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nia, and of the Noric Alps, innumerable vi&ims of the flames of war! say who has been the most ardent instigator of this deftru&ive contest, in which have been sacrificed more than a mil. lion of men, in which treasures immense have been dislipated, which even at this time of peace leaves to the eye, on the fields of victory, the view only of general misery, universal melancholy, and extensive despair. It is in thefe circumstances that the cabinet of St. James's avow's to afflicted Europe that it alone has felt nothing of these frightful disasters. Listen to the speech delivered from the throne; “ Our revenues,” says the King, “ have continued highly productive, our national industry has been extended, and our commerce has surpassed its former limits,"

If the King of England has told the truth, powers of Europe, to you is not this a terrible lesson? What then, is that government interested in your disorders, which alone collects the fruits of them, which is nourished by your calamities, prospers by your distresses, accumulates in its treasures the tears and the blood of the people, and fattens upon their plunder?

It is evident that that cabinet ihould wish for war, since by war it is enriched. It is however that government which in its new manifestoes, and in similar speeches, dares to accuse France of insatiable avarice! It is not faid, that the English, first devastators of St. Domingo, have taken the colonies of Holland without striking a blow, have taken them from Holland their ally; and the King of England speaks to Europe of the ambition of France !

But the principles of the French towards other nations are at this time too manifest to be obscured by vague allegations. If the French republic takes the limits the has received from nature, if the repairs in this respect the faults of the monarchy, the disdains conquests foreign to that great object; the neither oppreffes secondary states nor weak powers; she never thinks of despoiling her allies; she is faithful to her friends; the punishes her enemies, but without hating them: naturally generous, the does not even hate the English nation. Never in France shall any minister be admired on account of his hatred of the Englith people; but every one in France is agreed in one point, in remembering what pailed at Toulon, at Dunkirk, at Quiberon, at La Vendée ; they detest, they execrate the cruelty, the perfidy, the fanguinary machiavelism of the British minifter; and they at the same time deplore the unaccountable blindness of the English in suffering themselves to be made the horror of the world.

The great nation will avenge the universe; and to enfure fuccess, more than one means, Frenchmen, present themselves to you the most important, and the most speedy is, a descent on England. Unexpected fuccefs bas taught you to disregard all ov.


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Atacles. In such enterprises, the name alone 'of the armies pra. mises a triumph, and the justice of the cause guarantees it. We do not now boast of plans of descent, while we discuss the means. In the situation in which France now is, her will is yictory. Thus the army of England proceeds to dictate a peace in London! and there, also, republicans, you will find auxiliaries. There also you will find many men whom reason has not so much abandoned as to render them insensible of the odium due to their government under the English name.

There also you will find thousands of generous men who long struggled to obtain a parliamentary reform: there also you will find a multitude of manufacturers who sigh for peace, whom the prolongation of the war has reduced to misery, and who weigh in the balance against their real wants the gaudy deception of royal harangue, the illufions of manifestoes, and the chimnera of conquests. There also you will find the Irish nation, so long oppressed, and that bears reluctantly the chains of a court which is supported by its produce, while it drinks its blood and insults its despair.

Proceed under these auspices, brave republicans, to second the national and unanimous with : conducted by the hero who has so • often shown you the way to victory, you will have with you the wishes of all the virtuous and the just who exist in the world. Proceed then, and re-establish the liberty of the seas; confine to its just limits the inordinate ambition of that government which disturbs its own country as it does the universe.

Secure the repose of the French republic and of the universe, Such is the great object which still remains for you to accomplish. Now that the British government, viewing coolly, and with a ferocious smile, the disafters of the continent, boasts of its opulence, make it discharge agreeably to justice its thare of the expenses of the war, which it alone wishes to eternize, and which it knows it could terminate by speaking to the French republic in language that could be listened to, and be believed sincere.

Citizens, you will recognise your own sentiments in the expo sition of those of the Executive Directory. The fame spirit animates your faithful representatives. In vain the cabinet of Lon. don exhausts all its efforts to sow among them distrust and discord, The 18th of Fructidor has destroyed their influence, and since that day the members of the Councils and the Directory present the pleasing spectacle of the most intimate union. All patriots have only the same interests. There is in the republic but one opinion and one wish, and war to the cabinet of St. James's is the cry of France.

How much glory is promised to the army of England! It is sufficient to point it out to it. To inflame our warriors with invincible enthusiasm, it is only necessary to remind them of what they have already done. The walls of the strongest fortresses have been levelled before them; the greatest generals have not been able to resist them. They have taken prisoners Bender at Luxembourg, and Wurmser at Mantua. They made the threecoloured standard wave on the banks of the Rhine, and on the hores of the Ægean sea. After so many victories, what words can add any thing to the ardour of French soldiers ? It is fufficient for them to hear the voice of the country, and to remember their own exploits.

The Executive Directory resolve that this proclamation shall be
printed, pofted up, and folemnly read in all the communes of the
républic, and to all the divisions of the armies, whether by sea or
by land. It shall be inserted in the bulletin of the laws. The
ministers of the Interior, of war, and of the marine and the
colonies, Mall render an account to the Executive Directory of its

LAGARDE, Secretary General.

