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goodness of its government, is it not yourselves who render this glorious teftimony to the supreme power? Woe be to you, if ever you can forget it!

And, furthermore, the rights which in future you will enjoy, have not been demanded, but freely granted for the with of the majority had not yet appeared among you. It remains for you, dear fellow-citizens, to render yourselves worthy of these blessings. If liberty be the greatest blessing to the people, the basis which secures it ought to be so much the more facred; there is nothing great or fublime which may not be yet effected under its aufpices; but a good conftitution can only be the effect of profound discernment, and the result of tranquil labour, directed by wisdom and cxperience. If, on the contrary, it be burried by the heat of the passions, it is stified in its birth. The elevation of such an edifice is the work of time, by which alone every thing is matured. To begin

To begin by demolishing what gives us a sure shelter, would be to expose ourselves naked to the violence of a tempeft. When a lowering storm gathers on the horizon, the pilot who has a sense of his duty stands more ftoutly at the helm, but still keeps his fails spread, the sooner to bring his ship to an anchor.

The welfare of your country, dear brothers, your own, and that of your children, is in your hands. Your wishes are now satisfied. All that could be granted consistently with the general good, has been granted. Whoever at this time should dare to require more, could only do so from felfith views, and not for his country ; his object could only be to destroy, not to preserve it. We have but a choice between two things: either an entire obedience to the law and supreme power, which alone can save our threatened state ; or the overflow of all the wild and ungovernable paffions, the ruin of a flourishing country, the annihilafion of public prosperity, the havoc occasioned by the corruption of morals; in short, a view of the most frightful disasters and misfortunes for us and our generation. Who should dare i to doubt our resolution? Yes, dear fellow-citizens ! you have honoured us with your confidence ; you have imposed upon us the task, exceedingly grateful to our hearts, of supporting your dearest rights and interests. It is for you then, it is in your name, it is from the bottom of your hearts, that we swear to save the country; and you cannot belie us,

If this act of union, which we this day announce to you, were not enough to disarm all our eneinies and annihilate their designs; if there be one yet remaining who would impose laws upon us, violate the sanctuary of our liberty, and, in fine, render useless the wife reforms we have been making in our constitution; then the country will summon her children; they will assemble, they will press round her ; and if you dould have the miffortune to be forced to fight, the thorough knowledge you have of your cause will support your courage, while it ensures your success. The solemn assurance of your rights will be the standard round which you will form an impenetrable wall; it will be the banner you will carry against a powerful enemy, who thenceforth will no longer be to be feared by you: we will place ourfelves befide you, and in the first ranks; it will wave, bleeding in the air, but we will never desert it; we will bring it back with us, or never more return ourselves; and, if pushed to extremity, we are resolved to die, but in such a manner as to recall to the remembrance of pofterity the glorious name of our ancestors. We will bury ourselves under the ruins of our country, rather than bow our heads under an ignominious yoke. We may cease to be, but our honour muft never be annihilated.


Berne, February 5th, 1798.

Address of the Government and People of Berne to the Executive

Directory of the French Republic, dated Feb. 7. , Citizens Directors, PERMIT the people of Berne, closely united to their govern

ment, to lay before you, with that frankness which becomes them towards a great nation, their fincere dispositions relative to their present situation with respect to the French government.

This people, accustomed at all times to recognise a well-disposed neighbour in the French nation, to which, for many ceniuries, they have given the moit unequivocal proofs of the fincerest friendship, could not see, without regret, any alteration in so happy an alliance.

Animated with the most sincere and upright sentiments, this people, now united to their government, regard it as a most sacred duty to declare to you, Citizens Directors, that they ardently desire peace and good neighbourhood, which they have always endeavoured to maintain ; and that, where any difficulties arise between the French nation and their own, they are seady to smooth and remove them, as far as can be effected, without compromising the independence of a free people, who are firmly resolved to maintain and defend that independence to the last drop of their blood.

Full of confidence in the justice of this demand on the part of a people attached to their liberty, we promise ourselves, from your justice, a prompt and satisfactory answer; and, in this case, we afsure ourselves that you will withdraw your troops from our frontiers-upon which our people, who have taken up arms only in their own defence, will voluntarily lay them down,


We take the liberty, Citizens Directors, to renew our request of a prompt answer; and we entreat you to rely on the fineerity of our respectful devotion towards you and the French nation.

Citizens Directors,

Your very affectionate,


Letter from General Schauenbourg, Commander in Chief of the Army

of Erguel, to Citizen Mengaud, Minister from the French Re-
public to the Helvetic Cantons in Bafle.

Soleure, 12 Ventose (March 2).
I HASTEN, citizen minifter, to inform you, that I this morn-

ing attacked and took the village of Longnau. From that place hither every thing has been forced to yield to the arms of the great nation. Eight pieces of artillery, with ammunition-waggons, and 200 prisoners, fell into our hands. Among the prifoners are several staff officers. I summoned Soleure about ten in the morning, and in half an hour the gates were opened to me. L have the honour to send you a copy of the summons. I directly hastened to set the arrested patriots at liberty, and have taken every necessary measure to make the arms of our brave warriors triumph through the whole canton, and secure the empire of that freedom, which constitutes the happiness of a people. I shall have the ho. nour to give you an account of every further proceeding, that you may transmit it to the Directory. Health and fraternity.

