained in good schools all over the country, while California, with eight medical schools, is swamped with poorly trained doctors.

The report concludes with a discussion of “Standards and Standardisers," which shows that the Carnegie Foundation has had little to do with the setting up or enforcement of college standards, this being the work of college faculties. All that the foundation has done is to cause fuller discussion of such matters and to urge the claims of honesty and sincerity.


A BURSARY in memory of Mr. Robert Hepburn has been founded by his sister at University College, Dundee. It will be tenable for three years, and open to any male or female student of medicine at the college.

PROF. W. MORGAN, who fills the chair of automobile engineering in the faculty of engineering of the University of Bristol, has been released from his

duties for the period of the war. He will, we understand, be engaged upon work in connection with the production of munitions.

THE governors of Guy's Hospital have received from the trustees and executors of the will of the late Sir William Dunn 25,000l. new War Loan 4 per cent. fully-paid stock for the endowment of a lectureship in pathology in the Guy's Hospital Medical School, to be known as the "Sir William Dunn Lectureship in Pathology."

IN connection with the erection of the permanent buildings of the University of Western Australia, two prizes of a hundred guineas and twenty-five guineas respectively were offered for the two best designs for the laying out of the University's grounds at Crawley Park, Perth, W.A. A large number of designs were sent in, and the following awards have now been made by the board of adjudication :-First prize, H Desbrowe-Annear, Melbourne, Victoria; second prize, H. W. Hargrave, Perth, W.A. The design submitted by Messrs. J. Cheal and Sons, Ltd., Crawley, Sussex, has in addition been granted an honourable mention.

WE are requested to make known that the latest date for the receipt of applications from candidates desiring to be examined at Local Centres for the Aitchison Memorial Scholarship is September 1, and from those who wish to be examined in London, September 15. Applications should be made to Mr. H. F. Purser, 35 Charles Street, Hatton Garden, E.C. It will be remembered that the scholarship in question was founded in memory of the late Mr. James Aitchison, in consideration of the many and valuable services rendered by him to the optical industry and the development of optical education, and specially in recognition of his unselfish and constant endeavour to secure better training for optical students. The scholarship course, tenable at the Northampton Polytechnic Institute, Clerkenweil, covers two years, and its total value is 30l. It is proposed to offer the scholarship in alternate years.



Academy of Sciences, August 17.-M. Ed. Perrier in the chair.-Paul Appell: Contribution to the study of the functions of higher degrees.-W. Kilian and Antonin Lanquine: The coexistence, in the neighbourhood of Castellane, of pyreneo-provençal dislocations and of Alpine folds, and on the complexity of these orogenic phenomena.-Joseph Pérès: Bessel's functions with several variables.-H. G. Block: The equation of elastic rods.—José Rodriguez Mourelo: The phototropy of inorganic systems. The case of calcium sulphide. These sulphides were made by heating precipitated chalk (100 gr.), common salt (o'i gr.), sodium carbonate (0'03 gr.), sulphur, and certain phosphoregens, such as manganese and bismuth salts. The colour develops in a strong light, not sunlight, in two or three minutes. In one set of experiments the proportion of manganese added varied between o'i per cent. and o'0001 per cent. The observed colours passed through reddish-violet, pink, to an intense violet, the maximum phototropic effect being obtained with o'005 per cent. of manganese. The colours were increased in intensity by the addition of both manganese and bismuth.-M. Pontio: A method of control for rapidly estimating the quantity of nickel deposited in nickel plating. The method is based on the use of a solution of dilute hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide, which attacks the underlying metal (copper, iron) more rapidly than the deposited nickel.-Alberto Betim A layer of euxenite in Brazil. This deposit


was found near Pomba (Minas-Geraes), Brazil. spectrographic analysis of the mineral showed the presence of titanium, niobium, yttrium, ytterbium, erbium. Chemical analysis proved uranium (4 to 11 per cent. of the oxide), thorium, traces of cerium, tin, arsenic, lead, gallium, and gold.-Ed. Delorme: A new mode of grafting the flexor tendons of the fingers. In cases of severe wounds of the palms of the hands, with loss of one or more of the flexor tendons, an operation has been devised, full details of which are given, in which portions of the flexor tendon_of_the fore-arm are grafted over on to the hand.-E. Kayser : Contribution to the study of the ferments of rum. It is shown that the use of the microscope can render great services in rum manufacture: it can prove contamination, and direct the fermentation to obtain products of constant composition.-Em. Bourquelot and A. Aubry The influence of soda on the synthetic and hydrolytic properties of a-glucosidase (glucosidase from low yeast, air dried). A set of ten experiments, in which the proportion of caustic soda was gradually increased, gave results showing that the synthetic reaction was not sensibly affected so long as the mixture remained acid. In a neutral mixture the reaction does not attain its normal equilibrium, and with distinct alkaline reaction the synthetic reaction stops, although no secondary isomerising reactions have been set up by the alkali.


