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Students are allowed, in their senior year, to begin to specialize somewhat, taking, for example, work in steam, in marine, in railway, or in electrical engineering, with specialists.

2. Department of Experimental Engineering, or Mechanical Laboratory Instruction. The work in this department comprises a systematic course of instruction intended not only to give the student skill in the use of apparatus of exact measurement, but to teach him also the best methods of research. Its courses of instruction include the theory and use of machines for testing the strength and determining other valuable properties, of the materials of construction, of lubricants, and of fuels, etc., the processes of belt-testing, and of power measurement, and the standard system of gas and steamengine and of steam-boiler test-trials. All students take part in this work and, when sufficiently expert, in commercial work of this kind at the University, and sometimes extensively in the large cities throughout the state and elsewhere.

3. Department of Electrical Engineering. The student at the end of the third year of the course in Mechanical Engineering, may, if he chooses, substitute the special work in electrical engineering for the prescribed work of the regular course. The special work of the fourth year comprises the study, under the direction of the Professor of Electrical Engineering, of station design and construction of the prime movers, the design and construction of electrical machinery, the study of the problems involved in the distribution of the electric light and the electrical transmission of power, besides practice in every variety of measurement, computation and testing, as applied to the construction and maintenance of electric lighting and power plants and telephone and telegraph lines and cables, and to the purposes of investigation; while a large amount of work in the laboratories of the Department of Physics is given with special reference to the needs of the practical electrician.

Graduates in the course of Electrical Engineering, are given the degree of Mechanical Enginer, as in the regular course, with a statement in the diploma that the student has elected the special work offered in this department.

Electricians unfamiliar with engineering may pursue special work. Students entering the undergraduate courses for the purposes of the electrician, rather than those of the electrical engineer, should take the course leading to the degree of A.B., and should take its electives in physics. No student deficient in talent for either mathematics, physics, or the mechanic arts should attempt electrical engineering.

4. Department of Mechanic Arts. The aim of the instruction in

this, the department of practical mechanics and machine construction, is to make the student, as far as time will permit, acquainted with the most approved methods of construction of machinery. The courses are as follows:

Wood-working and Pattern-making. This course begins with a series of exercises in wood-working, each of which is intended to give the student familiarity with a certain application of a certain tool; and the course of exercises, as a whole, is expected to enable the student to perform any ordinary operations familiar to the carpenter, the joiner and the pattern maker. Time permitting, these prescribed exercises are followed by practice in making members of structures, joints, small complete structures, patterns, their coreboxes, and other constructions in wood. Particular attention is paid to the details of pattern-making.

Forging, Moulding and Foundry-work. These courses are expected not only to give the student a knowledge of the methods of the blacksmith and the moulder, but to give him that manual skill in the handling of tools which will permit him to enter the machine shop and there quickly to acquire familiarity and skill in the manipulation of the metals, and in the management of both hand and machine tools.

Ironworking. The instruction in the machine shop, as in the foundry and the forge, is intended to be carried on in substantially the same manner as in the wood-working course, beginning with a series of graded exercises, which will give the student familiarity with the tools of the craft, and with the operations for the performance of which they are particularly designed, and concluding by practice in the construction of parts of machinery, and time permitting, in the building of complete machines which may have a market value.

5. Department of Industrial Drawing and Art, (excluding Machine Design). Freehand Drawing and Art: The instruction begins with freehand drawing, which is taught by means of lectures and general exercises from the blackboard, from flat copies, and from models. The work embraces a thorough training of the hand and eye in outline drawing, elementary perspective, model and object drawing, drawing from casts and sketching from nature. The course in freehand drawing may be followed by instruction in decorative art, in designing for textiles and ceramics, in modeling, and in other advanced studies introductory to the study of fine art.

Mechanical drawing: The course begins with freehand drawing, and in the latter part of this work considerable time is expected to be given to the sketching of parts of machines and of trains of mechanism,

and, later, of working machines. The use of drawing instruments is next taught, and after the student has acquired some knowledge of descriptive geometry and the allied branches, the methods of work in the drawing rooms of workshops and manufacturing establishments are learned. Line drawing, tracing and "blue printing," the conventional section-lining and colors, geometrical construction, projections and other important details of the draughtsman's work are practiced until the student has acquired proficiency.

Industrial Art. Instruction in industrial and fine art, continuing through four years, is arranged for students having a talent for such work, and desiring to devote their time mainly to this subject. Modeling and landscape drawing and painting occupy the spring term. No degree is conferred, but certificates of proficiency may be given at the end of course. Occasional general and public lectures on the history of art and the work of great artists are given.

