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Graduates in the several courses of this University, or of other institutions in which the requirements for the baccalaureate degree are substantially equivalent, may, upon the recommendation of the Committee on Graduate Work and Advanced Degrees, be admitted to the graduate department. Such applicants may further be admitted to candidacy for the Master's and Doctor's degree on recommendation of the same committee, in case the previous course of study and preparation in the major and minor subjects to be pursued, is accepted as adequate by the departments concerned. Graduate students who are not candidates for a degree, as well as those who are, are required to work under the direction of a special committee of the University Faculty, appointed for the purpose of supervising and directing their work. Tuition fees are charged in all cases, including candidacy for degrees in absentia.
Applications for admission to the graduate department are to be addressed primarily to the Dean of the University Faculty. Full details should be forwarded of the candidate's previous course of study, the degree desired, and the special preparation already had in the major and minor subjects to be pursued.
The applicant would naturally communicate also with the professors in whose departments he intends to study, as they must ultimately approve of his application.
In acting upon an application for graduate work, the first question to be decided is whether the degree already taken by the applicant is substantially the equivalent of one of the degrees given at this University, so that the applicant may be admitted to the graduate department. Full information upon this point is therefore required, including a general statement of the character of the course pursued, with special reference to the amount of mathematics and languages. Blank forms of application may be obtained from the Dean of the University Faculty.
After this point has been decided, the second question is, whether the applicant is qualified to enter upon advanced work in the special departments of study in which the advanced degree is desired. In order to decide this question, a specific and detailed statement is to be made of the previous course of study and preparation in the major and minor subjects to be pursued. This statement is then submitted to the departments concerned for approval.
Official evidence of all the above statements must ultimately be presented.
After the status of the applicant is determined by the general com
mittee, he is then put under the supervision of the special committee conducting the work which he desires to pursue. This special committee is made up of the professors in charge of the work in the major and minor subjects. It has been decided by the Faculty that instructors are not eligible for membership on the special committees nor on the committees conducting examinations. The chairman of the special committee, after consultation with the other members of the committee, is assumed to represent their views of action, and to be the regular channel of communication between candidates and the general committee; conveying or indorsing, for instance, petitions from candidates, and forwarding recommendations for changes in the announcements of major and minor subjects, or additions suggested to the membership of the special committee itself, either for the guidance of the work of candidates or to complete the number of examiners.
The function of the general committee is to decide matters of precedent or procedure or policy, securing Faculty action where necessary, and to be the channel of communication between the special committees and the University Faculty.
Courses of graduate study leading to advanced degrees are provided in the following departments: Semitic Languages, Classical Archaeology and History of Art, Comparative Philology, Greek, Latin, Germanic Languages, Romance Languages, English Literature and English Philology, Philosophy, History and Political Science, Mathematics and Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Arboriculture, Entomology and General Invertebrate Zoology, Physiology and Vertebrate Zoology and Neurology, Anatomical Methods and Human Anatomy, Microscopy and Histology and Embryology, Geology and Paleontology and Mineralogy, Agriculture, Horticulture, Veterinary Science, Architecture, Civil Engineering, including Bridge, Railroad, Sanitary, Hydraulic, and Geodetic Engineering, and in Mechanical Engineering, including Electrical, Steam, and Marine Engineering, Naval Architecture, and Railway Machinery.
Candidates for advanced degrees must present themselves for examination in one major and two minor subjects (except for the Master's degree, for which one major and one minor are required), which must have been determined upon, with the approval of a committee of the University Faculty, as early as October 15 of the year in which the degree is expected to be given, if it be the Master's degree, or of the year preceding that in which the degree is expected to be given, if it be the Doctor's degree.
The above date is the limit for the acceptance of applications and for the selection of majors and minors, in the case of applicants who desire to receive credit for attendance during the whole of the academic year then entered upon.
The work of candidates for advanced degrees in the general courses must be devoted to those subjects (one major and one or two minors), which may be comprised within the limits of one department of instruction, or may extend to two or three; with the provision, however, that, except in case of special permission to the contrary granted by the University Faculty, the subjects shall be so related to one another as to imply a definite aim on the part of the student. The subject of the thesis required must be filed with the Registrar, with the written approval of the special committee in charge of the work of the candidate, and be announced to the University Faculty as early as December I of the year in which the degree is expected to be given, and the paper in its completed form must be presented as early as May 1. Theses accepted are to be delivered to the Registrar on or before the Friday preceding Commencement.
