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17. Phonetics, with especial reference to Modern English. ures upon the methods of Passy and Roussilot. One hour weekly, to be announced hereafter. Assistant Professor STRUNK.

Courses 1, 1b, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, are for undergraduates only and may not be taken as graduate studies.

Courses 14, 15, 16, are primarily graduate studies, but 14 may be taken by undergraduates.

Courses 7, 8, 9, 13, are primarily undergraduate studies, but may be taken as minor subjects for advanced degrees.

Courses 1, 3, 10, are open to freshmen.

Courses 1, 2 (or 1b), or (1b), 3, 9, 10, and 12, are required of students who desire to be recommended-by the department-to highschool teacherships of English. For other teacherships, 1, 2 (or 1b), and 9 are required.


Office of the department, White 16a.

The instruction of the department embraces the art of literary interpretation and expression, the history of oratory, the writing and delivery of formal orations, and the theory and practice of logical debate. The essentials of good speaking are taught in five elective courses, two elementary and three advanced, so planned as to afford a knowledge of the principles and opportunity to apply these principles under the direction of instructors.

The elementary courses are the courses in public speaking. Their aim is to give the student a practical training in the technique of speech which will fit him to pursue the advanced courses in extempore speaking, debate and oratory, and prepare him as a speaker and thinker for public and professional life.

Those who elect the courses are divided into sections and the class exercises are conducted by the Professor of Elocution and Oratory, and an Instructor. The work of the class-room is supplemented and further applied by the assistants in the department, who meet the students of the several sections by appointment.

Principles of thought and expression are established inductively, and applied by the student in connection with selections from orations and speeches of public men. The system teaches that there can be no right speaking without right thinking, and that the way to secure right thinking is to enlarge the powers of observation, memory and reason. The student is assisted to see and feel the full value of mental concepts, images and associated ideas and to give expression to these as nature prompts. Stress is laid on originality in the inter


pretation of thought and emotion, complete assimilation, expression determined by the thought, not by the form of the sentences, rational gestures prompted by impulse, and a vocal culture that carries on voice-building and mind-training simultaneously. No imitation is permitted, and little of dogmatic or elocutionary" theory finds a foothold. The purpose is to train, not public readers and elocutionists, but public speakers,—to start the young speaker on a course that will enable him to speak with composure, dignity and grace, and to satisfy the various demands of public life.

In the spring term, twelve speakers selected from the students pursuing the courses in public speaking contest for the prize founded by the class of 1886,-the '86 Memorial Prize in Declamation.

The course in oratory gives an acquaintance with the masters and masterpieces of the oratorical art and to develop on the part of the student such an appreciation of true oratorical style that his writing may be more vigorous and better adapted to public delivery. The course comprises lectures on the structure of orations and on oral discourse, the study of famous speeches, and the writing and speaking of orations. At the beginning of the year a limited field for research is determined upon by each student and all orations written by him during the year are based upon the result of this research. The productions are read and criticised with the writers and are then delivered before the class and the public.

A seminary for the study of English style in oral discourse is conducted during the second term.

In the spring term there is a public contest in original oratory for the prize founded by the Hon. Stewart L. Woodford. Seniors may compete for a place in this contest according to conditions elsewhere described.

The courses in debate and extempore speaking are designed to ground the student in the principles of analysis, evidence and persuasion, and to give practice in the fields of argumentation and original public speaking, according to a carefully-planned system and under the eye of an instructor who offers daily criticism and suggestions. In the winter term there is held a public contest in debate for the memorial prize founded by the class of 1894. Not more than eight contestants are chosen to compete for this prize according to conditions elsewhere described.

The prizes of the department are not restricted to any college or colleges in the University.

The following courses are offered for 1899-1900.

20. Public Speaking. An elementary course prescribed for admis

sion to courses 21, 22 and 23. A practical training in public speech. A study of the elements of beauty and power in the language and the principles upon which the communication of thought and feeling depend. Extracts from orations, interpreted and assimilated, and delivered in class and in public with criticism and suggestion. Weekly speaking exercises last half of year; each exercise preceded by a written report following "How to study a declamation" and by individual instruction under one of the teachers of the department. Open to juniors who have pursued one or more courses in the department of rhetoric for at least one year, and to sophomores whose record in English I is of a high grade and who purpose specializing in the department during junior and senior years. Three sections, three hours. M., W., F., 9, 10, II, White 16. Assistant Professor LEE and Mr. WINANS.

202. Public Speaking. Adapted to the special needs of students in the College of Law. Open to all law students who are not deficient in the English prescribed for admission to the College. Three sections. M., W., F., 8, 12; T., Th., S., 8, White 16. Assistant Professor LEE and Mr. WINANS..

Supplementary to both courses, personal instruction throughout the year by appointment. Messrs. WINANS and EVERETT.

The '86 Memorial Prize in declamation is awarded annually in connection with courses 20 and 20a, the first competition being held about the middle of February.



