Building Gotham: Civic Culture and Public Policy in New York City, 1898–1938

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JHU Press, 21. jan. 2003 - 327 strani

Winner of the Best Book in North American Urban History Prize from the Urban History AssociationWinner of the Abel Wolman Award from the American Public Works Association

In 1898, the New York state legislature created Greater New York, a metropolis of three and a half million people, the second largest city in the world, and arguably the most diverse and complex urban environment in history. In this far-ranging study, Keith D. Revell shows how experts in engineering, law, architecture, public health, public finance, and planning learned to cope with the daunting challenges of collective living on this new scale. Engineers applied new technologies to build railroad tunnels under the Hudson River and construct aqueducts to quench the thirst of a city on the verge of water famine. Sanitarians attempted to clean up a harbor choked by millions of gallons of raw sewage. Economists experimented with new approaches to financing urban infrastructure. Architects and planners wrestled with the problems of skyscraper regulation and regional growth. These issues of city-building and institutional change involved more than the familiar push and pull of interest groups or battles between bosses, reformers, immigrants, and natives. Revell details the ways that technical values—distinctive civic culture of expertise—helped reshape ideas of community, generate new centers of public authority, and change the physical landscape of New York City.

Building Gotham thus demonstrates how a group of ambitious professionals overcame the limits of traditional means of decision-making and developed the city-building practices that enabled New York to become America's first mega-city.

 

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Vsebina

Conceiving the New Metropolis Expertise Public Policy and the Problem of Civic Culture in New York City
1
Private Infrastructure and Public Policy
15
The Public Be Pleased Railroad Planning Engineering Culture and the Promise of Quasiscientific Voluntarism
17
Beyond Voluntarism The Interstate Commerce Commission the Railroads and Freight Planning for New York Harbor
58
Public Infrastructure Local Autonomy and Private Wealth
99
Buccaneer Bureaucrats Physical Interdependence and Free Riders Building the Underground City
101
Taxing Spending and Borrowing Expanding Public Claims on Private Wealth
143
Urban Planning Private Rights and Public Power
183
City Planning versus the Law Zoning the New Metropolis
185
They shall splash at a tenleague canvas with brushes of comets hair Regional Planning and the Metropolitan Dilemma
227
An almost mystical unity Interdependence and the Public Interest in the Modern Metropolis
268
Appendix
281
Notes
285
Index
321
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O avtorju (2003)

Keith D. Revell is an associate professor of public administration in the School of Policy and Management at Florida International University.

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