6. Department of Machine Design.-The advanced instruction in the Department of Machine Design is developed directly out of the preceding courses and includes the tracing of curves and cams, the study of kinematics on the drawing board, tracing the motion of detail mechanism, and the kinematic relations of connected parts, This part of the work is accompanied by lecture-room instruction and the study of the text-book; the instructors in the drawing rooms being assisted by the lecture-room instructor, who is a spcialist in his branch. The concluding part of the course embraces a similar method of teaching machine-design, the lecture-room and drawingroom work being correlated in the same manner as in kinematics or mechanics. The course concludes, when time allows, by the designing of complete machines, as the steam engine or other motor, or some important special type of machine. Students often make original designs, and not infrequently put on paper plans relating to their own inventions.

Besides the preceding undergraduate courses, graduate courses are arranged for students in mechanical or electrical engineering who desire further instruction and advanced work in engineering.

7. The Graduate School of Marine Engineering and Naval Architecture, which was established by the Board of Trustees in 1890, has for its object to provide courses of instruction and opportunities for research in such special branches of engineering as relate to the design, building, powering, and propulsion of vessels of any and all types. The course is so arranged that students during their senior year in mechanical engineering will be able to carry on in the School their special or elective work of that year. For the student entering

Cornell University with Marine Construction as an objective point, the course for the first three years will be the general course in Mechanical Engineering, as given in the Register. For juniors who may be ahead of their course, however, or who may be allowed to take work outside of the regular schedule, special introductory work may be provided in Ship Drawing and Naval Architecture, and all juniors who propose taking this conrse and who may have such time at their disposal, are urged to elect such special work.

8. The Graduate School of Railway Mechanical Engineering was authorized by the Board of Trustees, June, 1896, and was organized in February, 1898. Its purpose is to concentrate and systematize the work in the mechanical engineering of railway machinery previously constituting a subordinate part of the existing courses, and to offer special instruction to students who have completed a general course in technical institutions of high rank, and, furthermore, to members of the engineering profession desiring special knowledge in this field. For all such, in addition to instruction in this department of engineering of immediate practical value, courses of work are also available in other associated departments of the College and of the University, in such form and in such amount as will be best adapted to their necessities.

The courses in the School have special relation to the designing, manufacture, service in operation, repairing, and the test trials of locomotives and other rolling stock and their equipment; and with the problems connected with the other kinds of machinery employed in railway operation. They are particularly adapted to the needs of the young engineer seeking to find his way into the mechanical departments of railways and into the positions, ultimately, of superintendents of shops and of motive power. These courses are also suitable for those who desire to become locomotive or car builders, as managers eventually of so-called "contract shops"; and for those whose interests lean towards the railway supply business, as the mechanical engineer, superintendent of works, or travelling representative of firms furnishing equipment, supplies and tools for locomotives, cars, and shops.

In addition to the courses offered in Sibley College, as purely professional, there will be found in the scheme of the special courses leading to advanced degrees, opportunities for pursuing work in economics, in law, and in allied professional and scientific departments, in all that great variety characteristic of the University.

The School so arranges its work, also, as to connect closely with the undergraduate work of Sibley College. Students in the undergradu

ate courses may begin to specialize in their sophomore year by electing problems related to locomotive details in course D. 5, Mechanical Drawing. In the junior year, those who are ahead of their course and have the proper preparation and time, may still further specialize by elections from the senior courses in the Railway School. In the senior railway year, about half the student's time is devoted to railway subjects. The graduate year carries the specialized instruction to far greater thoroughness, handling the various problems with the strictly engineering completeness of the actual railway motive power department. Railway seniors, who have the available time, may elect some of this advanced graduate work. In general, with the above additions, the railway course is identical with the regular course in mechanical engineering for the first three years.

Graduates of engineering schools who have had the equivalent of the senior year in the regular course, can take a special graduate year, made up of the senior railway subjects and such electives from the graduate subjects as may be desired.

Particular attention is called to the opportunity offered for practical experience in railway and locomotive shops during the summer vacation. In 1899 there were twenty shops open to the students for this three months of work, at wages more than covering expenses, of which sixty students availed themselves. The importance of this work, as preparatory to the courses of the Railway School, cannot be overestimated. The notice of such students, by the railway officers and locomotive builders employing them, should also not be ignored. [Circulars of Schools will be sent on application to the department.} Courses in Chemical Engineering may be arranged.

Special Students.—Special students are sometimes admitted who are expected to follow as closely as possible a course of instruction planned with reference to their needs. This instruction does not lead to a degree and is only intended for students who are unable to pursue a complete college course, or who desire special instruction in advanced and graduate work.

Non-Resident Lecturers, etc.-Supplementing the regular course of instruction, lectures are delivered from time to time by the most distinguished men and the great specialists of the profession. Extended "Inspection Tours" are made to the great cities and manufacturing establishments during the spring vacation, when sufficient numbers are enrolled.

Persons desiring more information in regard to any subject connected with Sibley College should address "The Director of Sibley College."

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