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Province otherwise directs with respect to that Province, Provincial the seats of Government of the Provinces shall be as ments. follows, namely,-of Ontario, the City of Toronto; of Quebec, the City of Quebec; of Nova Scotia, the City of Halifax; and of New Brunswick, the City of Fredericton.1
69. There shall be a Legislature for Ontario, consisting Legislaof the Lieutenant-Governor and of one House, styled the Ontario. Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
70. The Legislative Assembly of Ontario shall be com- Electoral posed of Eighty-two Members, to be elected to represent the Eighty-two Electoral Districts set forth in the First Schedule to this Act.2
71. There shall be a Legislature for Quebec, consisting Legislature for of the Lieutenant-Governor and of two Houses, styled the Quebec. Legislative Council of Quebec and the Legislative Assembly of Quebec.
72. The Legislative Council of Quebec shall be com- Constituposed of Twenty-four Members, to be appointed by the LegisLieutenant-Governor in the Queen's name by Instrument lative under the Great Seal of Quebec, one being appointed to represent each of the Twenty-four Electoral Divisions of Lower Canada in this Act referred to, and each holding office for the term of his life, unless the Legislature of Quebec otherwise provides under the provisions of this Act.
73. The qualifications of the Legislative Councillors of QualificaQuebec shall be the same as those of the Senators for LegislaQuebec.
1 Of the other Provinces, the capital of Manitoba is Winnipeg; of Saskatchewan, Regina; of Alberta, Edmonton; of British Columbia, Victoria; and of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown.
2 The representation has been altered from time to time. In 1922 it consisted of 111 members.
tive Coun cillors.
74. The place of a Legislative Councillor of Quebec tion, &c. shall become vacant in the cases, mutatis mutandis, in which the place of Senator becomes vacant.
as to va
75. When a vacancy happens in the Legislative Council of Quebec by resignation, death, or otherwise, the Lieutenant-Governor, in the Queen's name, by Instrument under the Great Seal of Quebec, shall appoint a fit and qualified person to fill the vacancy.
76. If any question arises respecting the qualification of a Legislative Councillor of Quebec, or a vacancy in the Legislative Council of Quebec, the same shall be heard and determined by the Legislative Council.
77. The Lieutenant-Governor may, from time to time, of Legis- by Instrument under the Great Seal of Quebec, appoint a Member of the Legislative Council of Quebec, to be Speaker thereof, and may remove him and appoint another in his stead.
Quorum of Legis
78. Until the Legislature of Quebec otherwise provides, the presence of at least ten Members of the Legislative Council. Council, including the Speaker, shall be necessary to constitute a meeting for the exercise of its powers.
in Legislative Council.
Constitution of Legis
79. Questions arising in the Legislative Council of Quebec shall be decided by a majority of voices, and the Speaker shall in all cases have a vote, and when the voices are equal, the decision shall be deemed to be in the negative. 80. The Legislative Assembly of Quebec shall be composed of Sixty-five Members,1 to be elected to represent lative the Sixty-five Electoral Divisions or Districts of Lower Assembly of Quebec. Canada in this Act referred to, subject to alteration thereof by the Legislature of Quebec: Provided that it shall not be lawful to present to the Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec for assent any Bill for altering the limits of any of the Electoral Divisions or Districts mentioned in the Second Schedule to this Act, unless the second and third readings of such Bill have been passed in the Legislative Assembly
1 The number has since been increased. In 1922 it consisted of 81 members.
with the concurrence of the majority of the Members representing all those Electoral Divisions or Districts, and the assent shall not be given to such Bill unless an address has been presented by the Legislative Assembly to the Lieutenant-Governor, stating that it has been so passed.
