« PrejšnjaNaprej »
Mar 27, 1834.]
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a part of the report itself, he presumed that, by the rules evening. It was late. No person was there. The folof the Tlouse, they were required to be printed in one lowing morning (Saturday) he went there again, and book or pamphlet. This was, he knew, done on two handed them to the principal person who happened to former occasions; the one when he had the honor to be be there. And yet, said he, will the public printer tell this appointed on the Committee of Retrenchment, in 1828, House, and this nation, that he had not the documents in and the other in the case of the apportionment bill. time to be able to print them and lay them on our tables?
In both cases, Mr. E. said, he had been in the minority, Sir, they were thus in his possession, brought to his office and had, with his colleagues, presented their views, by my own hands. The public printer, he believed, which, when the reports were ordered to be printed, knew where the report was all the time--that it was in were comprised in, and formed a part of the reports. It his (Mr. M.'s) possession, for he had himself been aiding was true that, in 1828, there was some opposition to this, in getting it ready for the press, and had corrected the it being then desired to bave the minority report exclu- proofs as they came from the Globe; after which, the ded from connexion with the report of the majority on the papers were brought, as already stated, to the IntelligenCommittee on Retrenchment. A question having arisen cer office. Whatever wrong, then, had been committed, upon the usage in such cases, the Clerk of the House he must ask the member from Connecticut to wreak his was appealed to; but he said that such bad not been the displeasure upon him. If there was to be any censure bepractice of the House, and he refused to order them to be stowed for the share he had in all this, that censure he was printed detacbed from each other, unless he was speci- bound and was ready to assume. He cared little about ally directed so to do by the presiding officer of the House. the question whether the reports should be printed toThat officer, on being applied to for such an order, he gether or not. bad been told, actually declined to interfere. The three Mr. ELLSWORTH said he would assure the honora. reports from the committee, in 1832, on the subject of ble member from New York that he was mistaken in the bank, were printed in one pamphlet, as Report No. supposing that he meant to cast any censure upon his 460, with a continuous paging throughout.
conduct. He was only happy to hear so many explaife did not himself care which way this question nations on this subject. lle certainly had felt some inshould be disposed of; for, however it was determined, terest, that a fair view of all the matters connected with from him his constituents should hear both sides of it. the investigation by the committee, should be presentWith this view, he would desire to have them printed to- ed at as early a date, and in as correct a form as possigether, not merely for his own convenience in despatching ble, to the people. Ilaving known that the order for them, but also for the benefit of those who, he 'doubted printing these reports was made on Thursday morningnot, generally desired to have both sides, in order that (Mr. Mann.--Evening:] they might form just conclusions for themselves.
Mr. E.--Well, Thurday afternoon, then: he went to Mr. MILLER obtained the floor, but gave way at the the office of the National Intelligencer that same evenibstance of
ing, when he was informed that the report of the comMr. THOMAS, who remarked, that it was erroneously mittee had not, as it ought to have been, sent there. supposed that he intended to reflect upon the printer of The next day he bad gone again, and there was still no the House. He had said that no inconvenience had re. account of them. Mr. E. could state, that the printers salted from his having given a copy of the original report took considerable pains to ascertain where the report for publication, and no error bad been committed by the of the majority and documents were. Yet, these perprinter of the House in consequence of that circumstance. sons were io bė blamed, because they did not print the The public printer had a copy both of the appendix and documents before they received them! Upon the memthe journal, but he seemed to be at a loss to conceive ber's own statement, was this fair towards individuals why the appendix should be printed, as it consisted of who had always enjoyed, and deservedly, the public conextracts from the journal. This error of the printer had fidence? The member admits that he had the papers not, as the gentleman from Connecticut supposed, grown in his possession, and brought them only to the office at out of the fact that a copy of the report had been furnish - so late an hour on Friday evening, that there was no pered to the Globe.
