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considerable sacrifices as the Empire has made for the good of all and of each Itate in particular, to see those states still exposed to fresh demands and pretensions, at the moment in which the Empire should begin to enjoy the fruits of peace. Finally, the deputation of the Empire must again demand of the French ministers a reply to all the points of the last note, to which none has yet been given, or to which the Fțench ministers have not yet replied in a satisfactory manner : principally to the articles 7, 8, 9, 11; :3, 14, 17, 18, which relate to the safety and faculty to all proprietors to dispose freely of all their possessions and appurtenances upon the left bank of the Rhine; the amnesty with its effects
the measures to be taken in favour of persons of the ecclesiastical or lay condition, who are deprived of their existence by the new organization; the non:application of the laws of emigration in the ceded countries, as well as the arrangements particularly necessary for Alface and Lorraine.
Answer of the French Plenipotentiaries to the Note of the Deputation
of the Empire, dated 1411 May. THE undersigned, ministers of the French republic for the negotiation with the German Empire, have received the note of the deputation of the Empire of the 19th of last Floreal, communicated to them by Count Metternich, minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the Emperor,
They hoped that the deputation, enlightened respecting their true interests, and the dangers of temporizing, and penetrated, like themselves, with the necellity of a prompt and durable peace, would not have hesitated to accept the propositions announced in the note of the French legation of the 14th of last Floreal ; that they would acknowledge that the French republic could not have exhibited greater moderation and candefcenfion; and that doubtless much greater sacrifices would have been required of her, had her enemies succeeded in their plans of invasion and partition ; in fine, that, instead of plunging themselves more and more into an endless discullion, they would study to give precision to their answers; and especially that they would justify the opposition which they manifested to the most important points by that itrength of reason which men of integrity cannot relitt.
Disappointed in these hopes, the undersigned have given the more profound attention to the note of the 19th Floreal, and they have to declare, that, from the most mature examination, they have deriyed no convincing reason to induce them to defiit from their first demands. For example: The deputation are surely not serious in proposing to refer to a particular convention of commerce and navigation, all that the note of the French legation
contains relative to the navigation of the Rhine, to the towage ways, works on the banks, toll duties, &c. It is difficult, in fact, to conceive what is intended by a treaty of commerce with the Empire in general. It is with each state in particular, and according to mutual conveniency, that relations of this kind must be formed. But all the objects in question, with the exception, perhaps, of some custoins which belong to conventions purely commercial, ought to enter into a treaty of peace concluded with the Empire, because the Empire has a public and direct interest in them. It is as difficult to comprehend the declaration made by the deputation, that they are not competent to decide upon the demand of the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, relative to the free navigation of the rivers running into the Rhine, and in general to the great rivers of Germany. It appears that the deputation of the Empire declare in vain that they have no powers in this case. If they have no right to pronounce in it themselves, it belongs to them, at least, to solicif the decision of the Germanic Diet; and surely there is so much more reason for altonithinent at their indifference in this refpect, as the opening a free passage in the lesser rivers of Germany is the object which, in its consequences, most interefts the German nation.
The refusal of the deputation to consent to the re-establishment of the commercial bridge between the two Brisacs is built on no better foundation ; especially when it is remarked, that the pretext for this refusal is drawn entirely from the clause of the ancient treaties, which ftipulate that it should be demolished, Without feeking to trace the true motive of the resistance which they have manifested upon this subject, the undersigned will repeat, that the advantage of a part of Germany demands, as strongly as that of one of the departments of the French republic, that this ancient communication should be restored to the commerce of the two nations. Why thould the alarms arising from a state of war be constantly opposed to the ancient benefits of a state of peace? If all the difficulties which the deputation appear to create at every step were examined in detail, they would be found equally destitute of solidity, and the pretensions of the French jepublic would still remain in full force. But in negotiation the essential point is to advance; and no advance can be made by empty discussion. It is therefore necessary that on both sides we Should express ourselves without delay or reserve.
The undersigned will give the example ; and if the weakness of the objections hitherto opposed to them do not justify any facrifice on their part, they will find motives for it in the beneficent policy of their government-in its respect for humanity, and in its sincere desire to accelerate the conclusion of a definitive treaty, which shall connect the iwo powers by the tie of common pro[perity. They therefore propose the following modification to 4
some articles of the note of the 14th Floreal, on the supposition that the deputation will accede to the other articles contained in it, which remain unaltered, the undersigned persisting in them with more urgence, as being incapable of undergoing any discusfion.
ist. Kehl has too often formed part of the French territory not to be considered as an ancient French poffeflion, and being such, it is not to be supposed that the republic thould now abandon it. But to remove the inquietude of the Empire on this subject, it will be ftipulated that no town or regular fort thall be built on its foil, and nothing will be preserved except the bridge, and the redoubts necessary to protect it.
2d. The republic had demanded fifty acres of land opposite to the old bridge of Huninguen, with a road to it: it renounces that demand, and requires only that there be constructed at Huninguen a bridge of communication between the two banks.
