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Candidates must be at least sixteen years of age or, if women, seventeen. In the College of Law the minimum age is eighteen years. They must have certificates of good moral character, and students from other colleges or universities are required to furnish from those institutions certificates of honorable dismissal.

Candidates for admission must file their credentials and obtain permits for examination at the Registrar's office. The results of the examinations may be ascertained from the Registrar.


I. In

Examinations in all the subjects required for admission to the University are held, at Ithaca only, twice in the year as follows: June, at the end of the spring term; 2. In September, at the beginning of the fall term. No examination of candidates for admission will be held at any other time or place. Further information in regard to the time of examinations may be found on pp. 7 and 49. Specimen copies of examination papers will be sent on application to the Registrar.


I. The Primary Entrance Examinations.

(Required for all courses, [except as stated elsewhere] but not sufficient for admission to the University without the advanced examinations indicated on pp. 37–49).

1. In English. One hour of examination is assigned to answering questions upon the books marked A. Two more hours are occupied with writing longer papers upon subjects taken from the books marked B.

The books prescribed for 1900 are: A. Dryden, Palamon and Arcite; Pope, Iliad, Books i, vi, xxii, xxiv; The Sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the Spectator; Goldsmith, The Vicar of Wakefield; Scott, Ivanhoe; De Quincey, The Flight of a Tartar Tribe; Cooper, The Last of the Mohicans; Tennyson, The Princess; Lowell,

The Vision of Sir Launfal. B. Shakespeare, Macbeth; Milton, Paradise Lost, Books i and ii; Burke, Conciliation with America; Macaulay, Essays on Milton and on Addison.

For 1901: A. Shakespeare, Merchant of Venice; Pope, Iliad, Books i, vi, xxii, xxiv; The Sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the Spectator; Goldsmith, The Vicar of Wakefield; Coleridge, The Ancient Mariner; Scott, Ivanhoe; Cooper, The Last of the Mohicans; Tennyson, The Princess; Lowell, The Vision of Sir Launfal; George Eliot, Silas Marner. B. Shakespeare, Macbeth; Milton, Comus, Lycidas, L'Allegro, Il Penseroso; Burke, Conciliation with America; Macaulay, Essays on Milton and on Addison.

The examination is not designed to test the candidate's familiarity with the history of English literature or with the minutiae of the books prescribed, but to test his ability to express himself readily and easily in accordance with the usages of ordinary prose composition. To this end the candidate is urgently advised:

a. To train himself in writing concise paragraphs in answer to questions upon the most striking narrative and descriptive incidents in the books of the A-list.

b. To master more systematically the contents of the books of the B—list, endeavoring to retain a knowledge of each book as an organized whole. This will be best secured by writing numerous essays or compositions of considerable length upon the general purport of each book.

c. To cultivate-in all his writing-the habits of correct grammar and spelling (including proper names characteristic of the books read), of correct sentence-structure, punctuation, and paragraphing.

d. To avoid most carefully the error of believing that the mere oral memorizing of the contents of the books prescribed is the kind of preparation desired. The candidate is expected to learn from these books the art of expressing himself.

In every case the University examiner will treat mere knowledge of the books as less important than the ability to write good English. No candidate markedly deficient in English will be admitted to any course in the University.

Regents' diplomas are not accepted in place of the entrance examination, unless they cover eight academic English counts, including English Composition, or three full years of the English course established by the Regents, February, 1893. School certificates are not accepted in place of the entrance examination in English. But candidates coming from schools the certificates of which have been accepted in other subjects may obtain exemption from the one-hour examina

tion in books marked A, by submitting specimens of school work upon these books. Printed directions to this end should be procured from the Registrar, not later than the first of January.

Graduates of high schools and academies of approved standing and holders of a Regents' diploma or any sixty count Regents' certificate are admitted to the College of Law without an examination in English. The medical student's certificate issued by the Regents admits to the Medical College.

2. In Physiology and Hygiene; the equivalent of Martin's “The Human Body" (briefer course), and of Wilder's "Health Notes" and "Emergencies." The treatises of Blaisdell, Colton, Hutchinson, Huxley, Jenkins, Overton, Steele, and Walker are accepted as equivalents of Martin.

3. In History two of the four following subjects must be offered : (a) The History of Greece to the death of Alexander, with due reference to Greek life, literature, and art.

(b) The History of Rome to the accession of Commodus, with due reference to literature and government.

(c) English History, with due reference to social and political development.