The degree of Master is intended to represent a year of faithful work of an advanced character performed by a student who has previously taken a degree fully equivalent to that which is given in this University at the completion of four years of undergraduate work. The degree of Doctor is intended to represent not a specified amount of work, covering a specified time, but long study and high attainment in a special field, proved, in the first place, by the presentation of a thesis which displays the power of independent investigation, and in the second place, by passing corresponding examinations upon the ground covered by the three subjects chosen at the beginning of the candidacy and approved by the University Faculty.
Successful candidates for the degree of Master must deposit one copy of the thesis in the University Library.
Successful candidates for the degree of Doctor must print their theses and deposit fifty copies in the University Library. In the title page of each of these copies shall appear the statement that the thesis was presented to the University Faculty of Cornell University for the degree in question. Unless the printed copies be previously deposited in the University Library, a type-written copy of the thesis must be delivered to the Registrar on or before the Friday preceding the Commencement at which the degree is conferred. This type-written copy is to become the permanent property of the University.
A text-book, presumably written and published without reference to the degree for which it was presented, will not be accepted in lieu of a thesis.
The final examinations for these degrees may be both oral and written, and in the non-technical courses are to be in charge of a committee of not less than three members, except for the Master's degree, where two members may suffice. These examinations occur in the second week before Commencement, except in the case of candidates who take their examination in a year subsequent to that in which the required amount of resident study was completed. In case of necessity, the examination may be held during the week next preceding that now fixed for holding them.
In the final examination for advanced degrees, the examination of the thesis shall regularly precede the further examination of the candidate. In the case of students who take the examination in the year subsequent to that in which the required amount of study has been completed, the special committee is authorized to arrange such examinations at any time during the University year; provided that two weeks' notice shall be given to the chairman of the general committee. The special requirements for these degrees are as follows:
The Master's Degree.
Hereafter, in place of the degrees of Master of Arts, Master of Philosophy, Master of Letters, and Master of Science, the one degree of Master of Arts is to be conferred.
The degree of Master of Science in Architecture is to be conferred as heretofore on those who have taken the corresponding baccalaureate degree here, or at some other college or university where the requirements for the said baccalaureate degree are equal to those of this University, in case the candidate has spent at least one year at the University, pursuing an accepted course of study, upon presenting a satisfactory thesis and passing the required special final examinations as above.
The degree of Master of Civil Engineering, Master of Mechanical Engineering, or Master of Science in Agriculture is conferred, after at least one year of resident study, on candidates who have received the corresponding first degree, upon presenting a satisfactory thesis and passing the required special final examination as above. In special cases graduates of this University, on the recommendation of the special committee that would have charge of their work, may, by vote of the University Faculty in each case, become candidates for the degree of M.C.E., M.M.E., and M.S. in Agr., after two years of professional practice and study in absentia.
Candidates for degrees in absentia are to appear in person at the University to be examined, and to receive the diploma at Commencement.
The time spent in study for the Master's degree, whether that degree be taken or not, may be counted in the time required for the Doctor's degree, provided the special committee in charge of the work approve, certifying the work done as suitable to such Doctor's degree.
The Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Hereafter, in place of the degrees of Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor of Science, the one degree of Doctor of Philosophy is to be conferred.
The degree of Doctor of Philosophy is conferred on graduates of this University, and of other universities and colleges whose requirements for the baccalaureate degree are equal to those of this University, on the following conditions:
1. In order to become a candidate, the applicant must have pursued a course of study substantially equivalent to that required for graduation in this University in the Academic Department.
2. The candidate is expected to spend at least three years at the University, pursuing a course of study marked out by the University Faculty. In cases of exceptional proficiency a candidate may be recommended for the degree at the expiration of a shorter period. A year of graduate work in a University elsewhere, may, by a special vote of the University Faculty, be accepted in place of a year's work in this University.
3. He must present a thesis of such a character as shall display power of original and independent investigation, and must pass the requisite special final examinations. Before the degree is conferred, a type-written copy of the thesis must be deposited in the University Library, unless the required number of printed copies be already deposited. [See also p. 70.]
The work of graduate students is expected to be in large measure independent of the regular courses of instruction. The special announcements of each department and college will, however, indicate the courses which are available as a basis for graduate work.