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MARY FARRAND MILLER, B.S., Instructor in Nature Study. GEORGE NIEMAN LAUMAN, B.S.A., Instructor in Horticulture. LEROY ANDERSON, M.S. in Agr., Assistant in Dairy Husbandry. ARCHIBALD ROBINSON WARD, B.S.A., Assistant in Dairy Bacteriology.
HARRIS PERLEY GOULD, M.S.A., Assistant in Charge of Spraying Experiments.
ALICE GERTRUDE MCCLOSKEY, Matron Junior Naturalist Clubs. GEORGE WALTER TAILBY, Farm Foreman.
CHARLES ELIAS HUNN, Gardener.
EDWARD ARTHUR BUTLER, Clerk.
JULIA ZITA KELLY, Stenographer-Extension Work.
LIZZIE VERONICA MALONEY, Stenographer-Experiment Station.
The College of Agriculture comprises the Departments of General Agriculture; Animal Industry and Dairy Husbandry; Horticulture and Pomology; Agricultural Chemistry; General and Economic Entomology; the Agricultural Experiment Station, and University Extension Work in Agriculture.
The University grounds consist of 270 acres of land, bounded on the north and south by Fall Creek ravine and Cascadilla Gorge respectively. One hundred and twenty-five acres of the arable land are devoted to the use of the Agricultural Department. This part of the domain is managed with not only a view to securing profit, but also to illustrate the best methods of general agriculture. A four years' rotation is practiced on the principal fields; one year of clover, one of corn, one of oats or barley, and one of wheat. A dairy of twenty cows, a flock of sheep, some fifteen horses and colts, and other live stock are kept upon the farm. Nearly all of these animals are grades, bred and reared with the single view of giving object lessons which can be practiced with profit by the students on their return to their homes. A four-story barn provides for housing all the animals, machinery, tools, hay, grain, and manures. The stationary thresher, feed-cutter, chaffer, and other machinery are driven by steam power. The barn also furnishes many facilities for carrying on investigations in feeding and rearing all classes of domestic animals.
The barn is also furnished with a well equipped piggery and tool house. Not far from the main barn have been constructed four build
ings with suitable yards and appliances for incubating eggs and rearing domestic fowls.
The agricultural class room is provided with a collection of grains and grasses, implements of horse and hand culture, and various appliances for carrying on instruction and conducting investigation. The whole plant is managed with a view to the greatest economy consistent with the greatest efficiency in imparting instruction.
THE DAIRY BUILDING, a two-story stone structure 45x90 feet, was built from an appropriation of $50,000 by the Legislature of 1893. It provides lecture rooms, laboratories, and offices, besides two large rooms for butter and cheese making, both of which are fully equipped with modern machinery and appliances. Automatic electrical apparatus for controlling the temperature in cheese-curing rooms, refrigerator room, lockers and bath rooms are also provided. The whole building is thoroughly heated and ventilated, and power is furnished by a sixty horse-power boiler and a twenty-five horse-power Westinghouse engine.
The Agricultural Museum occupies rooms on the second floor of Morrill Hall. It contains, 1. The Rau Models, being one hundred and eighty-seven models of plows made at the Royal Agricultural College of Würtemburg, under the direction of Professor Rau, and arranged and classified by him for the Paris Exposition of 1867. 2. Engravings and photographs of cultivated plants and animals, obtained at the various agricultural colleges of Europe. 3. A collection of the cereals of Great Britain, being a duplicate of that in the Royal Museum of Science and Art at Edinburg, presented by the British government. 4. A collection of agricultural seeds. 5. A large number of models representing a great variety of agricultural implements. The class room has been provided with special sets of diagrams and other appliances designed to illustrate the lectures on agriculture.
The agricultural library contains files of bulletins and reports from the experiment stations of the United States aud Canada; it has also a file of the publications of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. The leading works on agriculture are on the shelves. The exchange list includes the principal agricultural periodicals published in this country.
The Horticultural Department Equipment comprises about ten acres of land variously planted, forcing houses, and a museum.
The gardens and orchards contain the fruits which thrive in the north in considerable variety, and in sufficient quantity to illustrate methods of cultivation. Nursery grounds are also attached, in which are growing many species of economic plants from various parts of the world. The fruits comprise something more than sixty varieties
of grapes, over fifty of apples, fifty of plums, and other fruits in proportion. A dwarf pear orchard of 300 trees, and other representative orchards, comprise the remainder of the field space, excepting such as is set aside for vegetable gardening and floriculture. There is also a collection of one hundred varieties of hardy roses and various other ornamental and interesting plants.