son to whom they could be given; and that, finally, the Mr. MILLER, a second time, obtained the floor, and printers did not receive them until Saturday morning. again gave way to
Who, then, was the cause of the delay attributed so unMe. MANN, of New York, who said that an explana- justly to these individuals? Was it not clearly apparent ton was due from him, having had the charge of prepa- to be a delay caused at the gentleman's own instance? ring the documents composing the appendix for the press. There was a delay from Thursday until Saturday. At if, then any person was to be blamed, he felt that he was what time, he could not help asking, was the report carried that person. He apprehended that the error which gen- to the office of the Globe? According to the statement, rlemen seemed to be possessed with, was the consequence the editor of that paper must have had it at least on Friday. ci two editorial articles in the Intelligencer, which con- Although not disposed to lecture on the subject, he must veyed some reflections on the committee. These (Mr. say that all this had the appearance of having been done I said) he had noticed when they appeared in that pa- in order to give that editor an opportunity of printing one per, but he had treated them as the pestiferous idle wind report without the other, and without the correspondwhich he regarded not, knowing that the censure implied ence, which formed an essential part of it. However, if by them, as it applied to him as a member of the comınit- the explanation of the gentleman was satisfactory to the tæ, was altogether unmerited. It had been said that the Ilouse or the nation, so be it. report as withheld from the public printer. A short Mr. MILLER said that, if the gentlemen haul all made Batenen: would explain his agency in the matter. When their explanations, he would submit a few remarks, althe report was presented to the House it was in a rough though he regretted to protract a debate at this imporsate, and it was necessary to have a correct copy made tant period of the session. As related to the mistake that for the purpose of printing from: he obtained it for had occurred, in regard to the printing of the appendix that purpose. The day after it was presented, (Friday,) or correspondence annexed to the report of the majority 12 had been laboriously engaged in having this done, and of the committee, he did not believe that much censure using the documents arranged, at the request of the ought to attach to any one.
He understood that some Chairman of the committee. When that was completed, mistake had occurred, by which the journal of the com12 report, documents, and journal, were by his own mittee had been blended unintentionally with the correkeadis carried to the office of the public printer on Friday spondence between the committee of this Flouse and the
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(MAY 27, 1834.
representatives of the bank--that it was subsequently full of the hope that members, on the contrary, will not discovered, when the types were partly set, and the cor- only be willing, nay, that for the purpose of truly possesrection of this error had caused the delay. Such mis- sing the public of the contents of these important docutakes may occur without any blame being justly attached ments, that they would be zealous in exertions to keep to any person. With regard to the question immediately them together, to despatch them together, uninfluenced before ihe House, that of ordering both documents to be by low considerations of party. With this view, I hope printed in one pamphlet, he viewed it as of very little that the reports and the appendix will be so printed, so importance. For himself, if they were printed separate- attached together, that it would be impossible to separate ly, he would send them both together to such of his con- them. That thus, if there were men so base, which I do stituents as the number printed would enable him to sup- not believe there would be in this honorable House, as to ply. He was not afraid to trust them with both sides of think of or to attend to the honorable suggestion of the the question. He presumed other gentlemen would pur- chairman of the committee, as to send out such a thing as sue the same course.
a garbled statement, they would be in this way prevented The present motion appeared to liave no other object from executing so foul a purpose. Let them take the than that of compelling members to send them together. only means to prevent it, and send out the whole truth on He thought this matter might be trusted to the discretion a matter so important, so perilous to the nation. of gentlemen themselves; and, if members were disposed What, I inquire of every honorable man, would be the to separate them, they could do so notwithstanding they condition in which the country would be placed, if we were bound together by a small cord. In point of fact, withhold the truth from the people; from that people so they were separate documents, and bad separate appen- deeply so entirely interested in this the greatest question dixes. This he knew when he made the motion, and which they ever had before them? Would it be fair, that had operated upon him in submitting the motion in would it be honest, to this anxious community? No, no. the form he had. He thought, if the House printed an Dare we attempt to palm off on the nation a one-sided equal number of each report, it ought to be sufficient to statement, as a full representation of what passed between repel the charge of a disposition to print and circulate the directors of the bank and the committee of this House? partial information at the expense of the nation. Accord- Again, and again, I would refer them back to the former ing to strict parliamentary proceeding, the views of the practice of the House when the bank had a majority minority were not considered a report, and leave would there, and call on them to follow it. have to be obtained to present them to the House. A What had they not seen done, even in the getting up different practice, however, had prevailed in the House, of this report already? Why, an open attempt lu forestall and he was not disposed to disturb it. It was, perhaps, public opinion; a most unworthy atteinpt, with the aid one that was founded in good sense. But as the reports of a member of Congress, of the committee to put upon were separate and distinct documents, he could see no the public a garbled statement. Possessing himself, for obligation on the part of the House to unite them. The that purpose, of a report, which was the property of the decision that the House might make on the question was House when once presented, and transferring it to a to him unimportant. He would, therefore, not trespass party paper, for party purposes, and preventing its being longer on the patience of the House.
