More Things in Heaven and Earth: A Celebration of Physics at the Millennium

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Benjamin Bederson
Springer Science & Business Media, 6. dec. 2012 - 849 strani
The 20th century has been the century of physics,a period of unparalleled scientific advances fueled primarily by discoveries by physicists. The 20th century also represents the life span of the American Physical Society, not coincidentally, and to celebrate both its own centennial and this remarkable century, the APS has prepared a book highlighting the seminal discoveries of the 20th century, with invited articles by the world's most eminent living physicists, including 12 physics Nobel Prize winners. Included will be chapters by R. Richardson on superfludity, J. Lebowitz on statistical mechanics, P. deGennes on granular material, J. Hopfield on neural networks, C. Wieman on matter waves, A. Pais on high energy physics in the early 20th century . The book will contain about 40 chapters on a broad range of topics in physics written in an engaging and personal style. While the technical level is high, these are not review articles, but rather perspectives on discoveries written by those scientists most closely assoicated with the original work as well future directions of research. The book will be promoted to the meeting attendees in advance of the March meeting, and should be of interest to the broad scientific community. Ben Bederson, professor of physics at NYU, was editor in chief of the APS journals from 1986-1997. He is also editor of the Advances in Atomic Physics Series (Academic Press).
 

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Vsebina

Fitch
2
Nuclear Physics
12
Theoretical Particle Physics
29
The Origins
43
Astrophysics
56
A Century of Relativity
69
From Radar to Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
89
An Essay on Condensed Matter Physics in the Twentieth Century
96
From NanoSecond to Femtosecond Science
474
Experiment and Foundations of Quantum Physics
482
The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect
500
Conductance Viewed as Transmission
515
Superconductivity
526
Superfluidity
534
In Touch with Atoms
543
Materials Physics
555

A Short History of Atomic Physics in the Twentieth Century
129
Quantum Field Theory
142
The Standard Model of Particle Physics
161
String Theory Supersymmetry Unification and All That
188
Accelerators and Detectors
203
Anomalous g Values of the Electron and Muon
223
Neutrino Physics
234
Astrophysics
242
The Most Energetic Particles in the Universe
278
Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
291
Black Holes
302
Gravitational Radiation
313
Deciphering the Nature of Dark Matter
329
Nuclear Physics
344
Stellar Nucleosynthesis
370
Atomic Physics
377
Laser Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics
408
Atom Cooling Trapping and Quantum Manipulation
426
Quantum Controversy in Action
442
Quantum Effects in OnePhoton and TwoPhoton Interference
460
The Invention of the Transistor
563
A Selective Review of Two Central Issues
581
Three Pillars of Modern
601
Insights from Soft Condensed Matter
617
A Tentative View
629
Fluid Turbulence
644
Pattern Formation in Nonequilibrium Physics
665
The Collisionless Nature of HighTemperature Plasmas
678
Molecular Clouds Clusters and Corrals
691
Biological Physics
706
Brain Neural Networks and Computation
726
Microscopic Simulations in Physics
741
Physics and Applications of Medical Imaging
755
Nuclear Fission Reactors
767
Nuclear PowerFusion
775
Physics and U S National Security
781
Laser Technology
798
Physics and the Communications Industry
812
Index
827
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