Linnean Society, June 30.-Mr. A. G. Hamilton, president, in the chair.-A. R. McCulloch: Notes on, and descriptions of, Australian fishes.-H. S. H. Wardlaw: The temperature of Echidna aculeata. The temperature of Echidna shows a regular daily variation of about 3° C., its morning temperature being about 30° C., and its afternoon temperature about 33° C. These temperatures are considerably lower than the temperatures of most other mammals (37° C.). During winter in Sydney, Echidna hibernates for short periods at a time. During the periods of hibernation, its temperature sinks almost to the level of the air, so that Echidna behaves like a cold-blooded animal.-R. J. Tillyard: The development of the wing-venation in zygopterous dragon-flies, with special reference to the Calopterygidæ. The paper deals with the tracheation of the larval wing in the genera Calopteryx (Palæarctic) and Diphlebia (Australian), the only two genera of the Calopterygidæ available for study. The results are most important, since they establish the fact that, throughout the suborder Zygoptera, the radius is unbranched, whereas in the Anisoptera it always possesses a branch, known as the radial sector, which crosses over the two most distal branches of the media. In the Anisoptera, the media has only three branches besides the main stem. In the Zygoptera it has four. The extra branch lies between M, and M., and is analogous to, but not homologous with, the radial sector. For this newly demonstrated branch the name zygopterid sector is proposed, with the notation Ms, to preserve the analogy with the radial sector Rs. Important results following from this are (1) that the crossing of Rs over M-2 no longer separates the Odonata from all other insects; (2) that the dichotomy between Anisoptera and Zygoptera becomes far more pronounced than heretofore, by the basic difference in the condition of the radius in the two suborders; (3) that Handlirsch's fossil suborder, Anisozygoptera, must be dropped; all these fossils, tested by the character of the radius, become true Zygoptera. Dr. S. J. Johnston : Moreauia mira

bilis, gen. et sp.nov., a remarkable trematode parasitic in Ornithorhynchus. This worm lives in the anterior part of the intestine of the platypus, in the

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MANY of the universities, colleges, and technical institutions in the United Kingdom have prepared lists of members of the staff, and of past and present students, serving with the forces of the Crown during the present war. Men engaged in teaching scientific and technical subjects, or in research, at these institutions have, in common with other professional classes, put aside their work voluntarily at the call of their country and taken their places in various branches of naval or military service. It has been our sorrowful duty to record that several workers in science have met their deaths while thus employed; and on such occasions the thought of others in the field has always been before us. In order to obtain a rough

census of men on active service, we have communicated with the registrar of each university and university college in the United Kingdom, and also with the principals of the technical schools and colleges included in the Association of Technical Institutions. We asked for the names of members of the scientific staffs now serving with the Army or Navy, with their positions on the staffs and rank in the forces. From the information thus obtained we have been able to compile the subjoined list, which will be of interest to many readers of NATURE.

Medical men have only been included in the list

when their names have been sent in as those of mem

bers of general scientific staffs. It would be out of place for us to attempt to prepare a list of the thousands of medical men serving in the Royal Army Medical Corps, the work of which must command the admiration of the whole civilised world. We are also unable to give the names of the many men whose scientific and technical knowledge are being used in the provision of munitions of war and for other national services at home. One technical school informs us that its workshop is now turning out a large number of shells a week, and another that the three engineers on its staff are, in addition to their teaching duties, performing war service by making munitions in the engineering workshops connected with one of the Royal factories.

In presenting the subjoined list, it may be desirable to repeat that it is limited to members of scientific staffs of the institutions named. The number of past and present students serving with the King's forces is greater than could ever have been anticipated. The Oxford roll has 8000 names, Cambridge has nearly 9000, Edinburgh 4000, the Imperial College of Science and Technology 1200, and other universities and colleges are similarly represented. The recent report of the Board of Education for the year 1913-14 (Cd. 7934) gives some striking facts as regards the decrease thus caused in the number of students in English colleges. From thirty-four universities and university colleges in England and Wales which are aided by grants from the Board, 2530 full-time students, or about 30 per cent. of the total number of full-time men students, had withdrawn to join the Forces by the end of January, and it may be safely assumed from the activity of the Officers Training Corps attached to these institutions that the number will steadily increase. In the men's training colleges for elementary teachers (excluding university training departments) about 645 out of a total number of 1420, or about 45 per cent., are already serving with the

Forces, and it may be anticipated that others will
join, if required, at the conclusion of the summer
term. For the technical, art, and evening schools it is
not possible to give even approximate figures; but a
number of the larger institutions have estimated the
drop in the number of students owing to the war at
points ranging up to 50 per cent., and averaging about
26 per cent.