(d) American History, with the elements of Civil Government. It is expected that the study of American History will be such as to show the development and origin of the institutions of our own country; that it will, therefore, include the colonial beginnings; and that it will deal with the period of discovery and early settlement sufficiently to show the relation of peoples on the American continent, and the meaning of the struggle for mastery.

It is deemed very desirable that Greek and Roman History be offered as a part of the preparation of every candidate.

In addition to the examination, satisfactory written work done in the secondary school, and certified by the teacher, will constitute a considerable part of the evidence of proficiency required. This requirement may be met by the presentation at the examination of a note book or bound collection of notes.

Such written work should include practice in some of the following: Notes and digests of the pupil's reading outside the text-books; written recitations requiring the use of judgment and the application of elementary principles; written parallels between historical characters or periods; brief investigations of topics limited in scope, prepared outside the class-room, and including some use of original material where available; historical maps or charts, made from printed data and comparison of existing maps, and showing movements of

exploration, migration or conquest, territorial changes or social phenomena.

The examination in history for entrance to the University will be so framed as to require comparison and the use of judgment on the pupil's part, rather than the mere use of memory. The examinations will pre-suppose the use of good text-books, collateral reading, and practice in written work. Geographical knowledge will be tested by requiring the location of places and movements on an outline map.

4. Plane Geometry. Including the solution of simple original exercises, numerical problems, and questions on the metric system; as much as is contained in the larger American and English text-books. 5. Elementary Algebra. Factors, common divisors and multiples, fractions, equations of the first degree with one or more unknown quantities, involution including the binomial theorem for positive entire exponents, evolution, the doctrine of exponents, radicals and equations involving radicals, quadratic equations of one or two unknown quantities and equations solved like quadratics, ratio and proportion, and putting problems into equations; as much as is contained in the larger American and English text-books.

In the fundamental operations of algebra, such as multiplication and division, the management of brackets, the solving of numerical and literal equations of the first and second degrees, the combining and simplifying of fractions and radicals, the interpretation and use of negative quantities and of o and ∞, the putting of problems into equations—the student should have distinct notions of the meaning and the reason of all that he does, and be able to state them clearly in his own language; he should also be able to perform all these operations, even when somewhat complex, with rapidity, accuracy, and neatness; and to solve practical problems readily and completely. In his preparatory study he is advised to solve a great many problems, and to state and explain the reasons for the steps taken.

In geometry he should learn the definitions accurately, whether in the language of the text-book or not, and in proving a theorem or solving a problem he should be able to prove every statement made, going back step by step till he rests upon the primary definitions and axioms. He should be able to apply the principles of geometry to practical and numerical examples, to construct his diagrams readily with rule and compass, and to find for himself the solutions of simple problems and the demonstrations of simple theorems. To cultivate this power of origination, he should always, before reading the solution or proof given in his text-book, try to find out one for himself, making use, if necessary, of his author's diagram; and if successful, he should

compare critically his own work with his author's, and see wherein either is the better. Besides oral recitation, he is advised to write out his demonstrations, having regard both to the matter and to the form of his statements; and when written he should carefully study them to make sure, first, that he has a complete chain of argument, and secondly, that it is so arranged that without defect or redundance one step follows as a logical consequence of another.

II. Advanced Examination for Admission to the Various


For admission to the various courses of study, examinations in addition to the Primary Entrance Examinations are required as follows:


In addition to the primary entrance examinations as given on pages 33-37, the applicant must offer either A, B, or C, as below.


1. In Greek: candidates are examined on (1) Grammar. A thorough knowledge of the common forms, idioms and constructions and of the general grammatical principles of Attic prose Greek, to be tested by an examination on a prescribed portion of Xenophon (for the next five years Xenophon's Anabasis, Books I and II). The test is to consist in part of questions, in part of simple sentences set for translation into Greek; it may include also translation from Greek into English. (2) Attic prose at sight. Ability to translate at sight a passage adapted to the proficiency of those who have read not less than 130 Teubner pages of Attic prose. The candidate is expected to show in his translation accurate knowledge of the forms and structure of the language, and an intelligent comprehension of the whole passage. (3) Homer. Ability to translate a passage from some prescribed portion of Homeric poems (for the next three years, Iliad, Book I and Book II, vv. 1– 493), and to answer questions designed to test the candidate's understanding of the passage, as well as questions upon poetic forms constructions, and prosody.

2. In Latin: candidates are examined (1) in the following authors, with questions on subject-matter, constructions, and the formation and inflection of words: Vergil, six books of the Æneid, with the prosody; Cicero, six Orations, including the four against Catiline ; the translation at sight of passages adapted to the proficiency of candidates who have studied Latin in a systematic course of at least five

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