harded over, as was the usual custom, to the printers apMr. BURGES said, by the motion of the gentleman pointed to do their business. from Pennsylvania, (Mr. MILLER,] we are required to print I put it to the House whether, now knowing this, they 30,000 extra copies of the report of the bank committee; would sanction such conduct? If it were denied, he asby the amendment offered by the gentleman from Massa- serted that it had been done. Ay, a copy of one report chusetts, [Mr. Briggs,] it is proposed to attach the two only, and without any of the correspondence, had been, parts, the majority and minority report, together, and with the aid of a member of the committee, sent out for send the whole out to the people at the same time. the unwarrantable purpose of forestalling, by such foul
Sir, I always understood that it had been the uniform means, the public opinion. This is all correct, nu doubt, usage of the House to send forth reports of this descrip- in the estimation of some men entirely devoted to party, tion when ordered to be printed, for the information of if there be such men. It may highly become a party su the public, together, in the manner proposed by this to take, so to use, and so to detain public papers. The amendment. I desire honorable members particularly to Clerk's table, once sacred, is now no security. No matlook back to that conduct which had been pursued in re-ter. The papers are safe; safe in the hands of an honorgard to this very institution, when, in place of a minority, able member, in a secret room, and under the hand of a there was a majority of the House in its favor. Were not confidential clerk to copy such parts as the honorable genthe two reports presented by the committee, appointed tleman shall mark as useful to be published, or proper to to investigate its affairs, published together? They as- leave uncopied, and unprinted, and unseen by the people. suredly were; for no man then even dreamed of commit These, sir, are the methods pursued under the adviseting so gross an outrage upon the intelligence and honesty ment of the chairman of this high and important comof the people; no man dared then to encounter the re- mittee, to send out a part, a garbled part, of a report; proaches of the nation, if an outrage so flagrant had been and so to place it under the public eye, that the strongest attempted. Was not the consequence of sending the re- impression, no matter whether correct or not, may be ports separate, to present to the public a partial view, a made against the bank. one-side view,'on this question? Was it this which gen This question, I maintain, is one that rises above every tlemen desired! If so, let it be avowed. It was avow- consideration of party. It is a question interesting, deeped; for what did they not hear? Had it not been sug- ly interesting, to public liberty itself. Here has been a gested in this debate, even by the chairman of the com- foul attempt to forestall, as bad been done in another inmittee (Mr. Thomas] himself, that it was almost idle to stance, (the case of the presidential protest,) public opindebate the subject, when it was in the power of every ion; and, following such high example, I doubt not anmember to settle the question of sending them out se- other 40,000 copies will be circulated. Let me tell that parately or together, by cutting the thread that attached honorable member this partial mode of dealing with the them; and thus, for party purposes, to separate them? reports of the House will not prosper. It is not right. Kind, honest, just suggestion! 'Sir, i deny that any hon. It is not honest. It cannot succeed with an intelligent orable member, I mean any member, dare resort to such community. an expedient. None ought; none, I trust, would be guilty Nothing else will satisfy this country, but an honest, of such a deed. No man would be found so base, I am fair-dealing distribution of such papers as are intended
Mar 27, 1834.)
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by the House for their full information, whilst they be personal rights and libertiesof her citizens to be invaded lieve that the arm of force is so stretched out over the in the manner proposedliberty of the country that no man can be deemed safe, [The Chain interposed. This was a question of printeither in his person or his papers, from the outrageous, ing merely. The debate at large on the subject was revolting, and unconstitutional exactions and assumptions postponed until Tuesday, and could not be thus incidentof those in high office, now assuming irresponsible and ally entered into.] unlimited power.