(Signed) SCHAUENBOURG. P. S. The arsenal and the artillery on the walls are in our poflellion.

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Copy of the Summons to the General in Command at Soleure.

General, THE Directory has commanded me to take possession of the town of Soleure ; adding, that if the least opposition is made, or a single drop of French blood spilt, the members of the government of Soleure shall answer it with their lives and property. Inform the members of your government of the will of the Directory, and open your gates to the republican troops. I give you half an bour to resolve in; when this has elapsed, in case of resistance, I shall fire upon the town, and put the garrison to the sword.



Letter from General Brune, Commander in Chief of the French Army in Helvetia, to the Executive Directory.

Head Quarters at Berne, 17 Ventole Citizens Directors,

(March 7). BERNE is subdued. It was entered the day before yesterday, af

one in the afternoon, by the troops of the republic. General Schauenbourg preceded by about an hour the column under the command of General Pigeon, who after gaining a signal victory at Neveneck on the Sausen, pursued the remainder of the fanatic bands of oligarchy, even to the gates of Berne. On the 17th I had made every necessary disposition, and General Schauenbourg had received orders to direct his movement against Berne by Soleure. The latter furrendered at twelve in the forenoon on being fummoned. The same day the environs of Fribourg had been occupied at three in the morning. The city being summoned, an answer was returned by the magistrates, that they were disposed to furrender, but that some hours were necessary in order that the evacuation on the part of the Bernese and armed peasants might be effected without disorder. General Pigeon granted two hours; but foon after, the found of the toctin was heard in different villages, and a multitude of peasants who came to reinforce the garrifon, were feen entering the town by a gate opposite to the points of attack. A new summons was then sent, upon which some of the citizens and magistrates came to say, that they were overawed by the peasants, and were no longer free in their deliberations. :The republican soldiers, full of ardour, demanded with loud cries the order of an affault. Some shells were thrown into the city, and a few flight breaches were made. Ten or twelve intrepid soldiers, at the head of whom was Citizen Barbe, sergeant of the 18th demi-hrigade, climbed to the top of the ramparts, and threw themselves into the town, while oihers penetrated into a gate half demolished. The one thousand five hundred Bernese, and four or five thousand Bernese who compared the force of Fribourg, had retired with precipitation with their cannon and arms into the arsenal. The cannon were taken during the pursuit, and a great many muskets were picked up by the way and in the streets. I have made the brave Sergeant Barbe a sub-lieutenant. No excess has been committed ;, discipline was observed with as much strictness as if the city had been taken only by capitulation. The aristocratic governinent has been destroyed, and replaced by a provincial government, composed of men chosen by the bannieres, or fections. The affair of Fribourg cost the enemy more than 400 men, and a great number of wounded. I sent back the prifoners : these unhappy persons wept for joy. To facilitate the taking of Fribourg, and fecond the operations under General Pigeon, I caused an alarm to be given at Morat. The Bernese


evacuated that town in the evening of the 12th : the 13th was spent in observation and marching. In the evening of the 14th, the column of General Rampen showed itself towards Gumine, as if about to attack that famous passage, which the enemy had planted very strongly with batteries. Another body made a threat. ening movement towards Laupen. At the same time the column of Pigeon attacked towards Saufen the passage of Neveneck. At four in the morning of the 15th, this passage was forced, and the camp of the enemy carried, after an action which lasted almost five hours, and in which the enemy displayed the utmost obftinacy. On that occafion the 18th demi-brigade of heavy infantry, and the ad of light infantry, distinguished themselves very much. The enemy had more than 800 men killed, and 3000 were made prisoners. We took from them seven pair of colours, and 20 pieces of cannon were carried by the bayonet. This vica. lory cost us a great number of wounded, and some killed. Among these is Citizen Barbe, whom I had made a sub-lieutenant. This brave young man was the first who presented himself at the bridge of Neveneck, where he was cut in two by a cannon ball. Fugiere, chef de brigade; Dumoulin, chef de bataillon, who, at the entry of Fribourg, had his horse killed under him; Captains Largier and Charlat, Sergeant Tioche, and several others, distinguished themselves that day. The enemy, who by their defeat at Neveneck had been left uncovered, retired with a part of their forces to Gumine, in order to defend Berne. General Rampen with great ability took advantage of this circumstance: his column occupied the bridge, and he made himself master of the first batteries: the rest were abandoned by the enemy, who were much discousaged by intelligence being received that Berne was in our poffeffion. The fugitives were sharply pursued. The road was covered with muskets, for the most part broken, cannons, mortars, howitzers, and carriages, in very good condition : we found also a quantity of corn and fodder. During the contest at Neveneck, a rebellion broke out in the Pays de Vaud, near Yverdun. The rebels were cominanded by some Bernese officers and emigrants, who had sent them two pieces of cannon by the lake of Neufchatel. These auxiliaries of the oligarchy were beat by a detachment composed in part of the Vaudois volunteers, who took from them their two pieces of cannon. The dispersed militia are still committing some excesses in the country. The country of Oberland and the environs of Arberg have afforded a retreat to the obstinate, who still talk of resistance. In my opinion, it will be sufficient to send a reconnoitring party thither, to reduce them to obedience, I have nor sent you any details respecting the operations of General Schauenbourg, as you will find them in the report which he transmitted to you by Ruby, chef de brigade. This officer diftinguished himself at the head of the 8gth demi-brigade of Vol. VII.



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