Cranston, A., researcher in chemistry department, 2nd
Lieut. 9th Batt. Royal Scots Fusiliers.
Duncan, Geo. M., lecturer in bacteriology, Capt.
R.A.M.C. (T.F.)

Findlay, W. M., university assistant in agriculture,
Lieut. Gordon Highlanders (T.F. Reserve).
Geddes, A. E. M., univ. assist. in natural philosophy,
Lieut. Royal Army Flying Corps (Meteorl. Section).
Haig, Harold H., research fellow (pathology), Lieut.
(Temporary), R.A.M.C.
MacQueen, J. M., research fellow (pathology), Capt.
R.A.M.C. (T.F.)

Murray, Dr. J. R., university assistant in physiology,
Lieut. (Temporary), R.A.M.C.
Orr, Dr. J. B., researcher in animal nutrition (Dept.
of agriculture), Lieut. (Temporary) R.A.M.C.
Pratt, J. D., university assistant in chemistry, 2nd
Lieut. 4th Batt. Gordon Highlanders (T.F.).
Stuart, G., university assistant in anatomy, Capt.
R.A.M.C. (T.F.).
Thomson, A. L., univ. assist. in zool., 2nd Lt. (Temp.)
13th Batt. Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.

ABERYSTWYTH UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES. Bury, assistant-lecturer and demonstrator in chemistry, 2nd Lieut. Gloucester Regiment.

Grant, R., county agriculture organiser for Pembroke shire, 2nd Lieut. Welsh Regiment.

James, T. C., lecturer and demonstrator in chemistry, 'Lieut. College O.T.C.

Paine, H. H., assistant-lecturer and demonstrator in physics, Capt. Royal Welsh Fusiliers.

Walton, C. L., assistant-lecturer in economic zoology,
2nd Lieut. College O.T.C.
Williams, R. D., instructor in veterinary hygiene,
Major Royal Army Veterinary Corps.

ASPATRIA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. Charleton, L. S., lecturer in surveying and bookkeeping, Lieut.


Nash, J. H., teacher of mechanical drawing, private, Birmingham City Batt., 15th R. Warwick Regt.


Baythorp, A. J., teacher of mechanical drawing, Lieut.
Royal Garrison Artillery.

Milne, K., teacher of mechanical drawing, private,
Seed, D., teacher of mechanical drawing, 2nd Lieut.
Royal Garrison Artillery.

BELFAST: MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE. Adair, J. T., teacher of flax spinning, Lieut. Bedfordshire Regiment.

Forth, F. C., principal, Capt. Royal Irish Rifles. Gooch, H., lecturer in physics and electrical engineering, Lieut. Royal Engineers.

Longworth, G. H., engineering workshop instructor, Staff-Sergt. Army Ordnance Corps.

Naylor, T. M., lecturer in mechanical and electrical engineering, Eng. Sub-Lieut. Royal Navy. Nixon, W., teacher of naval architecture, Capt. Tyneside Scottish.

Stanley, R., professor of physics and electrical engineering, Capt. Royal Engineers. Wright, T. M., instructor in physical training, Company Sergt.-Major Army Gymnastic Staff.


Crymble, Dr. C. R., senior assistant in chemistry,
Lieut. 3rd Batt. Royal Irish Fusiliers.
Crymble, P. T., lecturer in applied anatomy, Capt.
R.A.M.C. (T.F.).

Dwerryhouse, Dr. A. R., lecturer in geology and geo-
graphy, Capt. Royal Garrison Artillery (S.R.).
Emerson, E. C. T., demonstrator in anatomy, Lieut.

Glendinning, W. G., assistant in chemistry, despatch


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Stanley, R., extra Murch professor of electrical engineering, Capt. Royal engineers.

Wilson, Dr. W. J., lecturer in hygiene, Lieut. R.A.M.C. (T.F.).

BIRMINGHAM: MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL. Lawrence, R. R., laboratory assistant, metallurgical department, 2nd Lieut.

Catterall, T., head of physics department, 2nd Lieut. (Army).

Eastham, F., lecturer in physics, private (Army). Hardman, E. S., lecturer in engineering, 2nd Lieut. (Army).

Johnson, J., head of building trades department, Corpl. (Army).

Norman, G. M., head of chemistry department, Corpl. (Army).

Tonge, H., assistant-lecturer in cotton weaving, Corpl. (Army).


Assheton, Dr. R. T., lecturer in animal embryology, 2nd Lieut. Ist Cambs.

