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verfe richest in productions, the centre of immenfe trade, and above all, a most formidable post against the odious power of the English in India, and their ufurped commerce.
Letter from Citizen Belleville to the Ligurian Government, on the 18th August 1798.
THE conful and chargé d'affaires of the French republic informs the Executive Directory of the Ligurian republic, that he has received difpatches from the French Directory, ftating, that the Court of Naples has been invited by the ambassador of the French republic to adhere ftrictly to the last treaty made between the two powers, which forbids the receiving of more than four English fhips of war in all the ports of the Neapolitan dominions, and not in any particular one, otherwife the English fleet might take refuge in the Two Sicilies, by diftributing four ships in each harbour.
That the English, not finding the afylum they expected in the fouth of Italy, will neceffarily look for one in fome part of this peninfula; and that it is important to fhut them out even from this laft refource.
That the intimate relations exifting between Liguria and France give the Directory of the French republic reason to hope that the Ligurian government will take every measure which circumstances may require, for clofing all its ports against the common enemy, the infamous English, and removing this common enemy from its coaft; that the conful is charged to make the formal demand of this measure; and alfo that of fortifying the Gulf of Spezzia, and all other parts of the Ligurian coaft, which might be liable to be infulted by the English.
Copy of a Letter from the Minifter of the Interior to the Chevalier Azara, the Spanish Ambasador.
HAVE the honour to prefent you with fome copies of a letter which I have addreffed to different departments of the re public, encouraging them to give a greater activity and extent to their intercourfe of commerce and of the arts with the Spanish dominions. It affords me infinite fatisfaction to have it in my power to acquaint them, that the King of Spain grants a protection equally flattering and openly avowed to the produce of our industry.
The choice which he has made of you, Sir, to represent him with the French republic, is lefs with regard to you a mark of his eftcem, than a pledge of his friendly intentions towards France.
He has given us a fresh inftance of it by fhutting the harbours of his dominions against all English merchandife; it is now, therefore, that it may be faid with truth to Frenchmen, "The Pyrenees are no more:" this I may announce to our artists and to our traders; and I do not hesitate to affure them, that our rivals the islanders fhall not fucceed in re-establishing those barriers, as long as Spain fhall entrust its interefts to minifters like (Signed) FRANÇOIS DE NEUFCHATEAU.
The Chevalier Azara to the Minifter of the Interior.
I HAVE juft received, to my great fatisfaction, your letter of the 4th complementary day, together with the copies of the letter which you have addreffed to the departments of the republic, in order to revive their induftry and commerce, by propofing to them the facilities which Spain holds out to them by its pofition, by its amity with France, and by the prohibition of English merchandise.
The republic may rely upon the loyalty of the King my mafter, and of my nation, who will be always happy to draw closer the ties that unite them to the French nation, their natural ally, by letting it into a fhare of a commerce that muft equally enrich them, while it lowers the trade of a proud and monopolizing government.
The honourable expreffions which you addrefs to me perfonally are highly flattering to my heart; and I accept of them with gratitude through the medium of a minifter of your enlightened understanding, and as the fentiments of a government whofe confidence and efteem it thall ever by my ambition to deserve.
Please to accept, Citizen Minifter, the affurances of my high confideration. (Signed) J. NICHOLAS DE AZARA.
AFFAIRS OF IRELAND.
By the Lord Lieutenant and Council of Ireland.
WHEREAS a traitorous confpiracy, exifting within this kingdom, for the fubverfion of the authority of his Majefty and the Parliament, and for the deftruction of the established
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conftitution and government, hath confiderably extended itself, and hath broken out into acts of open violence and rebellion:
We have therefore, by and with the advice of his Majesty's Privy Council, iffued the most direct and pofitive orders to the officers commanding his Majefty's forces, to employ them with the utmost vigour and decifion for the immediate fuppreffion thereof, and also to recover the arms which have been traitorously forced from his Majefty's peaceable and loyal fubjects, and to difarm the rebels, and all perfons difaffected to his Majefty's government, by the most summary and effectual measures.
And we do hereby ftrictly charge and command all his Majefty's peaceable and loyal fubjects, on their allegiance, to aid and affift, to the utmost of their power, his Majefty's forces in the execution of their duty, to whom we have given it ftrictly in command to afford full protection to them from all acts of violence which fhall be attempted against their perfons or properties. Given at the Council Chamber in Dublin, the 30th day of March 1798. Clare, C. Charles Cafhel W. Tuam
Ormond and Offory
God fave the King.