3d. The earnest reclamations of the plenipotentiaries of the Empire, in favour of the chief nobles of the Empire, will be fa. vourably received by the French governinent. It will also confent, that those who are not counts, princes, or states of the Em. pire, and who have neither a collective nor individual vote in the Diet of the Empire, Ihould be considered as private persons, and treated as such ; it being understood, at the same time, that they can have no claim or indemnity whatever, either from the supe pression of feudal rights, want of poffeflion, or degradation, down to the period when they Thall be put in poffeflion, that is, the day of exchanging the ratification of the definitive treaty. The arrears of revenue due at the same period will belong to the republic.
4th. The dependencies on the left bank of ecclefiaftical establishments on the right being ceded to the republic, the dependeacies on the left bank of ecclesiastical establishments on the right will cominue to belong to the Empire.
The ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic have no doubt that the deputation of the Empire will justly appreciate this new testimony of the moderation of its government. From reci, procal facrifices there will result a peace, speedy, solid, and bonourable for the two states. Rafadt, 4th Meffidor (22d June), 60h year of the Frencb republic.
Substance of the Vore given by Austria in Answer to the lajt Nose of the French Plenipotentiaries, dated 22d June.
Rastadt, July 8. THE ministers of Austria, after stating that they had opposed in an amicable but energetic manner, the new demands of the French plenipotentiaries; that the deputation of the Empire had already consented, with some modifications, to the most oppres. five demands; and that, considering the nature of the Germanic conftitution, the deputation was not only free from the charge of having temporized, but had even done every thing to accelerate the treaty, proceed in the following manner :
The last French note of the 22d june has very much disappointed the flattering hopes that the important motives, alleged with a view of obtaining more favourable conditions, would at length be rewarded with deserved success, fince, with the excep. tion of some trifling modifications, the principal points were infisted on even in the actual form of a demand, which, with re. fpect to the free navigation of the Rhine, and the other rivers of Germany, had not been before manifested but in the nature of a wilh. Auftria has in every point of view been influenced only by the dictates of duty, which shall direct her in her present vote. - She proposes, therefore, to declare repeatedly, in a new answer to the ministers of the republic, that it is expected
ift. That the republic will delift from her pretensions on all the islands of the Rhine, and confine herself to the limits required by herself, preserving the way in which the duties are collected, or the navigable part of the river.
2d. That Caffel, Kehl, and the tête du pont of Huninguen, belonging to the right bank of the Rhine, shall remain in the possession of the Empire of Germany; and that in general every thing on the Upper Rhine shall be restored to its existing state be. fore the present war.
3d. That the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein Thall remain untouched.
4th. That the sequestration imposed upon the property of the nobility immediately dependent on the Empire, shall be taken off, and reitoration shall be made to them of every thing of which they have been deprived to the present moment. That no diftin&tion Ihall be made between those situated on the right and left bank of the Rhine, nor between those who have not votes in the Diet of the Empire, and those who sit and vote in it; and that the nobility immediately dependent on the Empire, shall be indemnified for their feudal rights which have been suppressed.
sth. That with respect to the ecclesiastical establishments, it thall be determined whether the pia corpora lhall be comprehended in them, as it is here believed ought to be the case.
Finally, Finally, Austria must propose the frequent representation of all these considerations, and of whatever the deputation shall think proper to add, to the French ministers, in amicable expressions, but, at the same time, in terms of energy, with the intent that the French government may be induced to come to a resolution to recede from her hard demands. There is reason to expect that fuch will be the event, more particularly as the French ministers, in their laft note, extol themselves the liberal system of politics pursued by their government, its respect for humanity, and its Tincere desire to accelerate the conclusion of peace. The deputation places too much confidence in this last declaration, as well as in the preceding ones, to entertain a doubt of their being realized.
Substance of the Declaration made by the Prussian Ministers at
Rastadt, to the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the French Republic.
THE King has seen, with the greatest surprise, the pretenfions, as novel as unexpected, which the French republic has formed since the negotiations were opened on the two bases, viz. the left bank of the Rhine and the indemnities; which pretensions consist in this, that the debts of the states which experience loffes on the left bank, be transferred to the right bank ; that the present noblesse of the Empire, who are deprived of their property on the left side of the Rhine, should be indemnified on the right ; that all the iflands of the Rhine should be ceded, as well as the different military posts on this side of the Rhine, &c. Among all these demands, that of the abolition of Ehrenbreitstein was particularly unexpected by the King. His Majesty flatters himself, however, that France will change her sentiments in this respect, and that she will even defift from any such pretension, if it be intended to remain on the footing of amity and good understanding with Prusia. Indeed, to demand the demolition of Ehrenbreititein and the preservation of other military posts, is evidently affuming an offensive and menacing attitude against the north of Germany, and therefore must force his Majesty in particular to resort to measures of precaution and defence. The King is certainly far from being induced to enter into a new coalition against France. He loves also to believe that the republic will not affume a threatening aspect, nos create disagreeable alarms.