Mr. P. said he would not pursue the topic at this time. After a few remarks from Mr. CHILTON-
The grounds taken by the House in the adoption of the Mr. MILLER said the discussion on what was in itself resolution ought to be understood. The people should so unimportant, was becoming so interminable that, with know the fagrant violation of their rights that had been a view to obviate all further objections, he would accept committed by the House. of the amendment proposed by the member from Massa [The Chair said, no reflections upon the proceedings chusetts as a modification of his own.
of the House were in order. The question thereon being on the motion of Mr. Mil Mr. Patron hoped the gentleman would be permitted LEX as modified
to proceed, and that an opportunity would be afforded Mr. PINCKNEY was in favor of printing the largest for reply. number of both reports. He was desirous that the mi The Chain said, order must be preserved.] nority report should be extensively circulated, as, in his Mr. PINCKNEY wished the doctrines in these documents opinion, it contained, as far as it went, sound and correct to be disseminated universally throughout the State of constitutional vicws.
Pennsylvania, and that her citizens might determine Mr. MASON inquired whether it was in order to dis- whether the proceedings of this House, and the measures cuss the contents of either of the reports upon the motion proposed by this committee, do not involve an assumpbefore the House?
tion of power which it may be the duty of that State io The CHAIR replied, upon a question of printing a resist. "If her citizens should be brought to the bar of the document, the subject of it was open to discussion to a House, under the resolution reported by the committee, certain extent.
he could not say which idea would be most mortifying to Mr. PINCKNEY proceeded: He wished to assign his him—that the House should have so far transcended its reasons for voting to print the largest number. They authority, or that the State of Pennsylvania should have were, perhaps, not the same reasons which would influ- tamely submitted to such a usurpation, &c. ence other members; and if he was not allowed to state Mr: MASON had not seen the report of the minority them, such as they were, it would be to deny to him the of the committee, but had no manner of objection that right of speaking upon the question at all. The only it should accompany the report of the majority. He objection he had against the report of the minority was, trusted the example of the gentleman from South Carothat it did not go far enough in its constitutional views. lina (Mr. PINCKNEY] would not be followed. Ile was not But be particularly wished the largest proposed number disposed to forestall public opinion as to the merits of of the report of tiie majority published, that the people either of these reports. As to his own share in the promight see and understand the monstrous powers arroceedings, he was prepared to abide the severest scrutiny gated for this House--arrogations which, if sustained, to which his conduct could be subjected. A day had deeply involve the liberties of the people. If they had been assigned for the consideration of this subject; when a particle of regard for their liberties left, it might be ex- that arrived he hoped a full discussion would be gone pected that they would resent and repel this attempt to into; at this time he hoped the question would be taken sabjugate them to unwritten and undefined power. Mr. without going into any further irregular discussion. P. said he was anxious that the report of the minority of Mr. BYNUM said he was sorry that the honorable genthe committee might be extensively circulated in the tleman from Pennsylvania had consented to accept of the State of Pennsylvania. It was that State, principally, amendment of the honorable member from Masachusetts, which had placed General Jackson in the presidential as he conceived that amendment to have a partial reflecchair. He wished that State to see this proposition to tion on a certain party in this House. He was prepared prostrate her sovereignty, and drag fourteen of her most to vote for the original motion of the gentleman from respectable citizens before the bar of this House. Her Pennsylvania. He stood on his own responsibility, and citizens would be able, by this attempt to degrade that held himself amenable to no earthly power for his acts, State, to understand the tyranny of those who now hold except to that portion of the people whom he alone dithe reins of power. The people of that State already rectly represented here. know that every class is involved in unprecedented [Mr. B. was about to enter into an argument on the distress by the measures of the Executive. They had merits of the amendment, when the Speaker stated the seen the attempt made by the President to disgrace the amendment had been acted on, and his remarks in relaSanate.
tion to it would be out of order.] (The SPEAKER called the gentleman to order.]
