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overstepped the lines fixed on for the two armies. This example, to which it were easy to annex others of a similar nature, ought to have reminded the deputation of the Empire to guard against all kinds of reports, exaggerated or absolutely false, which may have been or thall hereafter be made to them, uniformly with the hope of exasperating the public mind, and perhaps to withdraw their attention from designs that are truly hostile. No one can be ignorant that certain individual hardships are inseparable from a transition from a state of war to that of peace. It is not the fault of the undersigned that this transition has not proved happy and sapid; it behuves the deputation of the Empire to become daily more thoroughly convinced, that the most efficacious labours that can ever be exerted for the folace and for the happiness of nations, are principally and only those that tend to prevent the calamities of war by a speedy pacification; it belongs to the deputation to vield to the withes of the Princes, and of all the inhabitants of Germany, whose remonftrances, and even whose complaints, swell into a cry for peace; then all subjects of uneasiness on either side must ceale, and the remembrance of pait sufferings will be drowned in the enjoyment of a tranquil and durable prosperity.
The ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, in closing the present note, reserve themselves expressly to what they have declared in their first note of this day relative to the 18 articles annexed to the note of the deputation of the Empire of the 3d March, and to the hints thrown out in the note of ihe nth of the same month.
They assure the minister plenipotentiary of his Imperial Majesty of their most distinguished consideration.
(Signed) BONNIER. Raftadi, 28th Fructidor (Sept. 14),
JEAN DEBRY. year 6 of the French republic.
Conclusum of the Deputation of the Empire.
Rafiadt, Sept. 22. THE deputation of the Empire are of opinion that the following is the answer that should be given to the late notes of the French legation of the 28th Fructidor (Sept. 14).
The French notes that were delivered in on the 28th Fructidor (September 14) have made a very agreeable impression upon the deputation of the Empire. The sensible approximation of the French ministers plenipotentiary in some etential points of the negotiation has fully confirmed the consolatory hope that is conceived of the happy moment not being far distant when France and Germany will mutually stretch out a friendly hand in sign of peace.
The deputation of the Empire having uniformly evinced by the most unequivocal endeavours the most ardent and unabated zeal, and proved by the greatest facrifices its defire of accelerating the pacification, could not but feel fome pain and concern, from observing that these endeavours were always misunderstood by the French ministers plenipotentiary, and that it was even pretended that the legation looked for an absolute equality of advantages between the two contracting parties. This equality will be still less to be presumed upon, now that the deputation (urder the undoubting expectation that the French minifters will on their fide manifest a reciprocal condescension respecting points of equal importance, and even in some measure of ftill more importance for Germany, and that the demands which have been made will be acceded to) strictly acquiesces in the wilhes of the French legation, and confirms to it, besides the ceffion of the left bank, the island of St. Pierre, near Mentz, and the demolition of the fortifications of Ehrenbreitstein ; but still renewing the observation that the provisioning of the latter fortress will not, agreeably to the existing convention, any longer experience any obitructions.
The French ministers plenipotentiary having given their affurance, that after the fatisfactory explanation of three points, upon which their last note essentially turned, there would be no diffi. culty in coming to an agreement respecling the remaining points; the deputation therefore feels a more eager disposition to co-operate with all its might in the speedy explanation of these points fo eminently essential, and confequently hasten to make the following answers to them :
Art. I. The deputation of the Empire not only accepts the renunciation of the French minifters plenipotentiary of the fortifications of Kehl and of Caflel, but it also receives with considerable fauffaction the assurance that it is their intention to remove and do away altogether every unealiness respecting these possessions.
But as, in order to give full effect to that intention, it is necessary that France should renounce all claim to the territories which had been reserved, as likewise to all kind of poffeffions and to every point of contact on the right bank of the Rhine, it is confidently expected of the French government (and this point must be formally infifted upon) that it will also accede to this renunciation; and the more so as the frontiers of France are sufficiently covered and protected by the island of St. Pierre, and the demolition of the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein; that the territories held in reservation have no real value ; and that the French republic will, by that renunciation, manifest on its fide an equal desire of removing every thing that could tend hereafter to disturb the harmony and good understanding which ought to obtain between the iwo states; and that the French republic is on its side induced, by Vol. VII.
fully acquiescing in this point, to remove the principal obstacle that stands in the way of a pacification.