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Proclamation of Citizen Rudler. CITIZEN Rudler, commissioner of the French government

in the conquered countries between the Meuse and the Rhine, and the Rhine and the Moselle, to the inhabitants of the conguered countries : The French republic fights and fubdues her enemies, but she does not make an unworthy use of her victories. The princes, coalefced against her liberty and constitution, have been presumptuous enough to conceive hopes of subjugating her. She took up arms, fubdued them, and now contents herself in, securing her tranquillity by bounding her territory within those limits which have been traced by nature. She only wilhes to make the people she has conquered forget the calamities inseparable from war, and indulge them gradually in a participation of all those sights which her own children enjoy. Such are the beneficent wishes of France with respect to you, inhabitants of those countries surrounded by the waters of the Rhine, the Meuse, and the Mofelle; and such is the will of its government. The cellation of hoftilities affords it an opportunity of ameliorating your lot: and it charges me, in its tender anxiety for your wel. fare, to make you participate in the protection of those laws which govern the French, and which are to secure your happiness. My heart tenderly sympathizes in this honourable mission; and if I can form any judginent from the mildness of your manners, and the love of liberty, for which you are distinguished, the success of my exertions will be speedy and satisfactory.—A territorial division, favourable to the subject, and indispensable in itself, will be my first operation. The administrative and judiciary code


established in the next place among you, will give birth to a harmony which would otherwise be incompatible with the variety of your senates, councils, regencies, and your innumerable jurisdictions. Every thing appertaining to llavery is fuppressed, and the effects of this fuppreflion will be directed by successive and particular regulations. Thus you will enjoy, under this new lystem, all the dignity of your existence. You will be accountable to God alone for your religious opinions, and your civil rights will be independent of them. Whatever they may be, they will be indiscriminately tolerated, equally protected, and he alone will be deemed guilty who shall pervert them for the purpose of destroying the general harmony, and troubling the peace of society. The fixth year will be memorable for these countries, which have been freed from the oppreslive weight of all those privileges invented by the pride of those who called themfelves your lords and masters. You will also be rescued, from the day on which it began, from those tithes which swallowed up a great part of the fruit of your labours, and from those rights which the usurping spirit of the feudal system had created. They are proscribed, and shall no longer be exacted from you. A paternal administration, with powers distinct from those of courts of judicature, will extend its benign influence to you. Justices of peace will afford you the benefit of conciliatory measures, before you may be compelled to enter into the litigations of courts of law. The law, inflexible in its operation, will never moleft the innocent. The present circumstances prevent me from electing your administrators and judges, but be allured that I fhall make choice of the most upright and the most enlightened among you. I will associate with them, Frenchmen, who, being their elders in the family of freemen, will prove to them safe and necessary guides, Should any persons I may choose, prove unfit for their offices, I fhall be ever ready to attend to complaints against them; but I shall repel with indignation every species of calumny, and every denunciation which may be directed to the degradation of the conftituted authorities. You may perceive, citizens, by this flight sketch, the great advantages which you are to derive from your new organization, for effecting which, 1 Jabour with all the zeal with which my duty, your wants, and your happy inclinations infpire me. Shut your ears against the enemies of your prosperity, who would seek to low the seeds of division among you. Receive and follow with one common sentiment the regulations which I am commissioned to establish among you, and the dawn of your happiness will thine with resplendent brilliancy. Bonn, December 11, in the sixth Year

RUDLER. of the French Republic.

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Buonaparte to the President of the Executive Directory.

Paris, 3 Nivole (23 Dec.), 1797. 14 HAVE the honour to send you, Citizen President, the copy

of a letter which I have received from the Dey of Tunis, with the names of eighteen Frenchmen whom he has set at liberty.

While I was in Italy, I took every opportunity of testifying to our good friends the Turks, marks of the friendship which the French republic entertains for them.

The provisional government of the Ligurian republic has given liberty to all the Turkish flaves, which were employed in the Genoefe gallies, and sent them to their country.

Since we have been in poffeffion of the different islands of the Ionian sea, we have received on the part of the Ali, the Pacha of Janina, the Pacha of Scutaria, the Turks of the Morea, and even on the part of the Divan, not only a kind welcome, but they have, upon every occasion, taken a pleasure in Thowing to us the particular esteem which they have for Frenchmen.

Our ambassador, Aubert-Dubayet, had no sooner informed the Sublime Porte that our troops were at Corfou, Zante, Cephalo. nia, &c. than that government sent large cargoes of corn for their support.

Our Levant trade will now find a secure protection from the new pofleffions which we have acquired, and our merchants will hereafter be received by the subjects of the Ottoman Porte with a peculiar predilection. (Signed)


Hamuda, Pacha, Dey, Prince of Princes, and Lord of the well

guarded Town of Tunis, to General Buonaparte, the mighty Warrior of the French Republic, Health, and Length of Days!

WITH the voice of friendship I inform you, that the eight Mussulmans who were on board a prize belonging to our odziak regency), which contrary winds drove on the coait of Leghorn, where they were made slaves, and who were sent to us by your order

, have arrived safe, and filled our breasts with the most lively joy. If such an accident Tould occur again, I have no doubt that your benevolent attention will be exercised in the fame manner, for which I shall always entertain the warmest gratitude.

Your consul who resides here has also informed me, that the agent of the French republic at Leghorn has received orders to provide for the sublistence of eightcen flaves, and to send them

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