Mr. B. then said his principal object in rising had been Mr. P. submitted to the Chair. He said he was assign- to reply to the extraordinary remarks of the honorable rag the reasons why he should vote for printing the larg- member from South Carolina (Mr. PINCKNEY] who had est number of this document. The citizens of Pennsyl- | just taken his seat, and asked if it would be in order to wania might not know that it was now proposed to give reply to some remarks that had just fallen from that honThis House power over the personal liberty of her citi-orable member. 28. They well knew their property was at the disposal The SPEAKER replied it would, and asked Mr. B. to of Congress--they might not be aware that their personal proceed. kabarty was also supposed to be at its disposal. They Mr. BYNUM then said that it was strange that the know that their meritorious sons, Messrs. Ingham and gentleman had been guilty of the very thing that he, and Deane, had been ignominiously dismissed from office the party with which he acted, had just complained of.
thout a cause; but they may not know that it was con- It had been said that the object of the majority of the Leroplated to drag fourteen of her most distinguished citi-committee, in their report, was to forestall public opinion. zens as criminals before this House. He wished the Now, he asked, what was the object of the gentleman people of that State to read the reports and determine in denouncing, in advance, the report of the majority of Shether they would permit this to be done. Whether that the bank committee? What was it done for by the gensale mgbt not think proper to interfere and rescue thelleman, if it were not to prejudge it? The report of the
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(Mar 27, 1834. committee was not now under consideration. The gen- ambition. Mr. B. said that the President had been placed tleman must have had an object in doing what he did; there by the People, by a most overwhelming majority, then if it was a reasonable object, it certainly was to and be hoped, in spite of the efforts of such a party, and prejudice, beforehand, the people of the country against their bank government to aid them, the people would that report. He considered such a course unfair and un- sustain hiin so long as he so nobly adhered to their rights justifiable.
and interests, in defence of which he was now willing to The honorable gentleman had called on Pennsylvania sacrifice his all. He was glad that the gentleman had to wake up, and resist the outrageous usurpations about thought fit to arraign Uhis souse for the exercise of ty. to be practised on her citizens. He had no doubt that ranny and usurpation towards the bank government. the poor, ignorant, benighted Pennsylvanians woull be Yes, the representatives of the whole people had also greatly obliged to that Bonorable gentleman for taking been guilty of usurpation and tyranny towards the bank. charge of their interests on this foor, and for the great But who were those that had been guilty of this usurpasolicitude that he had expressed to have for them--poor, tion? the members of this House, and many of them the ignorant creatures, unenlightened, uninformed as they warmest friends of the bank, for many of them voted to were of the course they ought to pursue, as was thought clothe this very committee with the very power that they by the intelligent gentleman from South Carolina. Jie had exercised, and proposed now to exercise. Were asked if a poor farmer had treated with contempt the man-they, then, not as culpable as the committee, who only dates of the representatives of this House, if there would proposed to execute the powers granted them by the be, in all probability, so many tears shed by gentlemen, House? Certainly, he thought that those who gave the when the simple process of arrest was proposcd by this powers to the committee were the persons guilty of the House to be served on bim? He doubted very much if usurpation, and among them was, he believed, a majority he might not be dragged here, without a single sympathy of the warmest friends of the bank in the House. But of honorable gentlemen who now manifested so much the cry of usurpation and tyranny had been set afloat to sensibility with regard to Nicholas BidHe and his bank gull and impose on the poor ignorant people, no doubt associates.
as gentlemen thought, and he expected next to hear that It was now evident, and it was unnecessary to attempt the people themselves had become the tyrants and usurpto conceal it longer, that there were only two great par- ers of the powers and rights of this precious monopoly: ties in this country: one arrayed in favor of the govern- of this most arrogant and corrupt institution, that is now ment of the bank, and the other in favor of the govern- bidding defiance to the Government of the whole nation ment of the people. Gentlemen bad shown their cloven- and its authority The gentlen,an from South Carolina foot too plainly to be misunderstood by any intelligent seemed much alarmed as to the power of the House to mind; their object was to defend the bank, and protect arrest a citizen in Pennsylvania, and bring him here to it in whatever course she might pursue. His object was testify before this body. He thought there was no more the reverse; he was determined to defend and protect, cause for alarm than there should be in case the court of as far as he was able, the Governinent and the people, in the United States were to issue a subpana lo arrest an defiance of the bank and its mercenary advocates. He individual to appear before it in this city. The same bowed to and recognised no tyrants nor tyrannical insti- power that had given this right to the court of the United tutions, but to the iyrant, people; they were the only ty- States, bad given it to this body, as a collateral branch rants to whom he would bow or obey.