Art. II. In their lait note the French ministers have explained themselves respecting certain debts in a manner which at least leaves an opening for a possible conciliation upon that point; all the advantageous declarations made upon this subject are therefore previously accepted : but in order to fix and throw light upon a subject of such importance, which involves so many interests and so many individuals, it is necessary to observe
1. That the deputation cannot understand by the expression of commercial debts, any thing more than the debts of the communes, of the districts of the country, of the towns, baillages, and corporations, and, in a word, the debts that have not been contracted by the state in general, but only by particular corporations, in order to answer their own expenses and wants. This sort of debts can only be regarded as private debts. They are not pretended to have been incurred in order to answer the exigences of the state. The German landlords have no direct share in them ; the communal members and the communal . property that has been mortgaged are alone liable to be charged with these communal debts. The treasury of the state had nothing in common with the payment of these debts ; they were paid up by the communes that owed them, by the bailiwicks, districts, corporations, or by those that succeed them. This sort of debts that have their defined ob. ject cannot therefore be comprised in the present difcuffion; nor can there be made, with respect to them, any distinction between the debts that have been contracted before or during the present
2. The provincial or debts of the state have also so many different relations, on account of the diversity of the territories of the Imperial states, that it is necessary to enter into a detailed explanation respecting them before there can be laid down upon this point any general basis. The French ministers will be the more inclined to listen to these details, as they have declared in their last note, that they coincide with the deputation of the Empire in the sincere intention of bringing to a precise determination whatever regards these debts; that there may not be endlessly perpetuated between the two powers the germ of a complicated discussion, The French ministers have repeated, that the debts of the countries ceded shall be transferred to the countries on the right bank ceded by way of indemnification. At present the question relates merely to the debts of the present lords who shall obtain other territories in compensation, or other states on the right bank ; but the mode in which the debts were contra&ted in these countries, differs essentially from that in which they were contracted in the others. In one, the state has domains; in the other,
not. In the one, the treasury for the domains is absolutely distinct from that of the contributions; in the other, no such distinction is known, and the whole is paid into the same treasury. In some others where there are two distinct treasuries, the states or the regencies administer the revenue in their own persons; elsewhere, the landlord adıninisters both. There are even some where each treasury has its distinct administration; and finally, others where the treafuries are without distinction under the superintendance of single financial chambers. In order, therefore, to come at the knowledge of the real debt of the country, denominated provincial debt, a criterion should be established, by which it might appear that the debt had been contracted for the use or wants of the country; then it will be acknowledged a true debt of the country, called provincial debt, with which the country is chargeable. If, on the other hand, after having thoroughly and maturely examined this matter, which in its nature is so complicated, it should be deemed expedient that such of the debts of the country as have been contracted for the expenses of the war, should fall upon the objects pledged as indemnities, this exception would require a ftill more precise determination, stating that these debts have been contracted towards defraying the expenses of the war carried on against the French republic, and that they have been employed by or for the advantage of the armies. It is likewise proper to observe, that several states extend along the two banks; it would consequently be requisite, with regard to the debts of these states, to establish a more precise determination. In this case it were necessary, if these debts are not to be propor. tioned between the divisions of the states (an attempt that would involve great difficulties), to be guided by the contracts of the special mortgage of the creditors, and make chargeable the debt upon that portion of the states which is charged with the special mortgage.
3. The assurance given by the French ministers, that the rights of their creditors shall be reserved, is so conformable to the sentiments of the deputation, and to the principles laid down in their preceding communications, that this assurance is received with pleasure, in the hope that it will equally extend to the unreserved and conscientious payment of the capital and interest, in the manner that these payments have been stipulated between the contracting powers.
Art. 111. The declaration made by the French ministers, that the laws respecting emigrants are not applicable to the ceded countries, not even to Mentz, is regarded by the deputation as a proof of their love of justice ; but as it is also an undoubted mat. ter, that all the Germanic countries situate on the left bank of the Rhine, that are to be ceded to France, in the same manner, and at the same time, in virtue of the future treaty of peace, ought,
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agreeably to the principles of justice, to pretend with full confidence to a treatment perfectly equal and similar; as moreover the seunion already agreed upon, and to which nevertheless the French plenipotentiaries seem disposed to apply the laws relative to emigration, cannot be regarded as finally settled, until the cerfion of them be made by the Empire ; and as the aforesaid laws cannot have a retroactive effect, it may be expected from the equity of the French government, that it will look upon it as an act of justice, and that it will itself declare that the laws respe&ing emigration are not applicable to any portion of such of the Germanic countries as shall be ceded to France by a future treaty of peace; but particularly to the pofleflion of the Germanic states, and of the members of the nobility of the Empire, not to the other deperdants of the Empire in Lorrain, in Alsace, and even in France ; that this non-application shall take place for each, without exception, of whatever state or condition it may be ; and that a redress shall be obtained for all that may have been otherwise done to the contrary to the present hour, to persons or property. For the rest, as the opinion of the deputation perfectly coincides with that of the French ministers, that, when the aforesaid three principal points shall be agreed on, the accommodation of the other points and articles still in litigation, will not be procrastinated, the deputation will for the present confine itself to reserving in general its ulterior decision of the points as yet untouched and undecided, in order to come more speedily to the explanation and decision of the aforesaid principal points. At the same time it cannot be denied the negociations for peace have made such progress, that every measure of security in the countries on the right bank of the Rhine becomes daily more unne. cessary for the French republic. In reply then to the French note of the 28th Fructidor, the deputation cannot forbear repeat. ing the demand so urgently and energetically made in the note of the deputation of the 24th Fructidor, that the French troops should be withdrawn from the right bank of the Rhine, where the exactions of the troops increase daily; and hopes are entertained, that from the love which the French government bears to justice, in the present state of the negotiation, at least some provifional measures will be taken for withdrawing all these troops from the countries above mentioned; that any further requisitions will be suspended, and that the contributions not yet recovered will not be enforced. By these juft difpofitions, that part of the right bank of the Rhine which has suffered so much will begin to taste a little the bleflings of peace; for the attainment of which for all Germany, the most fincere exertions have been employed on the side of the deputation,
The deputation of the Empire are convinced, that, by this answer, the definitive pacification will be confiderably advanced ;