The forcing-houses are eight in number and cover about 6,000 square feet of ground. These, in connection with store-rooms and pits, afford excellent opportunities for nursery practice, for the study of the forcing of all kinds of vegetables and for some kinds of floriculture. A laboratory with space for forty students, is used for instruction in propagation of plants, pollination, and the commoner green-house operations. There is also a mushroom house 14x80 feet and a reading room for horticultural students.
The museum comprises two unique features—the garden herbarium and the collection of photographs. The herbarium, which is rapidly assuming large proportions, containing at present over 11,000 sheets, is designed to comprise all varieties of all cultivated species of plants, and it is an indispensable aid to the study of garden botany and the variation of plants. The collection of photographs comprises over 5,000 negatives, with prints representing fruits, flowers, vegetables, illustrative landscapes, glass houses, and horticultural operations. A very large collection of machinery and devices for the spraying of plants is at the disposal of students. Charts and specimens in some variety complete the museum and collection.
The library has files of many of the important horticultural and botanical periodicals and a good collection of general horticultural literature.
The Entomological Cabinet contains, in addition to many exotic insects, specimens of a large proportion of the more common species of the United States. These have been determined by specialists, and are accessible for comparison. The collection includes many sets of specimens illustrative of the metamorphoses and habits of insects. The laboratory is also supplied with a large collection of duplicates for the use of students and is equipped with microscopes and other apparatus necessary for practical work in entomology.
The insectary of the Agricultural Experiment Station affords facilities to a limited number of advanced students for special investigations in the study of the life history of insects, and for experiments in applied entomology.
The Chemical Department is housed in a three-story brick building 126 feet in length and of an average width of 60 feet. The
Department is liberally equipped with varied appliances necessary to give instruction to four hundred students in General and Agricultural Chemistry.
The following subjects are required for admission: English, Physiology aud Hygiene, History, [the student must offer two of the four following divisions in history, (a) American, (b) English, (c) Grecian, (d) Roman]. Plane Geometry, Elementary Algebra and either A, B, or C as below.
A. Greek and Latin.
B. Latin and either Advanced French or Advanced German.
C. Advanced French, Advanced German and Advanced Mathematics.
An equivalent of any one of the three groups, A, B and C, may be offered, provided five counts are offered. Latin counts 3, Greek, French, and German 2 each. Advanced Mathematics (Solid Geometry, Advanced Algebra, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry) I, provided, however, that the student before graduation must have passed in one modern language and in Advanced Mathematics if they were not offered for entrance.
An alternate requirement instead of Advanced Mathematics may be offered in Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Geology, and Zoology.
[For details as to subjects and methods of admission see pages 33-72. For admission to the freshman class communications should be addressed to the Registrar. See pages 33-53.
For admission to advanced standing from other colleges and universities, all communications should be addressed to the Director of the College of Agriculture. See pages 52-53.
For admission to graduate work and candidacy for advanced degrees, communications should be addressed to the Dean of the University Faculty. See pages 64-72.]
Plan of Instruction.
The instruction in the College of Agriculture is comprised in the following general lines :
The Regular Course in Agriculture covers a period of four years. It is designed to afford an education as broad and liberal as that given by other departments of the University, and leads to the degree of Bachelor of the Science of Agriculture, (B.S.A.).
THE COURSE IN AGRICULTURE LEADING TO THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF THE SCIENCE OF AGRICULTURE.
Freshman Year. No. Course. 1st Term.
3d Term. 3
No. Course. Ist Term.
The remaining part of the course is elective,* with the condition that at least one-half of the entire elective work of each year, including the thesis and applied agriculture in the senior year, must be in work given by the departments of agriculture and horticulture and in the courses in agricultural chemistry, economic entomology, origin of soils, diseases of farm animals, zootechny and silviculture.
Those who, at entrance, offer Latin for one of the advanced entrance subjects, must make up two years of a modern language in the University.
Students receive instruction not only in the College of Agriculture, but also in the following named Colleges and Departments: Botany, Freehand Drawing, Physics, Political Economy, Physiology, Vertebrate Zoology, Hygiene, Mathematics, French, German, and Drill and Gymnasium; Geology, Veterinary Science, Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. The elective work is in italics.
*All electives must be chosen by the student at the beginning of the year with the previous written approval of the Director.