Notice iffued by Order of the Commander in Chief.
WHEREAS his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant in Council has, in confequence of the daring acts and depredations committed in this country, ordered and directed, by his proclamation, bearing date the 30th March laft, and by his particular orders thereon, that the military fhould ufe the moft fummary means to repress disturbances, and to recover all arms taken from the yeomanry and well-affected, and other concealed arms and ammunition; all the people concerned in taking or concealing thefe arms are required to give them up within ten days of the publication of this notice, which if they do, they may be affured no violence whatever will be done to them or to their properties; but if they do not, they are informed that the troops will be quartered in large bodies, to live at free quarters among them, and other very fevere means will be used to enforce obedience to this notice.
And thofe who have knowledge where arms are concealed, are called upon to give information, which they may do in any private manner to the nearest civil magiftrate, or commanding officer of his Majefty's forces, or of the yeomanry corps. Secrecy fhall be obferved with refpect to them, and they fhall be rewarded when their report is proved to be true.
Should the deluded and evil-difpofed among the people in this country still perfevere in robbing and murdering, and committing other acts of violent infubordination to the laws of their country, they are informed, that the Commander in Chief will be obliged to have recourfe to thofe powers with which he has been invested, to bring them to immediate punishment.
Given at head quarters at Kildare, the 3d April 1798.
Notice diftributed in all the Towns and Villages of the Queen's County in the Beginning of April.
THE commanding officer commanding the district of Queen's county, orders, that a correct lift of the names of the perfons refiding in each houfe fhould be placed on the door, or fome confpicuous part of it.
It is to be made known to the inhabitants, that from the hour of nine o'clock at night till day-break the next morning, they are to remain in their houfes, and not to admit any strangers what
Patroles are to make domiciliary vifits at uncertain periods, between the hours of nine o'clock and daybreak, and after calling over the names, if it is found that any perfon, whofe name is not inferted in the lift, is in the houfe, he is to be made prifoner; or if any perfon is abfent, the reft of the inhabitants are to be accountable for him, and measures are to be taken to difcover where he is, and to apprehend him.
Should the lift by any accident be deftroyed, or torn down, the owner of the houfe is within two hours after to apply to the magiftrate or officer upon the spot for a new one, on pain of punishment.
It shall be in the power of any magiftrate or officer to give a permit to any perfon who fhall aflign a good reafon for withing to be abfent on any particular night during the period alluded to. The magistrates and gentlemen of the yeomanry are requested to affift in executing this order.
Notice fued by Major-general Duff at Limerick on the 12th April 1798.
THE Commander in Chief gives this public notice, that the Lord Lieutenant and Council have iffued orders to him, to quarter troops, to prefs horfes and carriages, to demand forage and provifions, and to hold courts martial for the trial of offences of all defcriptions, civil and military, with the power of confirming and carrying into execution the fentences of all fuch courts martial, and to iffue proclamations.
The Commander in Chief calls on the general officers to procure of the magiftrates the best accounts they can give of the number of arms taken from the yeomanry and the well-affected
of arms that have been concealed, and of pikes that have been made, which are to be recovered and taken poffeffion of by the military.
They are alfo to communicate to the people, through the priests, and by one or two men selected from each town-land, the purport of the following notices:
That the order, if complied with, will be a fign of their general repentance; and not only forgiveness will follow, but protection.
That they must be fenfible, that it is infinitely better for them to remain at home quietly, minding their own affairs, than committing acts which muft bring on the ruin of themselves and of their families.
As it will be impoffible, in fome degree, to prevent the innocent from fuffering with the guilty, the innocent have means of redrefs, by informing against those who have engaged in unlaw. ful affociations, and in robbing houfes of arms and money.
The people must be very ignorant not to know, that notwithftanding the fair promifes of the French, that they have first de ceived and then plundered every country into which they have come and they are therefore forewarned, that in cafe of invafion from the French, if they fhould attempt to join the enemy, or communicate with him, or join in any infurrection, they will be immediately put to death, and their houfes and property destroyed.
The general officers call on the people to know, why they fhould be lefs attached to the government now than they were a year ago, when they fhowed fo much loyalty in affifting his Majefty's troops to oppofe the landing of the French? Is it not, because they have been feduced by wicked men?
Why should they think themfelves bound by oaths, into which they have been feduced or terrified?