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Fifteen of Title Three of the Revised Statutes of New Brunswick, or in any Act amending that Act before or after the Union, and not increasing the amount of such dues; but the lumber of any of the Provinces other than New Brunswick shall not be subject to such dues.
125. No Lands or Property belonging to Canada or any ExempProvince shall be liable to taxation.
tion of Public
126. Such portions of the Duties and Revenues over Lands. which the respective Legislatures of Canada, Nova Scotia, cial Conand New Brunswick had before the Union power of ap- Revenue propriation, as are by this Act reserved to the respective Fund. Governments or Legislatures of the Provinces, and all Duties and Revenues raised by them in accordance with the special powers conferred upon them by this Act, shall in each Province form one Consolidated Revenue Fund to be appropriated for the Public Service of the Province.
IX. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.
127. If any person being at the passing of this
Act, As to Legislaa Member of the Legislative Council of Canada, Nova tive Coun. Scotia, or New Brunswick, to whom a place in the Senate cillors of is offered, does not within thirty days thereafter, by becoming writing under his hand, addressed to the GovernorGeneral of the Province of Canada or to the LieutenantGovernor of Nova Scotia or New Brunswick (as the case may be), accept the same, he shall be deemed to have declined the same; and any person who, being at the passing of this Act a Member of the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia or New Brunswick, accepts a place in the Senate, shall thereby vacate his Seat in such Legislative Council.
128. Every Member of the Senate or House of Commons Oath of Allegiof Canada shall, before taking his Seat therein, take and subscribe before the Governor-General or some person authorized by him, and every Member of a Legislative
Continuance of existing Laws, Courts,
Council or Legislative Assembly of any Province shall, before taking his Seat therein, take and subscribe before the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province, or some person authorized by him, the Oath of Allegiance contained in the Fifth Schedule to this Act; and every Member of the Senate of Canada and every Member of the Legislative Council of Quebec shall also, before taking his Seat therein, take and subscribe before the Governor-General, or some person authorized by him, the Declaration of Qualification contained in the same Schedule.
129. Except as otherwise provided by this Act, all Laws in force in Canada, Nova Scotia, or New Brunswick at the Union, and all Courts of Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction, Officers, and all legal Commissions, Powers, and Authorities, and
all Officers, Judicial, Administrative, and Ministerial, existing therein at the Union, shall continue, in Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick respectively, as if the Union had not been made; subject nevertheless (except with respect to such as are enacted by or exist under Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain or of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) to be repealed, abolished, or altered by the Parliament of Canada, or by the Legislature of the respective Province, according to the authority of the Parliament or of that Legislature under this Act.
130. Until the Parliament of Canada otherwise provides, of Officers all Officers of the several Provinces having duties to discharge in relation to matters other than those coming within the classes of subjects by this Act assigned exclusively to the Legislatures of the Provinces shall be Officers of Canada, and shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective offices under the same liabilities, responsibilities, and penalties as if the Union had not been made.
of new Officers.
131. Until the Parliament of Canada otherwise provides, the Governor-General in Council may from time to time appoint such Officers as the Governor-General in Council
deems necessary or proper for the effectual execution of this Act.
132. The Parliament and Government of Canada shall Treaty obligahave all powers necessary or proper for performing the tions. obligations of Canada or of any Province thereof, as part of the British Empire, towards Foreign Countries, arising under Treaties between the Empire and such Foreign Countries.
133. Either the English or the French language may be Use of English used by any person in the debates of the Houses of the and Parliament of Canada and of the Houses of the Legislature French of Quebec; and both those languages shall be used in the respective Records and Journals of those Houses;1 and either of those languages may be used by any person or in any pleading or process in or issuing from any Court of Canada established under this Act, and in or from all or any of the Courts of Quebec.
The Acts of the Parliament of Canada and of the Legislature of Quebec shall be printed and published in both those languages.
Ontario and Quebec.
134. Until the Legislature of Ontario or of Quebec Appointotherwise provides, the Lieutenant-Governors of Ontario Executive and Quebec may each appoint, under the Great Seal of the Officers for Province, the following Officers, to hold office during and pleasure, that is to say,-the Attorney-General, the Secretary and Registrar of the Province, the Treasurer of the Province, the Commissioner of Crown Lands, and the Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works, and in the case of Quebec the Solicitor-General; and may, by order of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, from time to time prescribe the duties of those Officers, and of the several Departments over which they shall preside
1 Unless the practice of the Union Parliament had been continued the French-Canadians would never have agreed to Confederation.
or to which they shall belong, and of the Officers and Clerks thereof; and may also appoint other and additional Officers to hold office during pleasure, and may from time to time prescribe the duties of those Officers, and of the several Departments over which they shall preside or to which they shall belong, and of the Officers and Clerks thereof.
135. Until the Legislature of Ontario or Quebec other&c., of wise provides, all rights, powers, duties, functions, reExecutive sponsibilities, or authorities at the passing of this Act vested in or imposed on the Attorney-General, SolicitorGeneral, Secretary and Registrar of the Province of Canada, Minister of Finance, Commissioner of Crown Lands, Commissioner of Public Works, and Minister of Agriculture and Receiver-General, by any Law, Statute, or Ordinance of Upper Canada, Lower Canada, or Canada, and not repugnant to this Act, shall be vested in or imposed on any Officer to be appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor for the discharge of the same or any of them; and the Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works shall perform the duties and functions of the office of Minister of Agriculture at the passing of this Act imposed by the law of the Province of Canada, as well as those of the Commissioner of Public Works.
136. Until altered by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, the Great Seals of Ontario and Quebec respectively shall be the same, or of the same design, as those used in the Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada respectively before their Union as the Province of Canada.
137. The words and from thence to the end of the temporary then next ensuing Session of the Legislature', or words to Acts. the same effect used in any temporary Act of the Province of Canada not expired before the Union, shall be construed to extend and apply to the next Session of the Parliament of Canada, if the subject-matter of the Act is within the
powers of the same as defined by this Act, or to the next Sessions of the Legislatures of Ontario and Quebec respectively, if the subject-matter of the Act is within the powers of the same as defined by this Act.
138. From and after the Union the use of the words As to 'Upper Canada' instead of 'Ontario', or 'Lower Canada' errors in instead of Quebec', in any Deed, Writ, Process, Pleading, Document, Matter, or Thing shall not invalidate the
139. Any Proclamation under the Great Seal of the As to Province of Canada, issued before the Union, to take effect Proclamaat a time which is subsequent to the Union, whether tions berelating to that Province, or to Upper Canada, or to Lower to comCanada, and the several matters and things therein pro- ter Union. claimed, shall be and continue of like force and effect as if the Union had not been made.
140. Any Proclamation which is authorized by any Act As to issue of the Legislature of the Province of Canada to be issued mations under the Great Seal of the Province of Canada, after whether relating to that Province, or to Upper Canada, or to Lower Canada, and which is not issued before the Union, may be issued by the. Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario or of Quebec, as its subject-matter requires, under the Great Seal thereof; and from and after the issue of such Proclamation the same and the several matters and things therein proclaimed shall be and continue of the like force and effect in Ontario or Quebec as if the Union had not been made.
141. The Penitentiary of the Province of Canada shall, Penitentiary. until the Parliament of Canada otherwise provides, be and continue the Penitentiary of Ontario and of Quebec.
142. The division and adjustment of the Debts, Credits, ArbitraLiabilities, Properties, and Assets of Upper Canada and specting Lower Canada shall be referred to the arbitrament of Debts, &c. three arbitrators, one chosen by the Government of Ontario, one by the Government of Quebec, and one by