of the Government. He could not, thien, see why such The gentleman from South Carolina bad, in his usual extraordinary sensibility should be felt by honorable course, denounced the President as a tyrant and usurper. gentlemen on the present occasion, except for the exIndeed, if a stranger were present, and not accurately traordinary interest'taken on behalf of the bank and its acquainted with the proceedings of this louse, and with officers. the nature of the subject before it, he would take it for What had we heard, said Mr. B.? Had not the gengranted that the President had drawn up the tyrannical tleman called upon the good people of Pennsylvania to report of the majority of the bank committee. What resist the civil authorities of the Government? Had he had the President to do with that committee, or its rc- not here, and on this foor, endeavored to excite the good port? He really did not see in what manner the gentle people of that patriotic State to rebellion? Yes, sir, to man could reasonably make the President guilty of the rebellion. tyranny and usurpation which had been committed on [Mr. PINCKNEY rose in explanation. He denied having the bank by the enlightened and intelligent committee, called upon Pennsylvania to resist; he had only thrown appointed by an overwhelming majority of this House, out a surmise that she might think it her duty to do so, if to investigate its concerns. The gentleman had said, too, the House should transcend its just authority. ] that the President had made war on the Senate. lle de Mr. BYNUM resumed. lle said he was very glad that nied it. It was the reverse. The Senate had macie war- the gentleman bad disavowed his assertion, as he certainly [liere the SPEAKER said that he called the gentleman from understood him to have said what he had stated, most South Carolina to order when he made that remark, and distinctly; but he was glad that the gentleman bad now it was out of order to reply to it.] M:. B. then said that qualified his remarks on that subject. He boped no there was a desperate, reckless party, that had, not only member of this House was capable of wishing to excite a in this House, but in other places, seized every occasion, rebellion in this country, however desperate might be however irrelevant, to abuse and denounce the President the fortunes of their political party. It had already come of the United States as a tyrant and usurper. It was to this, that the House of Representatives was accused of done to produce a revolution in public sentiment, with usurpation and tyranny: lie supposed the next step would the sole purpose of bringing into power those reckless be to accuse the people of being lyrants. persons who were ready to produce any revolution in [Mr. WATMOUGH interposed, and inquired if this order to turn themselves uppermost.
had reference to the subject? Yes, they were willing to see the fairest and happiest Mr. LYTLE said the gentleman should take down the country deluged in blood and desolation, the world ever exceptionable words. saw, to wreak their vengeance on that venerable old pa. The CHAIR did not sustain the objection of Mr. WAT triot who now occupied the White House to their exclu- MOUGH, but entreated Mr. Bynum to keep within the lim sion. But for him, they thought their unbridled ambi- its of order.) tion might have been long since gratified. He was the Mr. Bynum continued. He should like to know why only barrier between them and the great object of their such alarm should be felt at the proposition of the coni
mittee simply to arrest persons at a distance and have Mr. LYTLE said that between the Speaker and himthem brought here to testify, when almost every judicial self an honest difference of opinion might exist; but the tribunal in the country, of any consequence, had exer- obvious tendency and design of the remark of the gentlecised this power almost a thousand times over, without man from Rhode Island was to make that charge. If it the least alarm or complaint being made in any quarter. was not, he could deny the fact. He threw the charge Were the persons connected with this bank to have sil. back with scorn and contempt, from whatever source it perior privileges to any other class of citizens of this might emanate, as a gross libel upon the motives and country. He hoped not. He hoped that the freemen of conduct of the committee. So far from any portion of America would never consent that a few bankers should the committee desiring to “forestall public opinion" by be more exempt from arrests, or any other regular pro- printing these reports separately, it was their unanimous cess of the laws of this country, Wian any other plain opinion that they should be printed together. If the Inen of the community. He saw nothing in the report of public printer has printed separately the copies designed the majority of the committee that had alarmed him in for the use of the members, it was a matter which, so the least.