3. Ontario and Quebec.
81. The Legislatures of Ontario and Quebec respectively First Sesshall be called together not later than six months after Legisla
82. The Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario and of Quebec Summonshall, from time to time, in the Queen's name, by Instrument under the Great Seal of the Province, summon and tive call together the Legislative Assembly of the Province. blies. 83. Until the Legislature of Ontario or of Quebec other- Restricwise provides, a person accepting or holding in Ontario or election of in Quebec any office, commission, or employment, permanent or temporary, at the nomination of the LieutenantGovernor, to which an annual salary, or any fee, allowance, emolument, or profit of any kind or amount whatever from the Province is attached, shall not be eligible as a Member of the Legislative Assembly of the respective Province, nor shall he sit or vote as such; but nothing in this Section shall make ineligible any person being a Member of the Executive Council of the respective Province, or holding any of the following Offices, that is to say-the Offices of Attorney-General, Secretary and Registrar of the Province, Treasurer of the Province, Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works, and in Quebec Solicitor-General, or shall disqualify him to sit or vote in the House for which he is elected, provided he is elected while holding such Office.
84. Until the Legislatures of Ontario and Quebec Continurespectively otherwise provide,1 all laws which at the existing
1 Laws on these subjects have since been passed by the Legislatures of Ontario and of Quebec.
Duration of Legislative As semblies.
Session of Legislature.
Union are in force in those Provinces respectively, relative to the following matters or any of them, namely,—the qualifications and disqualifications of persons to be elected or to sit or vote as Members of the Assembly of Canada, the qualifications or disqualifications of voters, the oaths to be taken by voters, the Returning Officers, their powers and duties, the proceedings at Elections, the periods during which such Elections may be continued, and the trial of controverted Elections and the proceedings incident thereto, the vacating of the seats of Members, and the issuing and execution of new Writs in case of seats vacated otherwise than by dissolution, shall respectively apply to Elections of Members to serve in the respective Legislative Assemblies of Ontario and Quebec.
Provided that until the Legislature of Ontario otherwise provides, at any Election for a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for the District of Algoma, in addition to persons qualified by the law of the Province of Canada to vote, every male British Subject aged Twenty-one years or upwards, being a householder, shall have a vote.
85. Every Legislative Assembly of Ontario and every Legislative Assembly of Quebec shall continue for four years from the day of the return of the Writs for choosing the same (subject nevertheless to either the Legislative Assembly of Ontario or the Legislative Assembly of Quebec being sooner dissolved by the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province), and no longer.
86. There shall be a Session of the Legislature of Ontario and of that of Quebec once at least in every year, so that twelve months shall not intervene between the last sitting of the Legislature in each Province in one Session and its first sitting in the next Session.
87. The following provisions of this Act respecting the House of Commons of Canada, shall extend and apply to the Legislative Assemblies of Ontario and Quebec, that is to say, the provisions relating to the Election of a Speaker
originally and on vacancies, the duties of the Speaker, the absence of the Speaker, the quorum, and the mode of voting, as if those provisions were here re-enacted and made applicable in terms to each such Legislative Assembly.
4. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
88. The Constitution of the Legislature of each of the ConstituProvinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, subject Legislato the provisions of this Act, continue as it exists at the tures of Union until altered under the Authority of this Act; and tia and the House of Assembly of New Brunswick existing at the Brunspassing of this Act shall, unless sooner dissolved, continue for the period for which it was elected.
5. Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia.
89. Each of the Lieutenant-Governors of Ontario, Quebec, First and Nova Scotia, shall cause Writs to be issued for the first Election of Members of the Legislative Assembly thereof in such form and by such person as he thinks fit, and at such time and addressed to such Returning Officer as the Governor-General directs, and so that the first Election of Member of Assembly for any Electoral District or any subdivision thereof shall be held at the same time and at the same places as the Election for a Member to serve in the House of Commons of Canada for that Electoral District.
6. The Four Provinces.
90. The following provisions of this Act respecting the ApplicaParliament of Canada, namely,-the provisions relating to Legislaappropriation and tax Bills, the recommendation of money provisions votes, the assent to Bills, the disallowance of Acts, and respecting
1 Attempts have from time to time been made to do away with the Nova Scotian Legislative Council; and on one occasion such a measure was nearly passing into law, but at the last moment the newly appointed members of the Legislative Council refused to pronounce their own doom. The New Brunswick Legislative Council was abolished in 1891.
The effect of this section, together with Section 56, is to place the Governor-General in Council in the place of the Crown for the disallow