21. Formal Oratory. The writing and delivering of orations; theory and practice. Fall and winter terms. Three hours. Fall term, lectures upon the history of oratory and the structure of orations; the study and analysis of British and American masterpieces; exercise in writing orations, speeches and addresses. production read and criticised with the author. T., Th., 12. term, public delivery of orations weekly. M., 7:30. Seminary. T., 12. Other exercises as assigned. White 16. Open to seniors who have passed in English 1 and 2 and have pursued with distinction English 20, or its equivalent. Assistant Professor LEE and Mr. WINANS. Instruction in this course keeps in view the Woodford Prize in ora


22. Debate. The theory of the preparation of debates and briefwriting, with practice in the oral discussion of questions of present interest. Winter and spring terms. Winter term, lectures and briefs; spring term, debates; each debate preceded by briefs. Open, in order of merit, to a limited number of juniors and seniors who have passed in English 6 and have pursued English 20 or 20a with distinction.

The course will be continued through the fall term of the following
year to enable the more proficient to carry on advanced study.
Two hours. S., 9-11,
White 16. Assistant Professor LEE and Mr.

23. Extempore Speaking. Weekly addresses thoroughly outlined and mastered. Exercises based upon assigned topics in the fields of American history, political science, education and current events. Study of vocabulary and systematic treatment. Open, in order of merit, to a limited number of seniors who have pursued English 20 or 208 with distinction. Two sections. Two hours. M., W., 4-6, White 16. Assistant Professor LEE.

Application for admission to this course should be made before registration day of the fall term.

Instruction in courses 22 and 23 is directed toward the acquisition of a proficiency in that field in which the University offers the '94 Memorial Prize.

In connection with all the above courses, ample provision is made for personal conference between each student and his instructors.

English Literature.

The literature is presented in its essential character, rather than in its historical relationship, though the latter receives attention, but not such as to set the minds of students unnecessarily in that direction. It is considered all important that students should, in their literary education, first attain to a sympathetic assimilation and appreciation of literary masterpieces in their absolute character, before their adventitious features-features due to time and place-be considered. An exposition of what is made the leading purpose of the studies pursued, is presented in the Professor's "Aims of Literary Study" and "The Voice and Spiritual Education."

The following courses are offered in 1899-1900.

30. General Lectures on English Literature. Lectures and collateral readings. Two hours. Fall Spenser, Sidney, Lyly, etc. Winter Marlowe, Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, etc. Spring: Milton, and 17th and 18th Century literature. T., Th., 12, Morrill 5. Miss BROWNELL.

This course is intended primarily for freshmen, and aims at giving a wide course of reading in the masterpieces of English Literature, to serve as a basis for later work and study.

31. Lectures on English Poets of the Romantic School. Two hours. Fall Shelley and Byron. Winter: Keats and Coleridge. Spring Wordsworth. T., Th., 10, Morrill 5. Miss BROWNELL.


The greater part of the poetry, and selections from the prose of of these authors will be read, and each member of the class will present a paper on some assigned topic.

32. Lectures, with readings, on American poetical and prose literature, from Bryant to the present time. T., Th., II, Barnes Hall. Professor CORSON.

33. Lectures on the English Poets of the 19th Century, of whom Wordsworth, Coleridge, Southey, Byron, Shelley, Keats, Tennyson, Matthew Arnold, Mrs. Browning, and Robert Browning, will be specially treated. M., W., F., 10, Barnes Hall. Professor CORSON. The course will begin with Browning's, The Ring and the Book, and will continue in an inverse order, ending with Wordsworth's Prelude.

34. Lectures on English Dramatic Literature. Special Studies: Marlowe's Jew of Malta and Edward the Second; Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, Romeo and Juliet, King John, Much Ado About Nothing, Hamlet, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra, King Lear, Winter's Tale, and the Tempest; Ben Johnson's The Alchemist; Beaumont and Fletcher's Philaster; Fletcher and Shakespeare's The Two Noble Kinsmen; Webster's The Duchess of Malfi. (Examinations in Shakespeare will be based on Corson's Introduction to the Study of Shakespeare.) Included in this course will be lectures on the Drama of the Restoration, the Collier Controversy, the Sentimental Drama, the reactionary plays of Goldsmith, and the plays of Richard Brinsley Sheridan. T., Th., 10, Barnes Hall. Professor Corson.

35. Lectures on Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde, and readings from the Canterbury Tales (Corson's Selections), and from the Vision of William concerning Piers the Plowman (Dr. Skeat's Selections, Clarendon Press Series). F., II, Barnes Hall. Professor CORSON.

Graduate Seminary. Studies will be assigned at the meeting which will be called of the graduate students in the department, soon after the beginning of the Fall term. Two hours. Professor CORSON. No student is admitted to the Seminary for a less period than a year, and only those graduate students are admitted whose previous literary education has fitted them for the work.


The Department of Philosophy is known as "THE SUSAN LINN SAGE SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY." This school owes its existence to the generosity of the late Henry W. Sage, Chairman of the Board of Trustees. At a meeting of the Board held Oct. 22d, 1890, Mr. Sage

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