far as he knew, rested entirely between the Clerk and The powers which it proposed to be exercised, had the printer. been exercised by bodies of much inferior dignity, a hun Ile fully agreed with the gentleman from South Carodred times over, without prejudice to the citizen, or ma- lina, (Mr. PINCKNEY,] that the largest number proposed terial injury to any one. He thought the charge against should be printeil. Te wished the people of this counthe commitiee, of userping arbitrary power, of the same try to uncierstand the position which had been taken by class with those that had been so profusely maile against the bank. A new and distinct issue had been formed. the Executive, both of which were equally, he thought, It was no longer a mere question of bank or no bank. It unfounded, and coined with the same intent. The peo- was one of infinitely greater importance--whether a ple were not so blind, he hoped, as not to see through the moneyed corporation was stronger ihan the Government game that certain political jugglers were endeavoring to which gave it existence; and whether the representatives play on them here and elsewhere. It was in vain to try of the people did or id not possess the righi of examinato screen the conduct of the bank, by attempting to draw tion, expressly reserved in the charter. This was the off from it the attention of the people, by setting up a true issue which had been raised by the directors of this cry of tyranny and surpation against all who dare to corporation. question the purity of its conduct, and who will not con It had afforded the gentleman from South Carolina tent to bow before its golden altar. The keen-signited (Mr. PINCKNEY) an opportunity of urging upon the minds people woull never be diverted from their object by such of the people of Pennsylvanin the odious doctrines of nulshifts to avoid a strict investigation into the conduct of lification. It woull, no doubt, be exceedingly agreeable the bank; and those who expected to succeed by re- to that gentleman 10 associate Pennsylvania with South sorting to such means, his life upon it, would be wofully Carolina in such a cause. But, if he expected to effect this, deceived, when fairly confronted before the mass of the he had misconceived public opinion. The effervescence great body of the American people. The honorable gen- of feeling which had been displayed upon a late festive teman and his party deceived themselves, if they thought occasion was limited and superficial, and can be traced to that they were to succeed by imposing on the honest causes altogether (listinct from political partialities or freemen of this country, philipics and bitter denuncia- sympathies, on the part of the people of that great State. Lions of all who presumed to differ from them, as being The State of Pennsylvania was still sound to the core. tise advocates of tyranny and usurpation. The people she could not be deluded or seduced from her devotion were not so ignorant as not to require proof of such to the constitution. She was still the key-stone of the charges, before they proceed to condemn some of the Union--bank or no bank. Ile did not propose to go into best and purest of men.
a discussion of the report at this time, but was prepared He had submitted his views in reply to the honorable to defend every inch of ground laken by the coinmittee. gentleman, simply to let him know that there were others The report was a naked chronicle of their proceedings, in this House who entertained opinions directly at vari- concluding with resolutions which were intended as a ance with those the honorable gentleman entertained, mere synopsis of what the committee considered neces. ad who were as tenacious and as conscientious of them sary, in order to vindicate themselves and this House as the honorable member could possibly be of his. from the insults heaped upon them by the managers of
Mr. GAWES said, from appearances, if the discussion the bank. were not stopped, it would occupy the whole day. There The attempt that had been made, soon after the ap
* other important business before the House. lle pointment of the committee, to “ forestall” public opin. therefore moved that the motion be laid on the table. ion, by the bank organ in this city, he should consider to
On this motion, Mr. PLUMMER called for the yeas be a proper subject of future inquiry. The conductors al nays, but the House refused to order them. of the National Intelligencer had dared to asperse the The motion was negatived without a count.
motives and conduct of this committee. As the official Mr. LYTLE felt an imperative obligation to make a organs of the bank, they had," by authority, briel explanation for the satisfaction of the House as well quoted from memory,) announced to this House that it as himself. The committee were unanimously of opin- should be protected, through the well-known purity and wa that both reports should be printed in the same vol- elevated character of the president and directors of the up. Every individual expressed an entire willingness bank, from the inworthy scrutiny and nefarious designs What the views of both sides should be presenteil to- of the committee of their own appointment. Thus it geiler. He had been amazed and confounded at the appears that the first attempt to “ forestall" public opincare of this debate. The House had been told that ion was made by the printers to Congress; and we all tre majority of the committee had desired to “ forestall" know that the same line of conduct has been industriously piblic opinion.
pursuell by the other pens'oned presses of the bank The CHAIR said no such charge had been made to thc lihroughout the Union. andlerstanding of the Chair.
He hoped the two reports, in accordance with the Mr. LYTLE said such a charge had been made by the opinion of the committee, would be printed together, and gentleman from Rhode Island, (Mr. Burges.]
that the largest number would be printed. The CHAIR said it could only have been stated hypo Mr. SUTTERLAND said he felt very thankful, so far fie trally, or that gentleman would have been called tolas be was concerned, as an humble member from the