Bragg, W. L., lecturer in natural sciences, 2nd 'Lieut. R.H.A. (Leics.).

Deighton, F., teacher of vaccination, Lieut. R.A.M.C. Dunlop, J. G. M., assistant-lecturer in chemistry,

Lieut. 2nd Dublin Fusiliers (died August 26, 1914). Entwistle, F., second observer, the Observatory, Lieut. Fay, C. R., Gilbey lecturer in agriculture, 2nd Lieut. 3rd The Buffs (East Kent Regiment).

Gray, J., demonstrator in comparative anatomy, 2nd Lieut. 5th Royal West Surrey.

Gregory, R. P., university lecturer in botany, Lieut.
Hele, T. Shirley, lecturer in natural sciences, Capt.

Heycock, C. T., Goldsmiths' reader in metallurgy,
Lieut.-Col. Commanding 1st Cambs. (T.F.).
Hill, A. V., Humphrey Owen Jones lecturer in
physical chemistry, Capt. 1st Cambs.

Hindle, E., assistant to Quick professor of biology,
Lieut. R.E. (Signalling Section).

Legg, S., senior laboratory assistant, engineering de- Hopkinson, B., professor of mechanism and applied

partment, private.


Chevalier, J. J. F., station engineer, 2nd Lieut.

Mechanical Transport Section, A.S.C. Rowell, H. S., senior lecturer, engineering department, 2nd Lieut. Royal Garrison Artillery. BRISTOL MERCHANT VENTURERS' TECHNICAL COLLEGE. Chitty, H., lecturer on first aid and home nursing,

surgeon, R.N.

Palmer, G. R., assistant-lecturer in mathematics,
Lieut. 11th Batt. West Riding Regiment.
Rogers, Dr. B. M. H., lecturer on care of the infant

and school child, Lieut.-Col. R.A.M.C. Short, Dr. A. R., lecturer on first aid and home nursing, Capt. R.A.M.C.

Stanley, H., lecturer in physics, Lieut. 4th Batt. Gloucester Regiment.

Statham, Dr. R. S. S., demonstrator in first aid and home nursing, Lieut. R.A.M.C.

mechanics, Major C.U.O.T.C.

Inglis, C. E., lecturer in mechanical engineering, Lieut. Royal Engineers.

Kempson, F. C., demonstrator of human anatomy, Lieut. R.A.M.C. (5th Bedford).

Lees, S., fellow of St. John's, Engineer-Lieut. R.N.
Littlewood, J. E., lecturer in mathematics, 2nd Lieut.
R.G.A. (Wessex).

Lucas, Dr. K., demonstrator in physiology, Army Air-
Marrack, J. R. fellow of St. John's, working at the
craft Factory.
Moss, W., junior observer, Solar Physics Observatory,
Research Hospital, Cambridge, Lieut. R.A.M.C.
Cadet Cambridge University O.T.C.

Myers, Dr. C. S., lecturer in experimental psychology,
Major R.A.M.C.

Nicholas, T. C., sub-lecturer in geology, Staff-Major Mediterranean Force.

Parker, W. H., sub-lecturer in agriculture, 2nd Lieut. 11th Suffolk.

Peters, R. A., research fellow (physiology), Gonville and Caius, Univ. demonstrator, Lieut. R.A.M.C.

Tipton, F. N., lecturer on telegraphy, Army tele-Potts, F. A., director in natural science, Trinity Hall, graphist in France.

Wood, E. B., research assistant in the automobile engineering dept., Lieut. Army Service Corps.

BURNLEY: MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE. Basnett, W., laboratory attendant, private R.A.M.C. Kay, T. H., teacher of commercial subjects, private Army Service Corps.

BURY MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL. Brammall, A., head of commercial department, Corpl. (Army).

Brooks, A. W., lecturer in book-keeping, Sergt.-Maj. (Army).

Buxton, G. V., lecturer in mathematics, private (Army); killed in action June 6, 1915.

Roberts, H., lecturer in physiology and anatomy, 2nd Lieut. 9th West Riding Regiment.

Lieut. R.A.M.C.

Robertson, D. H., sub-lecturer in economics, 2nd. Lieut. 11th London.

Rolston, W. E., junior observer, Solar Physics Observatory, Lieut. East Kent Regt. (The Buffs). Stratton, F. J. M., University lecturer in astrophysics, Capt. 20th Div. Syn. Co., R.E.

Thirkill, H., demonstrator in experimental physics, 2nd Lieut. R.E.

Thomas, H. H., curator of botanical museum, 2nd Lieut. Chesh. Brigade R.F.A.

Wilson, G. H. A., lecturer in mathematics, Capt. (Army).

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