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Knowledge Assessment
Answer Key

1.

Who is responsible for requesting that the President declare an emergency or disaster?

✓ D. The Governor of the affected State is responsible for requesting that the President declare an emergency or disaster.

2.

3.

What is the minimum Federal cost-share of disaster assistance in a declared disaster? ✓ B. 75 percent

The sequence of events in a Presidential disaster declaration process is:

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4.

FEMA can provide States with Federal assistance for major disasters and emergencies whether or not the President has declared the disaster or emergency.

✓ False. Under the Stafford Act, assistance for major disasters and emergencies is available from FEMA only upon a declaration by the President. However, when the President does not issue a major disaster or an emergency declaration, there may be certain types of assistance available through various Federal agencies including the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Department of Agriculture, and the Small Business Administration.

The Stafford Act Knowledge Assessment Answer Key (Continued)

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8.

The statement below contains the only events that may be declared as disasters or emergencies by the President.

✓ B. Any natural catastrophe, as well as fire, flood, or explosion.

An applicant is eligible for Federal assistance to repair, restore, or replace property that is damaged as a result of a declared disaster, regardless of whether the individual's own insurance will cover the damage.

✓ False. Eligibility for Federal assistance to repair, restore, or replace property that is damaged as a result of a declared disaster is conditional on whether the individual's insurance company will cover the damages.

A Governor may make a request for Federal disaster assistance if the disaster is of such severity and magnitude that effective response is beyond the capabilities of the State and local governments.

✔ True. All requests for a Presidential disaster declaration shall be made by the Governor of the affected State. Such a request shall be based on a finding that the disaster is of such severity and magnitude that effective response is beyond State and local government capabilities and that Federal assistance is necessary.

The President may deny a request for a disaster declaration for the following reason: ✓ A. The Federal Government judges that adequate assistance is available through other sources.

✓ C.

State and local governments are able to provide the necessary assistance themselves.

9.

The Stafford Act changed previous disaster assistance legislation to make assistance available on an incident-by-incident basis.

✓ False. The intent of the Stafford Act is to provide an orderly and continuing means of assistance from the Federal Government to State and local governments carrying out their responsibilities to alleviate the suffering and damage that result from disasters.

(Continued)

10. Without a Presidential disaster declaration, disaster assistance may include:

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